Khadga, aka: Khaḍga, Khāḍga; 20 Definition(s)

Introduction

Khadga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Khaḍga (खड्ग, “sword”):—One of the nine symbols representing the cosmic principles of the universe, according to the Pāñcarātra literature. These nine weapons and ornaments symbolize the principles which they represent as the presiding deity. The Sword (khaḍga) represents knowledge.

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

The Sword & Scabbard (khaḍga):—

bibharti yaccāsiratnam acyuto ’tyanta nirmalam |
vidyomayantu tajjñānam avidyākośa saṃsthitam ||

“The sword which Śrī Kṛṣṇa possess is the sword of Immaculate Wisdom, The sheath in which it is kept is the sheath of Ignorance.” (V.P. 1;22;73.)

The sword represents Pure Knowledge (jnāna) whose substance is wisdom (vidya)—It is called nandaka which means the ‘source-of-joy.’ This flaming sword is the powerful weapon which destroys ignorance. The sheath represents nescience (avidya) which is the fundamental problem of human existence—ignorance not of data and science but of who we really are in essence—pure conscious entities (jīvas) having a human experience.

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

The Khaḍga (खड्ग, “sword”) is one of the objects Kālī is displayed as holding in one of her hands. It represents discrimination and wisdom.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

The Khaḍga — sword - represents discrimination and wisdom. Through discriminating between the real and the unreal, the truth and the untruth we gradually progress towards insight and wisdom which culminates in the elimination of the ego. Our spiritual practice does not consist of achieving anything but rather removing those conditioning factors which obscure the vision of the Divine which is our essential, natural state.

Source: Red Zambala: The 10 Great Wisdom Goddesses
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Khaḍga is a sword, long or short, and is used along with a kheṭaka or shield made of wood or hide. The khaḍga is either single-edged or double-edged and has a handle which is not different from the handle of swords seen in the pictures of trhe Crusaders and the early kings of Europe.

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Khaḍga (Sword) - Sword of wisdom which cuts through illusion and destroys all ignorance- hidden within all of us like a scabbard - needs to be withdrawn with skill and used with care and precision.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction

Khaḍga (खड्ग, “sword”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Khaḍga is a sword, long or short, and is used along with a kheṭaka or shield made of wood or hide. The khaḍga is either single-edged or double-edged and has a handle.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Khaḍga (खड्ग) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “rhinoceros”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Khaḍga is part of the sub-group named Ānupamṛga, refering to animals “who live in marshy land”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance. According to Monier-Williams, Khaḍga can also refer to a calf with horns half grown

The meat of the Rhinoceros (khaḍga) is obstructing to channels, strength-promoting, sweet, uncting, bulk-promoting and beneficial for complexion. It alleviates fatigue and vāta.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Khaḍga (खड्ग):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’, according to the Agnipurāṇa, featuring a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Triviṣṭapa, featuring octagonal-shaped temples. This list represents the classification of temples in North-India.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Khadga in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Khaḍga (खड्ग).—A warrior of Skandadeva. (Mahābhārata, Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Stanza 67).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Khadga (खद्ग).—Rhinoceros; flesh very good for śrāddha, but horn to be thrown away.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 80. 51.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Khaḍga (खड्ग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.62) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Khaḍga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Khadga in Katha glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Khaḍga (खड्ग) is the name of a merchant’s son (vaṇikputra) from Dhavala, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 56. Accordingly, as Khaḍga said to Cakra: “... I am a merchant’s son named Khaḍga, and because I did not obey the commands of my parents they were angry, and in wrath laid this curse upon me: ‘Because, wicked son, you torture us like a hot wheel placed on the head, therefore such shall be your punishment’”.

The story of Khaḍga was narrated by Candrasvāmin to his son Mahīpāla in order to demonstrate that “one who is cursed by his father and mother does not long enjoy prosperity”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Khaḍga, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Khaḍga (खड्ग, “sword”):—One of the objects that Yama is displayed carrying. Yama, the vedic God of death, represents the embodiment of Dharma. Yama rules over the kingdom of the dead and binds humankind according to the fruits of their karma.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Khaḍga (खड्ग) is the reading in the Maitrāyaṇī Saṃhitā of the name of an animal which, in the text of the Vājasaneyi Saṃhitā, variously appears as Khaṅga and Khaḍga. The “rhinoceros” seems clearly to be meant. In the Śāṅkhāyana Śrauta Sūtra a “rhinoceros hide” is mentioned as the covering of a chariot.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Khaḍga (खड्ग) literally means “that which cuts”. Sword is a very ancient weapon of duel and war. In iconography, various types of swords have been shown in the hands of the deities. Three types of swords are more well-known:

  1. karavīrapatra - scimitar
  2. kulāgra - spear-pointed
  3. maṇḍalāgra - round-edged

Other varieties like Candrahāsa used by Rāvaṇa and Kṛpāṇa are also mentioned in the texts.

Source: Hindupedia: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Khaḍga (खड्ग, “sword”).—One of the fourteen gems (ratna) serving the Cakravartin;—The khaḍga is a sharp sword which breaks all resistance.

Source: Google Books: Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

khaḍga (खड्ग).—m (S) A sword. 2 A rhinoceros. 3 A rhinoceros' horn.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Khaḍga (खड्ग).—[khaḍ-bhedane gan Uṇ.1.121]

1) A sword; न हि खड्गो विजानाति कर्मकारं स्वकारणम् (na hi khaḍgo vijānāti karmakāraṃ svakāraṇam) Udb.; खड्गं परामृश्य (khaḍgaṃ parāmṛśya) &c.

2) The horn of a rhinoceros.

3) A rhinoceros; प्रायो विषाण- परिमोषलघूत्तमाङ्गान्खड्गांश्चकार नृपतिर्निशितैः क्षुरप्रैः (prāyo viṣāṇa- parimoṣalaghūttamāṅgānkhaḍgāṃścakāra nṛpatirniśitaiḥ kṣurapraiḥ) R.9.62; Ms.3. 272,5.18; ... खङ्गशृङ्गं चामरं च (khaṅgaśṛṅgaṃ cāmaraṃ ca) ... Śiva. B.3.12.

-ḍgam Iron.

Derivable forms: khaḍgaḥ (खड्गः).

--- OR ---

Khāḍga (खाड्ग).—a. Relating to a rhinoceros.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Khaḍga (खड्ग).—(1) nt., a high number (compare khaḍgin): Mmk 262.15 adhikā daśa tare (?) tasya (sc. vivāhasya, compare line 14) khaḍgam ity āhu vāṇijāḥ; 343.14 daśārbudā nirbudaḥ uktaḥ taddaśaṃ khaḍgam iṣyate; (2) m., n. of a mountain: Māy 254.6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 110 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Khadgadhara
Khadgadhara.—cf. Mahākhaḍgadhara, Khaḍagrāhin, etc. Note: khadgadhara is defined in the “Indian...
Khadgapatra
Khaḍgapatra (खड्गपत्र).—the blade of a sword. -traḥ a tree in hell having swords for leaves; cf...
Nyubjakhadga
Nyubjakhaḍga (न्युब्जखड्ग).—m. (-ṅgaḥ) A sabre, a crooked sword. E. nyubja crooked, and khaṅga ...
Khadgavishana
Khaḍgaviṣāṇa (खड्गविषाण).—rhinoceros; -kalpa, adj. (= Pali khagga-visāṇa-kappa), like a rhinoce...
Khadga-raksha
Khaḍga-rakṣa.—(EI 30), same as Khaḍga-grāha; used in place of Aṅgarakṣa and Khaṇḍarakṣa of some...
Khadgaravana
Khaḍgarāvaṇa (खड्गरावण) or Khaḍgarāvaṇatantra refers to one of the twenty Bhūtatantras, belongi...
Khadgasana
Khaḍgāsana (खड्गासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 34 of the Śrītattvanidhi....
Khadgapani
Khaḍgapāṇi (खड्गपाणि).—a. sword in hand. Khaḍgapāṇi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Khadgadhenu
Khaḍgadhenu (खड्गधेनु).—1) a small sword. 2) a female rhinoceros. Derivable forms: khaḍgadhenuḥ...
Khadgabandha
Khaḍgabandha (खड्गबन्ध).—a kind of artificial composition, the words being arranged in the form...
Khadgapidhana
Khaḍgapidhāna (खड्गपिधान).—a scabbard. Derivable forms: khaḍgapidhānam (खड्गपिधानम्).Khaḍgapidh...
Vyalakhadga
Vyālakhaḍga (व्यालखड्ग).—a kind of herb. Derivable forms: vyālakhaḍgaḥ (व्यालखड्गः).Vyālakhaḍga...
Khadgaghata
Khaḍgāghāta (खड्गाघात).—a sword-cut. Derivable forms: khaḍgāghātaḥ (खड्गाघातः).Khaḍgāghāta is a...
Khadgavidya
Khaḍgavidyā (खड्गविद्या).—swrodsmanship.Khaḍgavidyā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Khadgapidhanaka
Khaḍgapidhānaka (खड्गपिधानक).—a scabbard. Derivable forms: khaḍgapidhānakam (खड्गपिधानकम्).Khaḍ...

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