Malaya, Mālaya: 28 definitions
Malaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Malaya (मलय):—Another name for Candana (Santalum album), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Malaya (मलय) refers to a mountain or mountain-range, as mentioned in verse 5.8-9 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] (Those) [rivers, viz., nadī] springing from the Himavat and the Malaya, which hold water retarded by its bounding against rocks and its (consequent) dashing down and bursting asunder, (are) salutary; those, however, (which are) stagnant produce worms, elephantiasis, and diseases of the stomach, throat, and head; [...]”.Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Malaya (मलय) is the name of a region mentioned in a list of regions in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—According to the author people living in different regions [viz., Malaya] have their own nourishing foodstuffs [viz., tailāmla (oil and sour foodstuffs)]. Such foodstuffs are more beneficial for them.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Malaya (मलय) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Lalita, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Lalita group contains twenty-five out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Malaya (मलय).—One of the seven holy mountains (kulaparvata) situated in Bhārata, a region south of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. In the settlements (janapada) along these mountains dwell Āryas and Mlecchas who drink water from the rivers flowing there. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Malaya (मलय).—A son of King Ṛṣabhadeva belonging to the Priyavrata dynasty. (Bhāgavata, 5th Skandha).
2) Malaya (मलय).—A son of Garuḍa (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva Chapter 99, Verse 14).
3) Mālaya (मालय).—A son of Garuḍa. (Śloka 14, Chapter 101, Udyoga Parva).
4) Malaya (मलय).—A mountain in South India. The following pieces of information are gathered about this mountain from the Purāṇas:—
The sovereign deity of this mountain attends on Kubera in Kubera’s assembly. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 10, Verse 32)
The Pāṇḍya and Cola Kings collected Sandal Paste essence from the Malaya and Dardura mountains, filled them in golden pots and presented them to Yudhiṣṭhira. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 52, Verse 33).
The monkeys who went in search of Sītā crossed this mountain. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 289, Verse 44).
Malaya is considered as one of the seven chief mountains of India. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 11)
Once Mṛtyu deity performed tapas on this mountain. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 54, Verse 26).
In Tripuradahana, Śiva used this mountain as the flagstaff of his chariot. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 102, Verse 73).
5) Malaya (मलय).—In Mahābhārata there is a description of another Malaya Mountain besides the Malaya mountain of South India. When the sage Śuka ascended Heaven, he saw a Malaya mountain on the way. The celestial women, Urvaśī and Vipracitti used to dance there daily. This Malaya is somewhere above Kailāsa. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 332, Verse 21).Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Malaya (मलय) is the name of a ancient country/region from where the Rudrākṣa trees are said to be very sacred, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.25, while explaining the greatness of Rudrākṣa:—“[...] Rudrākṣas grown in Gauḍa land became great favourites of Śiva. They were grown in Mathurā, Laṅkā, Ayodhyā, Malaya, Sahya mountain, Kāśī and other places. They are competent to break asunder the clustered sins unbearable to the others, as the sacred texts have declared”.
Note: Malaya refers to a mountain range on the west of Malabar, the western ghats, abounding in sandal trees.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Malaya (मलय).—A son of Ṛṣabha and Jayanti.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 4. 10.
Malaya (मलय) refers to the name of a Mountain mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.27, II.27.8, VI.10.10). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Malaya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Malaya (मलय) is the name of a mountain said to be located within the Dākṣiṇāpatha (Deccan) region. Countries within this region pertain to the Dākṣinātyā local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kavya
Malaya refers to an ancient district or cultural territory, as mentioned in the 7th-century Mudrārākṣasa written by Viśākhadeva. Malaya corresponds to the western Ghats.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Malaya (मलय) or Malayādri is the name of a mountain whose lord is named Kākaṇḍaka: a Vidyādhara king who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side but was slain by Prabhāsa, who participated in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48. Accordingly: “... when they heard that [speech of Śrutaśarman], eight warriors in anger surrounded Prabhāsa.... And the fourth was an excellent Vidyādhara named King Kākaṇḍaka, a chief of a host of warriors, and his dwelling was in the mountain Malaya”.
Malaya (मलय) or Malayagiri, as situated in the southern region (dakṣiṇa), is also mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 109. Accordingly, as Amṛtaprabha said to Naravāhanadatta: “... there is a great mountain (mahāgiri) named Malaya in the southern region; and in a hermitage on it lives a great hermit named Vāmadeva”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Malaya, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Malaya (मलय).—One of the eight kulaparvatas (boundary-mountains) mentioned by Soḍḍhala.—Malaya is the southern part of the western ghāts, south of the river Cauveri, called the Travancore hills, including the Cardamon mountains extending from the Koimbatoor gap to cape comorin where it touches the ocean, Bhavabhūti (Mahāvīracarita) tells us that the slopes of Malaya mountain are encircled by the river cauveri. The Malaya abounds in sandal trees and is proverbially famous for its cool breezes. Rājaśekhara has described four peculiarities of Malaya according to its natural resources.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Malaya (मलय) or Malayāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Bimbāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Malaya Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Bimba-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7
Malaya (मलय) is the name of a country classified as Hādi (a type of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Malaya] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
1. Malaya. A mountainous district in South India. E.g., J.iv.327; Cv.lxxvi.195.
2. Malaya. The mountainous country of Ceylon, originally the home of the Pulinda (Mhv.vii.68; see Mhv.Trs.60, n. 5). When Dutthagamani fled from his fathers wrath, it was in Malaya that he hid (Mhv.xxiv.7). In Malaya was the Ambatthakolalena, from which Dutthagamani obtained silver for the Maha Thupa (Mhv.xxviii.20). The hill country provided protection from marauders who invaded Ceylon (E.g., in the case of Vattagamani; Mhv.xxxiii.62; also xxxv.26), and also from those causing danger to the rightful ruler (E.g., ibid., xxxvi.50; Cv.xli.20; l.20). When Buddhism was threatened by the activities of unbelievers who had obtained possession of Anuradhapura, it was to Malaya and to Rohana that the monks fled in order to save themselves and their teaching (E.g., Mhv.xxxvii.6). Malaya also afforded shelter to rebels against the government both during preparations for attack and, if necessary, during their flight (E.g., Cv.xli.10; xliv.62; xlviii.98; li.112f.; lvii.47, 57).
In later times Malaya was treated as a special province, and was in charge of an official called Malayaraja, who was generally the kings younger son, the elder being viceroy in charge of the Eastern Province (Pacinadesa). The district of Dakkhinadesa was included in Malaya (See Cv.xli.33ff.; lii.68; Cv. Trs.i.54, n.4; but see Cv.xlii.6, 10; xliv.43 li.13; liii.36), but it was later separated (Cv.li.8). The Yuvaraja himself was sometimes Malayaraja, particularly when the other provinces were in the hands of enemies (E.g., Cv.lviii.7). Mention is also made (Cv.lxix.6) of a Malayaraja who was in charge of a Damila army (probably of mercenaries). In times of war the people of Malaya usually gave a great deal of trouble as the country was difficult of access (E.g., Cv.lxx.30). Some of the villages in Malaya were composed of only one house. Sp.ii.298.
3. Malaya. The mountainous district of Ramanna. Cv.lxxvi.22.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Malaya (मलय) is the name of a mountain associated with Subhīṣaṇa: the southern cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Vajravārāhī-sādhana by Umāpatideva as found in te 12th century Guhyasamayasādhanamālā. As a part of this sādhana, the practicioner is to visualize a suitable dwelling place for the goddess inside the circle of protection which takes the form of eight cremation grounds.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
India history and geogprahySource: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions
Malaya (मलय) is the name of one of the seven kulaparvata (clan mountain) of Bhāratavarṣa, associated with a distinct country or tribe.—As ascertained by Professor Hemachandra Raychaudhuri, Malaya is the mountain par excellence of the Pāṇḍyas.
Malaya, which also figures in the Nasik Praśasti, is represented by that portion of Western Ghats, which stretches from Nilgiri to Kanyākumarī. The expression malaya in Trikūṭa-malaya, which is referred to in Ipur Plates of Mādhava II is sometimes taken In its general sense of a hill. Dr. Sircar, however, takes the term Trikūṭa-malayādhipati to mean, Lord of Trikūṭa and Malaya.Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)
Malaya (मलय) refers to one of the seven kulaparvatas (chief mountains) mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa. Malaya refers to that portion of the Western Ghats which extends from Nīlagiri to Gape Comarin.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Malaya.—(IA 14), derived from Dravidian malai, ‘a hill’. Note: malaya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
Malaya (मलय) is the name of a mountain region as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Malaya (cf. Dīpavaṃsa and Mahāvaṃsa) is central mountain region in the interior of Ceylon.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
malaya (मलय).—m S A mountainous range along the west of the peninsula of India, the Malabar ghaṭs: also the country lying along this range and the ocean, Malabar. 2 The peninsula of Malacca.
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malayā (मलया).—m The name of a fish.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Name of a mountain range in the south of India, abounding in sandal trees; (poets usually represent the breeze from the Malaya mountain as wafting the odour of sandal trees and other plants growing thereon, which peculiarly affects persons who are smit with love); स्तनाविव दिशस्तस्याः शैलौ मलयदर्दुरौ (stanāviva diśastasyāḥ śailau malayadardurau) R.4.51; 9.25;13.2; विना मलयमन्यत्र चन्दनं न प्ररोहति (vinā malayamanyatra candanaṃ na prarohati) Pt.1.41; मलये भिल्लपुरन्ध्री चन्दनतरुकाष्ठमिन्धनं कुरुते (malaye bhillapurandhrī candanatarukāṣṭhamindhanaṃ kurute) Subhāṣ.
2) Name of the country lying to the east of the Malaya range, Malabar.
3) A garden.
4) The garden of Indra.
5) The side of a mountain.
6) (In music) A kind of measure.
Derivable forms: malayaḥ (मलयः).
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Mālaya (मालय).—a. (-yī f.) [मलये भवः अण् (malaye bhavaḥ aṇ)] Coming from the Malaya mountain.
-yam 1 A carevansary.
2) the unguent prepared from sandal.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-yaḥ) 1. A mountain or mountainous range, from which the best Sandal-wood is brought, answering to the western Ghats in the peninsnla of India. 2. The country that lies along the Malaya range, or the west coast of the peninsula, Malayalam or Malabar. 3. A garden. 4. The garden of Indra. 5. One of the minor Dwipas or divisions of the world. f.
(-yā) A plant, commonly Teori, (Convolvulus turpethum.) E. mal to hold or contain, (Sandal-wood.) Unadi aff. kayan .
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(-yaṃ) Sandal, the unguent prepared from it. E. malaya the mountain whence the wood is brought, and aṇ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Malaya (मलय).—m. 1. A mountainous range in the Dekhan, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 38, 17; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 25. 2. The country lying along this range, Malabar. 3. A garden. 4. The garden of Indra.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Malaya (मलय).—[masculine] [Name] of a mountain (also giri [masculine]); [plural] [Name] of a people.
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Mālaya (मालय).—[adjective] coming from the Malaya mountain.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Malaya (मलय) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Malaya (मलय):—m. ([Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 99]) Name of a mountain range on the west of Malabar, the western Ghāts (abounding in sandal trees), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
2) of the country Malabar and ([plural]) its inhabitants, [ib.]
3) of another country (= śailāṃśa-deśaḥ, or śailāṅgo d), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) of an Upa-dvīpa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) of a son of Garuḍa, [Mahābhārata] ([Bombay edition] mālaya)
6) of a son of Ṛṣabha, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
7) of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]
8) a celestial grove (= nandana-vana), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) a garden, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) (in music) a kind of measure, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]
11) Malayā (मलया):—[from malaya] f. Ipomoea Turpethum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
12) [v.s. ...] Name of a woman, [Vāsavadattā, [Introduction]]
13) Mālaya (मालय):—[from māla] 1. mālaya [Nominal verb] ([from] mālā) [Parasmaipada] yati (for 2. See p. 814, col. 1), to crown or wreathe, [Upaniṣad] (cf. [Pāṇini 7-4, 2 [Scholiast or Commentator]])
14) 2. mālaya mfn. (for 1. See p. 813, col. 3) coming from the Malaya mountains, [Nalôd.]
15) m. sandal-wood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
16) Name of a son of Garuḍa, [Mahābhārata]
17) n. a caravansery, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]
18) the unguent prepared from sandal, [Horace H. Wilson]
19) = -malaya-dvīpa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+23): Malaya Mahadeva, Malayabhubhrit, Malayabhumi, Malayacala, Malayacalakhanda, Malayachala, Malayadesha, Malayadhvaja, Malayadhvajanarapati, Malayadri, Malayadruma, Malayadvipa, Malayagandhini, Malayagara, Malayagiri, Malayaja, Malayajalepa, Malayajarajas, Malayajarasa, Malayaketu.
Ends with (+6): Adimalaya, Amalaya, Ashramalaya, Brahmalaya, Drumalaya, Gilimalaya, Great Central Himalaya, Hemalaya, Himalaya, Hirannamalaya, Kamalaya, Kotamalaya, Kotthamalaya, Kudmalaya, Kumalaya, Lesser Himalaya, Mahamalaya, Padmalaya, Paravatamalaya, Parimalaya.
Full-text (+193): Malayanila, Malayaja, Malayaparvata, Dakshinacala, Tamraparni, Jukuta, Malayabhubhrit, Malayacala, Malayagiri, Malayaketu, Malayavati, Malayadri, Malayavasini, Malayodbhava, Malayagandhini, Jakuta, Kulacala, Rajatakuta, Malayadhvajanarapati, Malayajalepa.
Search found 52 books and stories containing Malaya, Malayā, Mālaya; (plurals include: Malayas, Malayās, Mālayas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Introduction (Malaya Dynasty) < [Chapter VIII - The Malayas (A.D. 1015-1220)]
Part 1 - Malaya dynasty (A.D. 1018-1128) < [Chapter VIII - The Malayas (A.D. 1015-1220)]
Part 7 - Vishnuvardhana (A.D. 1281) < [Chapter VIII - The Malayas (A.D. 1015-1220)]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 29: The people in the Manuṣyaloka < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Part 7: Refusal to marry < [Chapter II - Vāsupūjyacaritra]
Part 8: Previous birth of Puruṣottama as Samudradatta < [Chapter IV - Anantanāthacaritra]
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section IX < [Jambukhanda Nirmana Parva]
Section CI < [Bhagavat-Yana Parva]
Section XXVII < [Astika Parva]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 12 - Tuber Poison (12): Dardura < [Chapter XXX - Visha (poisons)]
Part 9 - Tuber Poison (9): Kala-kuta < [Chapter XXX - Visha (poisons)]
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
Chapter 17 - Country of Mo-lo-kiu-ch’a (Malakuta) < [Book X - Seventeen Countries]
Chapter 1 - Country of Sang-kia-lo (Simhala) < [Book XI - Twenty-three Countries]
The backdrop of the Srikanthacarita and the Mankhakosa (by Dhrubajit Sarma)
Part 8c - Mountains (found in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita) < [Chapter IV - Socio-cultural study of the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita]
Part 8b - Oceans, rivers and lakes (found in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita) < [Chapter IV - Socio-cultural study of the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita]
Part 7 - Flora and fauna (found in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita) < [Chapter IV - Socio-cultural study of the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita]