Pushya, Puṣyā, Puṣya: 25 definitions
Pushya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Puṣyā and Puṣya can be transliterated into English as Pusya or Pushya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Pushy.
Images (photo gallery)
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa
Puṣya (पुष्य):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Puṣyanakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Puṣya means “the nourisher” and is associated with the deity known as Bṛhaspati (God of prayer). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Śani (Saturn).
Indian zodiac: |3°20'| – |16°40' Karka|
Karka (कर्क, “crab”) corresponds with Cancer.
Western zodiac: |29°20' Cancer| – |12°40' Leo|
Cancer corresponds with Karka (कर्क, “crab”) and Leo corresponds with Siṃha (सिंह, “lion”).
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Puṣyā (पुष्या) is a Sanskrit word referring to the asterism Cancri. When preparing to build a playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa), the architect should spread a piece of white string (for measurement) during this specific asterism (puṣyā), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 2.27-28. The string can be made of kārpāsa (cotton), bālbaja (kind of grass, Eleusine indica), Muñjā grass or vālkala (bark) of some tree.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
Puṣya (पुष्य) is the name of a Nakṣatra mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa verse 120 and 685. As regards the heavenly bodies, the Nīlamata refers to the sun, the moon, the planets and the stars. The divisions of the time are also mentioned as objects of worship.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Puṣya (पुष्य).—A nakṣatra in Airāvati vīthi.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 23. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 48.
1b) A son of Hiraṇyanābha and father of Dhruvasandhi.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 5; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 209; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 108.
1c) The month sacred to Bhaga, etc.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 42.
1d) A term for Kali-yuga, evils of.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 144. 30-48.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Puṣya (पुष्य) refers to the eighth of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. It is als known by the name Siddhya. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.
The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (e.g., puṣya) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Puṣya (पुष्य) refers a kind of precious stone (gem) used for the making of images (Hindu icons), as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The materials listed in the Āgamas for the making of images are wood, stone, precious gems, metals, terracotta, laterite, earth, and a combination of two or three or more of the materials specified above. The precious stones mentioned in the Āgamas for the purpose of making images are [for example] puṣya.
Precious stones (e.g., puṣya) are preferred materials for fashioning images.—The materials recommended in the śilpaśāstra for the fashioning of images are unburnt clay, burnt clay as in brick or terracotta, sudhā (a special kind of mortar/plaster), composite earth, wood, stone, metal, ivory, dhātu (mineral), pigment, and precious stones. Wood is considered superior to earth, stone as better than wood, metal better than stone, and precious stone (such as puṣya) is the most preferred of all.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Puṣya (पुष्य) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Puṣya is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese Kouei, Tibetan Rgyal and modern Cancri. Puṣya is classified in the third group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the six following constellations (e.g., Puṣya), then at that moment the earth trembles as if it would collapse, this trembling extends as far as the Garuḍa. Then there is no more rain, the rivers dry up, the year is bad for grain, the emperor (T’ien tseu) is cruel and the great ministers are unjust”.Source: archive.org: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)
Puṣya (पुष्य) is the name of a Nakṣatra mentioned in chapter 18 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—Chapter 18 deals with geographical astrology and, in conversation with Brahmarāja and others, Buddha explains how he entrusts the Nakṣatras [e.g., Puṣya] with a group of kingdoms for the sake of protection and prosperity.
The Puṣyanakṣatra comprises the following realms:
- Po-tch'a-li-fou (Pāṭaliputra),
- Mo-ni-lan-p'o (Maṇilamba?),
- P'o-leou-na (Varuṇa),
- Na-tchö-lo (Nacara?),
- Kie-na (Karṇa),
- Pe-pan-tchö-lo (Uttarapañcāla),
- Ti-po-na (Tipana),
- So-lo-ts'o (Saratsa),
- Tchan-po (Campā),
- Sou-tou-na (Sthūna?),
- Kieou-leou-tch'a-to (Kurukṣetra),
- Si-ti (Aparāntā?),
- Fou-leou-cha-fou-lo (Puruṣapura),
- Heou-mi-tan (Homidha),
- Lan-mo-p'o (Laṃmava or Lampa?),
- K'iu-lo (Gaura?),
- Hi-mo (Haima),
- Chö-ye-po-t'i (Jayapati),
- Po-k'ieou-mi (Vagumi?),
- Heng-ho-men (Gaṅgādvāra),
- T'eou-p'o-lo-p'o-ti (Dvāravatī?),
- Tchan-ta-lo-po-ti (Candravatī?),
- P'o-leou-kia-tche (Bharukaccha),
- Sou-ni-k'i (Sonikhī?),
- K'iu-cha-po-ti (Ghoṣavatī?).
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (Abhidharma)
Puṣya (पुष्य) is the name of a Buddha according to the according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VII).—“Once, in times gone by, there was a Buddha named Fou cha (Puṣya); at the same time there were two Bodhisattvas; the first named Śākyamuni and the second Maitreya. The Buddha Puṣya wanted to see if the mind (citta) of the Bodhisattva Śākyamuni was pure or not. He examined it and saw that his mind was not pure but that the minds of his disciples were pure. As for the Bodhisattva Maitreya, his mind was pure but that the minds of his disciples were not pure”.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Puṣya (पुष्य) refers to one of the various Nakṣatras mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Puṣya).Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography
Puṣyā (पुष्या) refers to the eighth of the 28 nakṣatras (“constellations”) of the zodiac, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—The nakṣatras are described collectively in the dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala of the Niṣpannayogāvalī. In this maṇḍala the nakṣatras are given one face and two arms, which are clasped against the chest in the añjalimudrā:—“the deities [viz., Puṣyā] are decked in bejewelled jackets and they all show the añjali-mudrā”.—In colour, however, they differ. [viz., Puṣyā is given the colour green].
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
puṣya (पुष्य).—m (S) The eighth lunar asterism. 2 A month, December-January.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
puṣya (पुष्य).—m The eighth lunar asterism. A month, December-January.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Puṣya (पुष्य).—1 The Kali age.
2) The month called पौष (pauṣa).
3) The eighth lunar mansion (consisting of three stars), written also तिष्य (tiṣya).
1) The blossom.
2) Foam, scum.
-ṣyā The asterism called पुष्य (puṣya).
Derivable forms: puṣyaḥ (पुष्यः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Puṣya (पुष्य).—(1) (= Pali Phussa) name of a former Buddha, following Tiṣya (1) in the list well-known in Pali: Lalitavistara 5.10, Tibetan skar (= nakṣatra) rgyal, compare Mahāvyutpatti 3192 where Tibetan rgyal = (Sanskrit) Puṣya, name of an asterism; probably the same person Lalitavistara 172.7 (so Lefm. with no v.l., confirmed by Tibetan rgyal; Calcutta (see LV.) and Foucaux Puṣpa); probably also the same Avadāna-śataka ii.175.14 ff. (inferior v.l. Puṣpa); certainly the same Gaṇḍavyūha 206.12; also in Mahāvastu iii.240.6 ff. clearly the same, tho mss. call him Puṣpa (q.v.) 240.6; 243.13; 247.8; these Senart emends to Puṣya, in accord with mss. at 241.16; 244.3; 245.16 f. (here with [etymology] allusion to the month Puṣya [Pauṣya]! proving the true form); 248.19; (2) name of a future Buddha: Gaṇḍavyūha 441.25 (compare Puṣpa 3); (3) name of a śreṣṭhin of Śrāvastī: Avadāna-śataka ii.36.6; (4) name of a householder of Rauraka who, with Tiṣya (10), was con- verted by Kātyāyana and entered nirvāṇa: Divyāvadāna 551.6 ff., 571.3, 5.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṣyaḥ-ṣyā) 1. The eighth lunar asterism, comprising three stars, of which one is the Cancer. 2. The month Pous, (Dec. and Jan.) 3. The Kali, or fourth age. E. puṣ to nourish, aff. kyap.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Puṣya (पुष्य).—[puṣ + ya], m. 1. The eighth lunar asterism. 2. The name of a month, Dec.
— Jan. 3. The fourth age, Kaliyuga.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Puṣya (पुष्य).—1. [neuter] nourishment; the blossom i.e. the best part of anything.
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Puṣya (पुष्य).—2. [masculine] [Name] of a lunar mansion; [feminine] puṣyā [adjective] cert. plant.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Puṣya (पुष्य):—[from puṣ] n. nourishment ([plural]), [Caraka]
2) [v.s. ...] the blossom or flower id est. the uppermost or best of anything (cf. [Greek] ἄνθος; [Latin] flos), [Ṛg-veda]
3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of the 6th (or 8th, but See nakṣatra) lunar asterism (also called Sidhya and Tiṣya), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.
4) [v.s. ...] (= -yoga), the conjunction of the moon with Puṣya, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
5) [v.s. ...] Name of the month Pauṣa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
6) [v.s. ...] of the Kali-yuga or fourth age, [Horace H. Wilson]
7) [v.s. ...] of one of the 24 mythical Buddhas, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 136 n. 1]
8) [v.s. ...] of various princes, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
9) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]
10) Puṣyā (पुष्या):—[from puṣya > puṣ] f. a species of plant, [Atharva-veda]
11) [v.s. ...] the asterism Puṣya, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Puṣya (पुष्य):—[(ṣyaḥ-ṣyā)] 1. m. f. 8th Lunar asterism, the month Paus; the Kalī yog or fourth age.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Puṣya (पुष्य) [Also spelled pushy]:—(nm) the eighth lunar asterism.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] = ಪುಷ್ಪರಾಗ [pushparaga].
2) [noun] a flower of a plant; a blossom.
3) [noun] the tenth month in the Hindu lunar calendar (considered to be the inauspicious month of the year).
4) [noun] the act or process of worshipping.
5) [noun] the price or value.
6) [noun] the quality of being auspicious; inauspiciousness.
7) [noun] (astrol.) the eighth of the twenty seven austerisms that the moon is supposed to move in.
8) [noun] rain coming during the period in which the moon is associated with this austerism.
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Pusya (ಪುಸ್ಯ):—[noun] = ಪುಷ್ಯ [pushya].
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+4): Pushya-muhurta, Pushyabhisheka, Pushyadaivata, Pushyadharman, Pushyagupta, Pushyagupti, Pushyala, Pushyalaka, Pushyalipi, Pushyam, Pushyami, Pushyamitra, Pushyanakshatra, Pushyanetra, Pushyanugacurna, Pushyaraga, Pushyaratha, Pushyarka, Pushyase, Pushyasnana.
Full-text (+257): Pushyaratha, Pausha, Sidhya, Indrapurohita, Pratipushyam, Paushya, Pushyanetra, Pushyasnana, Pushyabhisheka, Barhaspatya, Gurubha, Pushyam, Nakshatradhipati, Gurudevata, Pushyaraga, Gurudaivata, Pushpalipi, Pushyala, Pushyami, Pusha.
Search found 63 books and stories containing Pushya, Puṣyā, Puṣya, Pusya; (plurals include: Pushyas, Puṣyās, Puṣyas, Pusyas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verses 3.10.31-37 < [Chapter 10 - The Glory of Śrī Girirāja]
Verse 8.13.79 < [Chapter 13 - A Thousand Names of Lord Balarāma]
Shishupala-vadha (Study) (by Shila Chakraborty)
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter LIX - Discourses on Astrology < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter CCXIV - Medical treatment of snake-bite, etc. < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter LXI - Influences of the moon in her different mansions < [Agastya Samhita]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
How Śākyamuni realized the thirty-two marks in ninety-one kalpas < [Part 4 - The Bodhisattva in the Abhidharma system]
3. The six virtues (pāramitā) < [Part 4 - The Bodhisattva in the Abhidharma system]
Act 5.3: Description of the six tremblings of the earth (bhūmicala) < [Chapter XIV - Emission of rays]
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)