Khacara, Kha-cara: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Khacara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Khachara.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Khacara (खचर) refers to a country belonging to “Uttaratas or Uttaradeśa (northern division)” classified under the constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada represent the northern division consisting of [i.e., Khacara] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Khacara (खचर) refers to “aerial spirits”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Rudra, elephants of the quarters, gods, demons, aerial spirits (khacara), aquatic predators, the planets, the Vyantaras, the guardians of the quarters of the sky, the enemies [of Vāsudeva], Hari, Bala, the chief of the snakes, the lord of the discus (i.e. Viṣṇu) and others who are powerful, the wind, the sun, etc. all themselves having come together are not able to protect an embodied soul even for an instant [when death is] initiated by the servants of Yama”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

khacara (खचर).—n ( P) A mule. khēñcara is the common form.

--- OR ---

khacarā (खचरा).—m A tool of carpenters,--a grooving plane. 2 A groove.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

khacarā (खचरा).—m A carpenter's tool; a groove

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Khacara (खचर).—a. flying, moving in the air.

-raḥ or [khecaraḥ]

Khacara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kha and cara (चर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khacara (खचर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Moving in the sky, flying in the air. m.

(-raḥ) 1. A cloud. 2. An aerial spirit. 3. Air, wind. 4. A demon. 5. The sun. 6. A bird. E. kha the sky, and cara who goes, from car to go, affix ṭa; see also khecara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khacara (खचर).—[kha-cara], I. adj. Moving, existing, in the sky, Mahābhārata 3, 12205. Ii. m. A bird, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 68, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khacara (खचर).—[adjective] & [masculine] = khaga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Khacara (खचर):—[=kha-cara] [from kha] mfn. moving in the air, flying, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a bird, [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] a planet, [Sūryasiddhānta; Golādhyāya]

4) [v.s. ...] the sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a cloud, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] the wind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] an aerial spirit, Vidyādhara, [Kathāsaritsāgara cx, 139]

8) [v.s. ...] a Rakṣas or demon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] (in music) a kind of Rūpaka or measure, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a fabulous people, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Khacara (खचर):—[kha-cara] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Moving in the air. 1. m. A cloud; aerial spirit; air; a demon; sun; a bird.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Khacara (खचर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Khayara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Khacara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Khacara (ಖಚರ):—[adjective] moving, seeming to move or believed to move in the sky.

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Khacara (ಖಚರ):—

1) [noun] that which moves, seem to move or believed to move in the sky as a bird, an arrow, a deity, the sun; etc. 2) the symbol of the number 'one'.

2) [noun] a particular mode of playing a musical instrument.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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