Quietism: 3 definitions

Introduction:

Quietism means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Gitashastra (science of music)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (gita)

The Quietism Sentiment (in Sanskrit: śānta-rasa) refers to one of the nine kinds of Sentiment (rasa) in Indian classical Music. They have an inherent relationship with the svaras (“musical notes”).—There are nine kinds of sentiments: [e.g., Quietism (śānta)]. In the Nāṭyaśāstra some particular svaras are determined for the delineation of some specific sentiments. The Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa accepts madhyama is the delineator of śāntarasa.

context information

Gitashastra (गीतशास्त्र, gītaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of Music (gita or samgita), which is traditionally divided in Vocal music, Instrumental music and Dance (under the jurisdiction of music). The different elements and technical terms are explained in a wide range of (often Sanskrit) literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Quietism (Sentiment) is denoted by the Sanskrit term Śānta, which represents one of the nine kinds of Rasa (“soul of Drama”), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—Śama is the sthāyibhāva of śāntarasa. According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, the colour of śāntarasa (quietism) is recognized as svabhāvavarṇa i.e., natural colour. Paraḥ purūṣa is regarded as the god of this sentiment. But according to the Sāhityadarpaṇa, Śrīnārāyaṇa is the god of this sentiment.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)

Quietism refers to one of the Nine Sentiments (citrarasa) in ancient Indian Painting (citra), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—Painting is a medium of showing the inner feelings and emotions of a painter which can strikes the inherent sentiments of connoisseur’s mind [e.g., the sentiment of quietism (śānta)]. [...] The śāntarasa (“quietism”) is depicted through the picture of the ascetic people sitting in Yogic posture or meditation. A point to be noted here is that though the delineation of the śāntarasa (“quietism”) is not accepted in Sanskrit drama, drama being all about action, a painter can execute this sentiment very nicely in a Painting as because Painting is a steel medium of expressing the feelings. That is why śāntarasa (“quietism”) is seen to be included in the list of nine citrarasas. If a painter paints a picture of lord Siva in his meditative situation as described in the 3rd canto of the Kumārasambhava, it would definitely reflect the sentiment of peace.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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