Ekavali, aka: Ēkāvaḷī, Ekāvalī, Eka-vali, Ekāvali, Eka-avali; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ekavali means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ēkāvaḷī can be transliterated into English as Ekavali or Ekavalii, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

[Ekavali in Purana glossaries]

Ekāvalī (एकावली).—Wife of Ekavīra, founder of the Hehaya dynasty. (For details see under Ekavīra).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Ekavali in Natyashastra glossaries]

Ekāvalī (एकावली) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—The figure ekāvalī has not been treated by Bhāmaha and Udbhaṭa. Rudraṭa (K.A. VII/109) is the first rhetorician to discuss ekāvalī as a separate figure. According to Mammaṭa, Ruyyaka etc. when among a number of objects the succeeding one is affirmed or denied as qualifying the preceeding one—it is the figure ekāvalī.

Cirañjīva is a close follower of Jayadeva and his definition of ekāvalī is the same. When between the two things described previously one is accepted and the other is dropped to fit in the description of another approaching thing and this type of acceptance and rejection takes place successively, it is the figure ekāvalī.

Example of the gumpha-alaṃkāra:—

madhūni padme pibati dvirephaḥ padmaṃ vibhāti śravaṇe priyāyāḥ |
spṛśatyamuṣyāḥ śravaṇaṃ ca netraṃ niryānti netrāccharavatkaṭākṣā ||

“The black bee drinks honey in the lotus, the lotus is shining in the ear of the beloved. Her ears are touching the eyes and from the eyes side glances resembling shafts are cast”.

Notes: This verse is quoted from Kalpalatā which is Cirañjīva’s own composition. In the first portion of the verse two things the lotus and the black bee are described. In the second porton to enrich the description in context, the black bee has been dropped and the lotus has been retained. In the similar way among the lotus and the ear, the lotus has been dropped and the ear has been accepted to fit in the contextual meaning. Similarly between the ear and the eyes are retained and the ear is dropped. Here we find the acceptance and rejection of objects successively. So it is an example of ekāvalī alaṃkāra.

(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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India history and geogprahy

[Ekavali in India history glossaries]

Ekāvalī (एकावली) is the name of a work ascribed to Gokunātha Upādhyāya (C. 1650-1740 C.E.), son of Pītāmbara Upādhyāya, who was exponent on Navya Nyāya system on Indian Philosophy and well-versed in Tantrasāra. Some of Gokulanātha’s verses are mentioned in Vidyākarasahasraka (pp. 92-93).

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Ekavali in Marathi glossaries]

ēkāvaḷī (एकावळी).—f An ornament for the neck (of females and idols).

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Ekavali in Sanskrit glossaries]

Ekāvali (एकावलि) or Ekāvalī (एकावली).—f.

1) a single string of pearls, beads &c.; सूत्रमेकावली शुद्धा (sūtramekāvalī śuddhā) Kau. A.2.11. एका- वली कण्ठविभूषणं वः (ekā- valī kaṇṭhavibhūṣaṇaṃ vaḥ) Vikr.1.3; लताविटपे एकावली लग्ना (latāviṭape ekāvalī lagnā) V.1.

2) (in Rhetoric) Necklacea series of statements in which there is a regular transition from a predicate to a subject, or from a subject to a predicate; स्थाप्यतेऽपोह्यते वापि यथापूर्वं परस्परम् । विशेषणतया यत्र वस्तु सैकावली द्विधा (sthāpyate'pohyate vāpi yathāpūrvaṃ parasparam | viśeṣaṇatayā yatra vastu saikāvalī dvidhā) || K. P.1; cf. Chandr.5.13-4; नेत्रे कर्णान्तविश्रान्ते कर्णो दोःस्तम्भदोलितौ (netre karṇāntaviśrānte karṇo doḥstambhadolitau) &c. and Bk.2.19.

Derivable forms: ekāvaliḥ (एकावलिः).

Ekāvali is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms eka and āvali (आवलि).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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