Sugata, Su-gata: 12 definitions
Sugata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Sugata (सुगत) is a synonym for the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter IV). Su means ‘good’ and gata means either ‘to go’ or ‘speaking’ (gad). Therefore the expression means the ‘Well-gone’ or the ‘Well-spoken’.
Why is he called Sieou k’ie t’o (Sugata)?
1) The Buddha has transcended by all kinds of deep concentrations (gambhīra samādhi) and numberless great wisdoms (apramāṇā mahāprajñā). This is why he is called Sugata, well-gone.
2) He is Sugata, well-spoken, because he preaches the doctrine according to the true nature of the dharmas and without being attached to the doctrine. Taking into account the degree of wisdom (prajñābala) of his disciples, he uses every skillful means (upāya) and the power of his superknowledges (abhijñā) to convert them (parināṃa).
According to the Visuddhimagga:—“He is Sugata because his path is noble, because he goes to a good place, because his walk is correct, and because he speaks (gad) correctly”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Sugata (सुगत) is the name of Vidyārāja (i.e., “wisdom king”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Sugata).
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)
Sugata (सुगत, “pleasing gait”) is a Prakrit name based on the beauty of the human body, mentioned as an example in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning sugata) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
sugata : (adj.) faring well; happy. (m.), the Buddha.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
1) Sugata, (su+gata) faring well, happy, having a happy life after death (gati): see under gata; cp. Vism. 424 (s. = sugati-gata). frequent Ep. of the Buddha (see Dict. of Names).
2) Sugata.—of happy, blessed existence, fortunate; one who has attained the realm of bliss (=sugatiṃ gata, see gati), blessed. As np. a common Ep. of the Buddha: Vin.I, 35; III, 1; D.I, 49; S.I, 192; A.II, 147 et passim (see Sugata).—D.I, 83; Sn.227 (see expl. KhA 183).
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) well-gone or passed.
-taḥ an epithet of Buddha.
Sugata is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and gata (गत).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sugata (सुगत).—(= Pali id.), one that has attained bliss (Tibetan bde bar gśegs pa), epithet of a Buddha: Mahāvyutpatti 7 et passim; °ta-cīvara-gatam Mahāvyutpatti 8517, attaining the size of the Buddha's robe; it is a sin for a monk to have a robe of this size or larger, Vin. iv.173.21 ff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Passed, gone. 2. Well-bestowed. m.
(-taḥ) A Bud'dha in general, one of the generic terms for a deified sage, and teacher of the Baud'dha sect. E. su well, and gata gone or known, (by whom.)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sugata (सुगत).—[adjective] going or running well; who has well fared or has had a good time. [masculine] a Buddha or a Buddhistic teacher.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Sugata (सुगत):—[=su-gata] [from su > su-ga] mfn. going well, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
2) [v.s. ...] one who has fared well, [Hitopadeśa]
3) [v.s. ...] well-bestowed, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
4) [v.s. ...] m. a Buddha (-tva n.), [Kathāsaritsāgara; Jātakamālā, [Introduction]]
5) [v.s. ...] m. a Buddhist, Bud° teacher, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Sugata (सुगत):—(6. su + gata)
1) adj. als Erkl. von suvita [Yāska’s Nirukta 4, 17.] a) einen guten Gang habend, gut laufend: Zugstiere [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 61, 12.] — b) dem es gut ergangen ist, der es sich hat wohl gehen lassen [Spr. (II) 7389.] —
2) m. a) ein Buddha (vgl. tathāgata) [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 8. 3, 4, 1, 6.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 232.] [Halāyudha 1, 85.] [BURNOUF,] [?Intr. 77. 626. MÜLLER, SL. 102. Rgva tch’er rol pa ed. Calc. 140, 8. 208, 12. 293, 2. 400, 7. Spr. (II) 6727. Kathāsaritsāgara 29, 40. Prabodhacandrodaja 49, 8. Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 260. PAÑCAR. 4, 8, 81] (neben buddha). [WILSON, Sel. Works 2, 6. 37.] Inschr. bei [Colebrooke 2, 251.] sugatāyatana [Kathāsaritsāgara 13, 88.] śāsana [72, 95.] bimba [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 259.] pratimārīti [6, 172.] — b) = saugata ein Buddhist [Oxforder Handschriften 253,b,7.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+2): Saugata, Sugatalaya, Sugatatva, Sugatashasana, Sugatamitra, Sugatacetana, Sugatayatana, Sugatavadana, Anukampa, Sugatovada, Sugatavinaya, Sugatavidatthi, Sugatangula, Parama-saugata, Vidatthi, Paryupasita, Ten Buddha Titles, Avighnakara, Tathagata, Sarvajna.
Search found 35 books and stories containing Sugata, Su-gata; (plurals include: Sugatas, gatas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bodhisattvacharyavatara (by Andreas Kretschmar)
Text Section 194 < [Khenpo Chöga’s Oral Explanations]
Text Section 163 < [Khenpo Chöga’s Oral Explanations]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter VI - A visit to the Śuddhāvāsa Devas < [Volume I]
Chapter XXI - The birth of the Buddha Dīpaṃkara < [Volume I]
Chapter V - The many Buddhas (bahubuddha-sūtra) < [Volume I]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 6 - Why is the Buddha called Sugata < [Chapter IV - Explanation of the Word Bhagavat]
I. Recollection of the Buddha (1): The ten names (adhivacana) < [Part 2 - The Eight Recollections according to the Abhidharma]
The Saddharmapuṇḍarīka-sūtra < [Part 3 - Mastering the four great elements]
The Great Chariot (by Longchenpa)
Part 3 - The benefits of abandoning evil spiritual friends and companions < [D. Beings to be avoided, along with those associated with them]
Part 2a - The characteristics of the one to be relied upon < [C. The instruction to rely on these holy ones and abandon what is evil]
C. The dedication of merit < [Chapter VI - Going for Refuge]
Vinaya Pitaka (1): Bhikkhu-vibhanga (the analysis of Monks’ rules) (by I. B. Horner)