Pushya, Puṣyā, Puṣya: 16 definitions

Introduction

Pushya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Puṣyā and Puṣya can be transliterated into English as Pusya or Pushya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Puṣya (पुष्य):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Puṣyanakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Puṣya means “the nourisher” and is associated with the deity known as Bṛhaspati (God of prayer). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Śani (Saturn).

Indian zodiac: |3°20'| – |16°40' Karka|
Karka (कर्क, “crab”) corresponds with Cancer.

Western zodiac: |29°20' Cancer| – |12°40' Leo|
Cancer corresponds with Karka (कर्क, “crab”) and Leo corresponds with  Siṃha (सिंह, “lion”). 

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Puṣyā (पुष्या) is a Sanskrit word referring to the asterism Cancri. When preparing to build a playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa), the architect should spread a piece of white string (for measurement) during this specific asterism (puṣyā), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 2.27-28. The string can be made of kārpāsa (cotton), bālbaja (kind of grass, Eleusine indica), Muñjā grass or vālkala (bark) of some tree.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Puṣya (पुष्य) is the name of a Nakṣatra mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa verse 120 and 685. As regards the heavenly bodies, the Nīlamata refers to the sun, the moon, the planets and the stars. The divisions of the time are also mentioned as objects of worship.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Puṣya (पुष्य).—A nakṣatra in Airāvati vīthi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 23. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 48.

1b) A son of Hiraṇyanābha and father of Dhruvasandhi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 5; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 209; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 108.

1c) The month sacred to Bhaga, etc.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 42.

1d) A term for Kali-yuga, evils of.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 144. 30-48.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Puṣya (पुष्य) refers to the eighth of twenty-seven constellations (ṛkṣa), according to the Mānasāra. It is als known by the name Siddhya. Ṛkṣa is the third of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular nakṣatra, also known as ṛkṣa (eg., puṣya) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). In the context of village planning and measurement, the text sates that among the stars (ṛkṣa), the ones that are pūrṇa (odd), are auspicious and the ones that are karṇa (even), inauspicious.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Puṣya (पुष्य) refers a kind of precious stone (gem) used for the making of images (Hindu icons), as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The materials listed in the Āgamas for the making of images are wood, stone, precious gems, metals, terracotta, laterite, earth, and a combination of two or three or more of the materials specified above. The precious stones mentioned in the Āgamas for the purpose of making images are [for example] puṣya.

Precious stones (eg., puṣya) are preferred materials for fashioning images.—The materials recommended in the śilpaśāstra for the fashioning of images are unburnt clay, burnt clay as in brick or terracotta, sudhā (a special kind of mortar/plaster), composite earth, wood, stone, metal, ivory, dhātu (mineral), pigment, and precious stones. Wood is considered superior to earth, stone as better than wood, metal better than stone, and precious stone (such as puṣya) is the most preferred of all.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Puṣya (पुष्य) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Puṣya is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese Kouei, Tibetan Rgyal and modern Cancri. Puṣya is classified in the third group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the six following constellations (eg., Puṣya), then at that moment the earth trembles as if it would collapse, this trembling extends as far as the Garuḍa. Then there is no more rain, the rivers dry up, the year is bad for grain, the emperor (T’ien tseu) is cruel and the great ministers are unjust”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (Abhidharma)

Puṣya (पुष्य) is the name of a Buddha according to the according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VII).—“Once, in times gone by, there was a Buddha named Fou cha (Puṣya); at the same time there were two Bodhisattvas; the first named Śākyamuni and the second Maitreya. The Buddha Puṣya wanted to see if the mind (citta) of the Bodhisattva Śākyamuni was pure or not. He examined it and saw that his mind was not pure but that the minds of his disciples were pure. As for the Bodhisattva Maitreya, his mind was pure but that the minds of his disciples were not pure”.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

puṣya (पुष्य).—m (S) The eighth lunar asterism. 2 A month, December-January.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

puṣya (पुष्य).—m The eighth lunar asterism. A month, December-January.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Puṣya (पुष्य).—1 The Kali age.

2) The month called पौष (pauṣa).

3) The eighth lunar mansion (consisting of three stars), written also तिष्य (tiṣya).

-ṣyam Ved.

1) The blossom.

2) Foam, scum.

-ṣyā The asterism called पुष्य (puṣya).

Derivable forms: puṣyaḥ (पुष्यः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Puṣya (पुष्य).—(1) (= Pali Phussa) name of a former Buddha, following Tiṣya (1) in the list well-known in Pali: Lalitavistara 5.10, Tibetan skar (= nakṣatra) rgyal, compare Mahāvyutpatti 3192 where Tibetan rgyal = (Sanskrit) Puṣya, name of an asterism; probably the same person Lalitavistara 172.7 (so Lefm. with no v.l., confirmed by Tibetan rgyal; Calcutta (see LV.) and Foucaux Puṣpa); probably also the same Avadāna-śataka ii.175.14 ff. (inferior v.l. Puṣpa); certainly the same Gaṇḍavyūha 206.12; also in Mahāvastu iii.240.6 ff. clearly the same, tho mss. call him Puṣpa (q.v.) 240.6; 243.13; 247.8; these Senart emends to Puṣya, in accord with mss. at 241.16; 244.3; 245.16 f. (here with [etymology] allusion to the month Puṣya [Pauṣya]! proving the true form); 248.19; (2) name of a future Buddha: Gaṇḍavyūha 441.25 (compare Puṣpa 3); (3) name of a śreṣṭhin of Śrāvastī: Avadāna-śataka ii.36.6; (4) name of a householder of Rauraka who, with Tiṣya (10), was con- verted by Kātyāyana and entered nirvāṇa: Divyāvadāna 551.6 ff., 571.3, 5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puṣya (पुष्य).—mf.

(-ṣyaḥ-ṣyā) 1. The eighth lunar asterism, comprising three stars, of which one is the Cancer. 2. The month Pous, (Dec. and Jan.) 3. The Kali, or fourth age. E. puṣ to nourish, aff. kyap.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puṣya (पुष्य).—[puṣ + ya], m. 1. The eighth lunar asterism. 2. The name of a month, Dec.

— Jan. 3. The fourth age, Kaliyuga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puṣya (पुष्य).—1. [neuter] nourishment; the blossom i.e. the best part of anything.

--- OR ---

Puṣya (पुष्य).—2. [masculine] [Name] of a lunar mansion; [feminine] puṣyā [adjective] cert. plant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Puṣya (पुष्य):—[from puṣ] n. nourishment ([plural]), [Caraka]

2) [v.s. ...] the blossom or flower id est. the uppermost or best of anything (cf. [Greek] ἄνθος; [Latin] flos), [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of the 6th (or 8th, but See nakṣatra) lunar asterism (also called Sidhya and Tiṣya), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] (= -yoga), the conjunction of the moon with Puṣya, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] Name of the month Pauṣa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] of the Kali-yuga or fourth age, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] of one of the 24 mythical Buddhas, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 136 n. 1]

8) [v.s. ...] of various princes, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

10) Puṣyā (पुष्या):—[from puṣya > puṣ] f. a species of plant, [Atharva-veda]

11) [v.s. ...] the asterism Puṣya, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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