Kaumara, Kaumāra: 21 definitions


Kaumara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kaumāra (कौमार) refers to the “stage of childhood”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.6. Accordingly, as Śiva said to Sandhyā:—“[...] O gentle lady Sandhyā, whatever you have asked I grant you entirely. I am delighted by this excellent penance of yours. (In all living beings) the first stage shall be infancy, the second childhood (kaumāra), the third youth and the fourth stage shall be old age. When the third stage in life is reached, the living beings shall become lustful. In some cases it shall be at the end of the second stage. This new limitation is imposed by me as a result of your penance. No living being shall be lustful at the time of its nativity”.

According to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.15, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] Thus with various charming girlish sports the Goddess [viz., Devī as Satī] who is favourably disposed to her devotees and who had assumed human form out of her own will passed the state of girlhood (kaumāra). After passing her girlhood and reaching the state of early youth (bālya) she attained beauty in every limb which blazed forth brilliantly”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kaumāra (कौमार).—(Kaumāram)—(varṣa) came to be called after Kumāra, son of Havya;1 a continent with Nārada hill.2 Br. II. 14. 18; Vā. 33. 17; M. 122. 22.

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 62; 37. 31; 66. 74; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 46; 64. 25; 106. 35; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 7. 11.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 90.

1b) (sarga) the ninth sarga.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 25.

1c) An avatār of Hari.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 6.

1d) A kingdom of Śākadvīpa, adjoining the Raivata hill.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 18; 19. 92; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 86.

1e) A varṣa noted for Kumārī tīrtham protected by Nāgas; centring round Raivata hill; after Kumāra, son of Havya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 13. 86; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 17; 49. 86.

1f) Rākṣasas fearful to children.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 191.

1g) A group of planets which do ill to children.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 160.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Kaumāra (कौमार) refers to a type of pillar (stambha). It is a six-sided shaft. It is also known by the names Indrakānta and Skandakānta. Its description is found in texts such as the Mānasāra (verse 15.11), Kāśyapaśilpa (verse 8.10), Śilparatna (verse 21.59), Īśānaśivagurudevapaddati (verse 31.21) and Kāmikāgama (verse 53.18).

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Kaumāra (कौमार).—(or कोमारव्याकरण (komāravyākaraṇa)) an alternative name of the Kātantra Vyākaraṇa given to it on the strength of the traditional belief that the original inspiration for writing it was received by Sarvavarman from Kumara or Kārtikeya;

2) Kaumāra.—Small treatises bearing the name Kaumāravyākaraṇa written by Munipuṅgava and Bhāvasena. The latter has written Kātantrarūpamāla also.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Kaumāra (कौमार) or Kaumārāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Lalitāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Kaumāra Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Lalita-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)

Kaumāra (कौमार) or Kaumārasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a tāmasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa (e.g., Kaumāra-saṃhitā).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Kaumāra (कौमार) refers to:—The time of life from infancy to five years. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Kaumāra (कौमार) (identified with Śrīśaila in Andhra) refers to one of the ten places visited by the Goddess on her pilgrimage, according to Tantric texts such as the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, when the goddess emerges out of the Liṅga, she reluctantly leaves the beautiful Island of the Moon she loves. She sets out on the pilgrimage Bhairava has ordained for her to spread the Command and to finally unite with him. She will go to ten places (i.e., Kaumāra), all of which are already sacred sites where goddesses reside.

Kaumāra is also known as Kula, Śrīparvata, Kumāra (Kumāraparvata), Śrīśaila and Śrīparvata.

2) Kaumāra (कौमार) refers to a “youth”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] (The four sacred seats) have the aforementioned flames and the hosts of Siddhas. It is part of the (Sequences of) the Child, the Youth, and the Aged [i.e., bāla-kaumāra-vṛddha] which are is located in the three pure (places—triśuddhi—the genitals, heart, and head) and are associated with the Triple Principle (of the Self, Vidyā, and Śiva, respectively)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaumāra (कौमार).—n S Childhood, i. e. the period included betwixt the fifth and the tenth year.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kaumāra (कौमार).—n Childhood.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaumāra (कौमार).—a. (- f.) [कुमार-अण् (kumāra-aṇ)]

1) Juvenile, youthful, virgin, maidenly (of men and women); कौमारः पतिः (kaumāraḥ patiḥ) a man who marries a virgin; कौमारी भार्या (kaumārī bhāryā) a virgin wife; cf. Mahābhārata on P.IV.2.13.

2) Soft, tender.

3) Belonging to the god of war; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.1.

4) Of principal incarnation; स एव प्रथमं देवः कौमारं सर्गमास्थितः (sa eva prathamaṃ devaḥ kaumāraṃ sargamāsthitaḥ) Bhāgavata 1.3.6.

-rī 1 The wife of one who has not married another wife.

2) The Śakti (power) of Kārtikeya.

-ram 1 Childhood (to the age of five).

2) Maidenhood (to the age of sixteen), virginity; पीता रक्षति कौमारे भर्ता रक्षति यौवने (pītā rakṣati kaumāre bhartā rakṣati yauvane) Manusmṛti 9.3; देहिनोऽ- स्मिन् यथा देहे कौमारं यौवनं जरा (dehino'- smin yathā dehe kaumāraṃ yauvanaṃ jarā) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaumāra (कौमार).—mfn. adj.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) 1. Maiden, virgin. 2. Juvenile. 3. Soft, tender. f. (-rī) One of the seven Matris, the divine mothers or personified energies of the gods; the energy or Sakti of Kumara or Kartikeya. n.

(-raṃ) 1. Youth, childhood, from birth to the age of five. 2. Maidenhood to the age of sixteen. E. kumāra a youth, and aff.; or kumāra the deity Kartikeya, aṇ and ṅīṣ affixes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaumāra (कौमार).—i. e. kumāra + a, I. adj., f. , 1. Referring to abstinence, Mahābhārata 3, 8527. 2. Married as virgin (), [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 30, 8. 3. Referring to the god of war, Mahābhārata 3, 4086. Ii. f. , The energy of the god of war, one of the seven mothers, [Devīmāhātmya, (ed. Poley.)] 8, 16. Iii. n. 1. Childhood, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 3. 2. Chastity, Mahābhārata 13, 5853.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaumāra (कौमार).—[feminine] ī [adjective] juvenile, belonging to a youth or maiden; belonging to Skanda, Skanda's; [neuter] ([with] vrata) = vrata (q.v.), as subst. childhood, youth, virginity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Kaumārā (कौमारा) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—kaumārāḥ the followers of the Kātantra grammar. Quoted in Mādhavīyadhātuvṛtti, by Bhaṭṭoji Oxf. 162^b, and mentioned by Madhusūdana in Prasthānabheda. See Kaumāravyākaraṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaumāra (कौमार):—mf(ī)n. ([from] kumāra, or , [Pāṇini 4-2, 13]), juvenile, youthful, belonging to a youth or young girl, maiden, maidenly, (kaumāra loka, the youths and girls, [Atharva-veda xii, 3, 47]; kaumārī bhāryā [Patañjali] and, [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 4-2, 13], ‘a virgin wife, one who has not had a husband previously’ [Rāmāyaṇa]; kaumāra pati [Kāśikā-vṛtti]; or ra bhartṛ, [Patañjali on Pāṇini 4-2, 13], ‘a man who marries a virgin’ [Kathāsaritsāgara cxxvii, 55]; kaumāra vrata, a vow of abstinence, [Mahābhārata])

2) soft, tender, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) relating to the god of war, belonging or peculiar to him, relating to Sanat-kumāra, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara ii, 76; Parāśara-smṛti; Madhusūdana]

4) m. the son of a maiden, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Name of a mountain (cf. -parvata), [Mahābhārata vi, 426]

6) m. [plural] the followers of Kumāra’s grammar, [Prauḍh.]

7) n. childhood, youth (from birth to the age of five), maidenhood (to the age of sixteen), [Manu-smṛti ix, 3; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

8) n. (ifc. f(ā). ), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaumāra (कौमार):—(raṃ) 1. n. Youth. () f. A virgin; a mātri. a. Young, tender.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kaumāra (कौमार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Komāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kaumara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kaumāra (ಕೌಮಾರ):—

1) [adjective] of, belonging to, happening in boyhood or girlhood.

2) [adjective] of or relating to Kumāra, the son of Śiva.

--- OR ---

Kaumāra (ಕೌಮಾರ):—

1) [noun] the state or period of being a boy or girl; boyhood or girlhood.

2) [noun] the state or time of being a youth, from the boyhood or girlhood to maturity.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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