Ekavali, Ēkāvaḷī, Ekāvalī, Eka-vali, Ekāvali, Eka-avali, Ekavālī: 17 definitions



Ekavali means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ēkāvaḷī can be transliterated into English as Ekavali or Ekavalii, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ekāvalī (एकावली).—Wife of Ekavīra, founder of the Hehaya dynasty. (For details see under Ekavīra).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Ekāvalī (एकावली) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—The figure ekāvalī has not been treated by Bhāmaha and Udbhaṭa. Rudraṭa (K.A. VII/109) is the first rhetorician to discuss ekāvalī as a separate figure. According to Mammaṭa, Ruyyaka etc. when among a number of objects the succeeding one is affirmed or denied as qualifying the preceeding one—it is the figure ekāvalī.

Cirañjīva is a close follower of Jayadeva and his definition of ekāvalī is the same. When between the two things described previously one is accepted and the other is dropped to fit in the description of another approaching thing and this type of acceptance and rejection takes place successively, it is the figure ekāvalī.

Example of the gumpha-alaṃkāra:—

madhūni padme pibati dvirephaḥ padmaṃ vibhāti śravaṇe priyāyāḥ |
spṛśatyamuṣyāḥ śravaṇaṃ ca netraṃ niryānti netrāccharavatkaṭākṣā ||

“The black bee drinks honey in the lotus, the lotus is shining in the ear of the beloved. Her ears are touching the eyes and from the eyes side glances resembling shafts are cast”.

Notes: This verse is quoted from Kalpalatā which is Cirañjīva’s own composition. In the first portion of the verse two things the lotus and the black bee are described. In the second porton to enrich the description in context, the black bee has been dropped and the lotus has been retained. In the similar way among the lotus and the ear, the lotus has been dropped and the ear has been accepted to fit in the contextual meaning. Similarly between the ear and the eyes are retained and the ear is dropped. Here we find the acceptance and rejection of objects successively. So it is an example of ekāvalī alaṃkāra.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha

Ekavālī (एकवाली) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Ekavālī] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Ekavālī (एकवाली) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Ekavālī]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Ekavali in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Ekāvalī (एकावली, “necklace”) refers to one of the various Alaṅkāras (‘figures of speech’) classified as Artha (‘sense’), as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—Some examples of ‘ekāvalī-alaṅkāra’ are found in the poem. In IV.38 of the Bhīṣmacarita, the poet has affirmed the existence of branches on the trees, the flowers on the branches, the fruits in the flowers and the taste in the fruits in a succeeding manner. The other examples are VI.47 and VI.48.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Ekāvali (एकावलि) refers to a form of penance, according to chapter 2.1 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “Vimalavāhana practiced penance, the ekāvali, ratnāvali, kanakāvali, and siṃhaniḥkrīḍita long and short. Beginning destruction of karma by a mouth’s fast, he performed penance in the form of fasting ending with a fast of eight months. After he had practiced severe penance in this way and had performed the two saṃlekhanās, at the end he fasted till death, absorbed entirely in tranquillity. Recalling the formula of homage to the Five Supreme Ones, absorbed in abstract meditation, he abandoned his body as easily as a house”.

Note: In Pravacanasāroddhāra 1509 ff., pp. 435 ff. Muni Jayantavijayaji described Ekāvali with reference to the Tapāvali. [...] The Ekāvali is the same as the Kanakāvali and Ratnāvali with the substitution of 8x1 and 34x1. One series lasts for 1 year, 2 months, and 12 days, and the complete penance for 4 years, 9 months, and 18 days.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Ekāvalī (एकावली) is the name of a work ascribed to Gokunātha Upādhyāya (C. 1650-1740 C.E.), son of Pītāmbara Upādhyāya, who was exponent on Navya Nyāya system on Indian Philosophy and well-versed in Tantrasāra. Some of Gokulanātha’s verses are mentioned in Vidyākarasahasraka (pp. 92-93).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ekāvalī.—(SITI), necklace of a single string. Note: ekāvalī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Ekāvallī.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ēkāvaḷī (एकावळी).—f An ornament for the neck (of females and idols).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ekāvali (एकावलि) or Ekāvalī (एकावली).—f.

1) a single string of pearls, beads &c.; सूत्रमेकावली शुद्धा (sūtramekāvalī śuddhā) Kau. A.2.11. एका- वली कण्ठविभूषणं वः (ekā- valī kaṇṭhavibhūṣaṇaṃ vaḥ) Vikr.1.3; लताविटपे एकावली लग्ना (latāviṭape ekāvalī lagnā) V.1.

2) (in Rhetoric) Necklacea series of statements in which there is a regular transition from a predicate to a subject, or from a subject to a predicate; स्थाप्यतेऽपोह्यते वापि यथापूर्वं परस्परम् । विशेषणतया यत्र वस्तु सैकावली द्विधा (sthāpyate'pohyate vāpi yathāpūrvaṃ parasparam | viśeṣaṇatayā yatra vastu saikāvalī dvidhā) || K. P.1; cf. Chandr.5.13-4; नेत्रे कर्णान्तविश्रान्ते कर्णो दोःस्तम्भदोलितौ (netre karṇāntaviśrānte karṇo doḥstambhadolitau) &c. and Bk.2.19.

Derivable forms: ekāvaliḥ (एकावलिः).

Ekāvali is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms eka and āvali (आवलि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ekāvalī (एकावली).—f. (-lī) A single string of beads, flowers, &c. E. eka and āvalī a row.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ekāvali (एकावलि).—[feminine] a single string of pearls (adj. —° [feminine] ī).

--- OR ---

Ekāvalī (एकावली).—[feminine] a single string of pearls (adj. —° [feminine] ī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Ekāvalī (एकावली) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—alaṃk. Rādh. 24. Rice. 282. Quoted by Mallinātha Oxf. 126^a.
—by Mahāmaheśvara Kavi. Burnell. 54^b. Oppert. Ii, 3605.
—[commentary] Tarala by Mallinātha. W. 1723.
—by Vidyādhara Kavi. Lahore. 8. Oppert. 962. 3387. 4279. Ii, 5924.

2) Ekāvalī (एकावली):—alaṃk. in 8 unmeṣa, by Vidyādhara Kavi. Bl. 133. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 14. Rgb. 535.
—[commentary] Tarala by Mallinātha. Bl. 133. Rgb. 535. W. 1723.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ekāvali (एकावलि):—[from eka] f. a single row, single string of pearls or beads or flowers, etc., [Vikramorvaśī; Naiṣadha-carita; Kādambarī] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (in [rhetoric]) a series of sentences where the subject of each following sentence has some characteristic of the predicate of the preceding one, [Kāvyaprakāśa x, 45; Sāhitya-darpaṇa etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of [work] on rhetoric

4) Ekāvalī (एकावली):—[from eka] f. a single row, single string of pearls or beads or flowers, etc., [Vikramorvaśī; Naiṣadha-carita; Kādambarī] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] (in [rhetoric]) a series of sentences where the subject of each following sentence has some characteristic of the predicate of the preceding one, [Kāvyaprakāśa x, 45; Sāhitya-darpaṇa etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of [work] on rhetoric

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ekāvalī (एकावली):—[ekā+valī] (lī) 3. f. A single string of beads or flowers.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ekavali in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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