Puṇya, Puṇyā, Punya: 27 definitions



Puṇya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Puny.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

(Punyah).—One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "Supremely Pure"

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Puṇya (पुण्य).—Karma-pious activities, which help to liberate one from the cycle of birth and death in the material world.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Puṇya (पुण्य) refers to:—Pious results of studying the Vedas and of performing yajña, tapasya, dāna, karma and so on. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

‘Puṇya,’ ‘merit,’ is excellence. Since Smṛtis are based upon the Veda, what is mentioned in the Smṛtis is also called ‘Veda-merit,’ which last expression stands for the ‘merit of the Veda.’ What is the merit of the Veda? That (merit) which is expounded by the Veda. The merit that results from the Veda being recited may also be called ‘the merit of the Veda’; but by virtue of the specific relationship, it is what is expounded by the Veda,—and what is produced by it—that should be spoken of as ‘merit of the Veda.’ As for the producing of merit, this is done by other things also, such as sacrificial performances and the like; while the expounding of it is done by the Veda only. (Manubhāṣya, II.78)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Puṇyā (पुण्या) is another name for Tulasī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), from the Lamiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 10.148-149), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Puṇyā (पुण्या) is another name for Aśvagandhā, a medicinal plant identified with Withania somnifera Dunal. (“Indian ginseng” or “Winter Cherry”) from the Solanaceae or Nightshade family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.109-112 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Puṇyā and Aśvagandhā, there are a total of twenty-two Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Puṇya (पुण्य):—[puṇyaḥ] Those who possesses the quality of purity.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Puṇya (पुण्य).—Son of the sage Dīrghatamas. The story of Puṇya as found in Jñānavāsiṣṭha is the following:—There is a mountain called Mahendra in Jambūdvīpa. Dīrghatamas who was doing penance there had two sons named Puṇya and Pāvana. Puṇyakumāra grew up into a boy abounding in virtues. Pāvana was not so broad-minded. When after some time Dīrghatamas, their father died, Puṇyakumāra controlling his sorrow did all the funeral rites; but Pāvana unable to control his sorrow left the place and wandered in the forests weeping bitterly. After some days Puṇyakumāra went in search of his brother and on finding him consoled him and told him that there was nothing to be worried about their father’s death. On hearing the learned and moral teachings of Puṇya, Pāvana also got enlightened and after living in that forest for a number of years both of them abandoned their lives.

2) Puṇya (पुण्य).—The name of the āśrama of the sage Vibhāṇḍaka. (Śloka 23, Chapter 110, Vana Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Puṇya (पुण्य).—A king (see Puṇyavān).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 30.

2) Puṇyā (पुण्या).—A daughter of Kratu and Sannati and daughterin-law of Parvaśa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 38; Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 33.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Puṇya (पुण्य) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Puṇya (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of an elephant. His right hand is in Pravacana-Mudrā and a viṇā in his left hand.

The illustrations (of, for example Puṇya) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Puṇya (पुण्य) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Samṛddhi in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Puṇya is also the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Mada.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Puṇya (पुण्य, “merit”) or Puṇyabala refers to the “the strength of merit” and represents one of the “ten strengths of the Bodhisattvas” (bala) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 75). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., puṇya). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D. Pratisaṃkhyāna can also be spelled as Pratisaṅkhyāna.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Puṇya (पुण्य).—What is meant by ‘merit’ (puṇya)? That which purifies the soul or by which the soul is purified is called merit. It also produces happy feelings. Virtuous activity is the cause of merit (puṇya).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Puṇya (पुण्य, “merit”) as opposed to pāpa (demerit).—According to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8, “the good variety of feeling-producing karmas and the auspicious life, name and status-determining karmas constitute merit (puṇya).”.—Which karma species constitute merit (punya)? The good variety of feeling producing karmas and auspicious life, name and status determining karmas constitute merit. 

Which sub species of karmas constitute merit (puṇya)? These are 42 namely: pleasant feeling producing, the three life karmas in heaven, human and sub human destinies and high status determining karmas along with 37 of name karma (without discriminating) or 63 with discrimination namely: human and celestial destinies, the class of beings with five senses, the five bodies, the three major and minor limbs, the symmetrical structure of the body, the utmost firmness of the joints, pleasant colour-taste-odour-touch, two ānūpūrvi which tend to move the soul towards celestial birth, neither heavy nor light, liability of getting injured by others, capacity for breathing, emitting a warm splendour, emitting a cold luster, graceful gait, moveable body, gross body, complete development of organs and the faculties of the body, possession of an individual body, firmness of the bodily frame, beauty of the body, melodious voice, lustrous body, glory and renown, the formation of the body with parts in their right place, fordmaker status, high status and pleasant feeling.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Indian Ethics: Individual and Social (jainism)

Puṇya (पुण्य, “merit”) refers to a moral principles governing a Jain life according Jain ethical conduct (nītiśāstra).—Puṇya (merit) and pāpa (demerit) are very important from the ethical point of view. Pāpa is the result of evil deeds generated by vice and puṇya is the result of good deeds generated by virtuous conduct. One should take up the path of a virtuous life to lead the way to spiritual growth. Ultimately, one transcends both virtue and vice. Right conduct is necessary for the spiritual progress of man.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

puṇya (पुण्य).—n (S) Moral or religious merit: also a meritorious act or deed. Note. This word bears not the feeblest implication of Holiness, godliness, or purity of spirit. See the notice under pāpa. Compounds are numerous; as puṇyakarma, puṇyakṛtya, puṇyakṛti, puṇyakṣaya, puṇyavṛddhi, puṇyapatha, puṇyavarddhana, puṇyakṣaraṇa, puṇya- sampādana, puṇyadivasa, puṇyaghaṭikā, puṇyaprasaṅga, puṇyamuhūrtta, puṇyasthāna. Others needing explanation follow in order. puṇya kharacaṇēṃ (To expend merit--a portion of one's stock.) To do or to be engaged about some evil action. puṇyācā Assumed, supposed, or conceived in a religious point of view (to be one's father, mother, brother, sister, son &c.); as puṇyācā bāpa puṇyācī āī &c. The word differs little from dharmācā. puṇyācyā pārīṃ or puṇyadvārīṃ basaṇēṃ, puṇyācā pāra bāndhaṇēṃ To be constantly occupied in deeds of philanthropy or in the offices of religion--i. e. in services and exercises involving meritoriousness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

puṇya (पुण्य).—n Moral or religious merit. A me- ritorious act. puṇya kharacaṇēṃ To do or to be engaged about some evil action. puṇyācyā pārīṃ or puṇyadvārīṃ basaṇēṃ, puṇyācā pāra bāndhaṇēṃ To be constantly occupied in deeds of philanthropy or in the offices of religion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Puṇya (पुण्य).—a. [Uṇ.5.15.]

1) Holy, sacred, pure; जनकतनयास्नानपुण्योदकेषु आश्रमेषु (janakatanayāsnānapuṇyodakeṣu āśrameṣu) Me.1; पुण्यं धाम चण्डीश्वरस्य (puṇyaṃ dhāma caṇḍīśvarasya) Me.35; पुण्यानि हि नामग्रहणान्यपि महामुनीनां किं पुनर्दर्शनानि (puṇyāni hi nāmagrahaṇānyapi mahāmunīnāṃ kiṃ punardarśanāni) K.41; Ś.2.14; Ms.2.68.

2) Good, meritorious, virtuous, righteous, just.

3) Auspicious, propitious, lucky, favourable (as a day); Ms.2.26,3.

4) Agreeable, pleasing, lovely, beautiful; प्रकृत्या पुण्यलक्ष्मीकौ (prakṛtyā puṇyalakṣmīkau) Mv. 1.16,24; U.4.19; Ku.5.73; so पुण्यदर्शनः (puṇyadarśanaḥ) &c.

5) Sweet, fragrant (as odour).

6) Solemn, festive,

-ṇyam 1 Virtue, religious or moral merit; अत्युत्कटैः पापपुण्यैरिहैव फलमश्नुते (atyutkaṭaiḥ pāpapuṇyairihaiva phalamaśnute) H.1.8; महतः पुण्यपण्येन क्रीतेयं कायनौ- स्त्वया (mahataḥ puṇyapaṇyena krīteyaṃ kāyanau- stvayā) Śānti.3.1; R.1.69; N.3.87.

2) A virtuous or meritorious act, good or virtuous works.

3) Purity, purification.

4) A trough for watering cattle.

5) A religious ceremony, especially one performed by a wife to retain her husband's affection and to obtain a son.

6) (Astrol.) the seventh mansion from जन्मलग्न (janmalagna).

7) the union of मेष, कर्क, तुला (meṣa, karka, tulā) and मकर (makara).

-ṇyā 1 The holy basil.

2) The Ganges.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puṇya (पुण्य).—mfn.

(-ṇyaḥ-ṇyā-ṇyaṃ) 1. Virtuous, pure, righteous. 2. Beautiful, pleasing. 3. Fragrant. n.

(-ṇyaṃ) 1. Virtue, moral or religious merit. 2. A good action. 3. Purity, purification. 4. A trough for watering cattle. f.

(-ṇyā) 1. Holy basil, (Ocymun sanctum.) 2. Lucky, auspitious. 3. Solemn, festive. E. pūñ to be or make pure, yat Unadi aff., and ṇvuk augment; or appropriately pū-ḍuṇya .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puṇya (पुण्य).—probably from puṣ, I. adj., f. . 1. Beautiful, [Nala] 12, 37. 2. Pure, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 186; virtuous, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 106. 3. Fragrant, Chr. 37, 6. 4. Producing bliss, propitious, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 30. 5. Holy; festival, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 180, 5. Ii. n. 1. Virtue, [Indralokāgamana] 2, 4. 2. A good or meritorious act, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 72. 3. Happiness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puṇya (पुण्य).—[adjective] prosperous, auspicious, favourable, fair, beautiful, right, just, pure, good, holy. [neuter] good, right, good work (also collect), virtue, merit; also = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Puṇya (पुण्य) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva] See Adbhutapuṇya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Puṇya (पुण्य):—mf(ā)n. (perhaps [from] √2. puṣ, according to, [Uṇādi-sūtra v, 15 from] √; See also √puṇ) auspicious, propitious, fair, pleasant, good, right, virtuous, meritorious, pure, holy, sacred, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) m. Name of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]

3) of another man, [Buddhist literature]

4) m. or n. Name of a lake, [Mahābhārata]

5) Puṇyā (पुण्या):—[from puṇya] f. holy basil, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Physalis Flexuosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of Kratu and Saṃnati, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

8) Puṇya (पुण्य):—n. (ifc. f(ā). ) the good or right, virtue, purity, good work, meritorious act, moral or religious merit, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

9) n. a religious ceremony ([especially] one performed by a wife in order to retain her husband’s affections and to obtain a son; also -ka), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

10) a brick trough for watering cattle, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puṇya (पुण्य):—(ṇyaṃ) 1. n. Righteousness, virtue, merit; a trough. f. (ṇyā) Holy basil. a. Righteous; pleasing; beautiful; fragrant.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Puṇya (पुण्य):—

--- OR ---

Puṇya (पुण्य):—

1) [Z. 29. fgg.] kṛta auch [Spr. 3423.] — Vgl. mahā .

--- OR ---

Puṇya (पुण्य):—

1) n. auch = dharma moralisches, religiöses Verdienst.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Puṇya (पुण्य):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) — a) günstig , glücklich , faustus — b) richtig beschaffen , schön , gut , brav , bonus. — c) rein , reinigend , heilig [Gobhila's Gṛyasūtra 1,1,18.] —

2) m. Nomen proprium — a) eines Mannes. — b) eines Sees. —

3) f. puṇyā — a) *Basilienkraut. — b) *Physalis flexuosa [Rājan 4,112.] — c) Nomen proprium — α) einer Tochter Kratu’s — β) eines Flusses. —

4) n. — a) das Gute , Rechte , ein gutes Werk , moralisches oder religiöses Verdienst. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā. — b) eine best. Begehung , die eine Frau unternimmt , um sich die Liebe des Mannes zu erhalten und einen Sohn zu bekommen. — c) *ein Trog zum Tränken des Viehes.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Puṇya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Puṇya (पुण्य) [Also spelled puny]:—(nm) good; virtue; right; good deed, righteous action, (a) sacred, holy (as —[bhūmi]), virtuous, righteous (as —[kārya]); ~[karma] sacred/good deed, virtuous/righteous act; —[kāla] auspicious moment, ~[kīrti] celebrated, bearing a good name; —[kṣetra] a holy/sacred place, a place of pilgrimage: ~[tama] the purest, the most sacred; ~[tara] purer, more sacred; —[tīrtha] sacred pilgrimage, one whose very sight is as good as a visit to a holy place of pilgrimage; ~[darśana] (of) auspicious/propitious (appearance); —[pratāpa] celebrity acquired through good deeds, the bounty of good deed, efficacy of virtue or religious merit; ~[phala] the fruit or reward of virtue or righteous deed; ~[bala] force acquired through good deeds, strength of virtue; ~[bhūmi] holy land/place; ~[mmanya] thinking oneself to be virtuous/meritorious, ~[yoga] the effect of virtuous actions; ~[loka] paradise, virtuous/righteous world; ~[śloka] saintly, pious, celebrated, of good fame or reputation.

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