Kapinjala, Kapiñjala, Kapiñjalā: 19 definitions

Introduction

Kapinjala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kapinjala in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “grey partridge”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Kapiñjala is part of the group of birds named Lāvādi, which is a sub-group of Viṣkira, refering to “birds similar to common quail who eat while scattering the gains”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

The meat of the grey partridge (kapiñjala) is, due to its coldness, sweetness and lightness, benficial for the disorders of pitta, kapha, rakta and those having mildness of vāta.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल)—Sanskrit word for a bird, corresponding to “grey partridge”, “gauratittiri” (Francolinus pondicerianus). This animal is from the group called Viṣkira (which scatter). Viṣkira itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

The flesh of the Kapinjala is light and cooling, and proves curative in cases of hæmoptysis, and is recommended in diseases brought about through the deranged condition of the Kapham or Vāyu (Manda-vāta).

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल) refers to a type of meat according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The meats of [viz., kapiñjala] cooked in the fire of castor plant or in castor oil will instantaneously lead to death.

Kapiñjala (a partridge) is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., kapiñjala (partridge)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., kāṃsamūlapiṣṭa] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. His name can also be spelled Kapiñjali. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Kapiñjala) various roles suitable to them.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kapinjala in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Mahābhadra and mount Supārśva, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Supārśva mountain lies on the western side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kapiñjalā (कपिञ्जला).—A river of ancient India. (Śloka 26, Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल).—A sage.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 200. 8.

1b) The king of kings to the Gandharvas in the Hemakūṭa hill.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 39. 52.

1c) A Mt.; between this hill and Nāga Śaila are many fine orchards.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 38. 66-70; 42. 67.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kapiñjalā (कपिञ्जला) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.25). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kapiñjalā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल) or Kapiñjalasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a rājasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa (eg., Kapiñjala-saṃhitā). c. Tāmasa.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kapinjala in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल) is the incarnation of Hiraṇyakaśipu and before that the Asura Kālanemi, and was later born as Bhāsa, father of Prabhāsa, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 50. Accordingly, as Brahmā said to Indra during the war between Śrutaśarman and Sūryaprabha: “... for that Asura Namuci, who was so hard for the gods to subdue, and who was then born again as Prabala, one entire and perfect jewel, has now been born as the invincible Prabhāsa, son of Bhāsa, and Bhāsa too was in a former birth the great Asura Kālanemi, who afterwards became Hiraṇyakaśipu and then Kapiñjala”.

2) Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल) is the name of a bird (pakṣin), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 62. Accordingly, “... once on a time I lived in a certain tree, and below me in the same tree a bird, named Kapiñjala, had made a nest and lived. One day he went away somewhere, and he did not return for many days. In the meanwhile a hare came and took possession of his nest”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kapiñjala, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Kapiñjalī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vāyucakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vāyucakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Kapiñjala] are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kapinjala in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kapiñjala : (m.) a kind of a partridge.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kapiñjala, (Derivation unknown. Sk. kapiñjala) a wild bird, possibly the francolin partridge Kvu 268; J. VI, 538 (B. B. kapiñjara). (Page 186)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kapinjala in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kapiñjala (कपिंजल).—m S The francoline partridge.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kapinjala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल).—

1) The Chātaka bird; सोमपीथं तु यत्तस्य शिर आसीत्कपिञ्जलः (somapīthaṃ tu yattasya śira āsītkapiñjalaḥ) Bhāg.6.9.5.

2) The Tittiri bird.

Derivable forms: kapiñjalaḥ (कपिञ्जलः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल).—m.

(-laḥ) 1. A bird, the francoline partridge. 2. The Chataka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल).—m. 1. A bird, the francoline partridge, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 9, 5. 2. A proper name, [Pañcatantra] 163, 20.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल).—[masculine] a kind of partridge.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल):—m. ([etymology] doubtful) the francoline partridge, heathcock, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Suśruta] etc.

2) Cuculus Melanoleucus (= caṭaka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Name of a Vidyādhara, [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

4) of a man, [Kādambarī]

5) of a sparrow, [Pañcatantra]

6) Kapiñjalā (कपिञ्जला):—[from kapiñjala] f. Name of a river, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

7) Kāpiñjala (कापिञ्जल):—mfn. ([from] kap), coming from the francoline partridge, [Kauśika-sūtra 46]

8) m. a [patronymic] [from] kap ([varia lectio] kup) [gana] śivādi.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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