Ikshumati, Ikṣumatī, Ikshu-mati: 11 definitions


Ikshumati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ikṣumatī can be transliterated into English as Iksumati or Ikshumati, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Ikshumati in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Ikṣumatī (इक्षुमती).—One of the seven major rivers in Śākadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 86. Śākadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Medhātithi, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ikṣumatī (इक्षुमती).—A river. It flows near Kurukṣetra. The nāgas, Takṣaka and Aśvasena lived in this river. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 3, Verse 138).

Kuśadhvaja, brother of the King of Mithilā used to live in the Ikṣumatī river valley, (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Bāla Kāṇḍa. 7th Sarga, Verse 2).

There is a reference to this river in Kathāsaritsāgara, Madanamañcukālaṃbaka, 2nd taraṅga also.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ikṣumatī (इक्षुमती).—A river On its banks was the hermitage of Kapila.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 10. 1; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 13. 53.

1b) A tīrtha sacred to Pitṛs.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 17.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Ikshumati in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Ikṣumatī (इक्षुमती) is the name of an ancient city, as well as the river running besides it, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 32. Accordingly, as Somaprabhā narrated to Kaliṅgasenā: “there is in this land a city named Ikṣumatī, and by the side of it there runs a river called by the same name; both were created by Viśvāmitra. And near it there is a great forest, and in it a hermit of the name of Maṅkaṇaka had made himself a hermitage and performed penance with his heels upwards”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Ikṣumatī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Ikshumati in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ikṣumatī (इक्षुमती) is the name of a river, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The Sun presides over the people of the western half of the Narmadā, and over the people living on the banks of the Ikṣumatī. He also presides over hill-men, quick-silver, deserts, shepherds, seeds, pod-grains, bitter flavour, trees, gold, fire, poison and persons successful in battle; over medicines, physicians, quadrupeds, farmers, kings, butchers, travellers, thieves, serpents, forests and renowned and cruel men”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ikshumati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ikṣumatī (इक्षुमती).—f. The name of a river in कुरुक्षेत्र (kurukṣetra).

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Ikṣumatī (इक्षुमती).—Name of a river.

Ikṣumatī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ikṣu and matī (मती). See also (synonyms): ikṣumālinī, ikṣumālavī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ikṣumatī (इक्षुमती).—f. (-tī) The name of a river in Bengal. E. ikṣu and matup aff. in this sense.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ikṣumatī (इक्षुमती):—[=ikṣu-matī] [from ikṣu] f. Name of a river in Kurukṣetra, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ikṣumatī (इक्षुमती):—[ikṣu-matī] (tī) 3. f. River in Bengal.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ikshumati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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