Tamraparni, Tāmraparṇī, Tamra-parni: 18 definitions


Tamraparni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Tamraparni in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Tāmraparṇī (ताम्रपर्णी).—Name of a river originating from Malaya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Tāmraparṇī (ताम्रपर्णी).—A holy river of Dakṣiṇa Kerala. Once the Devas did penance on the banks of this river to obtain salvation. (Śloka 14, Chapter 88, Vana Parva).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Tāmraparnī (ताम्रपर्नी) is the name of a sacred river as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.12, “somehow men must strive to find a residence in a holy centre. On the shores of the ocean in the confluence of hundreds of rivers there are many such holy centres (puṇyakṣetra or tīrtha) and temples. [...] The rivers Tāmraparnī and Vegavatī accord Brahmaloka. There are holy centres on their banks bestowing heaven on the worshipper. In between these rivers there are meritorious holy centres. Intelligent men residing there will reap the respective fruits thereof”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Tāmraparṇī (ताम्रपर्णी).—A river of the Kulācala hill in Bhāratavarṣa,1 and in Drāviḍa.2 Visited by Balarāma;3 from the Malaya Hills flowing through sandal wood regions; famous for pearls and conch; fit for śrāddha offerings;4 sacred to Pitṛs;5 flows towards the southern ocean; at its confluence with the ocean are produced conches, shells and pearls.6

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 28. 35; V. 19. 18.
  • 2) Ib. XI. 5. 39.
  • 3) Ib. X. 79. 16.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 36; III. 13. 24-7; IV. 33. 52; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 13.
  • 5) Matsya-purāṇa 22. 49; 114. 30.
  • 6) Vāyu-purāṇa 77. 24-5.

1b) A daughter of Satyabhāmā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 248; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 240.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Tāmraparṇī (ताम्रपर्णी) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.86.11). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Tāmraparṇī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta

Tāmraparṇī (ताम्रपर्णी).—According to Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta, Madya-lila 9.218, “Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu passed that night in the house of the brāhmaṇa. Then, after showing him mercy, the Lord started toward Tāmraparṇī in Pāṇḍya-deśa”. In the Rāmāyaṇa the name of Tāmraparṇī is mentioned. Tāmraparṇī is also known as Puruṇai and is situated on the bank of the Tinebheli River. This river flows into the Bay of Bengal. Tāmraparṇī is also mentioned in Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (11.5.39).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Tamraparni in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Tāmraparṇī (ताम्रपर्णी) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Tāmraparṇī is the river, which is rises from the Agastikuta on the Malaya hills and flows through the district of Tinnevelly in the Madras presidency.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Tamraparni in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Tāmraparṇī (ताम्रपर्णी) refers to a country belonging to “Dakṣiṇa or Dakṣiṇadeśa (southern division)” classified under the constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā represent the southern division consisting of [i.e., Tāmraparṇī] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Chaitanya’s life and teachings (history)

Tamraparni is one of the places visited by Chaitanya during his pilgrimage in Southern India between April 1510 and January 1512.—Tamraparni.—A river on the left bank of which Tinnevelly stands.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana (history)

Tāmraparnī (ताम्रपर्नी) is the name of a river and it issues from the Malaya mountain called the Travancore hills in the southern parts of the Western Ghats.

Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Ancient Sri Lanka

Tamraparni River that originated in Tamilnadu used to flow from Tirunelveli district to Puttalam of western Sri Lanka. Vijaya (son of Simhabahu) landed on the banks of Tamraparni River in Sri Lanka. He successfully encountered Yakshas and married Kuvanna, a Yakshini. Thus, King Vijaya defeated the Yakshas of Sirishavatthu city and founded his Tamraparni kingdom.

Source: Heidelberg: Glory of the Tiruvanantapuram Padmanabhasvami Temple

Tāmraparṇī (ताम्रपर्णी) is the name of a river mentioned in the Anantaśayanakṣetramāhātmya, a text talking about the Thiruvananthapuram temple in eleven chapters, written before the 14th century and claiming to be part of the Brahmāṇḍapurāṇa.—Tāmraparṇī is a perennial river that originates from the Agastyakudam peak of the Pothigai hills in the Western Ghats, above Papanasam in the Ambasamudram taluk. It flows through the Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi districts of the Tamil Nadu state of southern India into the Gulf of Mannar. There is also a māhātyma on this river named Tāmraparṇīmāhātmya.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tamraparni in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tāmraparṇī (ताम्रपर्णी).—Name of a river rising in Malaya, celebrated for its pearls; R.4.5. Hence ताम्रपर्णिक (tāmraparṇika) (= obtained in the same river); Kau. A.2.11.

Tāmraparṇī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tāmra and parṇī (पर्णी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāmraparṇī (ताम्रपर्णी).—f. (-rṇī) 1. A large point or lake. 2. The name of a river in the peninsula, and of the district in its vicinity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tāmraparṇī (ताम्रपर्णी):—[=tāmra-parṇī] [from tāmra-parṇa > tāmra] f. Rubia Munjista, [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of pond, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a river (rising in Malaya; celebrated for its pearls; cf. [Religious Thought and Life in India p.324]), [Mahābhārata iii, 8340; vi, 252; Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] (once metrically rṇi, [lxxxi, 2]), [Raghuvaṃśa iv, 50; Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv f.] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] ([gana] varaṇādī) Name of a town in Ceylon, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) Tāmraparṇi (ताम्रपर्णि):—[=tāmra-parṇi] [from tāmra] for rṇī q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāmraparṇī (ताम्रपर्णी):—[tāmra-parṇī] (rṇī) 3. f. A large pond or lake; name of a river.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tamraparni in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Tamraparni in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tāmraparṇi (ತಾಮ್ರಪರ್ಣಿ):—

1) [noun] = ತಾಮ್ರಕರ್ಣಿ [tamrakarni].

2) [noun] a river raising in Malaya hills (south western region of India), celebrated for its pearls.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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