Pundra, aka: Puṇḍra, Puṇḍrā; 9 Definition(s)
Pundra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Puṇḍra (पुण्ड्र) is another name for Mādhavī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Hiptage benghalensis (hiptage) from the Malpighiaceae family, which is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine). It is used throughout literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā and the Suśrutasaṃhita.Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
1) Puṇḍra (पुण्ड्र).—An ancient King in Bhārata. (Śloka 224, Chapter 1, Ādi Parva).
2) Puṇḍra (पुण्ड्र).—An ancient region of Bhārata. The region comprised then the present district of Mālada, certain portions on the east coast of river Kosī and certain portions of Dinājpur. King Pāṇḍu conquered Puṇḍra. (Chapter 112, Ādi Parva). The people of Puṇḍra came to the Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira with presents. The Pauṇḍrakavāsudeva mentioned in the Bhāgavata was the King of Puṇḍra. Karṇa and Arjuna conquered this country at different times. (Chapter 52, Sabhā Parva; Chapter 8, Karṇa Parva; Chapter 82, Āśvamedhika Parva).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Puṇḍra (पुण्ड्र).—A Kṣetraja son of Bali, born of Dīrghatamas and Bali's wife; a Bāleyakṣatra.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 5; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 25; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 28, 85.
1b) A pupil of Yājñavalkya.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 29.
1c) A Vānara chief.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 237.
1d) A son of Sugandhī and Vasudeva; became king.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 71. 186; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 182.
2a) Puṇḍrā (पुण्ड्रा).—A river of the Kuśadvīpa.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 73.
2b) A tribe; a Janapada of the East.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 45.
2c) —(c)—an eastern country named after Bali's son, Puṇḍra.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 54; III. 73. 109; 74. 33, 87, 197; IV. 29. 131; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 16.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Puṇḍra (पुण्ड्र) is the name of a country pertaining to the Oḍramāgadhī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. It is also known by the name Pauṇḍra. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the verbal style (bhāratī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Puṇḍra (पुण्ड्र) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Puṇḍravardhana, it is locates in the district of Māldā in East Bengal.Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Puṇḍra (पुण्ड्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.13.19, II.27.20, II.31.11, II.48.15, III.48.18, VI.10.49, VI.10.56, VI.46.49, VIII.17.2) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Puṇḍra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
India history and geogprahy
Puṇḍra (पुण्ड्र) or Puṇḍradeśa is the name of a country mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.
According to Wilson, the ancient kingdom of Puṇḍradeśa included the districts of Rajshahi, Dinajpur, Rangpur, Malda, Bogra and Tirhut. Puṇḍravardhana, as the name suggests, was a settlement of the Puṇḍras. The first reference to the Puṇḍras is found inthe Aitareya-brāhmaṇa.Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
puṇḍra (पुंड्र).—m S A mark made on the forehead with sandal &c.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Puṇḍra (पुण्ड्र).—[puṇḍ-bhedane rak Uṇ 2.13]
1) A kind of sugarcane (red variety).
2) A lotus in general.
3) A white lotus
4) A mark or line (on the fore-head) made with sandal &c., sectarial mark; उत्थं तत् पुण्ड्रमूर्ध्वं जनिमरणतमः खण्डनं मण्डनं च (utthaṃ tat puṇḍramūrdhvaṃ janimaraṇatamaḥ khaṇḍanaṃ maṇḍanaṃ ca) Viṣṇupād Stotra 43.
5) A worm.
6) The Atimukta creeper.
-ṇḍrāḥ (pl.) Name of a country and its inhabitants.
Derivable forms: puṇḍraḥ (पुण्ड्रः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 19 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Puṇḍravardhana (पुण्ड्रवर्धन) is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Midd...
Ūrdhvapuṇḍra (ऊर्ध्वपुण्ड्र).—A mark worn on the forehead with yellow ochre. This mark should b...
Puṇḍradeśa (पुण्ड्रदेश) or simply Puṇḍra is the name of a country mentioned in the Gupta inscri...
Puṇḍrakeli (पुण्ड्रकेलि).—an elephant.Derivable forms: puṇḍrakeliḥ (पुण्ड्रकेलिः).Puṇḍrakeli is...
Bali (बलि) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as menti...
1) Sugandhā (सुगन्धा) is another name for Vandhyākarkoṭakī, a medicinal plant identified with M...
Sugandhī (सुगन्धी).—One of the thirteen wives of Vasudeva. A son named Puṇḍra was born to Vasud...
Hemakūṭa (हेमकूट) is the name of a mountain mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 46. Acco...
Pauṇḍra (पौण्ड्र) is the name of a Vidyādhara, whose daughter Ambaraprabhā is one of the five V...
Mādhavī (माधवी) is another name for Śatāhvā, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to vers...
Vibhāvarī (विभावरी).—A mental daughter of Brahmā. She is considered to be the personation of Ni...
1) Sudeṣṇā (सुदेष्णा).—The wife of Virāṭa, the King of Matsya. General information. It is menti...
Pauṇḍravardhana (पौण्ड्रवर्धन).—(pauṇḍram ikṣuviśeṣaṃ vardhayati) Name of the country of Bihar....
Devarakṣita (देवरक्षित) is the name of a Brāhman from Karabha, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsā...
Paṭṭavardhana (पट्टवर्धन).—Mode of wearing the tilaka on the forehead. Other modes are Ūr...
Search found 27 books and stories containing Pundra, Puṇḍra or Puṇḍrā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 22: Marriage with Puṇḍrā < [Chapter II - Marriages of Vasudeva with maidens]
Part 4: War between Kṛṣṇa and Jarāsandha < [Chapter VII - Marriages of Śāmba and Pradyumna]
Part 1: Story of Sāgarada < [Chapter IV - The wandering and emancipation of Pārśvanātha]
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
Chapter 4 - Country of Pun-na-fa-t’an-na (Pundravardhana) < [Book X - Seventeen Countries]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.1.169-170 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya: Renunciation]
Verse 2.7.30 < [Chapter 7 - Jagad-ānanda: The Bliss of the Worlds]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)