Sugata, aka: Su-gata; 4 Definition(s)
Sugata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Sugata (सुगत) is a synonym for the Buddha according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter IV). Su means ‘good’ and gata means either ‘to go’ or ‘speaking’ (gad). Therefore the expression means the ‘Well-gone’ or the ‘Well-spoken’.
Why is he called Sieou k’ie t’o (Sugata)?
1) The Buddha has transcended by all kinds of deep concentrations (gambhīra samādhi) and numberless great wisdoms (apramāṇā mahāprajñā). This is why he is called Sugata, well-gone.
2) He is Sugata, well-spoken, because he preaches the doctrine according to the true nature of the dharmas and without being attached to the doctrine. Taking into account the degree of wisdom (prajñābala) of his disciples, he uses every skillful means (upāya) and the power of his superknowledges (abhijñā) to convert them (parināṃa).
According to the Visuddhimagga:—“He is Sugata because his path is noble, because he goes to a good place, because his walk is correct, and because he speaks (gad) correctly”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Sugata (सुगत, “pleasing gait”) is a Prakrit name based on the beauty of the human body, mentioned as an example in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning sugata) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
sugata : (adj.) faring well; happy. (m.), the Buddha.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
1) Sugata, (su+gata) faring well, happy, having a happy life after death (gati): see under gata; cp. Vism. 424 (s. = sugati-gata). Freq. Ep. of the Buddha (see Dict. of Names).
—aṅgula a Buddha-inch, an inch according to the standard accepted by Buddhists Vin. IV, 168. —ālaya imitation of the Buddha J. I, 490, 491; II, 38, 148, 162; III, 112. —ovāda a discourse of the Blessed one J. I, 119, 349; II, 9, 13, 46; III, 368. —vidatthi a Buddha-span, a span of the accepted length Vin. III, 149; IV, 173. —vinaya the discipline of the Buddha A. II, 147. (Page 716)
2) Sugata.—of happy, blessed existence, fortunate; one who has attained the realm of bliss (=sugatiṃ gata, see gati), blessed. As np. a common Ep. of the Buddha: Vin.I, 35; III, 1; D.I, 49; S.I, 192; A.II, 147 et passim (see Sugata).—D.I, 83; Sn.227 (see expl. KhA 183).(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
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Search found 24 books and stories containing Sugata or Su-gata. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 6 - Why is the Buddha called Sugata < [Chapter IV - Explanation of the Word Bhagavat]
I. Recollection of the Buddha (1): The ten names (adhivacana) < [Part 2 - The Eight Recollections according to the Abhidharma]
The Saddharmapuṇḍarīka-sūtra < [Part 3 - Mastering the four great elements]
Bodhisattvacharyavatara (by Andreas Kretschmar)
Text Section 164 < [Khenpo Chöga’s Oral Explanations]
Text Sections 160-161 < [Khenpo Chöga’s Oral Explanations]
Text Section 159 < [Khenpo Chöga’s Oral Explanations]
The Bhikkhus Rules (by Bhikkhu Ariyesako)
The Great Chariot (by Longchenpa)
Part 1b.2a - The root, ignorance < [B. The extensive explanation of the nature of karma]
Part 1a - The basis of confusion in the three worlds < [B. The extended explanation of the particulars]
Part 2 - There is no realization by the divisions of doctrine < [E. There is no realization by the words of doctrine]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)