Sakyamuni, Shakyamuni, Śākyamuni, Shakya-muni, Śākyamuṉi: 19 definitions


Sakyamuni means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śākyamuni and Śākyamuṉi can be transliterated into English as Sakyamuni or Shakyamuni, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms"Sage of the Sakyans"; an epithet for the Buddha.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

An epithet of the Buddha. See Bu.xxvi.9; Mil. 115.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Sakyamuni in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि) is the name of both the first as well as the present Buddha, according to the Vibhāṣā and the Kośa mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). Accordingly, “In one of his earlier lives, the present Buddha Śākyamuni was a potter (kumbhakāra) called Prabhāsa. At that time, there was a Buddha called Śākyamuni; his disciples were called Śāriputra, Maudalyāyana and Ānanda”.

Note: According to the Vibhāṣā and the Kośa, the ancient Śākyamuni was the first Buddha whom the present Śākyamuni venerated. At that time, the latter was a potter named Prabhāsa (cf. Kośavyākhyā). The Mahāvastu I, also is aware of a Buddha Śākyamuni who lived an infinite number of numberless kalpas ago, also from Kapilavastu, and who received the generosity of the present Śākyamuni, then a merchant (śreṣṭhin).

According to the Mahāvadānasūtra, Buddha Śākyamuni had an “assistant” (upasthāyaka) named Ānanda.—Each Buddha had his assistant (upasthāyaka), a monk specially attached to his person, entrusted with fanning him, carrying his robe and bowl for alms-round, introducing visitors. The Sanskrit Mahāvadānasūtra has drawn up a list of the assistants who served the last seven Buddhas: [...] Ānanda for Śākyamuni [...]

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhist Teachers, Deities and other Spiritual beings

Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि) refers to one of the “Thirty-Five Confession Buddhas” (Tibetan: ltung bshags kyi sangs rgyas so lnga) according to various sources in Mahayana and Tibetan Buddhism such as the Triskandhadharma-Sutra and the Ratnakuta-Sutra.—These texts describe the practice of purification by confession and making prostrations to these Buddhas [e.g., Śākyamuni] while incorporating visualization techniques using a variety of iconographic depictions. The purpose of such practice is to purify negative karma.

Śākyamuni is also known in Tibetan as: shakya tup-pa [shAkya thub pa]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Sakyamuni in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि):—One of the Thirty-five buddhas of confession, according to the Trīskhandhadharmasūtra (‘Sutra of the Three Heaps’), which is a Mahāyāna sūtra. The sūtra describes the practice of purifying the transgressions of vows (especially the Bodhisattva-vows), by making prostrations to these Buddhas. In the Tibetan language (Wyl.), he is known as: sangs rgyas shAkya thub pa. His name means “the perfect buddha”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि) refers to the last of the “seven Buddhas” (saptatathāgata) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 6). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., saptatathāgata and Śākyamuni). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Buddhist Door: GlossarySakayamuni in Sanskrit, Shakyamuni in Pali. The founder of Buddhism. He was born as the Prince of Sakyans, and was called Siddhartha Goutama. At the age of 35, he attained the supreme Enlightenment and became the Buddha and was the called Shakyamuni. The word means "capability and kindness".Source: The Art of Asia: Who is Who in HeavenShakyamuni (Chinese: Shih chia; Japanese: Shaka), the Historical Buddha, was born in the 6th century B.C. in Lumbini (present day Nepal), achieved enlightenment at the age of thirty five, and spent the remaining forty five years of his life preaching his doctrine of salvation to others.Source: Shambala Publications: General

Shākyamuni Buddha, the historical Buddha, is not the first and only buddha. Already in the early Hīnayāna texts, six buddhas who preceded him in earlier epochs are mentioned: Vipashyin (Pali, Vipassi), Shikin (Sikhī), Vishvabhū (Vessabhū), Krakuchchanda (Kakusandha), Konagamana, and Kashyapa (Kassapa). The buddha who will follow Shākyamuni in a future age and renew the dharma is Maitreya. Be­yond these, one finds indications in the litera­ture of thirteen further buddhas, of which the most important is Dīpamkara, whose disci­ple Shākyamuni was in his previous existence as the ascetic Sumedha. The stories of these leg­endary buddhas are contained in the Buddhavamsa, a work from the Khuddaka­nikāya.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sakyamuni in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sakyamuni : (m.) the noble sage of the Sakyans.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sakyamuni in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि).—epithets of Buddha.

Derivable forms: śākyamuniḥ (शाक्यमुनिः).

Śākyamuni is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śākya and muni (मुनि). See also (synonyms): śākyasiṃha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि).—(= Pali Sak°; see also Śākyasiṃha), (1) epithet of the historic Buddha, passim; as 7th of the ‘seven Buddhas’, beginning with Vipaśyin, Dharmasaṃgraha 6; in Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 185.3 he is one of two Buddhas in the northeast, yet is located asyāṃ sahāyāṃ lokadhātau; Gaṇḍavyūha 419.20, see also Vairocana, who is identified with Ś. especially in Gaṇḍavyūha; (2) name of a former Buddha under whom ‘this’ (historic) Ś. made a praṇidhāna and received a prediction of Buddha- hood: Mahāvastu i.1.6; 47.13 ff.; in 57.8 thirty crores of Buddhas of this name were worshipped by, and predicted the Buddhahood of, (the historic) Ś. while he was cakravartin; in Lalitavistara 172.5 also a former B. of this name, to whom the historic Ś. made a gift; (3) name of (presumably) another past Buddha: Mahāvastu iii.238.10 ff.; (4) name of still another past Buddha, in the same list as (3), next in line to a Buddha named Yaśottara: Mahāvastu iii.240.4; 243.9, 10; 245.11; 247.7; 248.14; (in the same list, 240.10, the historic Ś. also names himself;) (5) name of a future Buddha, rebirth of a girl who made a praṇidhāna under the historic Ś. and for whom he predicted Buddhahood: Divyāvadāna 90.5, 28; (6) name of a future Buddha, rebirth of Vaḍika, similarly predicted by the historic Ś.: Avadāna-śataka i.35.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि).—m.

(-niḥ) A name of Budd'Ha, the real or supposed founder of the Baudd'ha religion. E. śakya said to be the name of a family or tribe, originating with one of the race of Ikswaku, condemned to take up his abode in a forest of Saka trees, and muni a saint.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि).—[masculine] the saint of the Śākyas, i.e. Buddha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—is degraded into a common grammarian by Sāyaṇa in the Mādhavīyadhātuvṛtti.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि):—[=śākya-muni] [from śākya] m. ‘Śākya sage’, Name of Gautama Buddha, [ib.; Kādambarī; Harṣacarita]; etc. (also -buddha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि):—[śākya-muni] (niḥ) 2. m. Idem.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sakyamuni in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Tamil dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sakyamuni in Tamil glossary
Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Śākyamuṉi (ஶாக்யமுனி) [śākya-muṉi] noun < Śākya-muni. The Buddha. See சாக்கியமுனி. [sakkiyamuni.]

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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