Pralapa, Pralāpa: 18 definitions


Pralapa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Pralāpa (प्रलाप, “prattling”) refers to one of the twelve froms of verbal representation (vācika), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. These verbal representations are to be expressed using the various representations of the body (śārira). Vācika forms a part of abhinaya (techniques of representation) which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama (nāṭya) and calling forth the sentiment (rasa).

According to the Nāṭyaśāastra, “irrelevant words are called Prattling (pralāpa)”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Pralāpa (प्रलाप) refers to “delirium”, and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases (viz., Pralāpa).

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Pralāpa (प्रलाप):—Incoherent speech; Delirious speech

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Pralāpa (प्रलाप, “prattle”) is found with other words of similar import in the Atharvaveda, and in the Brāhmaṇas of the Rigveda. The phrase Aitaśa-pralāpa, ‘Discourse of Aitaśa’, occurs as a designation of certain passages of the Atharvaveda. The name has no justification in the text itself.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pralāpa (प्रलाप) [=saṃbhinna-pralāpa?] refers to “unnecessary speech”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[The eighteen āveṇika-dharmas (‘special attributes’)]— [...] (6). The Buddha has no unconsidered equanimity.—He has no unconsidered equanimity.—[...] Furthermore, the Buddha always has the mind of solitude: that is why he entered into concentration. Furthermore, the Buddha avoided crowds (saṃsarga) and places of unnecessary speech (saṃbhinna-pralāpa-sthāna) and, by contemplating his own treasury of Buddha qualities, he experienced happiness of supreme purity: that is why he entered into concentration. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pralāpa (प्रलाप).—m S Unconnected and unmeaning speech (as in delirium or sleep).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pralāpa (प्रलाप).—m Unconnected and unmeaning speech.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pralāpa (प्रलाप).—

1) Talk, conversation, discourse.

2) Prating, prattling, an incoherent or nonsensical talk; Manusmṛti 12.6.

3) An unjustified statement, non-sensical statement; न शक्यं नित्येनोपकर्तुम् । तेन नित्यमुपकुर्यादिति वचनं प्रलापः एव (na śakyaṃ nityenopakartum | tena nityamupakuryāditi vacanaṃ pralāpaḥ eva) Ś.B. on MS.6.4.12.

4) Lamentation, wailing; उत्तराप्रलापोप- जनितकृपो भगवान् वासुदेवः (uttarāpralāpopa- janitakṛpo bhagavān vāsudevaḥ) K.175; Ve.5.3; Uttararāmacarita 3.29; Rām.1.3.22.

Derivable forms: pralāpaḥ (प्रलापः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pralāpa (प्रलाप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. Unmeaning or incoherent speech. 2. Speaking. 3. Discourse, conversation. 4. Lamentation. E. pra before, lap to speak, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pralāpa (प्रलाप).—i. e. pra-lap + a, m. 1. Prattlement, useless speech, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 84, 1. 2. Lamentation, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 73, 6; [Pañcatantra] 213, 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pralāpa (प्रलाप).—[masculine] talk, prattle, chattering, unintelligible or delirious speech; lament (also [neuter]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pralāpa (प्रलाप):—[=pra-lāpa] [from pra-lap] a m. talk, discourse, prattling, chattering, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (also n.) lamentation (ārta-p, l° of one in pain), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Pañcatantra] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] incoherent or delirious speech, raving, [Catalogue(s)]

4) [=pra-lāpa] b etc. See under pra-√lap.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pralāpa (प्रलाप):—[pra-lāpa] (paḥ) 1. m. Speaking; unmeaning speech.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pralāpa (प्रलाप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Palāva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pralapa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pralapa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pralāpa (प्रलाप) [Also spelled pralap]:—(nm) logorthoea; prate, prattle, babble; disjointed/meaningless utterance; hence ~[] (a and nm).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pralāpa (ಪ್ರಲಾಪ):—[noun] = ಪ್ರಲಪನ [pralapana].

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Praḷāpa (ಪ್ರಳಾಪ):—

1) [noun] the act or an instance of speaking.

2) [noun] useless talk.

3) [noun] a long, helpless cry of grief and pain; wail.

4) [noun] involuntary speaking by a person suffering from convulsions, fits, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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