Sayana, Shayana, Śayana, Sāyana, Sayāna, Sāyaṇa, Śayāna: 34 definitions


Sayana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śayana and Śayāna can be transliterated into English as Sayana or Shayana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shayan.

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In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Śayana (शयन) is a Sanskrit word referring to “resting”, “sleeping”. It is used in Yoga.

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Śayana (शयन) refers to “sleep”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] The Yogin should not wake by day and should not sleep even for a fraction of the night. Night and day, the Yogin always sleeps in the natural [no-mind] state. For a man who remains in the pure, natural [no-mind state], there is not even the distinction of day and night, because [that] place is the bliss of mere consciousness, which is free from wakefulness and sleep (śayana) [jāgaraṇaśayanavarjitacinmātrānandasaṃsthānāt]. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śayana (शयन) refers to “going to bed”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.50 (“Description of fun and frolic”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Then the sixteen celestial ladies arrived there and saw the couple [i.e., Śiva and Pārvatī] with great respect. [...] The celestial ladies made these sweet witty remarks to Him one by one. [...] Lopāmudrā said:—‘O Śiva, a duty shall be performed by women in the bed-chamber after the meal. Hence give Tāmbūla (betel leaves with spices) to Śivā and go to bed (śayana)’”.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sāyaṇa (सायण).—A hermit who was an expounder of the Vedas. In course of time, due to the differences in languages and grammar, the Vedas became difficult to be grasped. It was Yāska and Sāyaṇa who saved the Indians from this difficulty. For the Vedas to be grasped easily, Yāska made the Nirukta (Etymology) and Sāyaṇa wrote the Book Vedārthaprakāśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sāyana (सायन).—A lake on the slopes of the Hemakūṭa hill.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 63.
Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana

Śayana (शयन) refers to a “bed”, “sofa”, “divan” (etc.).—Cf. Śayanaracana [= śayanaracanam], which refers to the “arrangement of bed, sofa, divan etc.”, representing one of the “sixty four kinds of Art”, according to the Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa.—Indian tradition, basically includes sixty four Art forms are acknowledged. The references of sixty four kinds of kalā are found in the Bhāgavatapurāṇa, Śaiva-Tantras, Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa etc.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śayana (शयन) refers to “lying-down” (postures in the bed); it is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 12.

There are six kinds of postures for lying down (śayana) defined:

  1. ākuñcita,
  2. sama,
  3. prasārita,
  4. vivartita,
  5. udvāhita,
  6. nata.
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Sāyaṇa (सायण).—(or सायणाचार्य (sāyaṇācārya)) the celebrated Vedic scholar and grammarian of Vijayanagar who flourished in the 14th century and wrote, besides the monumental commentary works on the Vedas, a grammatical work on roots and their forms known by the name माधवीया धातुवृत्ति (mādhavīyā dhātuvṛtti). As the colophon of the work shows, the Dhatuvrtti was written by Sayanacarya, but published under the name of Madhava, the brother of Sayanacarya; cf. इति महामन्त्रिणा मायणसु-तेन माधवसहोदरेण सायणाचार्येण विरचितायां माधवीयायां धातुवृत्तौ (iti mahāmantriṇā māyaṇasu-tena mādhavasahodareṇa sāyaṇācāryeṇa viracitāyāṃ mādhavīyāyāṃ dhātuvṛttau)...Madhaviya Dha tuvrtti at the end; cf also तेन मायणपुत्रेण सायणेन मनीषिणा । व्याख्येया माधवी चेयं धातुवृत्तिर्विरच्यते । (tena māyaṇaputreṇa sāyaṇena manīṣiṇā | vyākhyeyā mādhavī ceyaṃ dhātuvṛttirviracyate |) Mad. Dhatuvrtti at the beginning.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Śayana (शयन) refers to the “reclining pose”, and represents one of the five types of “body poses” (āsana), according to Ganapati Sthapati in his text Ciṟpa Cennūl, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The lying pose of the deity with legs and hands stretched on the seat (pīṭa-sthāna) is called śayana.

Śayanāsana shows the body and head resting on the pedestal, with arms and legs stretched out. Śayana or recumbent images of Hindu divinities are very rare.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Śayana (शयन) refers to the procedure of “putting the deities to rest”, according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—After the [noontime or nighttime] ārati, remove the crowns, flute and other ornaments from the deities, and pray to Them to lay down on Their bed to take rest (śayana) by saying:

āgaccha śayana-sthānaṃ priyābhiḥ saha keśava
divya puṣpaḍya-śayyāyāṃ sukhaṃ vihara mādhava

“O Keśava, kindly come to Your bed along with Your beloved Śrīmatī Rādhikā. O Mādhava, this effulgent bed of fragrant flowers is made for Your joyful sporting.”

Then invite śrī gurudeva to his resting place with the following mantra:

āgaccha viśrāma-sthānaṃ
sva-gaṇaiḥ saha śrī-guro

“O Gurudeva, kindly come to your resting place along with all your associates.”

After this, offer fragrant drinks, tāmbūla with camphor, a garland and some flowers. [or, one may simply place a fresh glass of water before the deities.] After paying prostrated obeisances, close the temple doors. [...]

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Śayana (शयन) refers to “beds”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “A true Astrologer is also one who has thoroughly mastered the Science of Saṃhitā. [...] It also treats of the prediction of events from the flight of the kañjana and from the appearance of various abnormal phenomena, of expiatory ceremonies; of miscellaneous planetary phenomena; of ghṛta-kambala; of the royal sword; of paṭa; of the features of a house cock, a cow, a sheep, a horse, an elephant, a man and a woman. It also treats of the treatment of women; of moles in the body; of injuries to shoes and clothes; of hairy fans; of walking sticks: of beds [i.e., śayana] and seats; of lamplight; of tooth brush and the like”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Śayana (शयन) or Śayanastha refers to “reclining” and is used to describe Viṣṇu, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 13.1-9, while describing the appearance and worship of Viṣṇu]—“Or, [the Mantrin] worships a very handsome, eight-armed, yellow Deva. [...] He remembers [Viṣṇu’s] many forms. Thus, he thinks [of him] with a collection of many faces, many weapons and [many] arms [i.e., the cosmic Viṣṇu], reclining (śayanaśayanasthaṃ), taking a wife, joined with Lakṣmī, alone, [as] Narasiṃha, Varāha, or Vāmana, Kapila, or an honorable man, unadorned, or even without parts. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Oxford Index: Hinduism

The author of the most celebrated commentary on the Vedas, the Vedārtha Prakāśa (‘Light on the Meaning of the Veda’). He is said to have been a general and a minister under the Vijayanagara kings of the 14th century, and the younger brother of the Advaitin chief minister, Mādhava. In addition to his extensive Veda commentaries, some of which appear to have been collaborations with his brother and his pupils, or the work of later scholars, Sāyaṇa is also credited with numerous works on other aspects of Indian culture, including ritual, grammar (vyakāraṇa), Āyurveda, and literature.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Sāyaṇa (सायण) was an important commentator on the Vedas. He was also known as Sāyaṇācārya. More than a hundred works are attributed to him, among which are commentaries on nearly all parts of the Veda; some were carried out by his pupils, and some were written in conjunction with his brother Mādhava or Vidyāraṇya-svāmin.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama


context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Śayana (शयन) refers to “couch” and is mentioned in chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “then he [viz., Mahābala, previous incarnation of Ṛṣabha] was born in the hollow of a couch [viz., śayana-sampuṭa] in the palace Śrīprabha, like a mass of lightning in a cloud. He had a divine form, symmetrical, his body free from the seven elements, [etc...]”.

Note: The usual description of the couch [śayana] is “high on both sides and depressed in the middle” (cf. verse 2.2.53. B. p. 16). I think sampuṭa must refer to the depression.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sāyana.—(CII 3), ‘inclusive of precission of the equinoxes’. Note: sāyana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Sayaṇa (सयण) refers to a “bed spread” which were found in the rooms attached to the Vimānas (temple complex) of ancient India, as vividly depicted in the Kathās (narrative poems) such as Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—Page 92.24-31: [...] Such was the external appearance of Vimāna but in its middle portion or inside there were living apartments with rooms or retiring chambers beautified all-round with pearl-festoons furnished with a bed spread (sayaṇa) of chalcedony and blue stone, foot-stool of emerald, placed on a floor of precious stones and furnished above with a devāṅga cloth and upper canopy like devadūṣya cloth.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sayana : (nt.) a bed; sleeping. || sayāna (adj.) sleeping; lying down. sāyana (nt.), tasting.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sayana, (nt.) (fr. śī) 1. lying down, sleeping Vism. 26; PvA. 80 (mañca°).—2. bed, couch Vin. I, 57, 72; II, 123; D. I, 5, 7; A. I, 132; J. II, 88; V, 110 (°ṃ attharāpeti to spread out a bed); Miln. 243, 348; Nd1 372 (°sannidhi); Pv. I, 117 (kis°=kiṃ°); PvA. 78.—sayanakalaha a quarrel in the bedroom, a curtain-lecture J. III, 20; sayanāsana bed & seat It. 112; Dh. 185, etc. : see senāsana. (Page 697)

— or —

Sayāna, is ppr. of sayati lying down (e.g. A. II, 13 sq.): see seti. (Page 697)

— or —

1) Sāyana, 2 the Nāga tree (cp. nāga 3) J. VI, 535 (vāraṇā sā yanā=nāgarukkhā, C. , ibid. 535, var. read. vāyana). Kern, Toev. II. 77 conjectures sāsanā “with Asana’s Terminalia’s. ” (Page 705)

2) Sāyana, 1 (nt.) (fr. sāyati) tasting, taste Dhtp 229. (Page 705)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śayana (शयन).—n S Sleeping, reposing: also reclining or lying. 2 A bedstead, couch, mat, anything on which to lie and repose.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śayana (शयन).—n Sleeping. A bedstead.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śayana (शयन).—[śī-lyuṭ]

1) Sleeping, sleep, lying down.

2) A bed, couch; शयनस्थो न भुञ्जीत (śayanastho na bhuñjīta) Manusmṛti 4.74; R.1.95; V.3.1.

3) Copulation, sexual union.

Derivable forms: śayanam (शयनम्).

--- OR ---

Śayāna (शयान).—

1) A chameleon.

2) A kind of snake, the boa.

Derivable forms: śayānaḥ (शयानः).

See also (synonyms): śayānaka.

--- OR ---

Sāyaṇa (सायण).—Name of a very learned Brāhmaṇa and a Vedic commentator, supposed to have flourished about 137 A. D.

Derivable forms: sāyaṇaḥ (सायणः).

--- OR ---

Sāyana (सायन).—The longitude of a planet reckoned from the vernal equinoctial point.

Derivable forms: sāyanam (सायनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śayana (शयन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Sleep. 2. A bed, a couch. 3. Copulation. E. śī to sleep, lyuṭ aff.

--- OR ---

Śayāna (शयान).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Sleeping, asleep. E. śī to sleep, śānac aff.

--- OR ---

Sāyana (सायन).—n.

(-naṃ) The longitude of a planet reckoned from the vernal equinoctial point. E. sa with, ayana the equinoctial period.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śayana (शयन).—i. e. śī + ana, n. 1. Sleeping, reposing, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 23, 1; sleep, [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 28, M. M. 2. A bed, a couch, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 51 (kusuma-, of flowers).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śayana (शयन).—[adjective] & [neuter] resting, sleeping; [neuter] also couch, bed.

--- OR ---

Sayana (सयन).—[neuter] binding.

--- OR ---

Sāyaṇa (सायण).—[masculine] [Name] of a celebrated scholar.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Sāyaṇa (सायण) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—minister of Raṅgarāja (1572-85): Prāyaścittapaddhati.

2) Sāyaṇa (सायण):—son of Māyaṇa, wrote under Bukka I of Vidyānagara (1350-79) and his successor Harihara. He died in 1387. His numerous works are attributed by turn to himself, to his brother Mādhava, or Vidyāraṇya. See Burnell.'s Preface to the Vaṃśabrāhmaṇa. He was a pupil of Viṣṇu Sarvajña (Hall. p. 161), and of Śaṅkarānanda (Hall. p. 98), and guru of Rāmakṛṣṇa (Pañcadaśīṭīkā). There can be very little doubt, and a thourough examination of all parts enables us to prove, that his comments on the Ṛgveda and Taittirīyasaṃhitā were only partially done by himself and carried on by his school. The interpretation of the Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa, Taittirīyāraṇyaka, Aitareyāraṇyaka, shows a want of discretion which can only be explained on the supposition that their authorship belongs to a different writer. That the following list contains some pseudonymous articles will not surprise those who are acquainted with the usual course of literature: Adbhutadarpaṇa. Adhikaraṇaratnamālā. See Jaiminīyanyāyamālāvistara. Anubhūtiprakāśa or Sarvopaniṣadarthaprakāśa. Aparokṣānubhavaṭīkā. Abhinavamādhavīya [dharma] Aṣṭakaṭīkā. Ācāramādhavīya. See Parāśarasmṛtibhāṣya. Ātmānātmaviveka. Ādhānayajñatantra, a part of his Yajñatantrasudhānidhi. Ārṣeyabrāhmaṇabhāṣya. Āśīrvādapaddhati or Brahmavidāśīrvādapaddhati. Āśvalāyanadarśapūrṇamāsasūtrabhāṣya. Upagranthasūtravṛtti. Ṛgvedabhāṣya. Aitareyabrāhmaṇabhāṣya. Aitareyāraṇyakabhāṣya. Aitareyopaniṣadbhāṣya. Karmakālanirṇaya. See Kālanirṇaya. Karmavipāka. Kalpabhāṣya, a very indefinite title. Kāṭhakabhāṣya. Kālanirṇaya or Kālamādhavīya. Kurukṣetramāhātmya. Kṛṣṇacaraṇaparicaryāvivṛti. Kaivalyopaniṣaddīpikā (?). Kauṣītakyupaniṣadbhāṣya. Gotrapravaranirṇaya. Gobhilagṛhyasūtrabhāṣya (?). Caraṇavyūhabhāṣya (?). Chāndogyopaniṣaddīpikā. Jātivivekaśatapraśna. Jīvanmuktiviveka. Jaiminīyanyāyamālāvistara. Jñānakhaṇḍabhāṣya or Jñānayogakhaṇḍabhāṣya. Natvabheda. Tāṇḍyabrāhmaṇabhāṣya. Tithinirṇaya. See Kālanirṇaya. Taittirīyavidyāprakāśavārttika. Taittirīyabrāhmaṇabhāṣya and Taittirīyasaṃhitābhāṣya. Taittirīyasaṃdhyābhāṣya. Taittirīyāraṇyakabhāṣya. Taittirīyopaniṣadbhāṣya. Tryambakabhāṣya. Dakṣiṇāmūrtyaṣṭakaṭīkā. Dattakamīmāṃsā. Darśapūrṇamāsaprayoga. Darśapūrṇamāsabhāṣya. Darśapūrṇamāsayajñatantra. Daśopaniṣadbhāṣya. Devatādhyāyabhāṣya. Devībhāgavatasthiti (?). Dhātuvṛtti. Pañcadaśī. Pañcarudrīyaṭīkā. See Rudrabhāṣya. Pañcaśaravyākhyā. Pañcīkaraṇa (?). Parāśarasmṛtivyākhyā. See Ācāramādhavīya, Vyavahāramādhava. Pāṇinīyaśikṣābhāṣya. Purāṇasāra. Puruṣasūktaṭīkā. Puruṣārthasudhānidhi. Prameyasārasaṃgraha. Bṛhadāraṇyakabhāṣya. Baudhāyanaśrautasūtravyākhyā. Brahmagītāṭīkā. Bhagavadgītābhāṣya. Maṇḍalabrāhmaṇabhāṣya. Mantrapraśnabhāṣya. Mahāvākhyanirṇaya. Mādhavīya [dharma] Oppert. 308. 4186. Ii, 3028. 3348. 3750. 4842. 5545. 5767. 6792.-jy. Oppert. Ii, 3027. Mādhavīyabhāṣya, vedānta. Rādh. 6. Muktikhaṇḍaṭīkā. Muhūrtamādhavīya. Yajurvedabrāhmaṇabhāṣya. See Taittirīyabrāhmaṇabhāṣya. Yajñatantrasudhānidhi. Yajñavaibhavakhaṇḍaṭīkā. Yājñikyupaniṣadbhāṣya. Yogavāsiṣṭhasārasaṃgraha. Rātrisūktabhāṣya. Rāmatattvaprakāśa. Rudrabhāṣya. Laghujātakaṭīkā. Vyavahāramādhava. Vyākhyā, vedānta. Oppert. Ii, 4932. Vyāsadarśanaprakāra. Śaṅkaravilāsa. Śatapathabrāhmaṇabhāṣya. Śatarudriyabhāṣya. Śivakhaṇḍabhāṣya. Śivamāhātmyabhāṣya. Śrīsūktabhāṣya. Śvetāśvataropaniṣatprakāśikā. Ṣaḍviṃśabrāhmaṇabhāṣya. Saṃdhyābhāṣya. Sarasvatīsūktabhāṣya. Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha. Sahasranāmakārikā. Sāmabrāhmaṇabhāṣya. Sāmavidhānabrāhmaṇabhāṣya. Sāmavedabhāṣya. Siṃhānuvākabhāṣya. Siddhāntabindu (?), vedānta. Rice. 186. Sūtasaṃhitātparyadīpikā. Sūryasiddhāntaṭīkā (?). Stobhabhāṣya. See Sāmaveda. Smṛtisaṃgraha. Svaravigrahaśikṣābhāṣya. Svādhyāyabrāhmaṇabhāṣya. Haristutiṭīkā.

3) Sāyaṇa (सायण):—Paramahaṃsopaniṣaddīpikā. Saṃhitopaniṣadbhāṣya. Sāyaṇīya [dharma] Quoted by Bhaṭṭoji on Caturviṃśati, in Ācāramayūkha and Saṃskāramayūkha.

4) Sāyaṇa (सायण):—Commentary on the Vājasaneyisaṃhitā. Ulwar 119 ([fragmentary]). Burnell. Errata 1^a. Vidyāratnasūtradīpikābhāṣya.

5) Sāyaṇa (सायण):—Nārāyaṇopaniṣadbhāṣya. Bhṛguvallyupaniṣadbhāṣya. Sāmavedamantrakhaṇḍabhāṣya. Subhāṣitasudhānidhi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śayana (शयन):—[from śaya] a mfn. lying down, resting, sleeping, [Pañcarātra]

2) [v.s. ...] n. the act of lying down or sleeping, rest, repose, sleep, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] n. (ifc. f(ā). ) a bed, couch, sleeping-place ([accusative] with √bhaj, ā- √ruh, saṃ-√viś etc., ‘to go to bed or to rest’; with [Causal] of ā-√ruh, ‘to take to bed, have sexual intercourse with [acc.]’; śayanaṃ śṛta or ne sthita mfn. gone to bed, being in bed), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] n. copulation, sexual intercourse, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sāman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Śayāna (शयान):—[from śaya] mfn. lying down, resting, sleeping, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] m. a lizard, chameleon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Śāyana (शायन):—n. Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

9) Śayana (शयन):—[from śī] b etc. See p. 1055, col. 3.

10) Sayana (सयन):—[from saya] n. binding, [Nirukta, by Yāska]

11) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Viśvāmitra, [Mahābhārata] ([Bombay edition] seyana).

12) Sāyaṇa (सायण):—m. (said to be a Drāviḍa word) Name of a learned Brāhman (also called Sāyaṇamādhava and Sāyaṇācārya; he was son of Māyaṇa, pupil of Viṣṇu Sarva-jña and of Śaṃkarānanda; and flourished under Bukka I of Vijaya-nagara or Vidyā-nagara [A.D. 1350-1379] and his successor Harihara, and died in 1387; of more than a hundred works attributed to him, among which are commentaries on nearly all parts of the Veda, some were carried out by his pupils, and some were written in conjunction with his brother Mādhavācārya or Vidyāraṇya-svāmin).

13) Sāyana (सायन):—mfn. proceeding in the way of an Ayana (q.v.), [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

14) connected with the word ayana, [ib.]

15) n. (in [astronomy]) with the precession or the longitude of a planet reckoned from the vernal equinoctial point, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śayana (शयन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Sleep; bed; copulation.

2) Śayāna (शयान):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) p.] Sleeping.

3) Sāyana (सायन):—[sā+yana] (naṃ) 1. n. Longitude of a planet from the first degree of Aries.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śayana (शयन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sayaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sayana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of sayana in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Śayana (शयन) [Also spelled shayan]:—(nm) sleep, (the act of) sleeping, lying down; -[kakṣa/gṛha/śālā] a bed-chamber, bed-room.

2) Sayānā (सयाना):—(a) grown up; clever; cunning; ~[pana] grown up state; cleverness, cunningness; —[kauvā gū khātā hai, kūḍe para] every fox must pay his skin to the furrier; positive men are often in error.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Sayaṇa (सयण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Sadana.

2) Sayaṇa (सयण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Śayana.

3) Sāyaṇā (सायणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Śātanā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śayana (ಶಯನ):—

1) [noun] the act or positon of lying oneself on a flat, horizontal surface, usu. in a relaxed manner.

2) [noun] the act of sleeping (lying on a bed, mat, etc.).

3) [noun] a bed to sleep on.

4) [noun] a piece of furniture, usu. rectangular in shape with a flat upper surface, having legs on four sides, usu. used for sleeping or reclining on a bed spread on it; a cot.

5) [noun] sexual intercourse; copulation.

6) [noun] a shelter; protecting place; refuge.

7) [noun] a way or method in which something is done or happens; a manner.

--- OR ---

Sāyana (ಸಾಯನ):—[noun] (astrol.) a system of refering to the positions of stars and planets based on their movement from north to south or south to north.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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