Arati, aka: Arāti, Ārati, Ārāti; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Arati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Ārati (आरति).—A ceremony in which one greets and worships the Lord in the Deity form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead by offering Him incense, a flame in a lamp with ghee-soaked wicks, a flame in a lamp containing camphor, water in a conchshell, a fine cloth, a fragrant flower, a peacock-feather, and yak-tail wisk, accompanied by bell-ringing and chanting.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

One of the three daughters of Mara, the others being Tanha and Raga. (In the Buddha Carita (xiii.), their names are Rati, Priti and Trsna; in the Lal. (353), Rati, Arati and Trsna).

Seeing their father disconsolate after his repeated attempts to foil Gotamas quest for Enlightenment, they offered to tempt the Buddha with their wiles. This was in the fifth week after the Enlightenment. With Maras approval, they came to the Buddha in various forms and in various guises, as he sat at the foot of the Ajapala banyan tree, and danced and sang before him. In the end the Buddha told them that he was beyond temptation by the pleasures of the senses and they went back to their father (S.i.124-7; J.i.78-80, 469; DhA.i.201f., iii.196,199; SN.v.835).

In the Samyutta account, they are said to have asked the Buddha questions regarding himself and his teachings. Aratis question was how a man who had already crossed the five floods could cross the sixth. For explanation see KS.i.158, n.3.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Arati (अरति) refers to one of the three daughters of Māra mentioned in the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXIV).—Accordingly, “While the Buddha was under the Bodhi tree, king Māra, out of spite (daurmanasya) sent him the three princesses, Lo kien (Ragā), Yue pei (Arati) and K’o ngai (Tṛṣṇā). They came showing off their bodies and using all sorts of charms to try to corrupt the Bodhisattva, but the latter did not let himself become disturbed and did not look at them”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Arati (अरति, “discontent”) refers to one of the  hardships (parīṣaha), or “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana). While practicing penance for a lac of years, Muni Nandana also endured a series of trials hard to endure (eg., arati). Nandana is the name of a king as well as one of Mahāvīra’s previous births.

(Source): archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra Vol-i

Arati (अरति, “displeasure”) refers to a subclass of the interal (abhyantara) division of parigraha (attachment) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment). Amṛtacandra (in his Puruṣārthasiddhyupāya 116), Somadeva, and Āśādhara among the Digambaras and Siddhasena Gaṇin (in his commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra 7.24) among the Śvetāmbaras mention fourteen varieties  of abhyantara-parigraha (for example, arati).

(Source): archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Arati (अरति).—What is meant by ‘dissatisfaction’ (arati)? Promoting dissatisfaction amongst others, destroying pleasures of others, association with the wicked are the activities implied by arati. What is the difference between arati and rati? Arati implies restlessness and rati implies rest.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Arati (अरति, “dissatisfaction”) refers to “dislike for certain objects” and represents one of the nine types of the Akaṣāya (“quasi passions”) classification of of  Cāritramohanīya “conduct deluding (karmas)” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. Cāritramohanīya refers to one of the two main classifications of Mohanīya, or “deluding (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha). What is meant by dislike for certain objects (arati) karmas? The karmas rising of which causes disliking for unpleasant things are called dislike for certain objects karmas.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

arati : (f.) non-attachment; aversion. || ārati (f.), abstinence; leaving off.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Arāti, (a + rāti, cp. Sk. arāti) an enemy Dāvs IV, 1. (Page 77)

— or —

Arati, (f.) (a + rati) dislike, discontent, aversion Sn. 270, 436, 642, 938; Dh. 418 (= ukkaṇṭhitattaṃ DhA. IV, 225); Th. 2, 339 (= ukkaṇṭhi ThA. 239); Sdhp. 476. (Page 76)

— or —

Ārati, (f.) (Sk. ārati, ā + ram) leaving off, abstinence Vv 639 (= paṭivirati VvA. 263); in exegetical style occurring in typ. combn. with virati paṭivirati veramaṇī, e.g. at Nd2 462; Dhs. 299. (Page 107)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

arati (अरति).—f S Distaste, dislike, disgust. 2 Discontent or dissatisfaction.

--- OR ---

arati (अरति).—a S That dislikes or is disgusted or dissatisfied.

--- OR ---

aratī (अरती).—See āratī.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

arati (अरति).—f Dislike. Discontent. a That dis- likes, &c.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

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Mṛgārāti (मृगाराति).—1) a lion. 2) a dog. Derivable forms: mṛgārātiḥ (मृगारातिः).Mṛgārāti is a ...
Arati Sutta
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Shivarati
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Sahajaci Arati
sahajācī āratī (सहजाची आरती).—f (See āratī) An optional or a voluntary matter.
Sarparati
Sarpārāti (सर्पाराति).—1) an ichneumon. 2) a peacock. 3) an epithet of Garuḍa. Derivable forms:...
Balarati
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Mushikarati
Mūṣikārāti (मूषिकाराति).—a cat. Derivable forms: mūṣikārātiḥ (मूषिकारातिः).Mūṣikārāti is a Sans...
Mushakarati
Mūṣakārāti (मूषकाराति).—a cat. Derivable forms: mūṣakārātiḥ (मूषकारातिः).Mūṣakārāti is a Sanskr...
Aratiha
Arātiha (अरातिह).—a. Ved/ destroying adversities or enemies; Av.19.34.4. Arātiha is a Sanskrit ...
Vrikarati
Vṛkārāti (वृकाराति).—a dog. Derivable forms: vṛkārātiḥ (वृकारातिः).Vṛkārāti is a Sanskrit compo...
Aratidushana
Arātidūṣaṇa (अरातिदूषण).—a. Ved/ destroying adversities or enemies; Av.19.34.4. Arātidūṣaṇa is ...
Himarati
Himārāti (हिमाराति).—1) fire. 2) the sun. 3) the arka and chitraka plants. Derivable forms: him...
Purarati
Purārāti (पुराराति).—m., Derivable forms: purārātiḥ (पुरारातिः).Purārāti is a Sanskrit compound...
Kunjararati
Kuñjarārāti (कुञ्जराराति).—1) a lion. 2) Śarabha (a fabulous animal with 8 feet). Derivable for...
Aratibhanga
Arātibhaṅga (अरातिभङ्ग).—destruction of enemies.Derivable forms: arātibhaṅgaḥ (अरातिभङ्गः).Arāt...

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