Pralamba, Prālamba: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pralamba means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pralamba in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pralamba (प्रलम्ब).—An asura (demon). He attacked Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma and was killed by Balarāma. (10th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pralamba (प्रलम्ब).—An Asura friend of Kaṃsa;1 in the guise of a gopa, was admitted to the games by Kṛṣṇa's playmates, as Kṛṣṇa had decided on his death. In a game Rāma was to carry on his back the Assura. While doing so, the Asura grew to a huge size to defeat Rāma. By the fist of his hand, Rāma broke his head and killed him.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 34; X. 2. 1; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 15; IV. 29. 123; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 24; 4. 1-2; 15. 1.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 18. 17-30; 20. 1; 43. 30; 46. 26; 51. 42; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 9. 13 to the end; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 15.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pralamba in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Pralamba (प्रलम्ब) is the name of a king whose strength is considered as equaling a half-power warrior (ardharatha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Pralamba, and others], are considered half-power warriors”.

The story of Pralamba was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pralamba, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Pralamba (प्रलम्ब) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Pralamba] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pralamba (प्रलम्ब).—a.

1) Pendulous, hanging down; as in प्रलम्बकेश (pralambakeśa).

2) Prominent; as in प्रलम्बनासिकः (pralambanāsikaḥ).

3) Slow, dilatory.

-mbaḥ 1 Hanging on or from, depending.

2) Anything hanging down.

3) A branch.

4) A garland worn round the neck.

5) A kind of necklace.

6) The female breast.

7) Tin or lead.

8) Name of a demon killed by Balarāma.

9) A shoot of the vine-palm.

1) A cucumber.

11) A verse (gāthā).

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Prālamba (प्रालम्ब).—a.

1) Pendent, hanging down; प्रालम्बद्विगुणितचामरप्रहासः (prālambadviguṇitacāmaraprahāsaḥ) Ve.2.28.

-mbaḥ 1 A kind of pearl-ornament.

2) A female breast.

-mbam A garland worn round the neck and reaching to the breast; प्रालम्बमुत्कृष्य यथावकाशं निनाय साचीकृतचारुवक्त्रः (prālambamutkṛṣya yathāvakāśaṃ nināya sācīkṛtacāruvaktraḥ) R.6.14; मुक्ताप्रालम्बेषु (muktāprālambeṣu) K.52.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pralambā (प्रलम्बा).—name of a piśācī: Mahā-Māyūrī 238.19. See also s.v. Vilambā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pralamba (प्रलम्ब).—mfn.

(-mbaḥ-mbā-mbaṃ) 1. Hanging down, depending from, pendulous. 2. Slow, dilatory. m.

(-mbaḥ) 1. Depending, hanging on or from. 2. The new shoot or bud of a creeping plant. 3. A garland of flowers worn round the neck. 4. A branch. 5. The female breast. 6. The name of a Daitya, killed by Balarama. 7. Head. E. pra before, lavi to oppose, aff. ac .

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Prālamba (प्रालम्ब).—n.

(-mbaṃ) A garland hanging round the neck, and reaching to the breast. E. pra and āṅ before, lavi to hang or fall, aff. ac; also with kan added prālambaka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pralamba (प्रलम्ब).—[pra-lamb + a], I. adj. 1. Hanging down, pendulous, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 4, 19. 2. Prominent, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 55, 142. 3. Dilatory, slow. Ii. n. 1. Hanging on or from. 2. The new shoot or bud of a crceping plant. 3. A branch. 4. A garland of flowers worn round the neck. 5. The name of a demon kolled by Balarāma.

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Prālamba (प्रालम्ब).—i. e. pra-ā-lamb + a, n. A garland hanging down from the neck to the breast, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 6, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pralamba (प्रलम्ब).—[adjective] hanging down, pendulous; [masculine] [Name] of a Daitya etc.

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Prālamba (प्रालम्ब).—[adjective] hanging down; [substantive] a kind of pearl ornament.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pralamba (प्रलम्ब):—[from pra-lamb] mf(ā)n. hanging down, depending, pendent, pendulous (generally [in the beginning of a compound]), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] bending the upper part of the body forward, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] prominent, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] slow, dilatory, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] m. hanging on or from, depending, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a branch, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a shoot of the vine-palm, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a cucumber, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

9) [v.s. ...] a garland of flowers worn round the neck, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) [v.s. ...] a kind of necklace of pearls, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] the female breast, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] tin (?), [Horace H. Wilson]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of a Daitya slain by Balarāma or Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [Rāmāyaṇa]

15) [v.s. ...] m. (f(ā). Name of a Rākṣasī, [Buddhist literature])

16) Prālamba (प्रालम्ब):—[=prā-lamba] [from prā] a mf(ī)n. hanging down, [Rāmāyaṇa]

17) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of pearl ornament, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) [v.s. ...] the female breast, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) [v.s. ...] a species of gourd, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) [v.s. ...] n. (?) a garland hanging down to the breast, [Raghuvaṃśa] (also baka, n. and bikā f., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

21) b prāleya etc. See under 3. prā, p. 702, col. 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pralamba (प्रलम्ब):—[pra-lamba] (mbaḥ-mbā-mbaṃ) a. Hanging down; slow. m. A hanging down; a bud; tin; the female breast; a branch; a garland; a demon.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Pralamba (प्रलम्ब):—(von lamb mit pra)

1) adj. f. ā herabhängend: ghaṇṭā [Harivaṃśa 3849.] bāhu [4766.] somāṃśu [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 747, 10.] Gewöhnlich in comp. mit seinem subst. bāhu [Mahābhārata 1, 7212. 3, 16348.] [Harivaṃśa 8383.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 19, 27.] [Lot. de Lassen’s Anthologie b. l. 569.] pralambojjvalacārughoṇa [Mahābhārata 1,7082.] pralambodaramehanāḥ [9, 2599.] radanacchada (so ist st. vadana zu lesen) [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 25, 15.] keśa [Viṣṇupurāṇa 4, 3] bei [MUIR, Stenzler 1, 182, Nalopākhyāna 14.] pralambāṇḍa [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 457.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie 4, 19.] pralambābharaṇa [Mahābhārata 13, 3945.] pralambāmbarabhūṣaṇa [Harivaṃśa 2440. 3755.] Von Personen gesagt viell. so v. a. pralambabāhu [Mahābhārata 10, 288.] —

2) m. a) das Herabhängen [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 448.] [Medinīkoṣa b. 13. fg.] — b) Ast [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 282.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — c) ein Schoss der Weinpalme (tālāṅkura; latāṅkura [the new shoot or bud of a creeping plant [Wilson’s Wörterbuch][?] in Medinīkoṣa] ist ein Druckfehler) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — d) Gurke (trapuṣa, welches [WILSON] durch Zinn wiedergiebt). — e) die weibliche Brust. — f) eine Art Perlenschmuck (hārabheda) [Medinīkoṣa] — g) Nomen proprium eines Daitya, den Bāladeva erschlug, [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Mahābhārata 1, 2537. 7, 386.] [Harivaṃśa 2287. 3114. 3739. fgg. 5876. 6782. 8390. 9101. 12941. 14289.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 47, 12.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 7, 34.] [Sāhityadarpana 7, 11.] Bāladeva (Kṛṣṇa) führt die Beinamen: ghna [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 18.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 224,] [Scholiast] [Halāyudha 1, 28.] han [Mahābhārata 9, 2740. 3358.] mathana [Harivaṃśa 10409.] bhid [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 224.] — h) Nomen proprium einer Localität (eines Berges nach dem Comm.) [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 68, 12.] —

3) f. ā Nomen proprium einer Rākṣasī [Lot. de Lassen’s Anthologie b. l. 240.] — Vgl. prālamba .

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Prālamba (प्रालम्ब):—(von pralamba)

1) adj. herabhängend: dāmabhirvaramālyānāṃ pralambaiḥ samalaṃkṛtam (veśma) [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 12, 31.] —

2) n. ein um den Hals getragener Kranz, n. [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 3, 37.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 652.] [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 14.] m. eine Art Perlenschmuck (hārabheda) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 449.] —

3) m. die weibliche Brust.

4) m. Gurke [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [NIGH. PR.] — Vgl. pralamba .

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Prālamba (प्रालम्ब):—vgl. muktā .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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