Hemakuta, aka: Hemakūṭa, Heman-kuta; 12 Definition(s)
Hemakuta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Sāndhāra, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Sāndhāra group contains twenty-five out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.
Hemakūṭa is mentioned in another list of 40 temples, in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 57, where it is mentioned as one of the nine temples being a favorite of Bhagavatī.(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट).—One of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. Jambūdvīpa is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
1a) Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट).—Mt. to the south of Ilāvrata, and a boundary hill of Kimpuruṣa. From it falls Alakanandā;1 a varṣaparvata; residence of Gandharvas and Apsaras;2 a hill of the south where is the Puṇḍra city;3 a division of Jambūdvīpa.4
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 9; 17. 9; Matsya-purāṇa 113. 23; 114. 82; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 63.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 15. 15 and 28. 17. 33; IV. 31. 16; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 85; 34. 14 and 25; 42. 31; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 19.
- 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 51. 47; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 68.
- 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 11.
1b) A tīrtha sacred to Manmatha.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 50.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
1) Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The presiding deity residing over the liṅga in this place (Hemakūṭa) is named Virūpākṣa. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas is found in the commentary of the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.
2) Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट) is the name of a mountain-range situated to the south of Kimpuruṣa, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.76. Kimpuruṣa is a region (navakhaṇḍa) situated within Jambūdvīpa: one of the seven continents situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī). These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.
According to the Parākhyatantra, “and to the south of that is the mountain Hemakūṭa, where a great heap (mahākūṭa) of gold was given to Prajāpati by Dhanada for the sake of a sacrifice”.
The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Katha (narrative stories)
Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट) is the name of a mountain mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 46. Accordingly, “when they heard Sumeru say this, and he himself led the way, they all, Sūryaprabha and the others, went to the mountain Hemakūṭa. And on the north side of it they reached a beautiful lake named Mānasa, which seemed to have been the first assay of the Creator’s skill when making the sea, which eclipsed with its full-blown golden lotuses, shaken by the wind, the faces of the heavenly nymphs sporting in the water”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Hemakūṭa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Mandara (मन्दर).—One of the mountains of Jambūdvīpa.—Hemakūṭa which is also known by another name, Kailāsa. Nandolal Dey thinks that by Hemakūṭa was known the Bandarapuccha range of the Himalayas in which the rivers Alakanandā, Gaṅgā and Yamunā have got their source; but he further observes that the Kailāsa and Bundarpuccha ranges were called by the general name of Kailāsa.
Niṣadha, Hemakūṭa and Himavat are said to be to the south of Jambūdvīpa. They divide the three continents or Varṣas, namely Harivarṣa, Kiṃpuruṣa and Bhārata respectively.(Source): Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—It is a varṣa parvata, being the second from the Mahāmeru on the southern side. This is the principle mountain range of the Kimpuruṣavarṣa, which is situated on the northern side of the Himavān and the Bhāratavarṣa.(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
India history and geogprahy
Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट) is another name for Kailāśa: a mountain mentioned in the Gupta inscription No. 17. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Kailāśa mountain is situated about 25 miles to the north of Māna-sarovara beyond Gangrī and to the east of the Niti Pass.(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
hēmakūṭa (हेमकूट).—m S One of the ranges of mountains dividing the continent (as known to the Hindus) into nine varṣa. It lies immediately to the north of the Himalaya.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
hēmakūṭa (हेमकूट).—m A range of mountains suppos- ed by the Hindus.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट).—Name of a mountain; Ś.7.
Derivable forms: hemakūṭaḥ (हेमकूटः).
Hemakūṭa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms heman and kūṭa (कूट).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 16 books and stories containing Hemakuta, Hemakūṭa or Heman-kuta. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 15 - The length and extent of the Earth: Description of Jambūdvīpa < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 17 - Varṣas of Jambūdvīpa, Kimpuruṣā, Hari and Ilāvṛta < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 14 - The race of Priyavrata < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 17 - Description of the Jambūdvīpa (jambū-dvīpa) < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 5 - The story of Sandhyā < [Section 2.2 - Rudra-saṃhitā (2): Satī-khaṇḍa]
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)