Pratikula, Pratikūla, Prati-kula: 17 definitions


Pratikula means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pratikul.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pratikula in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pratikūla (प्रतिकूल) refers to the “repugnant nature (of food)”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 35.—Accordingly, [while discussing the ten notions (daśasaṃjñā)]: “[...] Others say that the ten and the nine notions are equally detachment and, together, nirvāṇa. Why? [...] 5. When food is in the mouth, the cervical saliva runs down and, together with the mucus, becomes flavor, but swallowing is no different from vomiting, and penetrates the stomach: hence āhāre pratikūla-saṃjñā, the notion of the repugnant nature of food, [the fourth of the ten notions]. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of pratikula in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pratikula in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Pratikūla (प्रतिकूल) refers to “opposite”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “When Yama is an opponent [com.pratikūla—‘opposite’] of embodied souls, all elephants, horses, men, and soldiers and the powers of mantras and medicines become useless. While any person does not hear the merciless roaring of Yama’s lion, in that time he leaps about having pleasure in only [his own] power”.

Synonyms: Vipakṣa.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of pratikula in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratikula in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratikūla (प्रतिकूल).—a S pop. pratikūḷa a Contrary, adverse, opposing, hostile. 2 Used as s n An adverse accident or occurrence.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pratikula (प्रतिकुल).—a pratikūḷa a Contrary, adverse. n An adverse accident.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of pratikula in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratikula in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratikūla (प्रतिकूल).—a.

1) unfavourable, adverse, contrary, hostile, opposite, प्रतिकूलतामुपगते हि विधौ विफलत्व- मेति बहुसाधनता (pratikūlatāmupagate hi vidhau viphalatva- meti bahusādhanatā) Śiśupālavadha 9.6; Kumārasambhava 3.24.

2) harsh, discordant. unpleasant, disagreeable; अप्यन्नपुष्टा प्रतिकूलशब्दा (apyannapuṣṭā pratikūlaśabdā) Kumārasambhava 1. 45.

3) inauspicious.

4) contradictory.

5) reverse, inverted.

6) perverse, cross, peevish, stubborn. °आचार- णम्, °आचरितम् (ācāra- ṇam, °ācaritam) any offensive or hostile action or conduct; प्रतिकूलाचरितं क्षमख मे (pratikūlācaritaṃ kṣamakha me) R.8.81. °उक्तम्, -क्तिः (uktam, -ktiḥ) f. a contradiction. °कारिन्, -कृत, -चारिन्, -वत्ति (kārin, -kṛta, -cārin, -vatti) a. opposing. °दर्शन (darśana) a. having an inauspicious or ungracious appearance. °प्रवर्तिन्, -वर्तिन् (pravartin, -vartin) a. acting adversely, taking an adverse course. °भाषिन् (bhāṣin) a. opposing, contradicting. °वचनम् (vacanam) disagreeable or unpleasant speech. °वादः (vādaḥ) contradiction. (pratikūlatā, -tvam adverseness, opposition, hostility. prati- kūlayati 'to oppose'.).

Pratikūla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms prati and kūla (कूल).

--- OR ---

Pratikūla (प्रतिकूल).—ind.

1) adversely, contrarily.

2) inversely, in inverted order.

Pratikūla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms prati and kūla (कूल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pratikūla (प्रतिकूल).—(?) , nt., would seem to be a part of a city gate: (teṣāṃ dvārāṇāṃ dvinnāṃ) varṇānāṃ pratikūlaṃ [Page361-b+ 71] abhūṣi, suvarṇasya ca rūpyasya ca Mahāvastu iii.228.8. The parallel passage i.195.10 ff. seems, as far as I see, to have no correspondent, unless far-reaching corruption has concealed relationship. Could this be for *prati-kūṭa, as if counter-pinnacle?

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratikūla (प्रतिकूल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Contrary, adverse, cross-grained, reverse, inverted. 2. Contradictory, cross, perverse. 3. Inauspicious. 4. Unpleasant, disagreeable. E. prati for pratīpa averted, and kūla a bank or shore.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratikūla (प्रतिकूल).—[prati-kūla], I. adj., f. . 1. Contrary, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 11261; disagreeable, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 104. 2. Contradictory, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 30, 14. 3. Hostile, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 80; pratikūleṣu sthita, Refractory, 9, 275. 4. Disastrous, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 7, 16. 5. Perverse, Mahābhārata 13, 3403. Ii. pratikūlam, adv. 1. Contrary, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 90, 26. 2. Inversely, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 31.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratikūla (प्रतिकूल).—[adjective] adverse (lit. against the shore), contrary, opposite, unfavourable, inauspicious, rebellious, inimical; [abstract] [feminine]

— [neuter] inverted order, also as [adverb] kūlam inversely, contrarily.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratikūla (प्रतिकूल):—[=prati-kūla] mf(ā)n. ‘against the bank’ (opp. to anu-kūla q.v.), contrary, adverse, opposite, inverted, wrong, refractory, inimical, disagreeable, unpleasant, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [=prati-kūla] n. inverted order, opposition

3) [v.s. ...] (ena, in inv° o°, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]; leṣu sthitaḥ, offering opposition, [Manu-smṛti ix, 275])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratikūla (प्रतिकूल):—[prati-kūla] (laḥ-lā-laṃ) a. Contrary, adverse, reverse, opposed to.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratikūla (प्रतिकूल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paḍikūla.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratikula in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of pratikula in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratikula in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pratikūla (प्रतिकूल) [Also spelled pratikul]:—(a) adverse, unfavourable; contrary; opposite; hostile; ~[kārī] opponent, adversary; ~[darśana] repulsive; ominous, inauspicious; ~[vāda] contradiction.

context information


Discover the meaning of pratikula in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratikula in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pratikūla (ಪ್ರತಿಕೂಲ):—

1) [adjective] of or relating to the opposite bank (as of a river).

2) [adjective] not favorable; not propitious; adverse; contrary; disadvantageous; unfavourfable.

--- OR ---

Pratikūla (ಪ್ರತಿಕೂಲ):—

1) [noun] the opposite bank (of a river).

2) [noun] an adverse, disadvantageous or unfavourable condition, thing, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of pratikula in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratikula in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Pratikūla (प्रतिकूल):—adj. 1. reverse; adverse; disagreeable; opposed; negative; unfavorable; 2. hostile; opposite; rival; 3. contradictory;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

Discover the meaning of pratikula in the context of Nepali from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: