Kaurava: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kaurava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Kaurava (मागध) refers to a variety of prāsāda (upper storey of any building), according to the Śilparatna (32.3), the Mayamata (18.10) and the Kamikāgama (57.4).

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Kaurava (कौरव).—The descendants of King Kuru who fought against the Pāṇḍavas in the Battle of Kurukṣetra.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kaurava (कौरव).—General Information. Those who were born in the family of the famous King Kuru. Descended in the following order from Vīṣṇu:—Brahmā—Atri—Candra Budha—Purūravas—Āyus—Nahuṣa—Yayāti—Pūru—Janamejaya—Prācinvān—Pravīra—Namasyu—Vītabhaya—Śuṇḍu—Bahuvidha—Saṃyāti—Rahovādī—Raudrāśva—Matināra—Santurodha—Duṣyanta—Bharata—Suhotra—Suhotā—Gala—Garda—Suketu—Bṛhatkṣetra—Hasti—Ajamīḍha—Ṛkṣa—Saṃvaraṇa—Kuru. This is the genealogy of Kuru. From Kuru the genealogy continues as follows:—Jahnu—Suratha—Viḍūratha—Sārvabhauma—Jayatsena—Ravaya—Bhāvuka—Cakroddhata—Devātithi—Ṛkṣa—Bharata—Pratīca—Śantanu. Śantanu had two wives Gaṅgā and Satyavatī. Bhīṣma was born of Gaṅgā. Vyāsa was born to Satyavatī before her marriage. from the hermit Parāśara. After the marriage, from Śantanu, two sons Citrāṅgada and Vicitravīrya were born to her. A Gandharva killed Citrāṅgada. Bhīṣma brought the three daughters of the King of Kāśī, Ambā, Ambikā and Ambālikā as wives of Vicitravīrya, but on the way knowing that Ambā was in love with the King of Śālva, she was sent back. Ambikā and Ambālikā became the wives of Vicitravīrya. Shortly Vicitravīrya also died. With a view to continue the royal family, Satyavatī sent for Vyāsa, so that he might beget children of Ambikā and Ambālikā. At the time of coition Ambīkā closed her eyes to avoid seeing the uncouth face of Vyāsa. So she got as son Dhṛtarāṣṭra who was blind from birth. Seeing the ugly figure of Vyāsa Ambālikā turned pale and so the son born to her was pale in colour. He was called Pāṇḍu. From Dhṛtarāṣṭra, Duryodhana and his brothers were born and from Pāṇḍu were born the Pāṇḍavas. All members born in the family of Kuru were known as Kauravas. But later, the sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra came to be known by the name 'Kauravas'. (See full article at Story of Kaurava from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7

Kaurava (कौरव) is the name of a country classified as Kādi (a type of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Kaurava] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

The Kauravas are the hundred sons of Dhritharashtra, a king of the Kuru dynasty. They had a sister named Dushala. They are cousins to the Pandavas. The eldest of the Kauravas is Duryodhana. They cheated their cousins of their rightful share of the kingdom and tricked them in a game of dice. According to the conditions of the wager, the Pandavas were forced to go into exile for thirteen years.

After the exile, the Pandavas came back to reclaim their kingdom. The Kauravas refused and this resulted in the epic battle of Kurukshetra, where the Kauravas were comprehensively defeated and were all killed by Bheema, who fulfilled an oath by doing so.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Kaurava (कौरव) is a Sanskrit term, that means a descendant of Kuru, alternate name of sons of Dhritarashtra.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Kaurava (कौरव) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘māraṇa’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., kaurava) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaurava (कौरव).—m (S) The patronymic of the descendents of kurū, but usually applied to the sons of dhṛtarāṣṭra. Their war with the pāṇḍava forms the principal subject of the mahābhārata.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaurava (कौरव).—a. (- f.) [कुरोरपत्यं, तद्देशस्य राजा तेषु भवो वा, कुरु अण् (kurorapatyaṃ, taddeśasya rājā teṣu bhavo vā, kuru aṇ)] Relating to the Kurus; क्षेत्रं क्षत्रप्रधनपिशुनं कौरवं तद् भजेथाः (kṣetraṃ kṣatrapradhanapiśunaṃ kauravaṃ tad bhajethāḥ) Me.5.

-vaḥ 1 A descendant of Kuru; मथ्नामि कौरव- शतं समरे न कोपात् (mathnāmi kaurava- śataṃ samare na kopāt) Ve.1.15; Chāṇ.5.

2) A ruler of the Kurus. (so kauravaka, kauravāyaṇi and kauraveya).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaurava (कौरव).—m.

(-vaḥ) A Kaurava, a descendant of Kuru. E. kuru, and aṇ affix; also with vuñ affix kauravaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaurava (कौरव).—i. e. kuru + a, adj., f. 1. Belonging to the Kurus, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 49; consisting of Kurus, Mahābhārata 1, 5457. 2. patron. A descendant of Kuru, [Nala] 14, 26; Mahābhārata 1, 5457.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaurava (कौरव).—[feminine] ī belonging to the Kurus; [masculine] a descendant of Kuru.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaurava (कौरव):—mf(ī)n. (= vaka, [Pāṇini 4-2, 130]; [gana] utsādi and kacchādi) relating or belonging to the Kurus, [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

2) (kṣetra = kuru-kṣ), [Meghadūta]

3) m. [patronymic] [from] Kuru, descendant of Kuru (generally used in [plural]), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc. (ifc. f(ā). , [Mahābhārata i, 7961])

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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