Kukkutasana, aka: Kukkuṭāsana, Kukkuta-asana; 9 Definition(s)
Kukkutasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Yoga (school of philosophy)
Kukkuṭāsana (कुक्कुटासन, “rooster posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of posture (āsana) used in Yoga. It is composed of the words kukkuṭa (rooster) and āsana (posture).(Source): Wisdom Library: Yoga
Kukkuṭāsana (कुक्कुटासन) is the name of an āsana (posture), according to Haṭhayogapradīpikā I.25.—Accordingly, “Taking the posture of Padma-āsana and carrying the hands under the thighs, when the Yogī raises himself above the ground, with his palms resting on the ground, it becomes kukkuṭāsana”.
The 15th-century Haṭhayogapradīpikā by Svātmārāma is one of the oldest extant texts dealing with haṭhayoga: an ancient form of meditation founded by Matsyendranātha. The first chapter of this book describes various āsanas (eg., kukkuṭa-āsana)(Source): Google Books: The Hatha Yoga Pradipika
Kukkuṭāsana (कुक्कुटासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 36 of the Śrītattvanidhi.—Accordingly, “Take the padmāsana position. Place the arms between the thighs and the legs onto the floor. This is kukkuṭāsana, the rooster”.
The 19th-century Śrītattvanidhi is a sanskrit treatise describing 80 primary āsanas, or ‘posture’ (eg., kukkuṭa-āsana) and several additional ones.
The name and form of this are the same in Iyengar and it is well known in many books on yoga. This is found in the Mallapurāṇa list and it is found in Haṭhapradīpikā 1.23 and Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā II.31.(Source): archive.org: Yoga Tradition of the Mysore Palace
Kukkuṭāsana (कुक्कुटासन) is one of the thirty-two āsanas (postures) taught in the second chapter of the Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā: “Assuming the Padmāsana (posture), inserting the arms between the thighs and the calves, and placing the palms on the ground, support the body on the (erect) elbows (holding it) high up. This is Kukkuṭāsana”.
Kukkuṭāsana is one of the selected 32 postures amongs 8,400,000 total mentioned by Śiva, according to Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā 2.1-2, “In all, there are as many Āsanas as species of animals. Eighty-four lacs of them are mentioned by Śiva. Out of them, 84 are regarded as important and among these 84, again 32 are good (enough) in this world of mortal beings”.
The 17th-century Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā (mentioning kukkuṭa-āsana) is one of the three classic texts of Haṭha-yoga: a major branch of Yoga, sharing similarities with the Yoga system taught by Patañjali, though claiming its own mythical founder known as Matsyendranātha. This gheraṇḍa-saṃhitā is an encyclopedic Sanskrit treatise describing thirty two such āsanas.(Source): archive.org: Gheranda Samhita
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Kukkuṭāsana (कुक्कुटासन).—In the Vidyāśaṅkara temple at Śṛṅgeri, there are eight images of yogins engaged in exceedingly complex and difficult āsanas. Five of these are of kukkuṭāsana and variations. Kukkuṭa means a cock, on which the posture is based. In the standard kukkuṭāsana, the yogin sits in padmāsana, the lotus posture, inserts the hands between the thighs and calls and lifts the body off the ground, supported on the hands.
Beside the north gopura, on the prakāra at Śrisailam, is a panel showing two yogins in the forest. One is in a variation of kukkuṭāsana combined with a variation of baddhakonāsana, the cobbler’s sitting pose, and the other is in a difficult sitting posture(Source): DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu (sculpture)
Kukkutāsana (कुक्कुतासन) refers to one of the asanas (sitting poses) assumed by the deities in sculptures of Hindu gods and goddesses.—The kukkutāsana as a sitting posture is a variety of padmāsana, where the whole weight of the body rests on two arms placed on the ground on both sides, the body thus hanging in the air.(Source): Shodhganga: The significance of the Mula beras in the Hindu temples of Tamilnadu
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Kukkuṭāsana (कुक्कुटासन).—The Kubjikāmata, an early Tāntric work on yōga of about the tenth century, includes kukkuṭāsana as effective in facilitating the release of the Kuṇḍalini, the vital cosmic energy, conceived as a coiled serpent at the base of the spine.(Source): DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu (shaivism)
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Languages of India and abroad
kukkuṭāsana (कुक्कुटासन).—n S A posture of an ascetic in religious meditation.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Kukkuṭāsana (कुक्कुटासन).—a. particular posture of an ascetic in religious meditation.
Derivable forms: kukkuṭāsanam (कुक्कुटासनम्).
Kukkuṭāsana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kukkuṭa and āsana (आसन).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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