Kanthya, Kaṇṭhya: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kanthya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kaṇṭhya (कण्ठ्य) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as “improving voice and curing hoarseness”, and originally composed by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna IV. The name is derived from the word kaṇṭha, translating to “throat”. It is a technical term used throughout Āyurveda. Examples of plants pertaining to this category include Ikṣumūla (Saccharum officinarum), Drākṣā (Uvoe passae) and Vidārī (Convolvulus paniculatus). The collection of herbs named Kaṇṭhya is one of the fifty Mahākaṣāya.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Kaṇṭhya (कण्ठ्य) refers to that which “conducive to the throat”, as mentioned in verse 5.15-16 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] hot (water is) promotive (and) causative of digestion, conducive to the throat [viz., kaṇṭhya], light (on the stomach, and) purgative of the bladder; it is commended for hiccup, inflation, wind, phlegm, a recently purged (man), new fever, cough, indigestion, catarrh, dyspnea, and pain in the costal region”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kaṇṭhya (कण्ठ्य) refers to “velar consonants” in Sanskrit grammar. It is a classification of consonants (vyañjana) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. It is also known by the name Kaṇṭḥastha.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kaṇṭhya (कण्ठ्य).—Produced at the throat or at the glottis; the vowel अ (a), visarga and the consonant ह् (h) are called कण्ठ्यं (kaṇṭhyaṃ) in the Prātiśākhyas, while later grammarians include the guttural consonants क्, ख् ग्, घ् (k, kh g, gh) and ङ् () among the Kaṇṭhya letters; cf. अकुहविसर्जनीयानां कण्ठः (akuhavisarjanīyānāṃ kaṇṭhaḥ) Sid. Kau.on तुल्यास्यप्रयत्नं सवर्णम् (tulyāsyaprayatnaṃ savarṇam) P.I.1.9. See कण्ठ (kaṇṭha).

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shiksha (linguistics: phonetics, phonology etc.)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Language and Grammar (shiksha)

Kaṇṭhya (कण्ठ्य, “velar”) refers to one of the five places of articulation (uccāraṇa).—According to Indian linguistic tradition (viz., śikṣā, ‘phonetics’, vyakaraṇa, ‘grammar’, nirukta, etymology’ and chandas, ‘prosody’.), the places of articulation (passive) are classified as five. They are, for example, kaṇṭhya.

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Shiksha (शिक्षा, śikṣā) deals with Sanskrit linguistics and represents a branch of vedanga (vedic ancillary science). Shiksha deals with subjects such as phonetics, phonology, study of sound, letters of the Sanskrit alphabet and related topics. Much attention is also given to the study of recitation (patha) of Vedic verses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaṇṭhya (कंठ्य).—a S Relating to the throat, guttural.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kāṇṭhyā (कांठ्या).—m The upper half of a picture considered as broken off.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaṇṭhya (कण्ठ्य).—a.

1) Relating or suitable to, or being at, the throat.

2) Guttural.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṇṭhya (कण्ठ्य).—mfn.

(-ṇṭhyaḥ-ṇṭhyā-ṇṭhyaṃ) Guttural, belonging to the throat, pronounced from the throat, &c. E. kaṇṭha and yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṇṭhya (कण्ठ्य).—i. e. kaṇṭha + ya, adj. 1. Being at the throat. 2. Salutary to the throat. 3. Guttural.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṇṭhya (कण्ठ्य).—[adjective] being at or in the throat; produced by the throat, guttural.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaṇṭhya (कण्ठ्य):—[from kaṇṭha] mfn. being at or in the throat, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxxix, 9; Suśruta ii, 130, 13]

2) [v.s. ...] suitable to the throat, [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] belonging to the throat, pronounced from the throat, guttural (as sounds; they are, according to the Prātiśākhyas, a, ā, h, and the Jihvāmūlīya [or Visarjanīya]; according to the [commentator or commentary] on [Pāṇini 1-1, 9], a, ā, k, kh, g, gh, and h; according to, [Vopadeva] also e)

4) [v.s. ...] clear, evident, [Jaina literature]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a guttural sound or letter, [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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