Hrasva, aka: Hrasvā; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Hrasva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Hrasva in Natyashastra glossaries]

Hrasva (ह्रस्व, “short”).—A verse in Sanskrit is of four feet or quarters or pādas. Each pāda is regulated either by a number of syllables (akṣaras) or by a number of syllabic instant or measures (mātrās). A syllable is short or long i.e. hrasva or dīrgha according to its vowel is short or long. But short vowel becomes long in prosody, when it is followed by anusvāra, visarga or by a conjunct consonant. The last syllable of a pāda is optionally long or short according to the exigence of the metre, whatever be its natural length.

(Source): Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[Hrasva in Chandas glossaries]

Hrasva (ह्रस्व, “short”) or Laghu or La refers to short letter in a verse.—The whole chanda literature has several technical terms, by which it is controlled. Single letters are used to denote a specific instance. The letter ga stands for guru letter while the letter la stands for laghu letter. In a verse the letter which is guru is also known as dīrgha (long) and which is laghu is also known as hrasva (short). The dīrgha letter consists of two mātrās while the hrasva letter consists of one mātrā.

Laghu can be identified as menu, kāhāla (daṇḍa) or śara, and the guru symbols can be identified as the shape of tāṭaṅka, hāra or keyūra.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[Hrasva in Ayurveda glossaries]

Hrasvā (ह्रस्वा) is another name for Mudgaparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Vigna radiata (mung bean or green gram) from the Fabaceae, or “pea family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.34-36 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Hrasvā and Mudgaparṇī, there are a total of fifteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

(Source): WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[Hrasva in Buddhism glossaries]

Hrasva (ह्रस्व, “short”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., hrasva). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Hrasva in Marathi glossaries]

hrasva (ह्रस्व).—a Short; low in stature. m A dwarf.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Hrasva in Sanskrit glossaries]

Hrasva (ह्रस्व).—a. [hras-van] (compar. hrasīyas; superl. hrasiṣṭha)

1) Short, small, little.

2) Dwarfish, low or short in stature.

3) Short (opp. to dīrgha in prosody).

4) Minor, very young in age; जाता ह्रस्वा प्रजा प्रमीयते (jātā hrasvā prajā pramīyate) Mb.3.197.13.

5) Unimportant, insignificant.

-svaḥ 1 A dwarf.

2) A short vowel.

-svam Green or black sulphate of iron.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 43 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Hrasvagni
Hrasvāgni (ह्रस्वाग्नि).—Calotropis Gigantea = wort (Arka). Derivable forms: hrasvāgniḥ (ह्रस्व...
Mahahrasva
Mahāhrasvā (महाह्रस्वा).—Name of a plant (Mar. kuhilī).Mahāhrasvā is a Sanskrit compound consis...
Hrasvaparna
Hrasvaparṇa (ह्रस्वपर्ण).—Ficus Infectoria (Mar. laghupiṃparī). Derivable forms: hrasvaparṇaḥ (...
Hrasvanga
Hrasvāṅga (ह्रस्वाङ्ग).—a. dwarfish, short-bodied -ṅgaḥ a dwarf. Hrasvāṅga is a Sanskrit compou...
Hrasvanirveshaka
Hrasvanirveśaka (ह्रस्वनिर्वेशक).—a small sword. Derivable forms: hrasvanirveśakaḥ (ह्रस्वनिर्व...
Hrasvagavedhuka
Hrasvagavedhukā (ह्रस्वगवेधुका).—Uraria Lagopodioides (Mar. lahāna cikaṇā). Hrasvagavedhukā is ...
Hrasvadarbha
Hrasvadarbha (ह्रस्वदर्भ).—the short or white Kuśa grass. Derivable forms: hrasvadarbhaḥ (ह्रस्...
Hrasvajatya
Hrasvajātya (ह्रस्वजात्य).—a. of a small kind. Hrasvajātya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of...
Hrasvabahuka
Hrasvabāhuka (ह्रस्वबाहुक).—a. short-armed. Hrasvabāhuka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of t...
Hrasvamurti
Hrasvamūrti (ह्रस्वमूर्ति).—a. short in stature, dwarfish, pigmy. Hrasvamūrti is a Sanskrit com...
Hrasvakusha
Hrasvakuśa (ह्रस्वकुश).—the short or white Kuśa grass. Derivable forms: hrasvakuśaḥ (ह्रस्वकुशः...
Ubhayatohrasva
Ubhayatohrasva (उभयतोह्रस्व).—a. (an accented vowel) produced by two short vowels.Ubhayatohrasv...
Ardhahrasva
Ardhahrasva (अर्धह्रस्व).—half a (short) syllable.Derivable forms: ardhahrasvaḥ (अर्धह्रस्वः).A...
Hrasvaphala
Hrasvaphala (ह्रस्वफल).—the date tree. Derivable forms: hrasvaphalaḥ (ह्रस्वफलः).Hrasvaphala is...
Hrasvada
Hrasvadā (ह्रस्वदा).—gum olibanum. Hrasvadā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms hras...

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