Dhartarashtra, Dhārtarāṣṭra: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Dhartarashtra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dhārtarāṣṭra can be transliterated into English as Dhartarastra or Dhartarashtra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Dhartarashtra in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Dhārtarāṣṭra (धार्तराष्ट्र) is ansother name for Haṃsa, which is a Sanskrit word referring to the “swan”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. It could be identified with either the Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus) or the Mute Swan (Cygnus olor), according to K. N. Dave in his “Birds in Sanskrit literature”.

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Dhārtarāṣṭra (धार्तराष्ट्र) (lit. “the sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭri”) is a synonym (another name) for Swan (Haṃsa), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dhartarashtra in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dhārtarāṣṭra (धार्तराष्ट्र).—A tribe;1 a dynasty of 100 kings; performed Aśvamedha.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 273. 72.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 32. 51; 99. 454.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Dhartarashtra in India history glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dhārtarāṣṭra.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘one hundred’. Note: dhārtarāṣṭra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dhartarashtra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhārtarāṣṭra (धार्तराष्ट्र).—[dhṛtarāṣṭrasyāpatyaṃ pumān-aṇ]

1) A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra.

2) A sort of goose with black legs and bill; निपतन्ति धार्तराष्ट्राः कालवशान्मेदिनीपृष्ठे (nipatanti dhārtarāṣṭrāḥ kālavaśānmedinīpṛṣṭhe) Ve.1.6. (where the word is used in both the senses); cf. धार्तराष्ट्रो हंसभेदे दुर्योधनकुलेऽपि च (dhārtarāṣṭro haṃsabhede duryodhanakule'pi ca) Nm.

Derivable forms: dhārtarāṣṭraḥ (धार्तराष्ट्रः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhārtarāṣṭra (धार्तराष्ट्र).—i. e. dhṛtarāṣṭra + a, I. adj. f. . I. Referring, belonging to Dhṛtarāṣṭra, Mahābhārata 8, 176. Ii. patronym. A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra, Mahābhārata 1, 2726. Iii. m. A sort of goose with black legs and bill, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 8585.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhārtarāṣṭra (धार्तराष्ट्र).—[feminine] ī belonging to or descending from Dhṛtarāṣṭra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhārtarāṣṭra (धार्तराष्ट्र):—[=dhārta-rāṣṭra] [from dhārta] mf(ī)n. belonging to Dhṛtarāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a son of Dhṛ°, a Kuru (cf. nir-), [especially] [patronymic] of Dur-yodhana (ifc. f(ā). ), [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of snake, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] ([from] dhṛta-rāṣṭrī) a sort of goose with black legs and bill, [Harivaṃśa; Kādambarī]

[Sanskrit to German]

Dhartarashtra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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