Dur: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dur means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Dur (दुर्) is used several times in the Rigveda to denote ‘door’, both literally and metaphorically.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dur (दुर्).—ind (S) A depreciative particle and prefix, implying Inferiority, badness, grievousness, difficulty &c.; of the power of the English prefixes, dis, in, un. Examples follow in order. It will appear written dur, duṣ, duḥ &c. according to the laws of euphony.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dur (दुर्).—ind. (A prefix substituted for dus before words beginning with vowels or soft consonants in the sense of 'bad'. 'hard' or 'difficult to do a certain thing'; for compounds with dus as first member see dus s. v.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dur (दुर्).—ind. A depreciative particle, implying, 1. Pain, trouble, (bad, difficult, ill.) 2. Inferiority, (bad, vile, contemptible.) 3. Prohibition, (away, hold, forbear.) It corresponds in general to the English prefixes, in. un, &c. as in infamous, unbearable, and the like. E. do to cut or divide, ḍura affix. In composition, the final ra is changed to visarga, and this to a sibilant optionally before the two first consonants of each class and the sibilants, as duḥkara, duṣkara; and duḥsaha, dussaha; or to ra again before any other consonant or vowel, as durga, duratikrama, &c. q. v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dur (दुर्).—1. [feminine] door (only duras & duras).

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Dur (दुर्).—2. (°—) = dus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dur (दुर्):—1. dur f. (only duras [accusative] [nominative case], and duras. [plural]) = dvār, a door (cf. 2. dura).

2) 2. dur in [compound] for dus (p.488), denoting ‘bad’ or ‘difficult’ etc.

3) duriṣṭha, (superl.) very bad or difficult or wicked

4) n. great crime or wickedness, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Dūr (दूर्):—Name of the Prāṇa or vital breath regarded as a deity, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dur (दुर्):—adv. A depreciative particle, bad, ill, difficult, away.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Dur (दुर्):—

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Dur (दुर्):—2. euphonische Veränderung von 2. duṣ am Anfange von compp. vor Vocalen und tönenden Consonanten. Wenn durasy hierher gehören sollte, dann wäre diese Form aus einem irregeleiteten Sprachgefühl entstanden.

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Dūr (दूर्):—Name des Prāṇa als Gottheit [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 4, 1, 10.]

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Dur (दुर्):—1. auch [Ṛgveda 4, 4, 6.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Dur (दुर्):—1. f. Thür. Nur duras (Acc. Pl. und einal Nom. Pl.) und duras (einmal Acc. Pl.).

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Dur (दुर्):—2. = duṣa , dus und δυς-.

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Dūr (दूर्):—Bez. des Prāṇa als Gottheit.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Dur in Hindi refers in English to:—(ind) stand off !; be gone !; —[dura] an utterance meant to drive off a dog..—dur (दुर) is alternatively transliterated as Dura.

2) Dur (दुर्):——an allomorph of [duḥ] (see) (as [durvaha, durvyasana], etc.).

3) Dur in Hindi refers in English to:—(adv and a) far off, far away, away; distant; remote; ~[gami] far-reaching; ~[grahi] teleceptor; ~[citra] telephoto; ~[darshaka] prescient, prudent, far-seeing; a telescope; •[yamtra] a telescope; ~[darshana] television; ~[darshita] far-sightedness, prudence, sagacity; ~[darshi] far-sighted, prudent, sagacious; ~[drishti] farsight; farsightedness; ~[bina] a telescope; ~[bhasha] a telephone; ~[mudraka] a teleprinter; ~[varti] distant, remote; ~[vikshana] a telescope; •[yamtra] a telescope; ~[samcara] telecommunication; ~[samvedya] telesthetic; ~[stha/~sthita] remote, distant, located/situated far away; outlying; —[karana] to reject, to condemn; to ward off, to remove; —[ka] situated far away; remote; far-fetched; —[ki karana] to make a remarkable utterance, to make an utterance with far-reaching implications, to make a prudent remark; —[ki kaudi] far-fetched imagination, fantastic idea; —[ki bata] a far cry; far-fetched remark; very subtle remark; —[ki socana] to visualise future course of events; to be sagacious, to be prescient; —[ke dhola suhavane] far fowls have fair feathers; —[kyom jaiye] ! why go far, take a ready example; —[se namaskara/salama karana] to give wide berth to, to avoid, to steer clear of..—dur (दूर) is alternatively transliterated as Dūra.

context information

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