Ja, Jā: 8 definitions

Introduction

Ja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ja (ज).—The consonant ज् (j) with अ (a) added to it for facility of pronunciation; cf. T. Pr. I..21. See ज् (j).

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ja (ज).—&c. are pronounced as J, as in .

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ja (ज).—a S Born, produced, sprung from. Attached to Sanskrit words it forms endless valuable compounds: e. g. aṇḍaja, svēdaja, jarāyuja, udaraja, apathyaja, jalaja, pāpaja, tapaja, kaphaja, pittaja, vātaja, raktaja, tridōṣaja, kṣataja.

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ja (ज).—m or jacēṃ n A cant word for dinner. ja being the first letter of jēvaṇēṃ To dine or to eat a meal.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ja (ज).—The 8th consonant. a Born, pro- duced, sprung from. In comp.

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ja (ज).—or- m f bayāvala n Detail, minute and particular relation. ब?B sāṅgaṇēṃ-lāvaṇēṃ-dākhaviṇēṃ To start objections; to tell a long story in excuse or explanation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ja (ज).—a. [ji-jan-ju-vā ḍa] (At the end of comp.)

1) Born from or in, produced or caused by, descended from, growing in, living or being at or in &c.; अत्रिनेत्रज, कुलज, जलज, क्षत्रियज, अण्डज, उद्भिज (atrinetraja, kulaja, jalaja, kṣatriyaja, aṇḍaja, udbhija) &c.

2) Prepared from, made of.

3) Belonging to, connected with, peculiar to.

4) Swift.

5) Victorious, conquering.

-jaḥ 1 A father.

2) Production, birth.

3) Poison.

4) An imp or goblin.

5) A conqueror.

6) Lustre.

7) Name of Viṣṇu.

8) Name of Śiva.

9) Enjoyment.

1) Speed, swiftness.

11) (In prosody) One of the eight syllabic feet (gaṇa); जो जारः जा योनिः (jo jāraḥ jā yoniḥ) and जं च जातं रजतमेव च (jaṃ ca jātaṃ rajatameva ca) | Enm. The Nm. of राघव (rāghava) says : जो जये विजये मेरौ शब्दे जेतरि मत्सरे (jo jaye vijaye merau śabde jetari matsare) | and जं कटी- भूषणे पत्न्यां तेजस्यम्बुनि जन्मनि (jaṃ kaṭī- bhūṣaṇe patnyāṃ tejasyambuni janmani) |

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Ja (ज).—wife; L. D. B.

Derivable forms: jam (जम्).

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Ja (ज).—1 P. (jamati) To eat.

Derivable forms: jam (जम्).

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Jā (जा).—

1) A mother.

2) A husband's brother's wife.

3) A race, tribe. राघव (rāghava)'s Nm. says 'जा स्त्रियां देववाहिन्यां योनिसागरवेलयोः (jā striyāṃ devavāhinyāṃ yonisāgaravelayoḥ)'.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ja (ज).—The third letter of the second class of consonants, corresponding to the letter J in jet.

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Ja (ज).—mfn. (jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) 1. Speedy, swift. 2. Eaten. 3. Victorious, triumphant, conquering or a conqueror. (jaḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. A name of Vishnu. 3. Birth, production. 4. A parent, a progenitor. 5. Poison. 6. Enjoyment. 7. Light, Iustre. 8. Speed. 9. An impa goblin. E. jan to bear or to born, ji to conquer, or other roots, and ḍa aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ja (ज).—[-ja] (vb. jan), latter part of comp. words, m., f. , and n. 1. Born, son, daughter, e. g. gūḍha- (vb. guh), Born secretly. m. A son of concealed birth, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 129. dhṛtarāṣṭra-jā, f. A daughter of Dhṛtarāṣṭra, Mahābhārata 14, 2285. ātmaja, i. e. ātman-, A son, [Hitopadeśa] 41, 21. jaghanya-, adj. Youngest, Mahābhārata 1, 804. deha-, m. A son, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 20, 3. pūrva-, m. pl. Ancestors, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 185, 7. 2. Produced, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 87; Bhāṣāp. 62. 3. Caused, [Nala] 4, 13.

— Cf. also dharma-, I. adj. Begotten from a sense of duty, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 107. Ii. m. Son of Dharma, a name of Arjuna, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 3, 16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ja (ज).—[adjective] born, produced, caused by, in, or from; made of, living at, belonging to, connected with (—°). [feminine] race; —° daughter.

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Jā (जा).—(—°) = ja; [masculine] [feminine] ([nominative] jās) offspring.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ja (ज):—1. ja the 3rd palatal letter (having the sound of j in jump).

2) 2. ja mf(ā)n. (√jan) ifc. born or descended from, produced or caused by, born or produced in or at or upon, growing in, living at, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) (after an [adverb] or adverbial word) born or produced (e.g. agra-, avara-; eka-,dvi-,ni-,pūrva-,prathama-,sahaand sākaṃ-ja), [Manu-smṛti x, 25]

4) prepared from, made of or with, [v, 25; Suśruta; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

5) ‘belonging to, connected with, peculiar to’ See anūpa, anna, śahra-, sārtha-.

6) m. a son of (in [compound]), [Manu-smṛti] etc.

7) a father, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) birth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Jā (जा):—[from ja] a f. a race, tribe, [Atharva-veda v, 11, 10]

10) [v.s. ...] ifc. a daughter, [Mahābhārata etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] cf. .

12) Ja (ज):—3. ja mfn. speedy, swift, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) victorious, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) eaten, [Horace H. Wilson]

15) m. speed, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) enjoyment, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) light, lustre, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) poison, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) a Piśāca, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) a husband’s brother’s wife, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

23) Jā (जा):—b mfn. ([Vedic or Veda] for 2. ja cf. [Pāṇini 3-2, 67]) ifc. ‘born, produced’ See agra-, adri-, apsu-jā etc.

24) mf. (ās) offspring [plural] descendants, [Ṛg-veda]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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