Kaumara, aka: Kaumāra; 9 Definition(s)


Kaumara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kaumara in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

1a) Kaumāra (कौमार).—(Kaumāram)—(varṣa) came to be called after Kumāra, son of Havya;1 a continent with Nārada hill.2 Br. II. 14. 18; Vā. 33. 17; M. 122. 22.

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 62; 37. 31; 66. 74; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 46; 64. 25; 106. 35; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 7. 11.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 90.

1b) (sarga) the ninth sarga.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 25.

1c) An avatār of Hari.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 6.

1d) A kingdom of Śākadvīpa, adjoining the Raivata hill.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 18; 19. 92; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 86.

1e) A varṣa noted for Kumārī tīrtham protected by Nāgas; centring round Raivata hill; after Kumāra, son of Havya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 13. 86; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 17; 49. 86.

1f) Rākṣasas fearful to children.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 191.

1g) A group of planets which do ill to children.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 160.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Kaumāra (कौमार) refers to a type of pillar (stambha). It is a six-sided shaft. It is also known by the names Indrakānta and Skandakānta. Its description is found in texts such as the Mānasāra (verse 15.11), Kāśyapaśilpa (verse 8.10), Śilparatna (verse 21.59), Īśānaśivagurudevapaddati (verse 31.21) and Kāmikāgama (verse 53.18).

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

1) Kaumāra (कौमार).—(or कोमारव्याकरण (komāravyākaraṇa)) an alternative name of the Kātantra Vyākaraṇa given to it on the strength of the traditional belief that the original inspiration for writing it was received by Sarvavarman from Kumara or Kārtikeya;

2) Kaumāra.—Small treatises bearing the name Kaumāravyākaraṇa written by Munipuṅgava and Bhāvasena. The latter has written Kātantrarūpamāla also.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Kaumāra (कौमार) or Kaumārāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Lalitāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Kaumāra Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Lalita-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Kaumāra (कौमार) or Kaumārasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a tāmasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa (eg., Kaumāra-saṃhitā).

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Kaumara in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kaumāra (कौमार).—n S Childhood, i. e. the period included betwixt the fifth and the tenth year.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaumāra (कौमार).—n Childhood.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaumāra (कौमार).—a. (- f.) [कुमार-अण् (kumāra-aṇ)]

1) Juvenile, youthful, virgin, maidenly (of men and women); कौमारः पतिः (kaumāraḥ patiḥ) a man who marries a virgin; कौमारी भार्या (kaumārī bhāryā) a virgin wife; cf. Mbh. on P.IV.2.13.

2) Soft, tender.

3) Belonging to the god of war; Māl.1.1.

4) Of principal incarnation; स एव प्रथमं देवः कौमारं सर्गमास्थितः (sa eva prathamaṃ devaḥ kaumāraṃ sargamāsthitaḥ) Bhāg.1.3.6.

-rī 1 The wife of one who has not married another wife.

2) The Śakti (power) of Kārtikeya.

-ram 1 Childhood (to the age of five).

2) Maidenhood (to the age of sixteen), virginity; पीता रक्षति कौमारे भर्ता रक्षति यौवने (pītā rakṣati kaumāre bhartā rakṣati yauvane) Ms.9.3; देहिनोऽ- स्मिन् यथा देहे कौमारं यौवनं जरा (dehino'- smin yathā dehe kaumāraṃ yauvanaṃ jarā) Bg.2.13.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaumāra (कौमार).—mfn. adj.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) 1. Maiden, virgin. 2. Juvenile. 3. Soft, tender. f. (-rī) One of the seven Matris, the divine mothers or personified energies of the gods; the energy or Sakti of Kumara or Kartikeya. n.

(-raṃ) 1. Youth, childhood, from birth to the age of five. 2. Maidenhood to the age of sixteen. E. kumāra a youth, and aff.; or kumāra the deity Kartikeya, aṇ and ṅīṣ affixes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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