Sugata, Su-gata: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Sugata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sugata (सुगत) is a synonym for the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter IV). Su means ‘good’ and gata means either ‘to go’ or ‘speaking’ (gad). Therefore the expression means the ‘Well-gone’ or the ‘Well-spoken’.

Why is he called Sieou k’ie t’o (Sugata)?

1) The Buddha has transcended by all kinds of deep concentrations (gambhīra samādhi) and numberless great wisdoms (apramāṇā mahāprajñā). This is why he is called Sugata, well-gone.

2) He is Sugata, well-spoken, because he preaches the doctrine according to the true nature of the dharmas and without being attached to the doctrine. Taking into account the degree of wisdom (prajñābala) of his disciples, he uses every skillful means (upāya) and the power of his superknowledges (abhijñā) to convert them (parināṃa).

According to the Visuddhimagga:—“He is Sugata because his path is noble, because he goes to a good place, because his walk is correct, and because he speaks (gad) correctly”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Sugata (सुगत) refers to the “well-gone ones”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “[...] After that, by those magically conjured-up beings, during seven days, the women were brought to maturity, in the way that they attained the stage of not falling back from the supreme and perfect awakening. Then the five hundred widows, having come to the Bodhisatva Gaganagañja, uttered these verses: ‘[...] (122) The Sage, the highest leader, predicted for them: In the future, when you completed your practice, you will become supreme conquerors, the well-gone ones (sugata) called Suvinīta’ [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Sugata (सुगत) is the name of Vidyārāja (i.e., “wisdom king”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Sugata).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)

Sugata (सुगत, “pleasing gait”) is a Prakrit name based on the beauty of the human body, mentioned as an example in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning sugata) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sugata : (adj.) faring well; happy. (m.), the Buddha.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Sugata, (su+gata) faring well, happy, having a happy life after death (gati): see under gata; cp. Vism. 424 (s. = sugati-gata). frequent Ep. of the Buddha (see Dict. of Names).

2) Sugata.—of happy, blessed existence, fortunate; one who has attained the realm of bliss (=sugatiṃ gata, see gati), blessed. As np. a common Ep. of the Buddha: Vin.I, 35; III, 1; D.I, 49; S.I, 192; A.II, 147 et passim (see Sugata).—D.I, 83; Sn.227 (see expl. KhA 183).

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sugata (सुगत).—a.

1) well-gone or passed.

2) well-bestowed.

-taḥ an epithet of Buddha.

Sugata is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and gata (गत).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sugata (सुगत).—(= Pali id.), one that has attained bliss (Tibetan bde bar gśegs pa), epithet of a Buddha: Mahāvyutpatti 7 et passim; °ta-cīvara-gatam Mahāvyutpatti 8517, attaining the size of the Buddha's robe; it is a sin for a monk to have a robe of this size or larger, Vin. iv.173.21 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sugata (सुगत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Passed, gone. 2. Well-bestowed. m.

(-taḥ) A Bud'dha in general, one of the generic terms for a deified sage, and teacher of the Baud'dha sect. E. su well, and gata gone or known, (by whom.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sugata (सुगत).—[adjective] going or running well; who has well fared or has had a good time. [masculine] a Buddha or a Buddhistic teacher.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sugata (सुगत):—[=su-gata] [from su > su-ga] mfn. going well, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] one who has fared well, [Hitopadeśa]

3) [v.s. ...] well-bestowed, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a Buddha (-tva n.), [Kathāsaritsāgara; Jātakamālā, [Introduction]]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a Buddhist, Bud° teacher, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sugata (सुगत):—[su-gata] (taḥ) 1. m. A Buddha. a. Passed; well bestowed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sugata (सुगत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sugaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sugata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sugata (ಸುಗತ):—

1) [adjective] gone in a good manner; well-gone.

2) [adjective] passed; gone.

3) [adjective] well bestowed.

--- OR ---

Sugata (ಸುಗತ):—[noun] Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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