Kuruvinda, Kuruvimda: 16 definitions
Kuruvinda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Kuruvinda (कुरुविन्द) is a Sanskrit word for a variety of rice (ṣaṣṭika) which is said to have a superior quality, according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The word is composed of kuru (‘boiled rice’) and vinda (‘attaining’). The plant Kuruvinda is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Kuruvinda is said to be cold, unctuous, non-heavy, promoting the stability of and alleviates the three doṣas.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Kuruvinda (कुरुविन्द).—An urban area in ancient India. The people of Kuruvinda were called Kuruvindas. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 87, Verse 9).
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Kuruvinda (कुरुविन्द) refers to a “ruby”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 11.48. Īśānadeva remarks that it is one of the four kinds of rubies (viz., prathamajātaka, dvitīyajātaka, saugandhika and kuruvinda).
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
India history and geography
Kuruvinda.—cf. kuṟuvindam (SII 2), an inferior ruby. Note: kuruvinda is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Biology (plants and animals)
1) Kuruvinda in India is the name of a plant defined with Oryza sativa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Oryza glutinosa Lour. (among others).
2) Kuruvinda is also identified with Vigna radiata It has the synonym Phaseolus hirtus Wall. (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy. Part B, Biological Sciences (1989)
· J. SouthW. Agric. Univ. (1994)
· Journal of Japanese Botany (1990)
· Observationes Botanicae (1783)
· Bulletin de la Société d’Histoire Naturelle d’Autun (1893)
· Journal of Botany, British and Foreign (1889)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Kuruvinda, for example extract dosage, health benefits, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, side effects, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Kuruvinda (कुरुविन्द).—(also kuruvillaḥ) A ruby; Śiśupālavadha 9.8.
-ndam 1 Black salt.
2) A mirror.
Derivable forms: kuruvindaḥ (कुरुविन्दः), kuruvindam (कुरुविन्दम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Kuruvinda (कुरुविन्द).—m. (Pali °vindaka, a powder for the bath, made from a ‘stone’, -pāsāṇa-, according to Vin. Comm. 1200.1), a sort of bath-powder, according to Tibetan made of ground lead (zha ñe brdar): Mahāvyutpatti 9291. In Mahāvyutpatti 5981 the same word (m.) certainly means ruby as in Sanskrit; it follows words for gold and silver. Tibetan transliterates, or alternatively renders by zha ñe, lead (base metals are named in the sequel); Chin. tin.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ndaḥ-ndaṃ) 1. A fragrant grass, (Cyperus rotundus.) 2. A kind of barley: see kalmāṣa. 3. A ruby: see kuruvilla. 4. Black salt. 5. Vermilion. 6. A mirror. E. kuru Kurudesa, vind to gain, and śa affix; found in that country.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kuruvinda (कुरुविन्द).—m. 1. The name of several plants, a kind of barley, [Suśruta] 1, 197, 1. 2. A ruby, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 8.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kuruvinda (कुरुविन्द):—m. a kind of barley, [Suśruta] [commentator or commentary] on [Śiśupāla-vadha ix, 8]
2) a fragrant grass (Cyperus rotundus), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) the plant Terminalia Catappa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) the bud of a flower, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) = kulmāṣa (cf. kuru-bilvaka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) mn. a ruby, [Suśruta; Daśakumāra-carita; Śiśupāla-vadha ix, 8]
7) n. black salt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) cinnabar, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kuruvinda (कुरुविन्द):—[kuru-vinda] (ndaḥ) 1. m. A fragrant grass; a kind of barley.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Kuruvinda (कुरुविन्द) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kuruviṃda, Kuruviṃdā.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
1) Kuruviṃda (कुरुविंद) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kuruvinda.
2) Kuruviṃdā (कुरुविंदा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kuruvindā.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
1) [noun] bright-red mercuric sulphide used as a pigment; vermilion.
2) [noun] the bright red colour (as of vermilion).
3) [noun] the fragrant grass Cyperus haspan of Cyperaceae family.
4) [noun] a common mineral, aluminium oxide, Al2O3, second only to the diamond in hardness, a dark, granular variety of which is used for grinding and polishing.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Kuruvindaka.
Full-text: Kuruvindaka, Kuruvilva, Kuruvilla, Kuruvilvaka, Gramyaranya, Anushastra, Shukadhanyavarga, Samdoha.
Search found 20 books and stories containing Kuruvinda, Kuru-vinda, Kuruvimda, Kuruviṃda, Kuruviṃdā, Kuruvindā; (plurals include: Kuruvindas, vindas, Kuruvimdas, Kuruviṃdas, Kuruviṃdās, Kuruvindās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter LXX - Tests of Ruby < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter LXVIII - Description of the origin of gems in the treatise on Ratna Pariksa (test of gems) < [Agastya Samhita]
Cosmetics, Costumes and Ornaments in Ancient India (by Remadevi. O.)
1.2. Materials (e): Indranīla (Sapphire) < [Chapter 3 - Ornaments]
1.2. Materials (c): Padmarāga (Ruby) < [Chapter 3 - Ornaments]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 1: Sutrasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.3.63 < [Part 3 - Fraternal Devotion (sakhya-rasa)]
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)