Sakyamuni, aka: Shakyamuni, Śākyamuni, Shakya-muni; 12 Definition(s)


Sakyamuni means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śākyamuni can be transliterated into English as Sakyamuni or Shakyamuni, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Sakyamuni in Theravada glossary... « previous · [S] · next »
"Sage of the Sakyans"; an epithet for the Buddha.Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

An epithet of the Buddha. See Bu.xxvi.9; Mil. 115.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Sakyamuni in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि) is the name of both the first as well as the present Buddha, according to the Vibhāṣā and the Kośa mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). Accordingly, “In one of his earlier lives, the present Buddha Śākyamuni was a potter (kumbhakāra) called Prabhāsa. At that time, there was a Buddha called Śākyamuni; his disciples were called Śāriputra, Maudalyāyana and Ānanda”.

Note: According to the Vibhāṣā and the Kośa, the ancient Śākyamuni was the first Buddha whom the present Śākyamuni venerated. At that time, the latter was a potter named Prabhāsa (cf. Kośavyākhyā). The Mahāvastu I, also is aware of a Buddha Śākyamuni who lived an infinite number of numberless kalpas ago, also from Kapilavastu, and who received the generosity of the present Śākyamuni, then a merchant (śreṣṭhin).

According to the Mahāvadānasūtra, Buddha Śākyamuni had an “assistant” (upasthāyaka) named Ānanda.—Each Buddha had his assistant (upasthāyaka), a monk specially attached to his person, entrusted with fanning him, carrying his robe and bowl for alms-round, introducing visitors. The Sanskrit Mahāvadānasūtra has drawn up a list of the assistants who served the last seven Buddhas: [...] Ānanda for Śākyamuni [...]

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Sakyamuni in Buddhism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि):—One of the Thirty-five buddhas of confession, according to the Trīskhandhadharmasūtra (‘Sutra of the Three Heaps’), which is a Mahāyāna sūtra. The sūtra describes the practice of purifying the transgressions of vows (especially the Bodhisattva-vows), by making prostrations to these Buddhas. In the Tibetan language (Wyl.), he is known as: sangs rgyas shAkya thub pa. His name means “the perfect buddha”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि) refers to the last of the “seven Buddhas” (saptatathāgata) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 6). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., saptatathāgata and Śākyamuni). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgrahaSakayamuni in Sanskrit, Shakyamuni in Pali. The founder of Buddhism. He was born as the Prince of Sakyans, and was called Siddhartha Goutama. At the age of 35, he attained the supreme Enlightenment and became the Buddha and was the called Shakyamuni. The word means "capability and kindness".Source: Buddhist Door: GlossaryShakyamuni (Chinese: Shih chia; Japanese: Shaka), the Historical Buddha, was born in the 6th century B.C. in Lumbini (present day Nepal), achieved enlightenment at the age of thirty five, and spent the remaining forty five years of his life preaching his doctrine of salvation to others.Source: The Art of Asia: Who is Who in Heaven

Shākyamuni Buddha, the historical Buddha, is not the first and only buddha. Already in the early Hīnayāna texts, six buddhas who preceded him in earlier epochs are mentioned: Vipashyin (Pali, Vipassi), Shikin (Sikhī), Vishvabhū (Vessabhū), Krakuchchanda (Kakusandha), Konagamana, and Kashyapa (Kassapa). The buddha who will follow Shākyamuni in a future age and renew the dharma is Maitreya. Be­yond these, one finds indications in the litera­ture of thirteen further buddhas, of which the most important is Dīpamkara, whose disci­ple Shākyamuni was in his previous existence as the ascetic Sumedha. The stories of these leg­endary buddhas are contained in the Buddhavamsa, a work from the Khuddaka­nikāya.

Source: Shambala Publications: General

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Sakyamuni in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sakyamuni : (m.) the noble sage of the Sakyans.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sakyamuni in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि).—epithets of Buddha.

Derivable forms: śākyamuniḥ (शाक्यमुनिः).

Śākyamuni is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śākya and muni (मुनि). See also (synonyms): śākyasiṃha.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि).—(= Pali Sak°; see also Śākyasiṃha), (1) ep. of the historic Buddha, passim; as 7th of the ‘seven Buddhas’, beginning with Vipaśyin, Dharmas 6; in SP 185.3 he is one of two Buddhas in the northeast, yet is located asyāṃ sahāyāṃ lokadhātau; Gv 419.20, see also Vairocana, who is identified with Ś. esp. in Gv; (2) n. of a former Buddha under whom ‘this’ (historic) Ś. made a praṇidhāna and received a prediction of Buddha- hood: Mv i.1.6; 47.13 ff.; in 57.8 thirty crores of Buddhas of this name were worshipped by, and predicted the Buddhahood of, (the historic) Ś. while he was cakravartin; in LV 172.5 also a former B. of this name, to whom the historic Ś. made a gift; (3) n. of (presumably) another past Buddha: Mv iii.238.10 ff.; (4) n. of still another past Buddha, in the same list as (3), next in line to a Buddha named Yaśottara: Mv iii.240.4; 243.9, 10; 245.11; 247.7; 248.14; (in the same list, 240.10, the historic Ś. also names himself;) (5) n. of a future Buddha, rebirth of a girl who made a praṇidhāna under the historic Ś. and for whom he predicted Buddhahood: Divy 90.5, 28; (6) n. of a future Buddha, rebirth of Vaḍika, similarly predicted by the historic Ś.: Av i.35.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि).—m.

(-niḥ) A name of Budd'Ha, the real or supposed founder of the Baudd'ha religion. E. śakya said to be the name of a family or tribe, originating with one of the race of Ikswaku, condemned to take up his abode in a forest of Saka trees, and muni a saint.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 1306 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Śakya (शक्य).—mfn. (-kyaḥ-kyā-kyaṃ) 1. Possible, practicable to be effected or done, (generally...
Muni (मुनि).—m. (-niḥ) 1. A holy sage, a pious and learned person, endowed with more or less of...
Mahāmuni (महामुनि).—m. (-niḥ) 1. A name of Agastya. 2. A name of Baudd'ha or more properly, of ...
Śakyārtha (शक्यार्थ).—the meaning directly expressed. Derivable forms: śakyārthaḥ (शक्यार्थः).Ś...
Śākyasiṃha (शाक्यसिंह).—epithets of Buddha. Derivable forms: śākyasiṃhaḥ (शाक्यसिंहः).Śākyasiṃh...
Munīndra (मुनीन्द्र).—m. (-ndraḥ) 1. A superior Muni or sage. 2. A Budd'ha, a Baudd'ha sage or ...
Munipittala (मुनिपित्तल).—n. (-laṃ) Copper. E. muni a devotee, and pittala brass.
Munipuṅgava (मुनिपुङ्गव).—m. (-vaḥ) A pre-eminent sage. E. muni a sage, and puṅgava, (in compos...
Munyanna (मुन्यन्न).—n. (-nnaṃ) Wild grain, roots, fruit, &c. E. muni a hermit, anna food.
Munibheṣaja (मुनिभेषज).—n. (-jaṃ) 1. Fasting. 2. The fruit of the yellow myrobalan. 3. The sain...
Munidruma (मुनिद्रुम).—m. (-maḥ) A tree, (Æschynomene grandiflora.) E. muni the saint Agastya, ...
Munitraya (मुनित्रय).—'the triad of sages', i. e. Pāṇini, Kātyāyana, and Patañjali (who are con...
Śākyaputrīya (शाक्यपुत्रीय).—f. °yā (= Pali Sakyaputtiya), a follower of the Buddha: pl., Divy ...
Śakyapratīkāra (शक्यप्रतीकार).—m. (-raḥ) A possible remedy or counteragent.
Trimuni (त्रिमुनि).—ind. having the three sages पाणिनि, कात्यायन (pāṇini, kātyāyana) and पतञ्जल...

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