Vipashyin, aka: Vipaṣyin; 3 Definition(s)


Vipashyin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vipaṣyin can be transliterated into English as Vipasyin or Vipashyin, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Vipashyin in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vipaśyin (विपश्यिन्) or “views of all kinds” is the name of a Buddha according to the according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VII).—“During the ninety-one kalpas from the Buddha P’i p’o che (Vipaṣyin) to the Buddha Kia chö (Kāśyapa), the Bodhisattva Śākyamuni accomplished the actions producing the thirty-two marks and, when he had accumulated (upacita) them, his six virtues (pāramitā) were perfected (paripūrṇa)”.

Vipaśyin was Buddha during the 91st kalpa, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV).—Accordingly, “One thing that is difficult to find is a Buddha Bhagavat. It takes innumerable koṭi of kalpas to find one. In 91 kalpas, there have been only three Buddhas. [...] Before the good kalpa (bhadrakalpa), during the 91st kalpa, there was a Buddha called Vipaśyin, “views of all kinds”; [...]”.

According to the Mahāvadānasūtra, Buddha Vipaśyin had an “assistant” (upasthāyaka) named Aśoka.—Each Buddha had his assistant (upasthāyaka), a monk specially attached to his person, entrusted with fanning him, carrying his robe and bowl for alms-round, introducing visitors. The Sanskrit Mahāvadānasūtra has drawn up a list of the assistants who served the last seven Buddhas: [...] Aśoka for Vipaśyin [...]

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vipashyin in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vipaśyin (विपश्यिन्).—(compare prec. two; miswritten Vipaścin Divy 141.16; Mmk 397.11; = Pali vipassi(n), both mgs.), (1) adj., having insight (into, in comp.): sarvāvaraṇabuddha- samudra-°nā bodhisattvasamādhinā Gv 37.6; sarvāvara- ṇavigatena °nā kauśalyena 60.7; (2) n. of a past Buddha, as in Pali the sixth before Śākyamuni, and so often as ‘first of seven Buddhas’, see s.v. tathāgata; otherwise named as a former Buddha: Mv i.2.5; 294.19; iii.240.6; 241.16; 243.14; 244.4; 245.18 ff.; 247.10; 249.1; Gv 206.12; stories of incidents which occurred during his Buddhahood, Mv ii.271.7 ff.; Divy 141.16; 227.21 ff.; 282.19 ff.; Av i.137.7 ff.; 349.3 ff.; ii.70.11; 96.3; 109.3; Kv 14.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vipaśyin (विपश्यिन्).—m. (-śyī) A Baudd'ha saint, the first of the seven principal Baudd'has. E. vipaśya and ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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