Anukula, Anukūla: 19 definitions


Anukula means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Anukul.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Anukūla (अनुकूल) refers to a “hero who is faithful and pleasing and is pleased only by his wife” and represents one of the four kinds of “heroes” (nāyaka) in a dramatic representation, according to the Abhinaya-sara-samputa, as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—In the depiction of any mood or sentiment, a dance performance or a dramatic representation takes the medium of the hero (nāyaka) and the heroine (nāyikas). The heroes are again classified on the basis of their erotic sentiments into four types [viz., Anukūla].

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Anukūla (अनुकूल) refers to “favourably”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.6.—Accordingly, after the Gods eulogised Goddess Śivā who resided in the womb of Menā:—“[...] Coming out of the belly of Menā at the proper time in her real form, she resembled Lakṣmī coming out of the ocean. When she was born, Śiva was glad. A slow, fragrant and auspicious wind blew favourably [i.e., anukūla]. Along with the rain there was a shower of flowers. Fires calmly glowed and the clouds rumbled. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Anukūla (अनुकूल) refers to “(being) conformable to (the vow of the Tathāgatas)” according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān said to the Nāga-kings], “O Serpent Lords, you should abide in friendliness in the last time, in the last age. You should conform to (anukūla) the vow of the Tathāgatas. You should send down rain showers duly at the proper time. You should ripen flowers, fruits and crops duly at the proper time. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Anukula in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

anukūla : (adj.) favourable; agreeable.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Anukūla, (adj.) (anu + kūla, opp. paṭikūla) favourable, agreeable, suitable, pleasant VvA.280; spelt anukula at Sdhp.297, 312.

— or —

Anukula, frequent spelling for anukūla. (Page 34)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anukūla (अनुकूल).—a (S) Favorable or propitious; kindly or advantageously disposed towards. 2 Agreeing or in accordance with; conformable unto. Ex. mīmāṃsāmata dharmaśāstrāsa a0 āhē. 3 Ready or at hand; conveniently at command--money &c. 4 Used as s n Suitableness or opportuneness of circumstances. Ex. yandā kāśīsa jāṇyācēṃ āmhāsa a0 nāhīṃ.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

anukūla (अनुकूल).—a Favourable. Agreeable, conformable to.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anukūla (अनुकूल).—a. [anugataḥ kūlaṃ taṭaṃ snehādibandhanaṃ vā]

1) Favourable, agreeable (lit. following the bank of slope, according to the current, with the grain;), as wind, fate &c.; मन्दं मन्दं नुदति पवनश्चानुकूलो यथा त्वाम् (mandaṃ mandaṃ nudati pavanaścānukūlo yathā tvām) Meghadūta 9; शान्त °पवनश्च (śānta °pavanaśca) Ś.4.11; °परिणामा संवृत्ता (pariṇāmā saṃvṛttā) Ś.7; बाणास्त एव मदनस्य ममानुकूलाः (bāṇāsta eva madanasya mamānukūlāḥ) V.3.2.

2) Friendly, kind, well or kindly disposed.

3) Conformable to; pleasing, agreeable or favourable to, conducting to, capable of; oft. in comp.; स्पर्शानुकूला इव सूर्यकान्ताः (sparśānukūlā iva sūryakāntāḥ) Ś.2.7; अननुकूलोऽभिमानस्य (ananukūlo'bhimānasya) K.45 not inclined to pride; दर्शनानुकूलाहमस्य न वेति (darśanānukūlāhamasya na veti) 197; कुशलविरचितानुकूलवेशः (kuśalaviracitānukūlaveśaḥ) R.5.76 befitting, suitable.

-laḥ 1 A faithful or kind husband, (ekaratiḥ S. D. or ekanirataḥ ekasyāmeva nāyikāyām āsaktaḥ), a variety of नायक (nāyaka).

2) 'Favourable to all', epithet of Viṣṇu.

-lā 1 Name of a tree (dantī) Croton Polyandrum.

2) Name of a metre.

-lam 1 Favour, kindness; नारीणामनुकूलमाचरति चेत् (nārīṇāmanukūlamācarati cet) K. P.9.

2) (Rhet.) A figure in which unfavourableness turns into kindness; अनुकूलं प्रतिकूल्यमानुकूल्यानुबन्धि चेत् (anukūlaṃ pratikūlyamānukūlyānubandhi cet) S. D.; कुपितासि यदा तन्वि निधाय करजक्षतम् । बधान भुजपाशाभ्यां कण्ठमस्य दृढं तदा (kupitāsi yadā tanvi nidhāya karajakṣatam | badhāna bhujapāśābhyāṃ kaṇṭhamasya dṛḍhaṃ tadā) ||.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anukūla (अनुकूल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Friendly, well disposed to favourable or conformable to. m.

(-laḥ) A faithful husband. f.

(-lā) Croton polyandrum. n.

(-laṃ) Favour, kindness. E. anu, and kūla race, family.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anukūla (अनुकूल).—[anu-kūla], adj. 1. Suitable, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 17, 26. 2. Agreeable, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 31, 45. 3. Favourable, [Pañcatantra] 120, 16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anukūla (अनुकूल).—[adjective] dwelling or lying on the shore; favourable (orig said of the wind blowing along or toward the shore, [opposed] pratikūla), convenient, pleasant. [neuter] kūlam [adverb]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anukūla (अनुकूल):—[=anu-kūla] mf(ā)n. following the bank (kūla) or slope or declivity

2) [v.s. ...] according to the current, [Atharva-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] favourable, agreeable

4) [v.s. ...] conformable to

5) [v.s. ...] friendly, kind, well-disposed

6) [v.s. ...] m. a faithful or kind and obliging husband

7) Anukūlā (अनुकूला):—[=anu-kūlā] [from anu-kūla] f. Croton Polyandrum

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a metre

9) Anukūla (अनुकूल):—[=anu-kūla] n. (in poetry) narrative of calamity leading finally to happiness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anukūla (अनुकूल):—[tatpurusha compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-laḥ-lā-lam) 1) Conformable to.

2) Well disposed to, friendly, favourable. 2. m.

(-laḥ) (In Rhetoric.) See anukūlanāyaka. 3. f.

(-lā) 1) The name of a medicinal plant (Croton polyandrum). See dantī.

2) The name of a metre regulated by number and quantity; it belongs to the class, called triṣṭubh q. v. and consists of a stanza of four lines with the following eleven syllables in each: {??} Also called kudmaladantī, mauktikamālā and śrī. 4. n.

(-lam) (In Rhetoric.) An alaṅkāra or mode of writing or speaking elegantly, viz. representing an act, unpleasant in itself, as arising out of kindness or affection; e. g. when ‘an ill-humoured mistress embraces her lover and apparently out of excess of love wounds him with her nails’. E. anu and kūla literally ‘along or according to the bank (of a river)’.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anukūla (अनुकूल):—[anu-kūla] (laḥ-lā-laṃ) a. Friendly. m. A faithful husband. f. Croton polyandrum. n. Kindness.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Anukūla (अनुकूल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṇuūla, Aṇugūla.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anukula in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Anukula in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Anukūla (अनुकूल) [Also spelled anukul]:—(a) favourable; agreeable; befitting; well-disposed; conformable; ~[tama] optimum; ~[] favourableness, agreeability; befittingness; conformity; ~[na] conditioning;adaptation; ~[nīyatā] adaptability; conformability.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Anukūla (ಅನುಕೂಲ):—

1) [adjective] flowing by the side of mounds or banks; not violating the natural limits.

2) [adjective] assisting to one’s comfort; conducive; comfortable; favourable; agreeable; friendly.

--- OR ---

Anukūla (ಅನುಕೂಲ):—

1) [noun] a man who assists or serves in a subordinate position; helper; an assistant.

2) [noun] a kind and faithful husband.

3) [noun] a favourable, comfortable or conducive situation.

4) [noun] absence of poverty.

5) [noun] a hero in a drama or dance, who is not inclined to any woman other than the heroine.

--- OR ---

Anukūḷa (ಅನುಕೂಳ):—[adjective] = ಅನುಕೂಲ [anukula]¹.

--- OR ---

Anukūḷa (ಅನುಕೂಳ):—[noun] = ಅನುಕೂಲ [anukula]².

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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