Kayakarman, Kāyakarma, Kayakarma, Kaya-karman, Kāyakarman, Kaya-karma: 4 definitions


Kayakarman means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kayakarman in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kāyakarman (कायकर्मन्) refers to the “actions of one’s body”, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(The disciple) should behave well for a period of eight, five or three years. Otherwise initiation should not be given to him (as) he (would not achieve) success in the Kula teachings. [...]  The evil soul who gets angry with (his) teacher or talks back (disrespectfully) is certainly destroyed as is rotten food. The disciple must never be angry with his teacher whether in speech, mind or with the actions of (his) body (kāyakarman). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Kayakarman in Arts glossary
Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Kāyakarman (कायकर्मन्) refers to the “actions of the body”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “[...] The avoidance of all sorts of activities leads only to the liberation of the soul. But the performance of the duties prescribed for one’s own caste, leads to the attainment of the three other objects of life. That sort of avoidance, however, should be practised with respect to speech and the actions of the body (kāyakarman) and the mind [sidhyeta manovākkāyakarmabhiḥ], which leads to Brahma beyond the reach of speech. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Kayakarman in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Kāyakarman (कायकर्मन्) refers to a “guide”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 3).—Accordingly, “The Buddha said to Ānanda: ‘[...] Henceforth the Pratimokṣasūtra will be your great teacher (mahācārya). You should carry out bodily activities (kāyakarman) and vocal actions (vākkarman) according to the instructions of the Pratimokṣasūtra.—After my nirvāṇa, your guide (chaṇḍaka), O Bhikṣu, will be the punishment according to the rule of Brahmā (brahmadaṇḍa).—If someone is in a state of mind of panic (abhihatacitta), he should be taught the Saṃthakātyāyanasūtra; then he will be able to obtain the Path. [...]’.”.

2) Kāyakarman (कायकर्मन्) or Kāyakarmapatha refers to the “paths of bodily action”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—The paths of bodily action (kāyakarman-patha) are three in number: abstaining (virati) from murder (prāṇātipāta), theft (adattādāna), and wrongful sexual relations (kāmamithyācāra). It can also be spelled as Kāyakarma.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Kāyakarma (कायकर्म) refers to the “actions of body”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “What then, son of good family, is the recollection on the saṃgha (saṃghānusmṛti) authorized by the Lord for the sake of the Bodhisattvas? What we called ‘saṃgha’ is unconditioned, and it cannot to be recollected in the perspective of conditioning. Where there is no involvement with the actions of body (kāyakarma), speech or mind, it is called unconditioned. Thus what we called ‘conditioned’ is a mere denomination and convention. The unconditioned is the destruction of all denominations, and the transcendence of all conventions. This is, son of good family, the recollection of the congregation, authorized by the Lord”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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