Sanjaya, Saṃjaya, Sañjaya, Samjaya: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sanjaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Sañjaya (सञ्जय).—Charioteer and minister to King Dhṛtarāṣṭra. Sañjaya narrated the events of the Kurukṣetra war to Dhṛtarāṣṭra by the mercy of Vyāsa; also a former king of the Ikṣvāku dynasty.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Sañjaya (सञ्जय) refers to “the charioteer and minister of King Dhṛtarāṣṭra. He received divine vision by the mercy of Vyāsadeva and was therefore able to narrate all the events of the war to Dhṛtarāṣṭra”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Sañjaya (सञ्जय):—Son of Raṇañjaya (son of Kṛtañjaya). He will be born in the future and become a king. He will have a son called Śākya. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.13-14)

2) Sañjaya (सञ्जय):—Son of Prati (son of Kuśa, who was the son of Suhotra). He had a son named Jaya. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.16)

3) Sañjaya (सञ्जय or संजय):—One of the five sons of Bharmyāśva (son of Arka). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.31-33)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sañjaya (सञ्जय).—Minister of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. Birth. Sañjaya, who was equal to a hermit, was born as the son of Sūta from a portion of Gavalgaṇa. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 68, Verse 93). (See full article at Story of Sañjaya from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Sañjaya (सञ्जय).—A prince of the country called Sauvīra. It is stated in Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 265, Verse 10, that it was this prince Sañjaya who carried the flag and walked in front of Jayadratha, on his journey to carry away Pāñcālī. In the fight which ensued Arjuna killed this Sañjaya. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 271, Verse 27).

3) Sañjaya (सञ्जय).—Another prince of the country of Sauvīra. Vidulā was the mother of this prince. This prince once ran away from the battle-field and by the instigation of his mother went to the battlefield again. This story occurs in Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Saṃjaya (संजय).—Son of Pratikṣatra.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 9. 26.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Saṃjaya (संजय).—Son of Pratikṣatra.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 9. 26.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Sanjaya was a trusted counsellor and confidant of King Dhritharashtra. He was often employed by the King as a messenger.

When the war of Kurukshetra was about to be fought, he was given the gift of divine insight by the sage Vyasa. He saw the events unfolding on the battlefield and described them to King Dhritharashtra. The entire battle of Kurukshetra, is narrated from the perspective of Sanjaya in the epic Mahabharata.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Sanjaya (संजय): The narrator who tells blind Dhritarashtra the progress of the war from day to day. He told the king that a victim of adverse fate would first become perverted and loses his sense of right and wrong. Time would destroy his reason and drive him to his own destruction.

Source: Srimatham: Ramanuja Gita Bhasya

Sañjaya was the son of a charioteer named Gavalgama, he was an extremely learned scholar in the Scriptures, generous and a staunch practitioner of Dharma being impartial and truthful. For these reasons Bhishma appointed him to be the second minister of the King Dhrtarashtra along with Vidura as the first.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sanjaya. A gardener (uyyanapala) of Brahmadatta, king of Benares. See the Vatamiga Jataka. He is identified with the slave girl who tried to tempt Cullapindapatika Tissa Thera. J.i.156f.

2. Sanjaya. A raja of Tagara. He renounced the world with ninety crores of others and became an ascetic. Dhammadassi Buddha preached to them and they all attained arahantship. Bu.xvi.3; BuA.183.

3. Sanjaya. Father of Vessantara. He was the son of Sivi, king of Jetuttara, and after his fathers death succeeded him as king. His wife was Phusati. He is identified with Suddhodana of the present age. See the Vessantara Jataka for details. He is mentioned in a list of kings at Dpv.iii.42.

4. Sanjaya Thera. He was the son of a wealthy brahmin of Savatthi, and, following the example of Brahmayu, Pokkharasati, and other well known brahmins, found faith in the Buddha and became a sotapanna. He entered the Order and attained arahantship in the Tonsure hall.

In the time of Vipassi Buddha he spent all his wealth in good deeds and was left poor. Even then he continued to wait on the Buddha and his monks and led a good life. Eight kappas ago he was a king named Sucintita. (Thag.vs.48; ThagA.i.119f ). He is evidently to be identified with Veyyavacaka Thera of the Apadana. Ap.i.138.

5. Sanjaya Akasagotta. In the Kannakatthala Sutta Vidudabha tells the Buddha that it was Sanjaya who started the story round the palace to the effect that, according to the Buddha, no recluse or brahmin can ever attain to absolute knowledge and insight.

Sanjaya is sent for by Pasenadi, but, on being questioned, says that Vidudabha was responsible for the statement. M.ii.127, 132.

6. Sanjaya. Son of the brahmin Vidhura and younger brother of Bhadrakara. See the Sambhava Jataka. He is identified with Sariputta. J.v.67.

7. Sanjaya Belatthiputta

8. Sanjaya. One of the ten sons of Kalasoka (q.v.).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sañjaya (सञ्जय) is the name of the teacher of Śāriputra (Upatiṣya) and Maudgalyāyana (Kolita) according to appendix 1 of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XVI). This tale has been the object of a twofold tradition: In the old tradition, Sañjaya is presented in an unfavorable light, as an obstinate heretic; in the more recent tradition, to which the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra adheres, Sañjaya appears as a precursor of the Buddha.

1) Old tradition: According to various sources, Sañjaya, Śāriputra’s and Maudgalyāyana’s preceptor, is none other than Sañjayī Vairaṭīputra (Mahāvastu III), Sañjaya Belaṭṭhiputta in Pāli, one of the six well-known heretic masters. The agnostic doctrines which he professed (cf. Dīgha I) connect him closely with the Amarāvikkhepika, crafty sophists who, in debate, ‘thrash about like eels’ (Dīgha I). Śāriputra and Maudgalyāyana soon surpassed their teacher and the latter entrusted some of his disciples to them

2) Recent tradition: Sañjaya, the teacher of Śāriputra and Maudgalyāyana, has nothing in common with the heretic of the same name. He did not belong to the clan of the Vairāṭi, but to a wealthy family of the Kauṇḍinya; far from professing agnostic views, he prepared the paths for Buddhism by preaching the religious life, non-harming (ahiṃsā), celibacy (brahmacarya) and nirvāṇa.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Sanjaya was one of the six famous ascetics at the time of the Buddha, known for his skepticism.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃjaya (संजय).—

1) Conquest, victory.

2) A kind of military array.

3) Name of the charioteer of king Dhṛtarāṣṭra. He tried to bring about a peaceful settlement of the dispute between the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas, but failed. It was he who narrated the events of the great Bhāratī war to the blind king Dhṛtarāṣṭra; cf. धर्मक्षेत्रे कुरुक्षेत्रे समवेता युयुत्सवः । मामकाः पाण्डवाश्चैव किमकुर्वत संजय (dharmakṣetre kurukṣetre samavetā yuyutsavaḥ | māmakāḥ pāṇḍavāścaiva kimakurvata saṃjaya) || Bg.1.1.

Derivable forms: saṃjayaḥ (संजयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃjaya (संजय).—(1) (= Pali id.), name of a king of the Śibis, father of Viśvaṃtara: Jātakamālā 52.3 ff.; (2) name of a minister (amātya), former incarnation of the Buddha: Mahāvastu i.93.4 (gave his heart to a piśāca in exchange for recitation of a pious gāthā); (3) name of a son of Kubera: Mahā-Māyūrī 230.21 (note that Saṃjaya is read by many mss. for Saṃjñāya, q.v., the yakṣa leader; so Burnouf, Introd. 532, citing from Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃjaya (संजय).—[adjective] victorious; [masculine] victory, a kind of military array, a man’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃjaya (संजय):—[=saṃ-jaya] a etc. See saṃ-√ji.

2) [=saṃ-jaya] [from saṃ-ji] b mf(ā)n. completely victorious, triumphant, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] m. conquest, victory (with viśvāmitrasya Name of a Catur-aha), [Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of military array, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a chief of the Yakṣas, [Buddhist literature]

6) [v.s. ...] of a Sūta (the son of Gavalgaṇa and follower of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra), [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] of a son of Su-pārśva, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Prati or Pratikṣatra, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] of a son of Bharmyāśva, [ib.]

11) [v.s. ...] of a son of Raṇaṃ-jaya, [ib.]

12) [v.s. ...] of a Vyāsa, [Catalogue(s)]

13) [v.s. ...] of a preceptor, [Buddhist literature]

14) [v.s. ...] n. Name of various Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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