Arati, Arāti, Ārati, Ārāti: 31 definitions

Introduction:

Arati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aarti.

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In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Ārati (आरति).—A ceremony in which one greets and worships the Lord in the Deity form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead by offering Him incense, a flame in a lamp with ghee-soaked wicks, a flame in a lamp containing camphor, water in a conchshell, a fine cloth, a fragrant flower, a peacock-feather, and yak-tail wisk, accompanied by bell-ringing and chanting.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Ārati (आरति) refers to:—The ceremony of offering a deity articles of worship, such as incense, lamp, flowers and fan, accompanied by chanting and bell-ringing. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Ārati (आरति) refers to:—A ceremony wherein the deity form of the Lord is worshipped with various articles. (cf. Glossary page from Arcana-dīpikā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Ārati (आरति) or Ārātrika is the name of a ceremony of “circular waving of lights before idols” [Cf. Nīrājana].—The Nīrājana ceremony was essentially a Śānti or a rite to counteract evil influences. Gradually it lost its military character, but continued as a propitiatory rite. Cf. Rucipati in his commentary on Anargharāghava 2.10. The circular waving of lights was a special feature of the Nīrājana ritual, and that before idols is also known as Ārātrika, popularly called Ārati. In Kāvya poetry the word is often used in the sense of “illumination” or “adoration as with waving lights”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Arati [అరటి] in the Telugu language is the name of a plant identified with Musa x paradisiaca L. from the Musaceae (Banana) family having the following synonyms: Karkandela x malabarica, Musa x champa, Musa x dacca. For the possible medicinal usage of arati, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Arati (अरति):—Restlessness due to dissatisfaction

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Arāti (अराति) refers to “enemies”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] I will now speak of the rules of the arghya (offering) to be presented to Agastya as stated by the Ṛṣis. [...] The offering to be made by princes in honour of Agastya shall consist of the fragrant flowers of the season, of fruits, of precious stones, of gold cloths, of cows, of bulls, of well-cooked rice, of sweet-meats, of curdled milk, of coloured rice, of perfumed smoke and fragrant paste. A prince making this offering, with a truly devout spirit, on every occasion of the reappearance of the star Canopus for 7 years will be freed from disease, will triumph over his enemies [i.e., nirjita-arāti-pakṣa] and will become the sole ruler of the Earth”.

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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

One of the three daughters of Mara, the others being Tanha and Raga. (In the Buddha Carita (xiii.), their names are Rati, Priti and Trsna; in the Lal. (353), Rati, Arati and Trsna).

Seeing their father disconsolate after his repeated attempts to foil Gotamas quest for Enlightenment, they offered to tempt the Buddha with their wiles. This was in the fifth week after the Enlightenment. With Maras approval, they came to the Buddha in various forms and in various guises, as he sat at the foot of the Ajapala banyan tree, and danced and sang before him. In the end the Buddha told them that he was beyond temptation by the pleasures of the senses and they went back to their father (S.i.124-7; J.i.78-80, 469; DhA.i.201f., iii.196,199; SN.v.835).

In the Samyutta account, they are said to have asked the Buddha questions regarding himself and his teachings. Aratis question was how a man who had already crossed the five floods could cross the sixth. For explanation see KS.i.158, n.3.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Arati (अरति) refers to one of the three daughters of Māra mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXIV).—Accordingly, “While the Buddha was under the Bodhi tree, king Māra, out of spite (daurmanasya) sent him the three princesses, Lo kien (Ragā), Yue pei (Arati) and K’o ngai (Tṛṣṇā). They came showing off their bodies and using all sorts of charms to try to corrupt the Bodhisattva, but the latter did not let himself become disturbed and did not look at them”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Arati (अरति, “discontent”) refers to one of the  hardships (parīṣaha), or “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana). While practicing penance for a lac of years, Muni Nandana also endured a series of trials hard to endure (e.g., arati). Nandana is the name of a king as well as one of Mahāvīra’s previous births.

Arati (“dislike”) according to Ara in his sermon on rāga and dveṣa:—“[...] People who are led by a mind whose knowledge has been destroyed by the darkness of love, etc., fall into hell like a blind man, led by a blind man, into a well. Passion (rati) for and joy (prīti) in objects, etc., are called love (raga); the wise call dislike (arati) and discontent (aprīti) with these same objects hate (dveṣa). These two, very powerful, a bond for all people, are known as the root and bulb of the tree of all pains. Who would be open-eyed with astonishment in happiness, who would be pitiable in sorrow, who would fail to reach emancipation, if there were no love and hate here? [...]”.

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Arati (अरति, “displeasure”) refers to a subclass of the interal (abhyantara) division of parigraha (attachment) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment). Amṛtacandra (in his Puruṣārthasiddhyupāya 116), Somadeva, and Āśādhara among the Digambaras and Siddhasena Gaṇin (in his commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra 7.24) among the Śvetāmbaras mention fourteen varieties  of abhyantara-parigraha (for example, arati).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Arati (अरति).—What is meant by ‘dissatisfaction’ (arati)? Promoting dissatisfaction amongst others, destroying pleasures of others, association with the wicked are the activities implied by arati. What is the difference between arati and rati? Arati implies restlessness and rati implies rest.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Arati (अरति, “dissatisfaction”) refers to “dislike for certain objects” and represents one of the nine types of the Akaṣāya (“quasi passions”) classification of of  Cāritramohanīya “conduct deluding (karmas)” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. Cāritramohanīya refers to one of the two main classifications of Mohanīya, or “deluding (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha). What is meant by dislike for certain objects (arati) karmas? The karmas rising of which causes disliking for unpleasant things are called dislike for certain objects karmas.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Arāti (अराति) refers to the “enemy” (of infinite evil), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Where is the escape from the bottom of the pit of hell for the living soul who is continually afflicted by the enemy of infinite evil (duranta-durita-arāti-pīḍita)? If he emerges from that, the sentient being is born among the immobile beings or by some action reaches the state of mobile beings”.

Synonyms: Vaira, Vairin, Dviṣa.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ārati.—(EI 1), a lamp; same as ārātrika. Note: ārati is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Ārti.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

arati : (f.) non-attachment; aversion. || ārati (f.), abstinence; leaving off.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Arāti, (a + rāti, cp. Sk. arāti) an enemy Dāvs IV, 1. (Page 77)

— or —

Arati, (f.) (a + rati) dislike, discontent, aversion Sn. 270, 436, 642, 938; Dh. 418 (= ukkaṇṭhitattaṃ DhA. IV, 225); Th. 2, 339 (= ukkaṇṭhi ThA. 239); Sdhp. 476. (Page 76)

— or —

Ārati, (f.) (Sk. ārati, ā + ram) leaving off, abstinence Vv 639 (= paṭivirati VvA. 263); in exegetical style occurring in typ. combn. with virati paṭivirati veramaṇī, e.g. at Nd2 462; Dhs. 299. (Page 107)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

arati (अरति).—f S Distaste, dislike, disgust. 2 Discontent or dissatisfaction.

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arati (अरति).—a S That dislikes or is disgusted or dissatisfied.

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aratī (अरती).—See āratī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

arati (अरति).—f Dislike. Discontent. a That dis- likes, &c.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arati (अरति).—a.

1) Dissatisfied, discontented.

2) Dull, languid, restless.

-tiḥ f.

1) Absence of pleasure or amusement; अरतिर्जनसंसदि (aratirjanasaṃsadi) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 13.1. regarded as arising from the longings of love, स्वाभीष्टवस्त्वलाभेन चेतसो याऽनवस्थितिः । अरतिः सा (svābhīṣṭavastvalābhena cetaso yā'navasthitiḥ | aratiḥ sā) S. D.; one of the ten states of love-lorn persons (anaṅgadaśā); Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.3.48.

2) Pain, distress; भृशमरतिमवाप्य तत्र (bhṛśamaratimavāpya tatra) Kirātārjunīya 1.49.

3) Anxiety, regret, uneasiness, agitation; संधत्ते भृशमरतिं हि सद्वियोगः (saṃdhatte bhṛśamaratiṃ hi sadviyogaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 5.51.

4) Dissatisfaction, discontent.

5) Languor, dullness.

6) A bilious disease.

-tiḥ [ṛ-ati]

1) Anger, passion.

2) Ved. Going, moving quickly.

3) Moving flame.

4) Occupying, attacking.

5) Servant, manager, assistant.

6) A master.

7) An intelligent being.

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Arāti (अराति).—[na rāti dadāti sukhaṃ, rā-ka, na. ta.]

1) An enemy, foe; देशः सोऽयमरातिशोणितजलैर्यस्मिन् ह्रदाः पूरिताः (deśaḥ so'yamarātiśoṇitajalairyasmin hradāḥ pūritāḥ) Ve.3.33; अरातिं बह्वमन्यत (arātiṃ bahvamanyata) R.12.89. (in the Veda) non-offering (of sacrifices), stinginess, hardness, malignity, malevolence, failure or adversity; malignity personified; evil spirit whose aim it was to defeat the good intentions and disturb the happiness of man (used in f.).

2) The number six.

3) The sixth position in (astronomy).

Derivable forms: arātiḥ (अरातिः).

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Ārati (आरति).—f.

1) Cessation, stopping.

2) Waving lights before an image (Mar. āratī).

Derivable forms: āratiḥ (आरतिः).

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Ārāti (आराति).—[ā-rā ktic] An enemy.

Derivable forms: ārātiḥ (आरातिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Arati (अरति).—(in Mahāvastu Aratī), (1) name of a daughter of Māra: Lalitavistara 378.4 °tiś ca; Mahāvastu iii.281.15 (mss. Aparatī); 284.12, 17; 285.5; 286.6; (2) name of one of the ‘armies’ (senā) of Māra: Lalitavistara 262.14 (see Ārati, which Mahāvastu reads in the same verse). See also ārāti.

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Ārati (आरति).—f., name of one of the ‘armies’ (senā) of Māra: Mahāvastu ii.240.3 (verse) kāmā te prathamā senā dvitīyā ārati vuccati.The meter is indifferent as to a- or ā- initially, and Lalitavistara in the same verse has Arati, q.v. It is hard to be sure what meaning was attributed to the word. Foucaux (mécontentement) and Tibetan (mi dgaḥ ba) understand Lalitavistara as a-(neg.)-rati.

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Ārāti (आराति).—m.c. for arati, displeasure (in this meaning Sanskrit arati), by em. (required by meter) in Lalitavistara 325.11, where word-division should be: ārātīya ratīya (both instr. sg.) saṃvase na ca sārdhaṃ, and I do not dwell together with displeasure or pleasure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arati (अरति).—mfn. (-tiḥ-tiḥ-ti) 1. Dull, languid. 2. Discontented, unhappy. m.

(-tiḥ) Anger, passion. f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Dissatisfaction, discontent. 2. Dullness, languor. 3. Absence of pleasure, pain. 4. Anxiety, distress. E. a neg. and rati pleasure, or to go, and ati Unadi aff.

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Arāti (अराति).—m.

(-tiḥ) An enemy. E. a neg. and to give, with ti affix; who does not give pleasure.

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Ārati (आरति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Stopping, ceasing. 2. Waving lights before an image. E. āṅ before ram to play, ktin aff.

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Ārāti (आराति).—m.

(-tiḥ) An enemy. E. āṅ before to take or receive, āti aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arati (अरति).— (vb. ṛ?), m. 1. A disposer, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 101, 4 = [Rigveda.] 7, 16, 1. 2. a-rati, f. Pain, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 31.

— Cf.

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Arāti (अराति).—m. an enemy, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 110.

Arāti is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and rāti (राति).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arati (अरति).—1. [masculine] assistant, minister, disposer.

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Arati (अरति).—2. [feminine] discomfort, uneasiness.

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Arāti (अराति).—[feminine] envy, jealousy (lit. the not giving), enmity; concr. enemy, foe.

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Āraṭi (आरटि).—[substantive], ta [neuter] roaring, sound.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arati (अरति):—[=a-rati] [from a-rata] 1. a-rati f. dissatisfaction, discontent, dulness, languor, [Buddhist literature; Jaina literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] anxiety, distress, regret, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] anger, passion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a bilious disease, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] mfn. discontented, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) 2. arati m. (√ri cf. ara, aram), ‘moving quickly’, a servant, assistant, manager, administrator, [Ṛg-veda] (for, [Ṛg-veda v, 2, 1] See 2. aratni)

7) Arāti (अराति):—[=a-rāti] f. ‘non liberality’, enviousness, malignity, [Ṛg-veda]

8) [v.s. ...] failure, adversity, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] particular evil spirits (who frustrate the good intentions and disturb the happiness of man), [ib.]

10) [v.s. ...] m. (is) an enemy, [Raghuvaṃśa xii, 89]

11) [v.s. ...] (in [arithmetic]) the number six (there being six sins or internal enemies cf. ṣaḍ-varga).

12) Āraṭi (आरटि):—[=ā-raṭi] [from ā-raṭ] f. (?) noise, roaring (in muktāraṭi, ‘having uttered a roaring’), [Kathāsaritsāgara 52, 123.]

13) Ārati (आरति):—[=ā-rati] [from ā-ram] f. stopping, ceasing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Ārāti (आराति):—m. enemy (= arāti q.v.), [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arati (अरति):—[a-rati] (tiḥ) 2. m. Anger. f. Dissatisfaction. a. Dull, unhappy.

2) Arāti (अराति):—[a-rāti] (tiḥ) 2. m. An enemy.

3) Ārati (आरति):—[ā-rati] (tiḥ) 2. f. Stopping; ceasing; waving lights to an image.

4) Ārāti (आराति):—[ā-rāti] (tiḥ) 2. m. An enemy.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Arati (अरति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Arai, Arāi, Ārāḍi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Arati in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Āratī (आरती) [Also spelled aarti]:—(nf) a ceremony performed in adoration of a deity or any outstanding personage or guest by circular movement of a lighted lamp before his person; —[utāranā] to perform [āratī].

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Araṭi (ಅರಟಿ):—[noun] (dial.) a thick, sticky paste made of the jowar (Sorghum vulgare) flour, lime and jaggery, which is used to block the holes in water vessels.

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Arati (ಅರತಿ):—

1) [noun] want of feelings like love, attachment, interest, etc.; intense dislike or hatred; loathing; detestation.

2) [noun] a feeling of displeasure resulting from injury, mistreatment, opposition, etc., and usually showing itself in a desire to fight back at the supposed cause of this feeling; anger.

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Arāti (ಅರಾತಿ):—

1) [noun] a person who hates another, and wishes or tries to injure him; a foe; an enemy.

2) [noun] (astrol.) (in the horoscope) sixth house from the first place.

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Āraṭi (ಆರಟಿ):—[noun] = ಆರಟ [arata].

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Ārati (ಆರತಿ):—

1) [noun] a waving of lights before a person or an idol of a deity.

2) [noun] the lights used or camphor burned for this purpose.

3) [noun] ಆರತಿ ಎತ್ತು [arati ettu] ārati ettu = ಆರತಿಯೆತ್ತು [aratiyettu]; ಆರತಿಬೆಳಗು [aratibelagu] ārati beḷagu = ಆರತಿಯೆತ್ತು [aratiyettu]; 2) to welcome in a traditional manner; ಆರತಿಯೆತ್ತು [aratiyettu] āratiyettu to wave the lights or burning camphor before the idol of a deity or the lights before a person; 2. (fig.) to treat with dislike or repugnance; ಆರತಿತಟ್ಟೆ [aratitatte] ārati taṭṭe a plate, with or without a handle used to wave the lights before an idol.

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Ārati (ಆರತಿ):—[noun] a ceasing or stopping, either forever or for some time; cessation.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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