Upapitha, Upapīṭha, Upa-pitha: 3 definitions

Introduction

Upapitha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Development of temple architecture in Southern Karnataka

Upapīṭha (उपपीठ) is a sub structure or member constructed beneath the adhiṣṭhāna. The term is formed by combining two Sanskrit words namely upa and pīṭha. Upapīṭha serves three important functions. They are,

  1. Upapīṭha contributes to the stability (rakṣārtha),
  2. Upapīṭha increases the height of the building (unnatārtha),
  3. Upapīṭha enhaces the beauty (śobhārha).

Upapīṭha also symbolically conveys the form of a trivarga structure. Adhiṣṭhāna, bhitti and prastara forms the trivarga of this structure. In the Upapīṭha, the lowest moulding, i.e., upāna, represents the plinth. The gala represents the wall and the kapota or paṭṭikā represents the prastara. The presence of these three parts in the Upapīṭha makes it look like a miniature structure or shrine.

Mayamata mentions three types of Upapīṭhas. They are:

  1. vedibhadra,
  2. pratibhadra,
  3. subhadra.

Mānasāra also mentions three types of Upapīṭhas. They are:

  1. vedibhadra,
  2. pratibhadra,
  3. mañcabhadra.
Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Upapīṭha (उपपीठ) is one of the Pīṭhādis (group of districts) present within the Cittacakra (‘circle of mid’) which is associated with the Ḍākinī named Khecarī (‘a woman going in the sky’), according to the 9th-centruy Vajraḍākatantra.

The Pīṭhādi named Upapīṭha within the Cittacakra contains the following four districts or seats:

  1. Godāvarī,
  2. Rāmeśvara,
  3. Devīkoṭa,
  4. Mālava.
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Upapīṭha.—(SII 2), a lower pedestal; cf. pīṭha; also upa- pīṭhattukaṇḍappaḍai, the lower tier of the basement of a temple. Note: upapīṭha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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