Heman: 9 definitions


Heman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Heman (हेमन्) refers to the Dhattūra plant, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 21.34.—(“hemanāmakataruprasavena”).—Cf. Unmatta (“mad flower”).—Words signifying “gold” have also this meaning. Kṣīrasvāmin and Hemacandra attribute this to the belief that a man who partakes of the fruit of the Dhattūra plant (Datura stramonium) sees everything golden before him, and obviously refer to the intoxicating properties of the fruit. The fact is also mentioned by Jaina writer Jinadatta Sūri in his Kālasvarūpakulaka (verse 12) composed in Apabhraṃśa (cf. commentary). Apabhraṃśakāvyatrayī (G.O.S.), p. 71. Bṛhannāradīyapurāṇa (verse 8.110) has a fanciful explanation.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Heman (हेमन्) refers to “gold”, according to Lalla’s Śiṣyadhīvṛddhidatantra (Part I, 21, Yantrādhikāra, 34-35).—(Cf. Astronomical instruments in Bhāskarācārya’s Siddhāntaśiromaṇi).—Accordingly, “The bowl, which resembles half a pot (i.e. hemispherical), which is made of ten palas of copper, which is half a cubit (i.e. twelve aṅgulas) in diameter at the mouth and half (i.e. six aṅgulas) as high, which is evenly circular, and which is bored by a uniformly circular needle, made of three and one-third māṣas of gold [i.e., hemanhemnaḥ] and of four aṅgulas in length, sinks into clear water in one ghaṭikā (nāḍī)”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Heman (हेमन्).—n. [hi-manin]

1) Gold; हेम्नः संलक्ष्यते ह्यग्नौ विशुद्धि श्यामिकापि वा (hemnaḥ saṃlakṣyate hyagnau viśuddhi śyāmikāpi vā) R.1.1.

2) Water.

3) Snow.

4) The thorn-apple.

5) The Keśara flower.

6) Winter, the cold season.

7) The planet Mercury.

8) The Dhattūra plant.; हेमनामकतरुप्रसवेन त्र्यम्बकस्तदुपकल्पितपूजः (hemanāmakataruprasavena tryambakastadupakalpitapūjaḥ) N.21.34.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Heman (हेमन्).—n. (-ma) 1. Gold. 2. Dhattura. 3. The Nagakeśara flower. 4. Snow. m.

(-mā) 1. The planet Mercury. 2. Winter. E. hi to go, manin aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Heman (हेमन्).—I. m. Winter (ŚKd.). Ii. n. Gold, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 10, Naiṣ. 52; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 140 (or hema).

— Cf. with for

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Heman (हेमन्).—1. [neuter] impulse.

--- OR ---

Heman (हेमन्).—2. [neuter] gold.

--- OR ---

Heman (हेमन्).—3. ([locative]) in winter (cf. seq.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Heman (हेमन्):—[from him] a etc. See 2. heman p.1304, [column] 1.

2) [from heti] 1. heman n. impulse, [Ṛg-veda ix, 97, 1] ([Sāyaṇa] ‘gold’)

3) [v.s. ...] water, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 12.]

4) 2. heman (See hima and next), winter (only used in [locative case], ‘in the winter’), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Kāṭhaka; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

5) 3. heman n. (of doubtful derivation) gold, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 2; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) a gold piece, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

7) ([plural]) golden ornaments, [Kuvalayānanda]

8) Mesua Roxburghii, [Caraka]

9) the thorn-apple, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

10) 4. heman m. the planet Mercury, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Heman (हेमन्):—(ma) 5. n. Gold. 1. f. Planet Mercury; winter.

[Sanskrit to German]

Heman in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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