Malayadhvaja: 7 definitions


Malayadhvaja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Malayadhvaja in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Malayadhvaja (मलयध्वज).—(PĀṆḌYA). In Mahābhārata, Karṇa Parva, Chapter 20, we read about a Pāṇḍya King named Malayadhvaja who took part in the Kurukṣetra battle and was killed in the fight against Aśvatthāmā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Malayadhvaja (मलयध्वज).—The Pāṇḍya who married the daughter of the Vidarbha King Rājasimha and became the father of a daughter and seven sons; a Rājaṛṣi; divided his kingdom among his sons and with his mind set on Kṛṣṇa retired to Kulācala followed by his queen; after a period of strenuous tapas he died and the queen wailed.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 28. 29-30, 33-34, 36-50.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Malayadhvaja in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Malayadhvaja (मलयध्वज) is the son of the Sārvabhauma (emperor) Merudhvaja, as mentioned to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 118. Accordingly, as Indra said to emperor Merudhvaja: “... and a second [son], named Malayadhvaja, who shall be an incarnation of a Gaṇa [named Kiṅkara]. Muktāphaladhvaja and his younger brother shall obtain from the hermit Tapodhana the sciences and all weapons and a creature to ride on, that shall possess the power of assuming any shape”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Merudhvaja, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geography

Source: A Textual and Intertextual Study of the Mudrārākṣasa (history)

Malayadhvaja, more or less synonymous with Malayaketu, also occurs in several texts and may have been held by at least one historical person, but none of these seem to have anything in common with our Malayaketu. It is most likely that that the young prince is a figment of our poet, and there remains a possibility that his choice of name is not random, but fraught with some allusion that is not transparent to us.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Malayadhvaja in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Malayadhvaja (मलयध्वज):—[=malaya-dhvaja] [from malaya] m. Name of a king of the Pāṇḍyas, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] of a son of Meru-dhvaja, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

[Sanskrit to German]

Malayadhvaja in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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