Keyura, Keyūra, Keyūrā: 22 definitions

Introduction:

Keyura means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Keyūra (केयूर)—One of the Heavenly ornaments according to the Vāyu Purāṇa. It was an ornament used by the people of the Kuru land and by Śiva.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Keyūra (केयूर) is a flat ornament worn on the arm just over the biceps muscle.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Keyūra (केयूर) refers to a type of bodily ornamentation (bhūṣaṇa), as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—Keyūra is the ornament worn around the upper arm or above the elbow. These are depicted variously, in many form and shape, depending on the material they represent. In the most elaborate cases, the bāhuvalaya is represented as a large band, often embedded with gems. having the lower edge embellished with pearl strings, and the upper edge surmounted by a prominent decorative pattern (purima) like makara-purima, patra-purima, puṣpa-purima.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Keyūra (केयूर) refers to an “armlet” and is classified as an ornament (ābharaṇa) for wearing above the elbow (kūrpara) to be worn by males, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Such ornaments for males should be used in cases of gods and kings.

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., keyūra) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Keyūra (केयूर) refers to “anklets”, according to the Tantrasadbhāva, an important Trika Tantra and a major authority for Kashmiri Trika Śaivites.—Accordingly, while describing Raudrī (Rudraśakti): “She is beautiful and has beautiful breasts. She has two arms and three eyes and is endowed with all the ornaments. She is adorned with matted hair and a crown. She holds a skull in her left hand that is filled with nectar. Adorned with necklace and anklets [i.e., hāra-keyūra-bhūṣitā], one should think of her as devoted to eating and drinking”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Keyūra (केयूर) refers to “armlets”, according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[Visualisation of Parameśvara]:—[...] He is adorned with nice anklets, armlets (keyūra), rings and bracelets, and he shines with small toe rings, Channahīras, etc., and diadems and a crown. His face is gracious, beautiful, his lips are smeared with betel leaves. His mind is filled with the joy of wine, and his body is supreme bliss [itself]. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Keyūra (केयूर, “armlets”):—The armlets represent the aims of worldly life; pleasure, success, righteousness and liberation. (G.u.t.Up 57: dharma artha kāma keyūrair divya divya mayīritaiḥ |)

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Keyūrā (केयूरा) is the name of a Dhāraṇī Goddesses mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Keyūrā).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Keyūra (केयूर) refers to a “ring”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Bodhisattva Gaganagañja explains to Bodhisattva Ratnaśrī what kind of concentration should be purified: “[...] (19) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Splendor of light’, all Buddha-fields will appear. (20) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Performing duties’, attachment and anger will be eliminated; (21) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Ring on the top of a standard’ (dhvajāgra-keyūra-samādhi), all qualities of the Buddhas will appear; [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

keyūra : (nt.) a bracelet for the upper arm.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Keyūra, (nt.) a bracelet, bangle DhA. II, 220 (v. l. kāyura). (Page 226)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kēyūra (केयूर).—n S A bracelet worn on the upper arm.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Keyūra (केयूर).—[ke bāhuśirasi yati, yā-ūra kicca aluk samā° Tv.] A bracelet worn on the upper arm, an armlet; केयूरा न विभूषयन्ति पुरुषं हारा न चन्द्रोज्ज्वलाः (keyūrā na vibhūṣayanti puruṣaṃ hārā na candrojjvalāḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.19; R.6.68; Kumārasambhava 7.69.

-raḥ A kind of coitus.

Derivable forms: keyūraḥ (केयूरः), keyūram (केयूरम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Keyūra (केयूर).—n.

(-raṃ) A bracelet worn on the upper arm. E. ka the head, here implying the head of the arm, yu to join, ūra aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Keyūra (केयूर).—m. and n. A bracelet worn on the upper arm, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 16; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 358.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Keyūra (केयूर).—[masculine] [neuter] a bracelet worn on the upper arm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Keyūra (केयूर):—n. a bracelet worn on the upper arm, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

2) m. idem, [Bhartṛhari ii, 16]

3) a kind of coitus

4) Name of a Samādhi, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Keyūra (केयूर):—(raṃ) 1. n. A bracelet worn on the upper part of the arm.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Keyūra (केयूर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Keūra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Keyura in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kēyūra (ಕೇಯೂರ):—[noun] a bracelet worn on the upper arm; an armlet.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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