Hemakuta, Hemakūṭa, Heman-kuta: 18 definitions


Hemakuta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Sāndhāra, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Sāndhāra group contains twenty-five out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Hemakūṭa is mentioned in another list of 40 temples, in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 57, where it is mentioned as one of the nine temples being a favorite of Bhagavatī.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Hemakuta in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट).—One of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. Jambūdvīpa is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट).—A mountain in the North. Arjuna once went to Harivarṣa after stationing his army here. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 28).

2) Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट).—A mountain on the banks of the river Nandā, known also as Ṛṣabhakūṭa. Once Yudhiṣṭhira went to this mountain and enjoyed the many beautiful scenes there. (See Ṛṣabha II).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट).—Mt. to the south of Ilāvrata, and a boundary hill of Kimpuruṣa. From it falls Alakanandā;1 a varṣaparvata; residence of Gandharvas and Apsaras;2 a hill of the south where is the Puṇḍra city;3 a division of Jambūdvīpa.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 9; 17. 9; Matsya-purāṇa 113. 23; 114. 82; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 63.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 15. 15 and 28. 17. 33; IV. 31. 16; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 85; 34. 14 and 25; 42. 31; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 19.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 51. 47; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 68.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 11.

1b) A tīrtha sacred to Manmatha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 50.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

1) Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The presiding deity residing over the liṅga in this place (Hemakūṭa) is named Virūpākṣa. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas is found in the commentary of the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

2) Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट) is the name of a mountain-range situated to the south of Kimpuruṣa, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.76. Kimpuruṣa is a region (navakhaṇḍa) situated within Jambūdvīpa: one of the seven continents situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī). These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.

According to the Parākhyatantra, “and to the south of that is the mountain Hemakūṭa, where a great heap (mahākūṭa) of gold was given to Prajāpati by Dhanada for the sake of a sacrifice”.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Hemakuta in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट) is the name of a mountain mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 46. Accordingly, “when they heard Sumeru say this, and he himself led the way, they all, Sūryaprabha and the others, went to the mountain Hemakūṭa. And on the north side of it they reached a beautiful lake named Mānasa, which seemed to have been the first assay of the Creator’s skill when making the sea, which eclipsed with its full-blown golden lotuses, shaken by the wind, the faces of the heavenly nymphs sporting in the water”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Hemakūṭa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha

Mandara (मन्दर).—One of the mountains of Jambūdvīpa.—Hemakūṭa which is also known by another name, Kailāsa. Nandolal Dey thinks that by Hemakūṭa was known the Bandarapuccha range of the Himalayas in which the rivers Alakanandā, Gaṅgā and Yamunā have got their source; but he further observes that the Kailāsa and Bundarpuccha ranges were called by the general name of Kailāsa.

Niṣadha, Hemakūṭa and Himavat are said to be to the south of Jambūdvīpa. They divide the three continents or Varṣas, namely Harivarṣa, Kiṃpuruṣa and Bhārata respectively.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—It is a varṣa parvata, being the second from the Mahāmeru on the southern side. This is the principle mountain range of the Kimpuruṣavarṣa, which is situated on the northern side of the Himavān and the Bhāratavarṣa.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Hemakuṭa (हेमकुट) (or Hemakuḍya, Hemakūṭya) refers to a country belonging to “Āgneyī (south-eastern division)” classified under the constellations of Āśleṣā, Maghā and Pūrvaphālguni, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Āśleṣā, Maghā and Pūrvaphālguni represent the south-eastern division consisting of [i.e., Hemakuṭa] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट) is another name for Kailāśa: a mountain mentioned in the Gupta inscription No. 17. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Kailāśa mountain is situated about 25 miles to the north of Māna-sarovara beyond Gangrī and to the east of the Niti Pass.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hēmakūṭa (हेमकूट).—m S One of the ranges of mountains dividing the continent (as known to the Hindus) into nine varṣa. It lies immediately to the north of the Himalaya.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hēmakūṭa (हेमकूट).—m A range of mountains suppos- ed by the Hindus.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट).—Name of a mountain; Ś.7.

Derivable forms: hemakūṭaḥ (हेमकूटः).

Hemakūṭa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms heman and kūṭa (कूट).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट).—m.

(-ṭaḥ) One of the ranges of mountains dividing the known continent into nine Varshas; this range is the second south of Illavrita, or the central division, and is immediately to the north of the Himalaya, forming with it the boundaries of the Kinnara Varsham. E. hema gold or golden, and kūṭa a peak.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट).—[masculine] [Name] of a mountain (golden-peaked) and of a monkey.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट):—[=hema-kūṭa] [from hema > heman] m. ‘g°-peaked’, Name of one of the ranges of mountains dividing the known continent into 9 Varṣas (situated north of Himālaya and forming with it the boundaries of the Kiṃnara or Kimpuruṣa Varṣa; See varṣa), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] of a monkey, [Rāmāyaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट):—[hema-kūṭa] (ṭaḥ) 1. m. Range of mountains north of Himālaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Hemakuta in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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