Kapinjala, aka: Kapiñjala, Kapiñjalā; 14 Definition(s)


Kapinjala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Kapinjala in Ayurveda glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “grey partridge”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Kapiñjala is part of the group of birds named Lāvādi, which is a sub-group of Viṣkira, refering to “birds similar to common quail who eat while scattering the gains”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

The meat of the grey partridge (kapiñjala) is, due to its coldness, sweetness and lightness, benficial for the disorders of pitta, kapha, rakta and those having mildness of vāta.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल)—Sanskrit word for a bird, corresponding to “grey partridge”, “gauratittiri” (Francolinus pondicerianus). This animal is from the group called Viṣkira (which scatter). Viṣkira itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

The flesh of the Kapinjala is light and cooling, and proves curative in cases of hæmoptysis, and is recommended in diseases brought about through the deranged condition of the Kapham or Vāyu (Manda-vāta).

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. His name can also be spelled Kapiñjali. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Kapiñjala) various roles suitable to them.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kapinjala in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Mahābhadra and mount Supārśva, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Supārśva mountain lies on the western side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Kapiñjalā (कपिञ्जला).—A river of ancient India. (Śloka 26, Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल).—A sage.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 200. 8.

1b) The king of kings to the Gandharvas in the Hemakūṭa hill.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 39. 52.

1c) A Mt.; between this hill and Nāga Śaila are many fine orchards.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 38. 66-70; 42. 67.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kapiñjalā (कपिञ्जला) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.25). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kapiñjalā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Kapinjala in Pancaratra glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल) or Kapiñjalasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a rājasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa (eg., Kapiñjala-saṃhitā). c. Tāmasa.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Kapinjala in Katha glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

1) Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल) is the incarnation of Hiraṇyakaśipu and before that the Asura Kālanemi, and was later born as Bhāsa, father of Prabhāsa, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 50. Accordingly, as Brahmā said to Indra during the war between Śrutaśarman and Sūryaprabha: “... for that Asura Namuci, who was so hard for the gods to subdue, and who was then born again as Prabala, one entire and perfect jewel, has now been born as the invincible Prabhāsa, son of Bhāsa, and Bhāsa too was in a former birth the great Asura Kālanemi, who afterwards became Hiraṇyakaśipu and then Kapiñjala”.

2) Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल) is the name of a bird (pakṣin), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 62. Accordingly, “... once on a time I lived in a certain tree, and below me in the same tree a bird, named Kapiñjala, had made a nest and lived. One day he went away somewhere, and he did not return for many days. In the meanwhile a hare came and took possession of his nest”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kapiñjala, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Kapinjala in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kapiñjala : (m.) a kind of a partridge.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kapiñjala, (Derivation unknown. Sk. kapiñjala) a wild bird, possibly the francolin partridge Kvu 268; J. VI, 538 (B. B. kapiñjara). (Page 186)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Kapinjala in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kapiñjala (कपिंजल).—m S The francoline partridge.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kapinjala in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल).—

1) The Chātaka bird; सोमपीथं तु यत्तस्य शिर आसीत्कपिञ्जलः (somapīthaṃ tu yattasya śira āsītkapiñjalaḥ) Bhāg.6.9.5.

2) The Tittiri bird.

Derivable forms: kapiñjalaḥ (कपिञ्जलः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kapiñjala (कपिञ्जल).—m.

(-laḥ) 1. A bird, the francoline partridge. 2. The Chataka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 28 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kapiñjalāsana (कपिञ्जलासन, “kapiñjala posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of po...
Kapiñjalasaṃhitā (कपिञ्जलसंहिता) or simply Kapiñjala is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture,...
Āgama (आगम).—The āgamas are said to have originated from the five faces of Śiva. At the time of...
Aṅgula (अङ्गुल).—m. (-laḥ) 1. The thumb. 2. A finger. 3. A measure of eight barley corns. 4. Th...
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Hiraṇyakaśipu (हिरण्यकशिपु) is the incarnation of the Asura Kālanemi , who was later born as Ka...
Viśvarūpa (विश्वरूप) refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvar...
Tittira (तित्तिर).—m. (-raḥ) The francoline parridge: see the next. E. titti iti śabdaṃ rauti r...
Kālanemi (कालनेमि).—m. (-miḥ) 1. A demon, the son of Hiranyakasipu. 2. A Rakshasa described in ...
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Kusīnārā (कुसीनारा) or Kusāvati refers to an ancient capital of Malla: one of the sixteen Mahāj...
Mahābhadrā (महाभद्रा).—f. (-drā) The Ganges. E. mahā much, and bhadrā propitious.
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