Sayana, aka: Shayana, Śayana, Sāyana, Sayāna, Sāyaṇa, Śayāna; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sayana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śayana and Śayāna can be transliterated into English as Sayana or Shayana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

[Sayana in Purana glossaries]

Sāyaṇa (सायण).—A hermit who was an expounder of the Vedas. In course of time, due to the differences in languages and grammar, the Vedas became difficult to be grasped. It was Yāska and Sāyaṇa who saved the Indians from this difficulty. For the Vedas to be grasped easily, Yāska made the Nirukta (Etymology) and Sāyaṇa wrote the Book Vedārthaprakāśa.

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Sāyana (सायन).—A lake on the slopes of the Hemakūṭa hill.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 63.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of sayana in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[Sayana in Yoga glossaries]

Śayana (शयन) is a Sanskrit word referring to “resting”, “sleeping”. It is used in Yoga.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Discover the meaning of sayana in the context of Yoga from relevant books on Exotic India

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Sayana in Natyashastra glossaries]

Śayana (शयन) refers to “lying-down” (postures in the bed); it is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 12.

There are six kinds of postures for lying down (śayana) defined:

  1. ākuñcita,
  2. sama,
  3. prasārita,
  4. vivartita,
  5. udvāhita,
  6. nata.
(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of sayana in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[Sayana in Vyakarana glossaries]

Sāyaṇa (सायण).—(or सायणाचार्य (sāyaṇācārya)) the celebrated Vedic scholar and grammarian of Vijayanagar who flourished in the 14th century and wrote, besides the monumental commentary works on the Vedas, a grammatical work on roots and their forms known by the name माधवीया धातुवृत्ति (mādhavīyā dhātuvṛtti). As the colophon of the work shows, the Dhatuvrtti was written by Sayanacarya, but published under the name of Madhava, the brother of Sayanacarya; cf. इति महामन्त्रिणा मायणसु-तेन माधवसहोदरेण सायणाचार्येण विरचितायां माधवीयायां धातुवृत्तौ (iti mahāmantriṇā māyaṇasu-tena mādhavasahodareṇa sāyaṇācāryeṇa viracitāyāṃ mādhavīyāyāṃ dhātuvṛttau)...Madhaviya Dha tuvrtti at the end; cf also तेन मायणपुत्रेण सायणेन मनीषिणा । व्याख्येया माधवी चेयं धातुवृत्तिर्विरच्यते । (tena māyaṇaputreṇa sāyaṇena manīṣiṇā | vyākhyeyā mādhavī ceyaṃ dhātuvṛttirviracyate |) Mad. Dhatuvrtti at the beginning.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of sayana in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

[Sayana in Hinduism glossaries]

The author of the most celebrated commentary on the Vedas, the Vedārtha Prakāśa (‘Light on the Meaning of the Veda’). He is said to have been a general and a minister under the Vijayanagara kings of the 14th century, and the younger brother of the Advaitin chief minister, Mādhava. In addition to his extensive Veda commentaries, some of which appear to have been collaborations with his brother and his pupils, or the work of later scholars, Sāyaṇa is also credited with numerous works on other aspects of Indian culture, including ritual, grammar (vyakāraṇa), Āyurveda, and literature.

(Source): Oxford Index: Hinduism

Sāyaṇa (सायण) was an important commentator on the Vedas. He was also known as Sāyaṇācārya. More than a hundred works are attributed to him, among which are commentaries on nearly all parts of the Veda; some were carried out by his pupils, and some were written in conjunction with his brother Mādhava or Vidyāraṇya-svāmin.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Sayana in Theravada glossaries]

Tasting;

(Source): Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of sayana in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Sayana in Pali glossaries]

sayana : (nt.) a bed; sleeping. || sayāna (adj.) sleeping; lying down. sāyana (nt.), tasting.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sayana, (nt.) (fr. śī) 1. lying down, sleeping Vism. 26; PvA. 80 (mañca°).—2. bed, couch Vin. I, 57, 72; II, 123; D. I, 5, 7; A. I, 132; J. II, 88; V, 110 (°ṃ attharāpeti to spread out a bed); Miln. 243, 348; Nd1 372 (°sannidhi); Pv. I, 117 (kis°=kiṃ°); PvA. 78.—sayanakalaha a quarrel in the bedroom, a curtain-lecture J. III, 20; sayanāsana bed & seat It. 112; Dh. 185, etc. : see senāsana. (Page 697)

— or —

Sayāna, is ppr. of sayati lying down (e.g. A. II, 13 sq.): see seti. (Page 697)

— or —

1) Sāyana, 2 the Nāga tree (cp. nāga 3) J. VI, 535 (vāraṇā sā yanā=nāgarukkhā, C. , ibid. 535, var. read. vāyana). Kern, Toev. II. 77 conjectures sāsanā “with Asana’s Terminalia’s. ” (Page 705)

2) Sāyana, 1 (nt.) (fr. sāyati) tasting, taste Dhtp 229. (Page 705)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of sayana in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

[Sayana in Marathi glossaries]

śayana (शयन).—n S Sleeping, reposing: also reclining or lying. 2 A bedstead, couch, mat, anything on which to lie and repose.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śayana (शयन).—n Sleeping. A bedstead.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of sayana in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Sayana in Sanskrit glossaries]

Śayana (शयन).—[śī-lyuṭ]

1) Sleeping, sleep, lying down.

2) A bed, couch; शयनस्थो न भुञ्जीत (śayanastho na bhuñjīta) Ms.4.74; R.1.95; V.3.1.

3) Copulation, sexual union.

Derivable forms: śayanam (शयनम्).

--- OR ---

Śayāna (शयान).—

1) A chameleon.

2) A kind of snake, the boa.

Derivable forms: śayānaḥ (शयानः).

See also (synonyms): śayānaka.

--- OR ---

Sāyaṇa (सायण).—Name of a very learned Brāhmaṇa and a Vedic commentator, supposed to have flourished about 137 A. D.

Derivable forms: sāyaṇaḥ (सायणः).

--- OR ---

Sāyana (सायन).—The longitude of a planet reckoned from the vernal equinoctial point.

Derivable forms: sāyanam (सायनम्).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of sayana in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 92 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Shayanasana
Śayanāsana (शयनासन) shows the body and head resting on the pedestal, with arms and legs stretch...
Sayanamurti
Śayanamūrti (शयनमूर्ति) is the name of an image (mūrti) once common in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra...
Sayana Sutta
Sayana, (nt.) (fr. śī) 1. lying down, sleeping Vism. 26; PvA. 80 (mañca°).—2. bed, couch Vin. ...
Shavashayana
Śavaśayana (शवशयन).—a cemetery, cremation ground. Derivable forms: śavaśayanam (शवशयनम्).Śavaśa...
Shayanabhumi
Śayanabhūmi (शयनभूमि).—a bed-chamber. Derivable forms: śayanabhūmiḥ (शयनभूमिः).Śayanabhūmi is a...
Shayanastha
Śayanastha (शयनस्थ).—a. being on a couch; शयनस्थो न भुञ्जीत (śayanastho na bhuñjīta) Ms.4.74. Ś...
Sheshashayana
Śeṣaśayana (शेषशयन).—m. epithets of Viṣṇu.Derivable forms: śeṣaśayanaḥ (शेषशयनः).Śeṣaśayana is ...
Shayanaikadashi
Śayanaikādaśī (शयनैकादशी).—the eleventh day of the bright half of Āṣāḍha when Viṣṇu lies down t...
Shayanasakhi
Śayanasakhī (शयनसखी).—a bed-fellow. Śayanasakhī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ...
Pravatashayana
Pravātaśayana (प्रवातशयन).—a bed placed in the airy place. Derivable forms: pravātaśayanam (प्र...
Shayanasthana
Śayanasthāna (शयनस्थान).—a sleeping apartment, bed-chamber.Derivable forms: śayanasthānam (शयनस...
Shayanapalika
Śayanapālikā (शयनपालिका).—the (female) keeper of a (royal) bed. Śayanapālikā is a Sanskrit comp...
Vadhutishayana
Vadhūṭīśayana (वधूटीशयन) or Vadhuṭīśayana (वधुटीशयन).—a lattice, window.Derivable forms: vadhūṭ...
Paryayashayana
Paryāyaśayana (पर्यायशयन).—alternate sleeping and watching. Derivable forms: paryāyaśayanam (पर...
Shayanavasas
Śayanavāsas (शयनवासस्).—n. sleeping garment. Śayanavāsas is a Sanskrit compound consisting of t...

Relevant text