Malika, Mālika, Mālikā: 26 definitions
Malika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mālikā (मालिका) is a cloistered verandah built on the inner side of the prākāra wall. The mālikās according to the Texts may be built up to three storeys. Mālikās are also referred to as āvṛtamaṇḍapas i.e. the pavilions that are built surrounding or enclosing a structure or a courtyard. Generally mālikās are constructed surrounding the courtyard but in a few instances they are built surrounding the main shrine too. Rare instances of mālikās constructed like pavilions/corridors outside the prākāra are noticed. No mention of such mālikās outside the temple complex is foimd in the Texts. Therefore, it is possible that it is a construction made for the convenience of the pilgrims who visit the temple during the festival season.Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama
Mālikā (मालिका) refers to “gallery forming cloister §§ 3.12, 32, 33, 35; 4.2, 36; 5.8, 9.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
Mālika (मालिक) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Ujjvala in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Mālikā (मालिका) refers to a “garland” (of skulls), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.27 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “[...] Where your necklace and where the garland of skulls [i.e., muṇḍa-mālikā] that he wears? Where your rich divine unguent and where the ash from the funeral pyre that He has on His body? O divine lady, everything concerning you and Śiva, such as form, features etc. is mutually discordant. I do not like your resolution. You can do whatever you please. You yourself have evolved taste for all bad objects. Turn your mind from Him. If not, do whatever you please”.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Malika (मलिक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Malika) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Mālikā (मालिका) refers to a “necklace”, according to the Kaulajñānanirṇaya.—Accordingly, “The Nameless (energy) [i.e., anāmā] is fixed in the Heart [i.e., hṛdaya]. This is the Gesture (mudrā) that bestows the goddess. If one sees her in the End of the Twelve, she shines (like) a necklace of gems [i.e., maṇi-mālikā]. This is the Gesture (mudrā) called Anāmā; once (it is) known (one attains) the (liberated) sky-faring state. O beloved, one must break though the door which, endowed with consciousness, is sealed with the Five Seals (of the lower Wheels) and is well obstructed by the chain (of the door). [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Mālikā (मालिका) refers to a “garland (of flowers)”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Jasmine born of spring, a mystical flower species, Thus beginning joined together, an ascending flower garland (puṣpamālikā)”.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
India history and geography
Mālika (मालिक) refers to a “florist” and represents one of the occupational groups commonly found in Townships or Urban centers (nagari) in ancient India (Medieval Orissa).—An example (of Township) is provided by the Nagari plates of Anangabhima III, dated A.D. 1230, which describe an assigned township which contained four large houses of the dimension of royal residences and thirty other houses. The occupational groups present in the settlement were [e.g., a florist (mālika)]. The range of occupations is large, some of them being rural in character. The context in which the township (or Urban centres—nagari) is assigned suggest that nagaris in such cases were perhaps extended villages, formed out of a cluster of several contiguous villages and thus assuming physical and consequently, economic dimensions much larger than those of an ordinary village settlement.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Malika.—(EI 4; BL), Muslim title of nobility; same as Arabic Malik; also spelt in Indian languages as Mallika. Note: malika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
See also (synonyms): Malik.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
mālika : (adj.) having garlands or flowers.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
1) Mālika, 2 (fr. mālā) a gardener, florist Abhp 507. (Page 530)
2) Mālika, 1 (nt.) (fr. mālā or mala?) name of a dice J. VI, 281. (Page 530)
— or —
Mālikā, (f.) (fr. mālā) double jasmine Dāvs 5, 49. (Page 530)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
mālīka (मालीक).—c ( A) An owner: also a lord, master, ruler. See mālaka.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
mālīka (मालीक).—e An owner. A master.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Malika (मलिक).—A king.
Derivable forms: malikaḥ (मलिकः).
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Mālika (मालिक).—[mālā tannirmāṇaṃ śilpamasya ṭhan]
1) A florist, gardener.
2) A dyer, painter.
3) A garland-maker.
4) A kind of bird.
Derivable forms: mālikaḥ (मालिकः).
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Mālikā (मालिका).—[mālaiva kan ata itvam]
1) A garland; पाशाक्षमालिकाम्भोज (pāśākṣamālikāmbhoja) Lakṣmīdhyānam.
2) A row, line, series.
3) A string, necklace.
4) A variety of jasmine.
6) A daughter.
7) A palace.
8) A kind of bird.
9) An intoxicating drink.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Mālikā (मालिका).—name of a queen, wife of Prasenajit: Avadāna-śataka ii.9.6.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Relating to a garland, &c. m.
(-kaḥ) 1. A florist, a flower-gatherer or seller. 2. A sort of bird. 3. A colorist, a painter. f.
(-kā) 1. Double jasmine, (Jasminum zambac, floribus multiplicatis.) 2. A daughter. 3. A necklace, any ornament of the neck. 4. A garland of flowers, a wreath. 5. The name of a river. 6. A spirituous or vinous liquor. 7. Linseed, (Linum utilatissimum.) 8. A palace. 9. A row, a series. E. mālā a garland, ṭhan aff., or kan added, fem. form.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Mālika (मालिक).—i. e. mālā + ika, I. adj. Relating to a garland. Ii. m. 1. A flower-gatherer, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 55 (cf. [Pañcatantra] 156, 20). 2. A painter. 3. A sort of bird. Iii. f. kā. 1. A garland of flowers, [Pañcatantra] 236, 16. 2. A multitude, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 89. 3. A necklace. 4. A daughter. 5. A palace. 6. A spirituous liquor. 7. Double jasmine.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Mālika (मालिक).—[masculine] wreath-maker.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Malika (मलिक):—m. (= ملك) a king, [Catalogue(s)]
2) Mālikā (मालिका):—[from mālaka > māla] a f. a garland, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]
3) [v.s. ...] a necklace, [Harivaṃśa]
4) [v.s. ...] a row, series, collection of things arranged in a line, [Kāvya literature]
5) [v.s. ...] a white-washed upper-storied house, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] Name of various plants (double jasmine, Linum Usitatissimum etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] a kind of bird, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] an intoxicating drink, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] a daughter, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) Mālika (मालिक):—[from māla] m. a garland-maker, gardener, [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra]
12) [v.s. ...] a painter, dyer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [v.s. ...] a kind of bird, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) Mālikā (मालिका):—[from mālika > māla] b f. See under mālaka.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Mālika (मालिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A florist; a painter; a sort of bird. f. (kā) Double jasmin; a daughter; a necklace; a garland; a river; wine; linseed; a palace. a. Of a garland.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Mālika (मालिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Mālia, Māliā.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
1) Malikā (मलिका):—(nf) a queen.
2) Malika (मलिक) [Also spelled malik]:—(nm) a king, ruler; an honourable title for muslims; hence [malikā] see.
3) Mālika (मालिक) [Also spelled malik]:—(nm) a master, employer; owner, lord (as landlord); proprietor; husband; -[naukara] the employer and the employee; -[majadūra] the employer and the worker; -[majadūroṃ kā jhagaḍā] labour dispute; [mālikāna] plural form of [mālika].
4) Mālikā (मालिका):—(nf) a row, line; series.
1) [noun] = ಮಾಲಿ - [mali -] 4.
2) [noun] a man who makes and sells strings of flowers, garlands, etc.
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Mālika (ಮಾಲಿಕ):—[noun] he who owns something; a owner.
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Mālīka (ಮಾಲೀಕ):—[noun] = ಮಾಲಿಕ [malika]2.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Malikaittuvarai, Malikambari, Malikana.
Ends with (+104): Adikeshavanavaratnamalika, Agaramalika, Akshamalika, Aksharamalika, Anandamalika, Angulimalika, Annapurnanavaratnamalika, Aprameyanavamalika, Aryavarnamalika, Audgatramantramalika, Avamalika, Avataramalika, Bhaktaradhanaprayogamanimalika, Bhramaramalika, Bhumalika, Camundikanakshatramalika, Cikitsamalika, Dashamalika, Davalamalika, Dharmalika.
Full-text (+90): Jambulamalika, Navamalika, Malaka, Dashamalika, Vandanamalika, Malia, Malik, Mayukhamala, Katimalika, Mangalamalika, Shivakanthamalika, Kattu-malika, Naba malika, Suktisadhutvamalika, Shavasthimalika, Restoremta, Nayamanimalika, Kularatnamala, Dipamala, Namamalika.
Search found 32 books and stories containing Malika, Mālika, Mālikā, Mālīka, Malikā; (plurals include: Malikas, Mālikas, Mālikās, Mālīkas, Malikās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 1.16.34 < [Chapter 16 - Description of Śrī Rādhikā’s Wedding]
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)
List of Other Jat clans added by Laxman Burdak
Kashyapa Shilpa-shastra (study) (by K. Vidyuta)
4. Prākāra components (1): Bhitti-lakṣaṇa (walls) < [Chapter 3 - Prākāra Lakṣaṇa]
8. Śālā, Sabhā and Mālikā-kāra Lakṣaṇas < [Chapter 5 - Gopura Lakṣaṇa]
4. Prākāra components (3): Paṅkti-māna < [Chapter 3 - Prākāra Lakṣaṇa]
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.4.17 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Verse 3.3.79 < [Part 3 - Fraternal Devotion (sakhya-rasa)]
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Part 40 - End of the Sila (Silavamsi) dynasty < [Chapter XIII - The Dynasties in South Kalinga]