Papa, aka: Papā, Pāpa, Pāpā; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Papa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Papa in Purana glossaries]

1) Pāpa (पाप).—A son of Brahmadhana.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 132.

2) Pāpā (पापा).—Kinds of sins; Niryāsam (drinking of the milk of trees) Kalamjam (taking opium), Kalingam, Gṛmyjanam (eating garlic), Chatrākam (eating of mushroom?), Mahākośātakī, Mallika (dealing in jasmine), use of the nut of the tree kataka, and Umbaram (felling of fig trees), Kayakam? Vārtākam (eating brinjal), taking of pot-herbs, of bimbi fruits, of lambika, misappropriation of public funds (puragrāmanga), misuse of the special Vaiśya funds, residence in a kugrāma, profession of a physician, trafficing in women, living by arms, sale of oily foods, eating food from cowherds,1 and eating without guest;2 brahmicide and teaching of Vedas for money;3 threefold, arising from speech, mind and body.4

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 8. 41-49.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 2. 161; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 6. 6-29.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 14. 43; 15. 48.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 18. 2.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Papa in Jainism glossaries]

Pāpā (पापा). What is meant by ‘demerit’ (pāpā)? That which keeps the soul away from good activities is called demerit. It also produces unhappy feelings. Wicked activity is the cause of demerit (pāpā).
 

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Pāpa (पाप, “demerit”) as opposed to puṇya (merit).—According to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8, “the remaining varieties of karma constitute demerit (pāpa)”.—Which karma species constitute demerit (pāpa)? These are unpleasant feeling producing karma, inauspicious life span determining, inauspicious name and inauspicious status are the five species which constitute demerit. 

Which are the sub species of karma that constitute demerit (pāpa)? The 47 species of obscuring karmas (5 for knowledge obscuring, 9 for perception obscuring, 28 for deluding, 5 of obstructing karmas), low status, unpleasant feeling producing karma, infernal life, 50 inauspicious species of name karma (the infernal and the sub-human realms, 4 classes of beings i.e. 1 to 4 sensed living beings, 5 kinds of structure of the body, 5 kinds of joint, 20 of inauspicious colour-taste-touch-smell, movement of the soul towards infernal birth or sub human birth, infirmness of limbs, ugliness, bad looks (extending disgust or loathing), unpleasant voice, lusterless body and disgrace). In the 16 subtypes of inauspicious colour etc, therefore one can say from detailed view 98 species and from general view 82 species of karmas are bonded as demerit. But these two tendencies i.e. wrong and right beliefs can have existence as well as rise during the demerit bondage. Thus the total species from discrimination view can be 100 and from general view are 84 for demerit bondage.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Pāpa (पाप, “demerit”) refers to a moral principles governing a Jain life according Jain ethical conduct (nītiśāstra).—Puṇya (merit) and pāpa (demerit) are very important from the ethical point of view. Pāpa is the result of evil deeds generated by vice and puṇya is the result of good deeds generated by virtuous conduct. One should take up the path of a virtuous life to lead the way to spiritual growth. Ultimately, one transcends both virtue and vice. Right conduct is necessary for the spiritual progress of man.

(Source): Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Indian Ethics: Individual and Social (jainism)
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Papa in Pali glossaries]

papa : (nt.) water. || papā (f.) a shed by the roadside to provide travellers with water. pāpa (nt.) crime; evil action.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Papā, (f.) (Ved. prapā, pa+) a place for supplying water, a shed by the roadside to provide travellers with water, a well, cistern D. III, 185; S. I, 33=Kvu 345 (=pānīyadāna-sālā SA); S. I, 100 (read papañ ca vivane); J. I, 109; DhA. III, 349=J. I, 302 (=pānīya-cāṭī C.); Vv 5222 (+udapāna); Pv. II, 78 (n. pl. papāyo=pānīya-sālā PvA. 102); II, 925 (+udapāna). (Page 413)

— or —

Papa, (nt.) (see pibati, pānīya etc. of ) water J. I, 109 (āpaṃ papaṃ mahodakan ti attho). The word is evidently an etym. construction. See also papā. (Page 412)

— or —

Pāpa, (adj. nt.) (Vedic pāpa, cp. Lat. patior≈E. passion etc.; Gr. phμa suffering, evil; talai/pwros suffering evil) 1. (adj.) evil, bad, wicked, sinful A. II, 222 sq. (and compar. pāpatara); Sn. 57; Dh. 119 (opp. bhadra). Other compar-superl. forms are pāpiṭṭha S. V, 96; pāpiṭṭhatara Vin. II, 5; pāpiyyasika D. III, 254. See pāpiya.—2. unfertile (of soil) S. IV, 315.—3. (nt.) evil, wrong doing, sin Sn. 23, 662; Dh. 117 (opp. puñña) 183; Pv. I, 66; 112; IV, 150; DhA. II, 11.—pp. pāpāni Sn. 399, 452, 674; Dh. 119, 265.—iccha having bad wishes or intentions Vin. I, 97; D. III, 246; S. I, 50; II, 156; A. III, 119, 191, 219 sq.; IV, 1, 22, 155; V, 123 sq.; Sn. 133, 280; It. 85; Nd2 342; Vism. 24 (def.); VbhA. 476;—icchatā evil intention A. IV, 160, 165; DhA. II, 77.—kamma evil doing, wickedness, sin, crime D. III, 182; It. 86; Sn. 407; Dh. 127; Vism. 502; VbhA. 440 sq.; PvA. 11, 25, 32, 51, 84.—kammanta evil-doer, villain S. I, 97.—kammin id. M. I, 39 Dh. 126.—kara id. Sn. 674.—karin id. Dh. 15, 17.—dassana sinful view Pv IV. 355.—dhamma wickedness, evil habit Dh. 248, 307; Pug. 37; DhA. III, 4; PvA. 98; as adj. at PvA. 58.—dhammin one of evil character or habits Pv. I, 117.—parikkhaya decay or destruction of demerit (opp. puñña°) Pv. II, 615.—mitta an evil associate, a bad companion (opp. kalyāṇa°) M. I, 43, 470; D. III, 182.—mittatā bad company, association with wicked people A. I, 13 sq. , 83; IV, 160, 165; D. III, 212; Dhs. 13, 27; Vbh. 359, 369, 371.—saṅkappa evil thought Sn. 280.—sīla bad morals Sn. 246.—supina an evil dream (opp. bhaddaka) Vism. 312; DhA. III, 4. (Page 453)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Papa in Marathi glossaries]

papa (पप).—ind A word used by cartmen or ploughmen in directing the right-hand bullock. Opp. to mapa.

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pāpa (पाप).—n (S) Sin, crime, wickedness, vice: also a sin or a crime. Ex. pāpāpāsūna īśvarakṣōbha īśvara- kṣōbhāpāsūna narakaprāpti narakaprāptīpāsūna svahitanāśa. Note. The best rendering of this word is Demerit or an act of demerit, as of puṇya the best rendering is Merit or an act of merit; for of SIN (moral depravity or corruption) or of a sin (an outgoing of depravity in act or volition), or of Holiness (moral rectitude), or of an act or a volition proceeding from it, the Hindus have very feeble and indistinct conception. The word pāpa however does sometimes bear the sense of Sin or a sin, but the wood puṇya that of Holiness, godliness, or moral goodness, never. 2 Applied also to an evil intent or evil suspicion. Ex. manānta kāṃhīṃ pāpa ālēṃsēṃ vāṭatēṃ; tyānēṃ cōralēṃ nasēla kīṃ asēṃ mājhyā manānta pāpa ālēṃ. 3 Applied also to a wicked or a troubling person, a pest, a plague; also to a difficulty, a strait, a scrape. tō pāpa dēṇāra nāhīṃ puṇya kōṭhūna dēṇāra? An inquiry forcibly descriptive of miserliness. pāpa (tujhēṃ, tyācēṃ &c. tulā, tyālā &c.) ubhēṃ rāhīlaca Be sure (thy, his &c.) sin will find (thee, him &c.) out. Numb. xxxii. 23, 1 Kings xvii. 18. pāpa khāṇēṃ in. con. To suffer the gnawings of remorse or compunction. pāpa bōmba dēūna (or mārūna) uṭhatēṃ Sin starts up or breaks forth crying aloud (against thee, him &c.) Also, in this sense, jyācēṃ pāpa tyācē puḍhēṃ (yēūna nācatēṃ &c.) pāpācā vāṇṭā ucalaṇēṃ To sustain the (wretched) allotment of sin. Applied to a person of endless troubles and afflictions;--these being ascribed to his wickedness in a former birth. pāpānēṃ pāya dhutalēlā (Whose foot is washed in sin.) One exceedingly sinful or wicked. Also pāpānēṃ pāya dhuṇēṃ To wash one's foot or steps in sin. Job. xxix. 6.

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pāpā (पापा).—ind A term of fondness for a little child; also a child's form of bāpa for Father, Papa.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pāpa (पाप).—n Sin, crime. An evil intent. Ex. manānta kāṃhī pāpa ālēṃsēṃ vāṭatēṃ. A wicked person, a pest. tō pāpa dēṇāra nāhīṃ puṇya kōṭhūna dēṇāra? An inquiry forcibly descriptive of miserliness. pāpa (tujhēṃ, tyācēṃ &c. tulā, tyālā &c.) ubhēṃ rāhīlaca Be sure (your, his &c.) sin will find (your, him &c.) out. pāmpa khāṇēṃ To suffer the gnawings of remorse, or compuzotion.pāpānēṃ pāya dhuṇēṃ To wash one's foot in sin.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Papa in Sanskrit glossaries]

Pāpa (पाप).—a. [pāti rakṣatyasmādātmānam, pā-apādāne pa; Uṇ.3.23]

1) Evil, sinful, wicked, vicious; पापं कर्म च यत् परैरपि कृतं तत् तस्य संभाव्यते (pāpaṃ karma ca yat parairapi kṛtaṃ tat tasya saṃbhāvyate) Mk.1.36; साधुष्वपि च पापेषु समबुद्धि- र्विशिष्यते (sādhuṣvapi ca pāpeṣu samabuddhi- rviśiṣyate) Bg.6.9.

2) Mischievous, destructive, accursed; पापेन मृत्युना गृहीतोऽस्मि (pāpena mṛtyunā gṛhīto'smi) M.4.

3) Low, vile, abandoned; Ms.3.52; अधार्मिकाणां पापानामाशु पश्यन् विपर्ययम् (adhārmikāṇāṃ pāpānāmāśu paśyan viparyayam) 4.171.

4) Inauspicious, malignant, foreboding evil; as in पापग्रहः (pāpagrahaḥ).

-pam 1 Evil, bad fortune or state; पापं पापाः कथयथ कथं शौर्यराशेः पितुर्मे (pāpaṃ pāpāḥ kathayatha kathaṃ śauryarāśeḥ piturme) Ve.3.6; शान्तं पापम् (śāntaṃ pāpam) 'may the evil be averted', 'god forbid' (often used in dramas).

2) Sin, crime, vice, guilt; अपापानां कुले जाते मयि पापं न विद्यते (apāpānāṃ kule jāte mayi pāpaṃ na vidyate) Mk.9.37; Ms.11.231;4 181; R.12.19.

-pam ind. badly, sinfully, wrongly.

-paḥ A wretch, sinful person, wicked or profligate person; पापस्तु दिग्देवतया हतौजास्तं नाभ्यभूदवितं विष्णुपत्न्या (pāpastu digdevatayā hataujāstaṃ nābhyabhūdavitaṃ viṣṇupatnyā) Bhāg.6.13.17.

-pā 1 A beast of prey.

2) A witch.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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