Papa, aka: Papā, Pāpa, Pāpā; 6 Definition(s)


Papa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


1) Pāpa (पाप).—A son of Brahmadhana.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 132.

2) Pāpā (पापा).—Kinds of sins; Niryāsam (drinking of the milk of trees) Kalamjam (taking opium), Kalingam, Gṛmyjanam (eating garlic), Chatrākam (eating of mushroom?), Mahākośātakī, Mallika (dealing in jasmine), use of the nut of the tree kataka, and Umbaram (felling of fig trees), Kayakam? Vārtākam (eating brinjal), taking of pot-herbs, of bimbi fruits, of lambika, misappropriation of public funds (puragrāmanga), misuse of the special Vaiśya funds, residence in a kugrāma, profession of a physician, trafficing in women, living by arms, sale of oily foods, eating food from cowherds,1 and eating without guest;2 brahmicide and teaching of Vedas for money;3 threefold, arising from speech, mind and body.4

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 8. 41-49.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 2. 161; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 6. 6-29.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 14. 43; 15. 48.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 18. 2.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism


papa : (nt.) water. || papā (f.) a shed by the roadside to provide travellers with water. pāpa (nt.) crime; evil action.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Papā, (f.) (Ved. prapā, pa+) a place for supplying water, a shed by the roadside to provide travellers with water, a well, cistern D. III, 185; S. I, 33=Kvu 345 (=pānīyadāna-sālā SA); S. I, 100 (read papañ ca vivane); J. I, 109; DhA. III, 349=J. I, 302 (=pānīya-cāṭī C.); Vv 5222 (+udapāna); Pv. II, 78 (n. pl. papāyo=pānīya-sālā PvA. 102); II, 925 (+udapāna). (Page 413)

— or —

Papa, (nt.) (see pibati, pānīya etc. of ) water J. I, 109 (āpaṃ papaṃ mahodakan ti attho). The word is evidently an etym. construction. See also papā. (Page 412)

— or —

Pāpa, (adj. nt.) (Vedic pāpa, cp. Lat. patior≈E. passion etc.; Gr. phμa suffering, evil; talai/pwros suffering evil) 1. (adj.) evil, bad, wicked, sinful A. II, 222 sq. (and compar. pāpatara); Sn. 57; Dh. 119 (opp. bhadra). Other compar-superl. forms are pāpiṭṭha S. V, 96; pāpiṭṭhatara Vin. II, 5; pāpiyyasika D. III, 254. See pāpiya.—2. unfertile (of soil) S. IV, 315.—3. (nt.) evil, wrong doing, sin Sn. 23, 662; Dh. 117 (opp. puñña) 183; Pv. I, 66; 112; IV, 150; DhA. II, 11.—pp. pāpāni Sn. 399, 452, 674; Dh. 119, 265.—iccha having bad wishes or intentions Vin. I, 97; D. III, 246; S. I, 50; II, 156; A. III, 119, 191, 219 sq.; IV, 1, 22, 155; V, 123 sq.; Sn. 133, 280; It. 85; Nd2 342; Vism. 24 (def.); VbhA. 476;—icchatā evil intention A. IV, 160, 165; DhA. II, 77.—kamma evil doing, wickedness, sin, crime D. III, 182; It. 86; Sn. 407; Dh. 127; Vism. 502; VbhA. 440 sq.; PvA. 11, 25, 32, 51, 84.—kammanta evil-doer, villain S. I, 97.—kammin id. M. I, 39 Dh. 126.—kara id. Sn. 674.—karin id. Dh. 15, 17.—dassana sinful view Pv IV. 355.—dhamma wickedness, evil habit Dh. 248, 307; Pug. 37; DhA. III, 4; PvA. 98; as adj. at PvA. 58.—dhammin one of evil character or habits Pv. I, 117.—parikkhaya decay or destruction of demerit (opp. puñña°) Pv. II, 615.—mitta an evil associate, a bad companion (opp. kalyāṇa°) M. I, 43, 470; D. III, 182.—mittatā bad company, association with wicked people A. I, 13 sq. , 83; IV, 160, 165; D. III, 212; Dhs. 13, 27; Vbh. 359, 369, 371.—saṅkappa evil thought Sn. 280.—sīla bad morals Sn. 246.—supina an evil dream (opp. bhaddaka) Vism. 312; DhA. III, 4. (Page 453)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Pāpā (पापा). What is meant by ‘demerit’ (pāpā)? That which keeps the soul away from good activities is called demerit. It also produces unhappy feelings. Wicked activity is the cause of demerit (pāpā).

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

papa (पप).—ind A word used by cartmen or ploughmen in directing the right-hand bullock. Opp. to mapa.

--- OR ---

pāpa (पाप).—n (S) Sin, crime, wickedness, vice: also a sin or a crime. Ex. pāpāpāsūna īśvarakṣōbha īśvara- kṣōbhāpāsūna narakaprāpti narakaprāptīpāsūna svahitanāśa. Note. The best rendering of this word is Demerit or an act of demerit, as of puṇya the best rendering is Merit or an act of merit; for of SIN (moral depravity or corruption) or of a sin (an outgoing of depravity in act or volition), or of Holiness (moral rectitude), or of an act or a volition proceeding from it, the Hindus have very feeble and indistinct conception. The word pāpa however does sometimes bear the sense of Sin or a sin, but the wood puṇya that of Holiness, godliness, or moral goodness, never. 2 Applied also to an evil intent or evil suspicion. Ex. manānta kāṃhīṃ pāpa ālēṃsēṃ vāṭatēṃ; tyānēṃ cōralēṃ nasēla kīṃ asēṃ mājhyā manānta pāpa ālēṃ. 3 Applied also to a wicked or a troubling person, a pest, a plague; also to a difficulty, a strait, a scrape. tō pāpa dēṇāra nāhīṃ puṇya kōṭhūna dēṇāra? An inquiry forcibly descriptive of miserliness. pāpa (tujhēṃ, tyācēṃ &c. tulā, tyālā &c.) ubhēṃ rāhīlaca Be sure (thy, his &c.) sin will find (thee, him &c.) out. Numb. xxxii. 23, 1 Kings xvii. 18. pāpa khāṇēṃ in. con. To suffer the gnawings of remorse or compunction. pāpa bōmba dēūna (or mārūna) uṭhatēṃ Sin starts up or breaks forth crying aloud (against thee, him &c.) Also, in this sense, jyācēṃ pāpa tyācē puḍhēṃ (yēūna nācatēṃ &c.) pāpācā vāṇṭā ucalaṇēṃ To sustain the (wretched) allotment of sin. Applied to a person of endless troubles and afflictions;--these being ascribed to his wickedness in a former birth. pāpānēṃ pāya dhutalēlā (Whose foot is washed in sin.) One exceedingly sinful or wicked. Also pāpānēṃ pāya dhuṇēṃ To wash one's foot or steps in sin. Job. xxix. 6.

--- OR ---

pāpā (पापा).—ind A term of fondness for a little child; also a child's form of bāpa for Father, Papa.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pāpa (पाप).—n Sin, crime. An evil intent. Ex. manānta kāṃhī pāpa ālēṃsēṃ vāṭatēṃ. A wicked person, a pest. tō pāpa dēṇāra nāhīṃ puṇya kōṭhūna dēṇāra? An inquiry forcibly descriptive of miserliness. pāpa (tujhēṃ, tyācēṃ &c. tulā, tyālā &c.) ubhēṃ rāhīlaca Be sure (your, his &c.) sin will find (your, him &c.) out. pāmpa khāṇēṃ To suffer the gnawings of remorse, or compuzotion.pāpānēṃ pāya dhuṇēṃ To wash one's foot in sin.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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