Hrasva; 4 Definition(s)


Hrasva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Hrasva (ह्रस्व, “short”).—A verse in Sanskrit is of four feet or quarters or pādas. Each pāda is regulated either by a number of syllables (akṣaras) or by a number of syllabic instant or measures (mātrās). A syllable is short or long i.e. hrasva or dīrgha according to its vowel is short or long. But short vowel becomes long in prosody, when it is followed by anusvāra, visarga or by a conjunct consonant. The last syllable of a pāda is optionally long or short according to the exigence of the metre, whatever be its natural length.

(Source): Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Hrasva (ह्रस्व, “short”) or Laghu or La refers to short letter in a verse.—The whole chanda literature has several technical terms, by which it is controlled. Single letters are used to denote a specific instance. The letter ga stands for guru letter while the letter la stands for laghu letter. In a verse the letter which is guru is also known as dīrgha (long) and which is laghu is also known as hrasva (short). The dīrgha letter consists of two mātrās while the hrasva letter consists of one mātrā.

Laghu can be identified as menu, kāhāla (daṇḍa) or śara, and the guru symbols can be identified as the shape of tāṭaṅka, hāra or keyūra.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Hrasva (ह्रस्व, “short”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., hrasva). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

hrasva (ह्रस्व).—a Short; low in stature. m A dwarf.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 17 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Hrasvairaṇḍa (ह्रस्वैरण्ड) is another name (synonym) for Raktairaṇḍa: one of the three varie...
Dīrgha (दीर्घ, “long”) or Guru or Ga refers to long letter in a verse.—The whole chanda literat...
Guru (गुरु) refers to one of the 18 names of Jupiter (Bṛhaspati) according to the Bṛhaspati-kav...
Kāla (काल).—Time notion in general expressed in connection with an activity in three ways: past...
Rūpa (रूप) is the name an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s...
Laghu (लघु) or La refers to the hrasva (short) letter in a verse.—The whole chanda literature h...
Dhātu (धातु).—A word which denotes action and result. The Pāṇinian dhātupāṭha includes about 22...
Ga (ग) is a Sanskrit abbreviation for the guru letter.—The whole chanda literature has several ...
La (ल) is a Sanskrit abbreviation for the laghu letter.—The whole chanda literature has several...
rassā (रस्सा).—m ( H) A thick rope.
pravṛtta (प्रवृत्त).—p Set on foot. Engaged in Worldly.
Sthavira (स्थविर) literally ‘elder’, is used as a sort of epithet of several men; Sthavira Ś...
1) It (इत्).—A letter or a group of letters attached to a word which is not seen in actual use ...
āsthā (आस्था).—f Care or concern about, zeal. Hope, faith.
Akṛtakāri (अकृतकारि).—Doing or accomplishing what is not done or accomplished; the expression i...

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