Dushana, Dūsana, Dūṣaṇa, Dūṣaṇā, Dusana: 24 definitions


Dushana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Dūṣaṇa and Dūṣaṇā can be transliterated into English as Dusana or Dushana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Dushan.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Dūṣaṇa (दूषण).—A Rākṣasa. Dūṣaṇa, who came along with Khara to fight, was killed by Śrī Rāma. (See Khara).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Dūṣaṇa (दूषण).—An Asura; was killed by Rāma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 10. 9.

1b) A son of Viśravas and Vākā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 56. Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 50.

2) Dūṣaṇā (दूषणा).—The queen of Bhauvana and mother of Tvaṣṭā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 15.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Dūṣaṇa (दूषण) refers to one of the sons of Vākā and Viśravas, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Viśravas was born to [Ilavilā and Pulastya]. Viśravas had four wives—Puṣpotkaṭā, Vākā, Kaikasī and Devavarṇinī. From Vāka were born three fearful demons—Triśirā, Dūṣaṇa and Vidyujjihva.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Dūṣaṇa (दूषण).—Fault, objection; the word is used in connection with a fault found with, or objection raised against an argument advanced by, a writer by his opponent or by the writer himself who replies it to make his argument well established; cf.नित्यवादी कार्यपक्षे दूषणमाह-कार्येष्विति (nityavādī kāryapakṣe dūṣaṇamāha-kāryeṣviti) Maha. Prad. on P.I. 1.44 Vart.!6.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

1) Dūṣaṇa (दूषण) refers to “refutation”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.131.—Accordingly, “[This ascertainment] is successfully performed, i.e.,] it is devoid of the failure (apāya) [consisting in] the lack of a means of [valid] knowledge, and [it is devoid of] the possibility [that the means of valid knowledge] may be refuted (dūṣaṇa-saṃbhava)”.

2) Dūṣaṇa (दूषण) refers to a “fault (attributed to a philosophical system)”, according to Somānanda’s Śivadṛṣṭi verse 3.42cd–47.—Accordingly, “Given that he [i.e., Śiva] exists of his own volition in the form of (all) the entities (that make up the universe), how is existence dependent on another than himself? If, for example, you say it [i.e., the purported dependence] is one similar to (the example of curds, whose genesis depends on the) milk (of which they are comprised), it [i.e., the universe] would be insentient, dependent on another. The fault (dūṣaṇa) (attributed to our system) that must be corrected—being pure, being diminished, or the like—is precisely the result of this (wrong) point of view. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Dūṣaṇa (दूषण) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Dūṣaṇa] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Dūṣaṇa (दूषण) possibly refers to the younger brother of Khara (son of Meghaprabha), according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.2 [Rāvaṇa’s expedition of conquest] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Queen Mandodarī said to Rāvaṇa: “What haste is this at the wrong time? At least, reflect a little, honored sir. The maiden must certainly be given to some one. If she herself chooses a husband, agreeable and well-born, that is a good thing. The elder brother of Dūṣaṇa [i.e., Khara?] is a suitable husband for Candraṇakhā. He will be a faultless vassal of yours, powerful. Send distinguished men and marry her to him. Give Pātālalaṅkā to him and grant your favor”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dushana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dūsana : (nt.) corruption; defilement.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dūsana, (nt.) (see dūseti) spoiling, defiling J.II, 270; Sdhp.453. (Page 328)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dūṣaṇa (दूषण).—n (S) Blaming or censuring; finding fault, stain, blemish, or imperfection in. 2 Blame or fault found or attached. 3 Corrupting, spoiling. 4 Violating (a girl): breaking (an engagement): defiling or vitiating gen.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dūṣaṇa (दूषण).—n Blaming or censuring; finding fault with. Blame or fault found or attached.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dūṣaṇa (दूषण).—a. [duṣ-bhāve-lyuṭ]

1) Corrupting, spoiling, destroying, &c.; आपदेत्युभयलोकदूषणी (āpadetyubhayalokadūṣaṇī) Kirātārjunīya 13.64; see दुष् (duṣ).

2) Dishonouring, violating.

3) Offending against.

4) Opposing, counteracting.

-ṇam 1 Spoiling, corrupting, vitiating, ruining, polluting &c.

2) Violating, breaking (as an agreement).

3) Seducing, violating, dishonouring (as a woman).

4) Abuse, censure, blame; न चक्षमे शुभाचारः स दूषणमिवात्मनः (na cakṣame śubhācāraḥ sa dūṣaṇamivātmanaḥ) R.12.46.

5) Detraction, disparagement.

6) Adverse argument or criticism, objection.

7) Refutation.

8) A fault, offence, defect, sin, crime; नोलूकोऽप्यवलोकते यदि दिवा सूर्यस्य किं दूषणम् (nolūko'pyavalokate yadi divā sūryasya kiṃ dūṣaṇam) Bhartṛhari 2.93; हाहा धिक् परगृहवासदूषणम् (hāhā dhik paragṛhavāsadūṣaṇam) Uttararāmacarita 1.4; Manusmṛti 2. 213; H.1.94,115;2.139.

-ṇaḥ Name of a demon, one of the generals of Rāvaṇa, slain by Rāma; R.12.46.

--- OR ---

Dūṣaṇa (दूषण).—&c. See under दुष् (duṣ).

See also (synonyms): dūṣaka, dūṣya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dūṣaṇa (दूषण).—nt. (to dūṣyate, q.v.; = [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] doṣa = Sanskrit dveṣa), hatred, malice, with doṣa in expl. of dveṣa, parallel with rāga, moha: (rāgasya dveṣasya mohasya; tatra rañjanaṃ rāgo raktir adhyavasānaṃ; rajyate vānena) cittam iti rāgaḥ. dūṣaṇaṃ doṣaḥ, āghātaḥ…dūṣyate vānena (5) cittam iti doṣaḥ Mūla-madhyamaka-kārikā 457.(3—)4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dūṣaṇa (दूषण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) Rakshasa, the brother of Ravana. n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Blame, fault, defect, offence. 2. Spoiling, ruining, vitiating. defiling. 3. Violating, (as a girl.) 4. Breaking, (as an agreement.) E. dūṣ to become vile or wicked. affix bhāve lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dūṣaṇa (दूषण).—i. e. duṣ, [Causal.], + ana, I. adj., f. ṇī. 1. Defiling, disgracing, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 17, 13. 2. Hurting, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 109, 7. Ii. m. The name of a Rākṣasa or demon, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 1, 45. Iii. f. ṇā, The name of a deity, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 15, 13. Iv. n. 1. Defiling, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 286; 11, 61. 2. Hurting, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 48 (unjust seizure). 3. Seducing, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 213. 4. Calumniating, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 24, 227. 5. Fault, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 13; [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 89.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dūṣaṇa (दूषण).—[feminine] ī = [preceding]; [masculine] [Name] of a Rakṣas; [neuter] the act of defiling or corrupting, seduction, defamation, objection, refutation; want, fault, guilt, sin, offence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dūṣaṇa (दूषण):—[from duṣ] mf(ī)n. corrupting, spoiling, vitiating, violating, [Atharva-veda; Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] counteracting, sinning against ([compound]), [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 109, 7] (cf. arā-ti-d, kula-d, kṛtyā-d, khara-d, loka-d, viṣa-d, viṣkandha-d)

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Rakṣas (general of Rāvaṇa), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] of a Daitya slain by Śiva, [Śiva-purāṇa]

5) Dūṣaṇā (दूषणा):—[from dūṣaṇa > duṣ] f. Name of the wife of Bhauvana and mother of Tvaṣṭṛ, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa v, 15, 13]

6) Dūṣaṇa (दूषण):—[from duṣ] n. the act of corrupting etc. (See above), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] dishonouring, detracting, disparaging, [Mahābhārata; Mṛcchakaṭikā; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] objection, adverse argument, refutation, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha; Jaimini; Kapila [Scholiast or Commentator]]

9) [v.s. ...] fault, of fence, guilt, sin, [Manu-smṛti; Kāvya literature; Hitopadeśa etc.] (cf. arthad, sukṛta-d, strī-d).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dūṣaṇa (दूषण):—(ṇaḥ) 1. m. A Rākshasa, brother of Rāvana. n. Fault; spoiling; violating.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dūṣaṇa (दूषण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dūsaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dushana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dushana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dūṣaṇa (दूषण) [Also spelled dushan]:—(nm) contamination, pollution, stigma; defect, flaw.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Dūsaṇa (दूसण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Dūṣaṇa.

2) Dūsaṇa (दूसण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dūṣaṇa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dūṣaṇa (ದೂಷಣ):—

1) [noun] an accusing or being accused; the act of accusing.

2) [noun] a blame; abuse.

3) [noun] the state of being disgraced; loss of honour, respect or reputation.

4) [noun] the act or an instance of spoiling, damaging or vandalising.

5) [noun] a man who blames, accuses.

6) [noun] something that mars the appearance, character, structure or wholeness; a fault.

7) [noun] a religious transgression; an offence against God, religion, etc.; a sin.

--- OR ---

Dūsaṇa (ದೂಸಣ):—[noun] = ದೂಷಣ - [dushana -] 1 & 2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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