Kantha, Kaṇṭha: 19 definitions

Introduction

Kantha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kaṇṭha (कण्ठ) refers to “throat”. For calling a man at one’s side the voice should proceed from the throat register (kaṇṭha). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19, this is part of the ‘vocal representation’ (vācika), which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama and calling forth the sentiment (rasa). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kaṇṭha (कण्ठ) refers to the “throat”, through which Satī took the udāna-wind while in a yogic trance, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.30. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] having sipped water duly, covering up her body entirely with her cloth she closed her eyes and remembered her lord. She then entered the yogic trance. Keeping her face steady she balanced the winds Prāṇa and Apāna [i.e., prāṇāpāna]. She then lifted up the wind Udāna from the umbilical region, stabilised it in the cardiac region took it through the throat (kaṇṭha) and finally fixed it in the middle of the eyebrows. She desired to cast-off her body due to her anger with Dakṣa. She desired to burn off the body and retain the pure wind by yogic means. In this posture she remembered the feet of her lord and nothing else”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kaṇṭha (कण्ठ).—A son of Ajamīḍha and Keśinī; father of Medhātithi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 169-170.

1b) A son of Dhurya.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 130.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Kaṇṭha (कण्ठ) refers to members of the moulding of a pedestal (pīṭha), used in the construction of liṅgas. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: academia.edu: The Śaiva Yogas and Their Relation to Other Systems of Yoga

Kaṇṭha (कण्ठ, “throat”) refers to one of the sixteen types of “locus” or “support” (ādhāra) according to the Netratantra. These ādhāras are called so because they “support” or “localise” the self and are commonly identified as places where breath may be retained. They are taught in two different setups: according to the tantraprakriyā and according to the kulaprakriyā. Kaṇṭha belongs to the latter system.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Kaṇṭha (कण्ठ, “dado”) refers to a “deep and tall recessed moulding”. It is a type of moulding commonly used in the construction of an adhiṣṭāna or upapīṭha.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kaṇṭha (कण्ठ).—Glottis: cavity in the throat holding vocal cords; the place of the production of the sounds अ, अ (a, a)I and ह; cf. अहविसर्जनीयाः कण्ठे (ahavisarjanīyāḥ kaṇṭhe) V, Pr.I. 71; cf, also कण्ठ्यो (kaṇṭhyo)sकारः प्रथमपञ्चमौ च (kāraḥ prathamapañcamau ca) R.Pr.I.18.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Kanthā (कन्था) refers to a name-ending for place-names according to Pāṇini IV.2.142. Pāṇini also cautions his readers that the etymological meaning of place-names should not be held authoritative since the name should vanish when the people leave the place who gave their name to it.

Pāṇini gives the interesting information gives the interesting information that the ending kanthā was in use in Uśīnara (II.4.20) and Varṇu (Bannu) (IV. 2.103). Kanthā was a Śaka word for a town as in expression Kandāvara-Kanthāvara occurring in a Kharoṣṭhī inscription.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kaṇṭha : (m.) the neck; throat; guttural.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kaṇṭha, (*qǔent from *qǔelt, primarily neck, cp. Lat. collus “the turner. ” Syn. with k. is gīvā, primarily throat, Brh. kaṇṭha) 1. throat A. IV, 131; J. V, 448; Miln. 152 (kaṇṭho ākurati, is hoarse); PvA. 280 (akkharāni mahatā kaṇṭhena uccaritāni). The throat of Petas is narrow and parched with thirst: PvA. 99 (k-oṭṭha-tālūnaṃ tassita), 180 (sūci° like a needle’s eye, cp. sūcicchidda. v. l. sūcikaṭṭha “whose bones are like needles”), 260 (visukkha-k-ṭṭha-jivhā).—2. neck Vin. I, 15; Dh. 307 (kāsāva°); Vv 6417 (expid at VvA. 280 by gīvūpagasīsūpagādi-ābharaṇāni). Esp. in Loc. kaṇṭhe round the neck, with ref. to var. things tied round, e.g. kuṇapaṃ k. āsattaṃ A. IV, 377; kuṇapaṃ k. baddhaṃ J. I, 5; k. mālā J. I, 166, 192; k. bandhanti vaḍḍhanaṃ J. III, 226; with the wreath of karavīra flowers (q. v.) on a criminal ready for execution: rattavaṇṇa-virala-mālāya bandhakaṇṭha PvA. 4 (cp. AvŚ I. 102; II, 182; karavīra-mālābaddha (sakta II. 182)—kaṇṭheguṇa).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaṇṭha (कंठ).—m (S) The throat, i. e. the fore part of the neck and the two passages within. 2 In singing. The voice. Ex. svarāvaruni samajē kaṇṭha || 3 The head of the trachea, the larynx. 4 The neck (of a pitcher or other vessel). 5 Sound from the throat, guttural sound. 6 The down or feathers of the throat (of small parrots, pigeons &c.) kaṇṭha dāṭaṇēṃ or sadgadita hōṇēṃ g. of s. To be choking under some vehement emotion. Ex. prēmēṃ kaṇṭha hōya sadgadita || nētrīṃ aśrupāta vāhati || 2 kaṇṭha phuṭaṇēṃ g. of s. To get a cracked voice. 3 kaṇṭhīṃ prāṇa uraṇēṃ g. of s. To have one's life in one's mouth; i. e. to be al- most dead. 4 kaṇṭhīṃ prāṇa dharaṇēṃ To hold in or retain one's life a little (as under some yet unfulfilled expectation or hope). 5 kaṇṭhīṃ prāṇa yēṇēṃ To be much alarmed or distressed. 6 mōkaḷā kaṇṭha karūna raḍaṇēṃ To give way to grief or distress; to cry unrestrainedly.

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kaṇṭha (कंठ).—or (kaṇṭhagata) cāmīkara nyāya m S The rule of the Neck and its ornament. Used of Looking about for a thing which is on one's person or in hand. Agreeing with kākhēnta kaḷasā gāṃvālā vaḷasā or gāṇḍīkhālīṃ ārī cāmhāra pōra mārī.

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kaṇṭhā (कंठा).—m (kaṇṭha) An ornament (of gold beads, pearls &c.) for the neck of females. 2 A spherical bunch of strung flowers. See, if curious, turā.

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kantha (कंथ).—m (In amorous poetry. kānta S) A husband.

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kanthā (कंथा).—f S A patched cloth or garment; a quilt of rags and shreds.

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kāṇṭhā (कांठा).—m C (kāṭha) Coast, border, adjoining shore or country. 2 The stratum of rock underlying the superficial mould, the rock-subsoil. Ex. vihirīsa dāhā hātāpāsūna kāṇṭhā āhē.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kaṇṭha (कंठ).—m The throat. The voice. The neck as of a vessel. kaṇṭha dāṭaṇēṃ Be choking under some vehement emotion. kaṇṭha phuṭaṇēṃ Get a cracked voice. kaṇṭhī prāṇa yēṇēṃ Be much alarmed or distressed. kaṇṭhī prāṇa uraṇēṃ To be almost dead. kaṇṭhī prāṇa dharaṇēṃ To retain one's life a little un- der some unfulfilled expectation or hope.

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kaṇṭhā (कंठा).—m An ornament for the neck of females.

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kanthā (कंथा).—f A quilt of rags and shreds. A patched cloth or garment.

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kāṇṭha (कांठ).—m Border, verge, edge. Shore. kāṇṭha kōṇā mōjaṇēṃ Survey closely, exa- mine with rigorous minuteness.

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kāṇṭhā (कांठा).—or-kāṇṭhā m bandarakinārā m The Seashore or coast.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaṇṭha (कण्ठ).—1 Throat; कण्ठे निपीडयन् मारयति (kaṇṭhe nipīḍayan mārayati) Mk.8. कण्ठः स्तम्भितबाष्पवृत्तिकलुषः (kaṇṭhaḥ stambhitabāṣpavṛttikaluṣaḥ) Ś.4.6; कण्ठेषु स्खलितं गतेऽपि शिशिरे पुंस्कोकिलानां रुतम् (kaṇṭheṣu skhalitaṃ gate'pi śiśire puṃskokilānāṃ rutam) 6.4.

2) The neck; अयं कण्ठे बाहुः (ayaṃ kaṇṭhe bāhuḥ) U.1. कण्ठाश्लेषपरिग्रहे शिथिलता (kaṇṭhāśleṣaparigrahe śithilatā) Pt.4.6; कण्ठाश्लेषप्रणयिनि जने किं पुनर्दूरसंस्थे (kaṇṭhāśleṣapraṇayini jane kiṃ punardūrasaṃsthe) Me.3,99,114; Amaru.19.57; Ku.5.57.

3) Sound, tone, voice; सा मुक्तकण्ठं चक्रन्द (sā muktakaṇṭhaṃ cakranda) R.14.68; किमिदं किन्नरकण्ठि सुप्यते (kimidaṃ kinnarakaṇṭhi supyate) 8.64; आर्यपुत्रोऽपि प्रमुक्तकण्ठं रोदिति (āryaputro'pi pramuktakaṇṭhaṃ roditi) U.3.

4) The neck or brim of a vessel &c.

5) Vicinity, immediate proximity (as in upakaṇṭha).

6) The opening of the womb.

7) A bud on a stalk.

8) The space of an inch from the edge of the hole in which sacrificial fire is deposited.

9) The मदन (madana) tree.

1) Guttural sound.

Derivable forms: kaṇṭhaḥ (कण्ठः), kaṇṭham (कण्ठम्).

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Kanthā (कन्था).—

1) A patched garment, wallet (worn by ascetics); जीर्णा कन्था ततः किम् (jīrṇā kanthā tataḥ kim) Bh.3.74,19,86; Śānti. 4.4,19.

2) A wall.

3) A town.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kanthā (कन्था).—(1) (= Sanskrit Lex. id.) wall: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iv. 74.2; (2) name of a town: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.xvii.11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṇṭha (कण्ठ).—mfn.

(-ṇṭhaḥ-ṇṭhā or -ṇṭhī-ṇṭhaṃ) 1. The throat. 2. Sound, especially guttural sound. 3. Near, proximate. m.

(-ṇṭhaḥ) 1. A tree, (Vangueria spinosa.) 2. The space of an inch from the edge of the hole in which sacrificial fire is deposited f. (-ṇṭhī) 1. A rope or leather round the neck of a horse. 2. A necklace, a collar. E. kaṇ to sound, ṭha Unadi affix, fem. affix ṭāp or ṅīp.

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Kanthā (कन्था).—f.

(-nthā) 1. A rag, a patched cloth or garment, a quilt of grass. 2. A wall: this word in composition may be used as neuter, if the compound imply a town in the province of Usinara as sosimakanthaṃ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṇṭha (कण्ठ).—[masculine] (adj. —° [feminine] ā & ī) throat, neck (lit. & [figuratively]); sound, voice; —° often = having a thing at or in the throat.

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Kanthā (कन्था).—[feminine] a patched garment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaṇṭha (कण्ठ):—m. (√kaṇ, [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 105]), the throat, the neck (cf. ā-kaṇṭha-tṛpta; kaṇṭhegrah, to embrace, [Kathāsaritsāgara])

2) the voice (cf. sanna-kaṇṭha), [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.

3) sound, especially guttural sound, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) the neck (of a pitcher or jar), the narrowest part (e.g. of the womb; of a hole in which sacrificial fire is deposited; of a stalk etc.), [Suśruta; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

5) immediate proximity, [Pañcatantra]

6) Vanguiera Spinosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Name of a Maharṣi, [Rāmāyaṇa]

8) Kanthā (कन्था):—f. a rag, patched garment (especially one worn by certain ascetics), [Bhartṛhari; Pañcatantra]

9) cf. [Greek] κέντρων; [Latin] centon; O.H.G. hadara; [German] hader

10) a wall, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) a species of tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) a town, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) (a Tatpuruṣa compound ending in kanthā is neuter if it imply a town of the Uśīnaras, [Pāṇini 2-4, 20.])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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