Sanjaya, aka: Saṃjaya, Sañjaya, Samjaya; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sanjaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

1) Sañjaya (सञ्जय):—Son of Raṇañjaya (son of Kṛtañjaya). He will be born in the future and become a king. He will have a son called Śākya. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.13-14)

2) Sañjaya (सञ्जय):—Son of Prati (son of Kuśa, who was the son of Suhotra). He had a son named Jaya. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.16)

3) Sañjaya (सञ्जय or संजय):—One of the five sons of Bharmyāśva (son of Arka). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.31-33)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Saṃjaya (संजय).—Son of Pratikṣatra.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 9. 26.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Saṃjaya (संजय).—Son of Pratikṣatra.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 9. 26.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Sanjaya was a trusted counsellor and confidant of King Dhritharashtra. He was often employed by the King as a messenger.

When the war of Kurukshetra was about to be fought, he was given the gift of divine insight by the sage Vyasa. He saw the events unfolding on the battlefield and described them to King Dhritharashtra. The entire battle of Kurukshetra, is narrated from the perspective of Sanjaya in the epic Mahabharata.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Sanjaya (संजय): The narrator who tells blind Dhritarashtra the progress of the war from day to day. He told the king that a victim of adverse fate would first become perverted and loses his sense of right and wrong. Time would destroy his reason and drive him to his own destruction.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Sañjaya was the son of a charioteer named Gavalgama, he was an extremely learned scholar in the Scriptures, generous and a staunch practitioner of Dharma being impartial and truthful. For these reasons Bhishma appointed him to be the second minister of the King Dhrtarashtra along with Vidura as the first.

(Source): Srimatham: Ramanuja Gita Bhasya

Sañjaya (सञ्जय).—Charioteer and minister to King Dhṛtarāṣṭra. Sañjaya narrated the events of the Kurukṣetra war to Dhṛtarāṣṭra by the mercy of Vyāsa; also a former king of the Ikṣvāku dynasty.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Sanjaya. A gardener (uyyanapala) of Brahmadatta, king of Benares. See the Vatamiga Jataka. He is identified with the slave girl who tried to tempt Cullapindapatika Tissa Thera. J.i.156f.

2. Sanjaya. A raja of Tagara. He renounced the world with ninety crores of others and became an ascetic. Dhammadassi Buddha preached to them and they all attained arahantship. Bu.xvi.3; BuA.183.

3. Sanjaya. Father of Vessantara. He was the son of Sivi, king of Jetuttara, and after his fathers death succeeded him as king. His wife was Phusati. He is identified with Suddhodana of the present age. See the Vessantara Jataka for details. He is mentioned in a list of kings at Dpv.iii.42.

4. Sanjaya Thera. He was the son of a wealthy brahmin of Savatthi, and, following the example of Brahmayu, Pokkharasati, and other well known brahmins, found faith in the Buddha and became a sotapanna. He entered the Order and attained arahantship in the Tonsure hall.

In the time of Vipassi Buddha he spent all his wealth in good deeds and was left poor. Even then he continued to wait on the Buddha and his monks and led a good life. Eight kappas ago he was a king named Sucintita. (Thag.vs.48; ThagA.i.119f ). He is evidently to be identified with Veyyavacaka Thera of the Apadana. Ap.i.138.

5. Sanjaya Akasagotta. In the Kannakatthala Sutta Vidudabha tells the Buddha that it was Sanjaya who started the story round the palace to the effect that, according to the Buddha, no recluse or brahmin can ever attain to absolute knowledge and insight.

Sanjaya is sent for by Pasenadi, but, on being questioned, says that Vidudabha was responsible for the statement. M.ii.127, 132.

6. Sanjaya. Son of the brahmin Vidhura and younger brother of Bhadrakara. See the Sambhava Jataka. He is identified with Sariputta. J.v.67.

7. Sanjaya Belatthiputta

8. Sanjaya. One of the ten sons of Kalasoka (q.v.).

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Sañjaya (सञ्जय) is the name of the teacher of Śāriputra (Upatiṣya) and Maudgalyāyana (Kolita) according to appendix 1 of the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XVI). This tale has been the object of a twofold tradition: In the old tradition, Sañjaya is presented in an unfavorable light, as an obstinate heretic; in the more recent tradition, to which the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra adheres, Sañjaya appears as a precursor of the Buddha.

1) Old tradition: According to various sources, Sañjaya, Śāriputra’s and Maudgalyāyana’s preceptor, is none other than Sañjayī Vairaṭīputra (Mahāvastu III), Sañjaya Belaṭṭhiputta in Pāli, one of the six well-known heretic masters. The agnostic doctrines which he professed (cf. Dīgha I) connect him closely with the Amarāvikkhepika, crafty sophists who, in debate, ‘thrash about like eels’ (Dīgha I). Śāriputra and Maudgalyāyana soon surpassed their teacher and the latter entrusted some of his disciples to them

2) Recent tradition: Sañjaya, the teacher of Śāriputra and Maudgalyāyana, has nothing in common with the heretic of the same name. He did not belong to the clan of the Vairāṭi, but to a wealthy family of the Kauṇḍinya; far from professing agnostic views, he prepared the paths for Buddhism by preaching the religious life, non-harming (ahiṃsā), celibacy (brahmacarya) and nirvāṇa.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Sanjaya was one of the six famous ascetics at the time of the Buddha, known for his skepticism.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃjaya (संजय).—

1) Conquest, victory.

2) A kind of military array.

3) Name of the charioteer of king Dhṛtarāṣṭra. He tried to bring about a peaceful settlement of the dispute between the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas, but failed. It was he who narrated the events of the great Bhāratī war to the blind king Dhṛtarāṣṭra; cf. धर्मक्षेत्रे कुरुक्षेत्रे समवेता युयुत्सवः । मामकाः पाण्डवाश्चैव किमकुर्वत संजय (dharmakṣetre kurukṣetre samavetā yuyutsavaḥ | māmakāḥ pāṇḍavāścaiva kimakurvata saṃjaya) || Bg.1.1.

Derivable forms: saṃjayaḥ (संजयः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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