Akula, Ākula: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Akula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Akul.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ākula : (adj.) entangled; confused.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ākula, (adj.) (ā + *kul of which Sk.-P. kula, to Idg *qǔel to turn round, cp. also cakka & carati; lit. meaning “revolving quickly”, & so “confused”) entangled, confused, upset, twisted, bewildered J.I, 123 (salākaggaṃ °ṃ karoti to upset or disturb); Vv 849 (andha°); PvA.287 (an° clear). Often reduplicated as ākulākula thoroughly confused Miln.117, 220; PvA.56; ākula-pākula Ud.5 (so read for akkula-pakkula); ākula-samākula J.VI, 270. ‹-› On phrase tantākula-jātā gulā-guṇṭhika-jātā see guḷā. (Page 94)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ākula (आकुल).—a S pop. ākūḷa a Filled with; overcome or overwhelmed with; thoroughly occupied and overborne by. In comp. as krōdhākula Inflamed with anger; cintākula Distressed by anxiety; bhayākula Agitated by fear, alarmed, confounded; nidrākula Overpowered with sleep; madākula, śōkā- kula, lōbhākula, harṣākula, kṣudhākula, tṛṣākula, kāmākula, mōhākula, māyākula, duḥkhākula.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ākula (आकुल).—a Overwhelmed with: filled with.

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ākūḷa (आकूळ).—a Overwhelmed with: filled with.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Akula (अकुल).—a. [apraśastaṃ kulaṃ yasya] Low, mean, of a low family.

-laḥ -lam Name of Śiva; अकुलं शिव इत्युक्तः कुलं शक्तिः प्रकीर्तिता (akulaṃ śiva ityuktaḥ kulaṃ śaktiḥ prakīrtitā)

-lā Name of Pārvatī.

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Ākula (आकुल).—a.

1) Full of, burdened or filled with (in general); अश्रुर्ण्णाकुलेक्षणम् (aśrurṇṇākulekṣaṇam) Bg.2.1. प्रचलदूर्मिमालाकुलम् (pracaladūrmimālākulam) (samudram) Bh.2.4; मृगपक्षिगणाकुलम् (mṛgapakṣigaṇākulam) Rām; बाष्पाकुलां वाचम् (bāṣpākulāṃ vācam) Nala.4.18; आलापकुतूहलाकुलतरे श्रोत्रे (ālāpakutūhalākulatare śrotre) Amaru.87.

2) Overcome, affected, or afflicted, smitten; हर्ष°, शोक°, विस्मय°, स्नेह° (harṣa°, śoka°, vismaya°, sneha°) &c.

3) Busily or intently engaged or absorbed in; विभवगुरुभिः कृत्यैस्तस्य प्रतिक्षणमाकुला (vibhavagurubhiḥ kṛtyaistasya pratikṣaṇamākulā) Ś.4.19.

4) Confounded, agitated, flurried distracted; नगरीमाकुलां कृत्वा वञ्चयित्वा च रावणम् (nagarīmākulāṃ kṛtvā vañcayitvā ca rāvaṇam) Rām.5. 56.24; अभिचैद्यं प्रतिष्ठासुरासीत्कार्यद्वयाकुलः (abhicaidyaṃ pratiṣṭhāsurāsītkāryadvayākulaḥ) Śi.2.1; perplexed, at a loss what to do, undetermined; नयवर्त्माकुलमर्जुनाग्रजम् (nayavartmākulamarjunāgrajam) Ki.2.54. °आकुल (ākula) very much agitated; K.1,28; Ki.14.32.

5) Dishevelled, disordered (as hair); असंयताकुलालकान् (asaṃyatākulālakān) K.6,243; स्रस्तः स्रग्दामशोभां त्यजति विर- चितामाकुलः केशपाशः (srastaḥ sragdāmaśobhāṃ tyajati vira- citāmākulaḥ keśapāśaḥ) Ratn.1.17; Ki.8.18.

6) Wild dreary; Ś.2.

7) Taken out of one's natural condition.

8) Incoherent, contradictory.

-lam An inhabited place; रहितेष्वाकुलेषु च (rahiteṣvākuleṣu ca) Rām. adv. In bewilderment; किमेतदित्या- कुलमीक्षितं जनैः (kimetadityā- kulamīkṣitaṃ janaiḥ) Śi.1.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akula (अकुल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Low, mean, of low family. E. a neg. kula family.

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Ākula (आकुल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Confounded, confused, flurried. 2. Confused (in order), disordered. 3. Incoherent, contradictory. E. āṅ, kula to accumulate, and ka affix; not self-possessed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ākula (आकुल).—i. e. probably ā-kṛ10 + a, adj., f. . 1. Crowded. 2. Fully occupied. 3. Confounded. 4. Distressed. 5. Perplexed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akula (अकुल).—[adjective] of low (lit. of no) family; low-born, base.

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Ākula (आकुल).—[adjective] confounded, confused, agitated, anxious; overburdened with, full of ([instrumental] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Akula (अकुल):—[=a-kula] mfn. not of good family, low

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Akulā (अकुला):—[=a-kulā] [from a-kula] f. Name of Pārvatī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] f. the 1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th, 9th, 11th, and 13th days of a half-month

5) Akula (अकुल):—[=a-kula] n. Name of [particular] lunar mansions.

6) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) Name of Sunday, Monday, Thursday, and Saturday

7) Ākula (आकुल):—[=ā-kula] mf(ā)n. ([from] ā- √1. kṝ ?) confounded, confused, agitated, flurried, [Mahābhārata] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] confused (in order), disordered, [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] filled, full, overburdened with ([instrumental case] or generally in [compound]), eagerly occupied, [ib.]

10) [v.s. ...] n. a place crowded with people, [Rāmāyaṇa iii, 43, 34]

11) [v.s. ...] ‘confusion’ See sākula.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akula (अकुल):—[bahuvrihi compound] I. m. f. n.

(-laḥ-lā-lam) Of no or low family, low. Ii. m.

(-laḥ) A name of Śiva. f.

(-lā) A name of Pārvatī, the wife of Śiva. See nakula. E. a

1) deter.

2) priv. and kula.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Akula (अकुल):—[a-kula] (la-lā-laṃ) a. Low, of mean birth or race, or parentage.

2) Ākula (आकुल):—[ā-kula] (laḥ-lā-laṃ) a. Confused.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Akula (अकुल):—(3. a + kula)

1) adj. von niedrigem Geschlecht.

2) m. Śiva, [Śivanāmasahasra] —

3) f. akulā Śiva’s Gemahlin [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 56.] — Vgl. nakulā .

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Ākula (आकुल):—

1) adj. f. ā [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 67. 3, 2, 21. 4, 192.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 380.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 366. 1472.] a) erfüllt, voll überhäuft von Etwas; mit dem instr.: tathā tairupayātaiśca pratipadbhiśca -ākulā sā sabhā tāta bhavati sma [Mahābhārata 2, 475.] bhartṛśokena cākulā [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 63, 4.] kṛtyaistasya (von Pflichten gegen ihn) pratikṣaṇamākulā [Śākuntala 94.] gewöhnlich am Ende eines comp. utsavaḥ janākulaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 19, 11.] gokulākula [2, 46, 17. 50, 9.] mṛgapakṣigaṇākula [3, 74, 8.] [Viśvāmitra’s Kampf 4, 12.] ājyadhūmākula [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 17, 18.] [Viśvāmitra’s Kampf 6, 18.] tasyālāpakutūhalākulatare śrotre [Amaruśataka 81.] sāgaraṃ pracaladūrmimālākulam [Bhartṛhari 2, 4. 3, 11.] vāṣpākulāṃ vācam [Nalopākhyāna 4, 18.] patiśokākulā [16, 11.] vismayā [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 50, 14.] bhayā [Hitopadeśa 18, 11.] [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 107.] snehā [179.] harṣā [50.] kopā [Kathāsaritsāgara 1, 43.] pipāsā [Pañcatantra 9, 11.] gharmākula [Hitopadeśa 42, 14.] dravyābhilāṣākula [I, 204.] In vielen von diesen Beispielen spielt die Bedeut. schon nach b. hinüber. — b) in Verwirrung oder Unordnung gerathen, aus seinem natürlichen Zustande gebracht, verwirrt (übertr.): ākulakeśānta [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 58, 45.] ākulāṃ nagarīṃ kṛtvā [5, 54, 1.] tānākulāndṛṣṭvā viśvāmitrāstramohitān [Viśvāmitra’s Kampf 5, 1.] hastihastaparikliṣṭāmākulāṃ padminīmiva [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 21, 15.] ākulāvartāṃ tamasām (Nomen proprium eines Flusses) [2, 46, 28.] aśrupūrṇākulekṣaṇa [Bhagavadgītā 2, 1.] atyākulaṃ kathayasi [Mṛcchakaṭikā 130, 8.] śokasāgaramadhyastho dadhyau kāraṇamākulaḥ [Mahābhārata 3, 17304.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 12, 183. 13, 161.] ākulendriya [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 52. 3, 79, 1.] ityārūḍhabahupratarkamaparicchedākulaṃ me manaḥ [Śākuntala 106.] kautukākulacetas [ŚUK. 43, 18.] sacintākulam (sacinta + ā) [Śākuntala 32, 2.] vihvalākula [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 29.] —

2) n. eine mit Menschen angefüllte, eine bewohnte Gegend: rahiteṣvākuleṣu ca [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 43, 34.] — Wird von kul abgeleitet, scheint uns aber eher von kar, kirati mit ā abzustammen. — Vgl. paryākula, vyākula, saṃkula, samākula .

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Akula (अकुल):—(3. a + kula) n. Bez. Śiva’s bei den Tāntrika: akulaṃ śiva ityuktaḥ kulaṃ śaktiḥ prakīrtitā [Oxforder Handschriften 92,a,31.] kulāṣṭaka, akulāṣṭaka [91,b,35.]

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Ākula (आकुल):—

1) b) yuddha [Kathāsaritsāgara 108, 44.] ākulakrūrā (kuṭumbinī) wild und ron [Spr. 4553.] —

3) n. Verwirrung: sākula verwirrt [Kathāsaritsāgara 78, 94. 106, 149.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Akula (अकुल):—Adj. von niedrigem Geschlecht [161,22.] Davon f. Nom.abstr.

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Ākula (आकुल):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) — a) in Verwirrung oder Unordnung gerathen , verworren , aus seinem natürlichen Zustande gebracht , verwirrt (auch in übertr. Bed.). — b) dicht besetzt , erfüllt — , voll von , überhäuft mit (Instr. oder im Comp. vorangehend) [213.14,15.] —

2) n. — a) ein mit Menschen erfüllter Ort. — b) Verwirrung.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ākula (आकुल) [Also spelled akul]:—(a) restless, uneasy; distracted; distressed.

context information

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