Kuja, Kūja: 25 definitions

Introduction:

Kuja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Kuja (कुज, “Earth-born”).—One of the names of the Goddess, Devī, who is regarded as the female principle of the divine; the embodiement of the energies of the Gods.

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Kujā (कुजा) is a name for the Goddess.—The goddess Kujā has six aspects and her form is the supreme syllable. (She who) is the forty-two syllable (Vidyā) is the (divine) Command which bears this kind of form. By nature her form is that of a hunch-backed woman (kubjā) and, within the various forms of the Vidyā, she is mother Kujā. She is the great (goddess) Kujā who resides on the Island of the Moon in Śrīkaṇṭha's grace. One should break through Kujā, the target, by means of the threefold path. Having first known (this) visualization in this way, one should practice it within one’s own body.

Note: The name “Kujā” or, indeed, “Kubjikā” itself became progressively prominent with the development of the goddess’s cult in the texts. [...] There are also a number of variants of the name ‘Kujā’. These include: Kujā, Kujāmbikā, Śrīkujāmbikā, Kujeśī, and Kujeśvarī. The goddess’s name is also given to her scripture—the Kujīmata. The common male equivalents are simply Kujeśa, Kujeśāna, and Kujeśvara. Typical of the general presumption of some kind of non-sanskritic origin of deities like Kubjikā, it has been suggested that “kujā” may be a word of Munda origin and therefore, in some way, also the goddess. But this is not at all likely. Kubjikā’s origins can be sufficiently well understood solely by reference to the Tantras.

2) Kujā (कुजा) is either identified with the Goddess Raktā (associated with Oḍḍiyāna) or Caṇdākṣī (associated with Pūrṇagiri). Both are sacred seats (pīṭha), according to chapter 10 of the according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—If the scheme in the Yogakhaṇḍa is not the first example of this model, the other most likely candidate is found in chapter ten of the Kularatnoddyota, which is an early Tantra of the Kubjikā corpus. [...] In this set-up each of the four sacred seats corresponds to a cosmic age and has a tree, creeper, cave, monastery (maṭha),  goddess [i.e., Kujā], Siddha, and guardian of the field. The layout can be tabulated as follows.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kuja (कुज).—Kuja is an individual belonging to the Devagaṇa. His weapon is called Śakti. He wears the akṣamālā. (Rudrākṣa garland).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kuja (कुज).—Vanquished by Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 34.

1b) (3/4) of Bṛhaspati in size.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 67.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Kuja (कुज) refers to the planet Mars, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 4), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If, during the waxing moon, Mars [i.e., kuja] should be eclipsed by a horn, the border (mleccha) princes as well as wicked rulers will suffer; if Saturn should be so eclipsed there will be fear from weapons and from hunger; if Mercury should be so eclipsed there will be drought and famine in the land; if Jupiter should be so eclipsed eminent princes will suffer; and if Venus, the minor princes will suffer. As regards the waning moon the subject has been elsewhere treated”.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Kuja (कुज).—Mars. Note: Kuja is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Kuja (कुज) refers to a “tree”, as mentioned in a list of twenty-five synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Kuja] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Nirukta (Sanskrit etymology)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (etymology)

Kujā (कुजा) is a name for the Goddess.—The texts, for their part, explain the name as meaning the goddess who is ‘born’ () from the earth (ku). Another derives this name from the root ‘kūj’ to ‘make a sound’. The first etymology teaches that Kubjikā is a goddess or Yoginī who roams the earth (bhūcarī). The other that she, like other Tantric deities, is one with her mantra and so ‘resounds’ with it.

context information

Nirukta (निरुक्त) or “etymology” refers to the linguistic analysis of the Sanskrit language. This branch studies the interpretation of common and ancient words and explains them in their proper context. Nirukta is one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Kuja (कुज) refers to the “tree (of bliss)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “There is nothing like the doctrine which is productive of all prosperity, the root of the tree of bliss (ānanda-kuja-kanda), beneficial, venerable and grants liberation. Snakes, fire, poison, tigers, elephants, lions, demons and kings, etc. do not hurt those whose selves are settled in the doctrine”.

Synonyms: Pādapa, Aṅghripa, Vṛkṣa.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kuja : (m.) 1. a tree; 2. the planet of Mars.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kuja (कुज).—n S The horizon. 2 The planet Mars.

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kujā (कुजा) [or ज्या, jyā].—m ( P) The well-known earthen water-jug, a koozu. 2 Applied in Hindustan to a small earthen water-holder gen.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kujā (कुजा) [-jyā, -ज्या].—m An earthen water-jug.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuja (कुज).—

1) A tree; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.92.

2) The planet Mars. (kau pṛthvyāṃ jāyate iti) Bhāgavata 2.7.34; 'न शनि-रवि-कुजानां वासरे नोग्रतारे (na śani-ravi-kujānāṃ vāsare nogratāre) |' शालिहोत्र (śālihotra) of भोज (bhoja).

3) Name of a demon killed by Kṛṣṇa (also called naraka q. v.)

-jā Name of Sītā; also of Durgā.

Derivable forms: kujaḥ (कुजः).

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Kūja (कूज).—

1) Cooing, warbling; मधुकरनिकरकरम्बितकोकिलकूजितकुञ्जकुटीरे (madhukaranikarakarambitakokilakūjitakuñjakuṭīre) Gīt.

2) The rattling of wheels.

Derivable forms: kūjaḥ (कूजः).

See also (synonyms): kūjana, kūjita.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuja (कुज).—m.

(-jaḥ) 1. The plant Mars. 2. A demon; also called Naraka. 3. A tree. f.

(-jā) 1. A name of Durga. 2. Of Sita. E. ku the earth, and ja born, earth-born.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuja (कुज).—i. e. 3. ku-ja (vb. jan), m. The planet Mars, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 2, 7, 34.

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Kūja (कूज).—[kūj + a], m. Croaking of the bowels, [Suśruta] 2, 514, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kūja (कूज).—[masculine] kūjana & kūjita [neuter] crying, singing, etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuja (कुज):—[=ku-ja] [from ku] a m. ‘born from the earth’, a tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] ‘the son of the earth’, Name of the planet Mars, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] of the Daitya Naraka (conquered by Kṛṣṇa), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) Kujā (कुजा):—[=ku-jā] [from ku-ja > ku] f. ‘earth-daughter’, Durgā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] of Sītā, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) Kuja (कुज):—[=ku-ja] [from ku] n. the horizon (= kṣiti-ja)

7) [=ku-ja] b See 2. ku.

8) Kūja (कूज):—[from kūj] m. ([Pāṇini 7-3, 59; Kāśikā-vṛtti]) cooing, murmuring, warbling, etc., [Mahābhārata i, 4916; Rāmāyaṇa ii, 59, 10]

9) [v.s. ...] rumbling (as of the bowels, etc.), [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuja (कुज):—(jaḥ) 1. m. The planet Mars; a demon; a tree. f. () Durgā; Sītā.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kuja (कुज) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kuja.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kuja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kūja (कूज) [Also spelled kuj]:—[[~na]] (nf),~[an] (nm) warbling.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Kuja (कुज) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kuja.

2) Kūja (कूज) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kūj.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kuja (ಕುಜ):—[adjective] born on or from the earth.

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Kuja (ಕುಜ):—

1) [noun] any plant (as a herb, creeper, shrub, tree etc.).

2) [noun] the seventh largest planet of the solar system and the fourth in distance from the sun, having a diameter of about 6,790 km; the Mars.

3) [noun] a man of low birth.

4) [noun] a man whose chief profession is to hunt animals in forests for living.

5) [noun] offensive, morally base words or speech.

--- OR ---

Kūja (ಕೂಜ):—[noun] a container made of glass, stone, earthenware, etc. with a long and narrow neck, with or without a handle.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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