Triratna, Tri-ratna: 6 definitions



Triratna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

1) Triratna (त्रिरत्न) refers to the “three treasures” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 1):

  1. Buddha, 
  2. Saṅgha (Saṃgha), 
  3. Dharma.

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., triratna). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

2) Triratna (त्रिरत्न, “three jewels”) refers to the second of the “four factors of faith” (śraddhā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 81).

Source: Shambala Publications: General

Three Jewels (Skt., triratna) (Pali, tiratna), lit., “three precious ones”; the three essential components of Buddhism: Buddha, dharma, sangha—i.e. the Awakened One, the truth expounded by him, and the followers living in accordance with this truth. Firm faith in the three precious ones is the stage of “stream-entry.” The three precious ones are objects of veneration and are considered “places of refuge.” The Buddhist takes refuge in them by pronouncing the threefold refuge formula, thus acknowledging him- or herself publicly to be a Buddhist. Contemplation of the three precious ones comprises three of the ten contemplations.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Indian Ethics: Individual and Social (jainism)

Triratna (त्रिरत्न) refers to “three gems” as defined within Jain ethical conduct (nītiśāstra).—Jainism places great emphasis on three most important things in life, called three gems (triratna).

These triratna are:

  1. right vision (samyak-dṛṣṭī),
  2. right knowledge (samyak-jñāna),
  3. right conduct (samyak-cāritra).

Apart from these, Jain thinkers emphasize the need for reverence (śraddhā).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Triratna (त्रिरत्न).—nt. (= ratna-traya, q.v., and see ratna 1), the ‘three jewels’: °nāt Aṣṭasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 179.20 et alibi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Triratna (त्रिरत्न):—[=tri-ratna] [from tri] n. the 3 gems: Buddha, the law, and the monkish brotherhood, [Buddhist literature]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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