Kurukulla, Kurukullā: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kurukulla means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kurukulla in Shaktism glossary
Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha

Kurukullā (कुरुकुल्ला) refers to one of the various Nṛsiṃha Yoginīs or Śaktis created for the purpose of pacifying the Rudraśaktis.—Accordingly, [...] Rudra meditated on Mahānṛsiṃha. Pleased with Rudra’s prayers, Narasiṃha created four Vyūhaśaktis [Vāgīśvarī, Mahāmāyā, Bhagamālinī and Atibhadrakālī=Śuṣkarevatī]. The Lord created a group of Nṛsiṃha Yoginīs [viz., Kurukullā] to accompany the three main Śaktis. All of them, under the command of Śuṣkarēvatī, attacked the Rudraśaktis, subdued them and pacified them to attain benevolence.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Kurukulla (कुरुकुल्ल) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Kurukulla).

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Kurukullā (कुरुकुल्ला) refers to one of the various (female) emanations of Amitābha having their Sādhana described in the 5th-century Sādhanamālā (a collection of sādhana texts that contain detailed instructions for rituals).—Kurukullā is said to confer success in the Tantric rite of Vaśīkaraṇa or the rite of enchanting men, women, ministers, even kings. [...] The mantra of Kurukullā is “Oṃ Kurukulle Hūṃ Hrīḥ Svāhā”. When this mantra is muttered ten thousand times, all men are bewitched. Thirty thousand times would prove sufficient to subdue a minister, but the subjugation of a king requires no less than a lakh. Kurukullā can even confer on her devotees the power of subduing all ministers and kings.

There are various Sādhanas for different forms of Kurukullā described in the Sādhanamālā:

  1. Śukla-kurukullā  (two-armed, white colour),
  2. Tārodbhava-kurukullā (four-armed, red colour),
  3. Uḍḍiyāna-kurukullā (four-armed, red colour),
  4. Aṣṭabhuja-kurukullā (eight-armed, red colour),
  5. Māyājālakrama-kurukullā (six-armed, red colour).

Kurukullā as an emanation of Amitābha of red colour generally assumes the red colour, but when two-armed, she has, according to the Sadhānamālā the white colour. [...] Strictly speaking, only those deities can be called Tārās to whom the mantra: “oṃ tārā tuttāre ture svāhā” is assigned. [...] From the colour of the different Tārās it will be possible to refer them [viz., Kurukullā] to their respective Kulas or families presided over by the five Dhyāni Buddhas. [...] There are not many Red Tārās in the Sadhānamālā, Kurukullā being the only one belonging to the red variety. As she bears the image of Amitābha on the crown, she inherits from him as his emanation, her red complexion.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kurukulla in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kurukulla (कुरुकुल्ल).—(-parvata) , name of a mountain: Sādhanamālā 343.11 etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kurukullā (कुरुकुल्ला):—f. ([from] ru-kulyā, ‘belonging to the Kuru race’ ?), Name of a Buddh. deity.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kurukulla in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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