Praleya, Prāleya: 11 definitions


Praleya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Prāleya (प्रालेय) refers to a “snow-colored lunar disc”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the lunar disc be of ashy colour, of sharp rays or red, or rayless, or red black, or appear broken there will be fear of hunger, of war, of disease and of robbers. If the lunar disc should appear white and of the colour of the snow [i.e., prāleya], of Kunda, of Kumuda and of crystal he brings prosperity on the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Prāleya (प्रालेय) refers to “snow”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Truly, life perishes exceedingly quickly like water lying in the hand [and] youth perishes like snow (prāleya) passes from the petal of a lotus”.

Synonyms: Hima.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prāleya (प्रालेय).—Snow, frost, hoar frost, dew; ईशाचलं प्रालेयप्लवनेच्छया (īśācalaṃ prāleyaplavanecchayā) Gītagovinda 1; प्रालेयशीतमचलेश्वरमीश्वरोऽपि (prāleyaśītamacaleśvaramīśvaro'pi) (adhiśete) Śiśupālavadha 4.64; Meghadūta 41; Kirātārjunīya 11.4; Ve.2.7; Bhāgavata 1.65.22.

Derivable forms: prāleyam (प्रालेयम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāleya (प्रालेय).—n.

(-yaṃ) Frost. E. pra before, līc to unite with, aff. ac; pralaya here said to mean a mountain, aṇ aff. of derivation, and the penultimate vowel changed to e .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāleya (प्रालेय).—i. e. pralaya + a (anomal.), n. Snow, hail, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 353 (cf. leśa).

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Prāleya (प्रालेय).—a [denominative.] derived from prāleya, [Parasmaipada.] To play the part of hail, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 67, 16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāleya (प्रालेय).—[substantive] hail, snow, rime, dew.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prāleya (प्रालेय):—[=prā-leya] [from prā] mf(ī)n. ([from] -laya, [Pāṇini 7-2, 3]) produced by melting, [ib. [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) [v.s. ...] m. fever in goat or sheep, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

3) [v.s. ...] n. (?) hail, snow, frost, dew, [Meghadūta; Varāha-mihira; Rājataraṅgiṇī] etc. (also as [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] yati, to resemble hail etc., [Dhūrtasamāgama])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāleya (प्रालेय):—(yaṃ) 1. n. Frost.

[Sanskrit to German]

Praleya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prālēya (ಪ್ರಾಲೇಯ):—

1) [noun] particles of water vapour which when frozen in the upper air fall to earth as soft, white, crystalline flakes; snow.

2) [noun] a variety of camphor that is used in foods and drugs; camphor cinnamon.

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Prāḷēya (ಪ್ರಾಳೇಯ):—[noun] = ಪ್ರಾಲೇಯ [praleya].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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