Keyura, Keyūra, Keyūrā: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Keyura means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Keyūra (केयूर)—One of the Heavenly ornaments according to the Vāyu Purāṇa. It was an ornament used by the people of the Kuru land and by Śiva.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Keyūra (केयूर) is a flat ornament worn on the arm just over the biceps muscle.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Keyūra (केयूर) refers to a type of bodily ornamentation (bhūṣaṇa), as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—Keyūra is the ornament worn around the upper arm or above the elbow. These are depicted variously, in many form and shape, depending on the material they represent. In the most elaborate cases, the bāhuvalaya is represented as a large band, often embedded with gems. having the lower edge embellished with pearl strings, and the upper edge surmounted by a prominent decorative pattern (purima) like makara-purima, patra-purima, puṣpa-purima.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Keyūra (केयूर) refers to an “armlet” and is classified as an ornament (ābharaṇa) for wearing above the elbow (kūrpara) to be worn by males, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Such ornaments for males should be used in cases of gods and kings.

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., keyūra) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Keyūra (केयूर, “armlets”):—The armlets represent the aims of worldly life; pleasure, success, righteousness and liberation. (G.u.t.Up 57: dharma artha kāma keyūrair divya divya mayīritaiḥ |)

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Keyūrā (केयूरा) is the name of a Dhāraṇī Goddesses mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Keyūrā).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

keyūra : (nt.) a bracelet for the upper arm.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Keyūra, (nt.) a bracelet, bangle DhA. II, 220 (v. l. kāyura). (Page 226)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kēyūra (केयूर).—n S A bracelet worn on the upper arm.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Keyūra (केयूर).—[ke bāhuśirasi yati, yā-ūra kicca aluk samā° Tv.] A bracelet worn on the upper arm, an armlet; केयूरा न विभूषयन्ति पुरुषं हारा न चन्द्रोज्ज्वलाः (keyūrā na vibhūṣayanti puruṣaṃ hārā na candrojjvalāḥ) Bh.2.19; R.6.68; Ku.7.69.

-raḥ A kind of coitus.

Derivable forms: keyūraḥ (केयूरः), keyūram (केयूरम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Keyūra (केयूर).—n.

(-raṃ) A bracelet worn on the upper arm. E. ka the head, here implying the head of the arm, yu to join, ūra aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Keyūra (केयूर).—m. and n. A bracelet worn on the upper arm, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 16; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 358.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Keyūra (केयूर).—[masculine] [neuter] a bracelet worn on the upper arm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Keyūra (केयूर):—n. a bracelet worn on the upper arm, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

2) m. idem, [Bhartṛhari ii, 16]

3) a kind of coitus

4) Name of a Samādhi, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Keyūra (केयूर):—(raṃ) 1. n. A bracelet worn on the upper part of the arm.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Keyūra (केयूर):—

1) m. n. ( [Siddhāntakaumudī 249,b,1]) ein auf dem Oberarm (von Männern und Frauen) getragener Reifschmuck [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 3, 9.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 202.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 662.] [Mahābhārata 2, 2067. 3, 14694. 13, 765.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 14, 25. 2, 23, 39. 32, 5. 3, 50, 20. 5, 45, 7.] [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 68.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 7, 69.] [Amaruśataka 88.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 26, 232.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 95, 2.] [Sāhityadarpana 49, 2.] In Verbindung mit aṅgada [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 32, 8. 6, 112, 68.] Das von den Lexicographen und Grammatikern nicht gekannte masc. erscheint [Bhartṛhari 2, 16.] —

2) m. eine Art coitus: strījaṅghe caiva saṃpīḍya dorbhyāmāliṅgya sundarīm . kārayet ṣṭhāpanaṃ (sic!) kāmī bandhaḥ keyūrasaṃjñakaḥ .. [SMARADĪP. im Śabdakalpadruma] strīṇāṃ jaṅghāntarāviṣṭo gāḍhamāliṅgya sundarīm . kāmayedvipulaṃ kāmī bandhaḥ keyūrasaṃjñakaḥ .. [Ratimañjarī] ebend.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Keyūra (केयूर):——

1) m. n. ein am Oberarm getragener Reifschmuck.

2) m. — a) quidam coeundi modus. — b) ein best. Samādhi [Kāraṇḍavyūha 51,11.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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