Labha, Lābha, Lābhā: 15 definitions

Introduction

Labha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Lābha (लाभ).—A son of Puṣṭi.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 59; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 35.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Lābha (लाभ, “greed”) refers to a quality which is renunciated by the Bodhisattvas, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. Greed is like a thief; it destroys the root of the qualities (guṇamūla). Just as a heavy frost destroys the five grains, so greed (lābha) and ambition (yaśas) destroy the young shoots (bīja) of the qualities (guṇa) and prevent them from prospering.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Lābha (लाभ, “greed”) refers to one of the “eight worldly conditions” (lokadharma) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 61). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., lābha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Lābha or Lābhamātsarya refers to “selfishness regarding wealth” and represents one of the “five selfishnesses” (mātsarya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 78).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Lābha (लाभ, “gain”) or Lābhāntarāya refers to “gain obstructing karmas” and represents one of the dive types of Antarāya (obstructing karmas), representing one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8.—What is meant by gain obstructing (lābha-antarāya) karmas? The rise of which obstructs receiving gifts even though one is fit to receive and the donor is having the intention and capacity to donate is called gain obstructing karmas.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Lābha.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘eleven’. Note: lābha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

lābha : (m.) gain; acquisition. || lābhā (ind.), it is profitable; it is a gain.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Lābha, (fr. labh) receiving, getting, acquisition, gain, possession; pl. possessions D. I, 8; II, 58, 61; M. I, 508 (ārogya-paramā lābhā); III, 39; A. I, 74; IV, 157 sq. , 160 (lābhena abhibhūto pariyādinnacitto Devadatto, cp. J. I, 185 sq.); Sn. 31, 438, 828, 854, 1014, 1046 (cp. Nd2 548); It. 67 (vitta°); J. III, 516 (yasa°, dhana°); Vism. 93, 136 (°ṃ labhati), 150 (°assa bhāgin getting riches); PvA. 113, 280.—A Dat. sg. lābhā (for lābhāya) is used adverbially with foll. genitive in meaning of “for my (our) gain, ” “it is profitable, ” “good for me that” etc.; e.g. Miln. 17 (lābhā no tāta, suladdhaṃ no tāta), 232 (lābhā vata tāsaṃ devatānaṃ); A. III, 313 (lābhā vata me suladdhaṃ vata me), explained at Vism. 223; DhA. I, 98 (lābhā vata me, elliptically); II, 95 (l. vata no ye mayaṃ ... upaṭṭhahimha).

— or —

Lābhā, see under lābha. (Page 583)

— or —

Labha, (-°) (adj.) (a base-formation fr. labh) receiving, to be received, to get; only in dul° hard to get Sn. 75; S. I, 101; J. I, 307; Pug. 26; Miln. 16; Sdhp. 17, 27; and su° easy to obtain Pv. II, 319. (Page 581)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lābha (लाभ).—m (S) Gain. 2 In measuring out grain &c. the first quantity measured is called lābha for the sake of good luck; and thence the numbering goes on 2, 3, 4 &c. In this use the word corresponds with barakata under which see further.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

lābha (लाभ).—m Gain. lābhakāla m The season of prosperity or profit.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lābha (लाभ).—[labh-bhāve ghañ]

1) Gaining, obtaining, acquirement, acquisition; शरीरत्यागमात्रेण शुद्धिलाभममन्यत (śarīratyāgamātreṇa śuddhilābhamamanyata) R.12. 1; स्त्रीरत्नलाभम् (strīratnalābham) 7.34;11.92; क्षणमप्यवतिष्ठते श्वसन् यदि जन्तुर्ननु लाभवानसौ (kṣaṇamapyavatiṣṭhate śvasan yadi janturnanu lābhavānasau) R.8.87.

2) Gain, profit, advantage; सुखदुःखे समे कृत्वा लाभालाभौ जयाजयौ (sukhaduḥkhe same kṛtvā lābhālābhau jayājayau) Bg.2.38; Y.2.259.

3) Enjoyment.

4) Capture, conquest.

5) Perception, knowledge, apprehension.

6) Treasure-trove; सप्त वित्ता- गमा धर्म्या दायो लाभः (sapta vittā- gamā dharmyā dāyo lābhaḥ) ...... Ms.1.115.

7) Wealth, riches; मित्रलाभमनु लाभसंपदः (mitralābhamanu lābhasaṃpadaḥ) Ki.13.52.

Derivable forms: lābhaḥ (लाभः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Labhā (लभा).—(m.c., see below), labhyaṃ, labhyā, indecl. (= Pali labbhā), (it is) possible, usually in the sense of allowable; usually with infin., the ‘logical subject’ of which is instr. and the ‘logical object’ nom., showing that, as with (Sanskrit) śakya and [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] śakyā, the infin. is (or may be) passive in meaning; it happens often that this ‘logical object’ (nom.) is fem., which might tempt one to consider labhyā a fem. adj., but in one case at least labhyā… puruṣo occurs, which, with Pali labbhā and [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] śakyā, helps to prove that all these forms are indecl.; without infin., evaṃ labhyaṃ Mahāvastu ii.272.10, it is possible so; with finite verb, labhyaṃ satpuruṣā pratyāgacchanti akuśalena karmaṇā vipratisārī bhavanti Mahāvastu i.37.4, it is possible, good men (may) backslide, and (afterwards) feel remorse for their evil action (wrongly Senart); labhā, m.c. for (Pali) labbhā or ([Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit]) labhyā, in Mahāvastu ii.144.5 (verse), read with mss. parityajya dhṛtir labhā, by abandoning (worldly things), steadfastness is possible (obtainable), wrongly Senart; with infin., labhyā strībhiḥ puruṣo (with mss., Senart wrongly em. °ṣaṃ) vāhayituṃ Mahāvastu ii.480.3, can women cause a man to carry them? (compare line 6 below, with 1 ms., na śakyo yuṣmābhir eṣo vāhayituṃ); labhyā etena…agramahiṣī (mss.; Senart em. °ṣīṃ)…āhanituṃ ii.455.20, can he (be allowed to) strike the chief queen?; so also 457.3 °mahiṣī (mss., Senart °ṣīṃ); no labhyā yuṣmābhiḥ anyam-anyaṃ (adv.) tyajituṃ iii.151.12, and, na labhyā yuṣmābhiḥ parasparasya (adv.) tyajituṃ 19, you may not be mutually abandoned (by one-another); na labhyaṃ atra puruṣeṇa praviśituṃ Mahāvastu iii.151.7, a man may not enter here; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.249.12 (see āmiṣa); labhyā mithyādṛṣṭiḥ prahātuṃ Mahāvyutpatti 7027, heresy can (may) be abandoned (Tibetan nus pa, possible, or ruṅ ba, proper, right); labhyam ebhir adharmeṇa karmaṇā kartum Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii.117.4, it is possible (here not allowable) that they may act by an incorrect rite.

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Lābhā (लाभा).—[, in lābhā te mahārājo sulabdhā Mahāvastu i.226.14 (prose), taken as fem. by Senart, wrongly; it is n. pl. m.; so also in the parallels alleged in Senart's note, incl. Pali Dhammapada (Pali) 204.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lābha (लाभ).—m.

(-bhaḥ) 1. Profit. 2. Gain, in general, acquirement, acquisition. 3. Interest. 4. Conquest. 5. Perception. E. labh to get or gain, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lābha (लाभ).—i. e. labh + a, m. 1. Acquirement, acquisition, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 197. 2. Gain, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 331; [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 100. 3. Enjoying, [Pañcatantra] 202, 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Labha (लभ).—v. durlabha & sulabha.

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Lābha (लाभ).—[masculine] finding, meeting with, getting, acquisition ([genetive] or —°); gain, advantage, capture, conquest; perception, knowledge.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Labha (लभ):—[from labh] See īṣal-, dur-, su-l.

2) Lābha (लाभ):—[from labh] a m. meeting with, finding, [Manu-smṛti; Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] obtaining, getting, attaining, acquisition, gain, profit, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] capture, conquest, [Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] apprehension, perception, knowledge, [Śaṃkarācārya; Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] enjoying, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of the 11th astrological house or lunar mansion, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] (also -sthāna, [Catalogue(s)])

8) c etc. See p.897, [column] 1.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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