Arati, aka: Arāti, Ārati, Ārāti; 14 Definition(s)


Arati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Ārati (आरति).—A ceremony in which one greets and worships the Lord in the Deity form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead by offering Him incense, a flame in a lamp with ghee-soaked wicks, a flame in a lamp containing camphor, water in a conchshell, a fine cloth, a fragrant flower, a peacock-feather, and yak-tail wisk, accompanied by bell-ringing and chanting.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

One of the three daughters of Mara, the others being Tanha and Raga. (In the Buddha Carita (xiii.), their names are Rati, Priti and Trsna; in the Lal. (353), Rati, Arati and Trsna).

Seeing their father disconsolate after his repeated attempts to foil Gotamas quest for Enlightenment, they offered to tempt the Buddha with their wiles. This was in the fifth week after the Enlightenment. With Maras approval, they came to the Buddha in various forms and in various guises, as he sat at the foot of the Ajapala banyan tree, and danced and sang before him. In the end the Buddha told them that he was beyond temptation by the pleasures of the senses and they went back to their father (S.i.124-7; J.i.78-80, 469; DhA.i.201f., iii.196,199; SN.v.835).

In the Samyutta account, they are said to have asked the Buddha questions regarding himself and his teachings. Aratis question was how a man who had already crossed the five floods could cross the sixth. For explanation see KS.i.158, n.3.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Arati (अरति) refers to one of the three daughters of Māra mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXIV).—Accordingly, “While the Buddha was under the Bodhi tree, king Māra, out of spite (daurmanasya) sent him the three princesses, Lo kien (Ragā), Yue pei (Arati) and K’o ngai (Tṛṣṇā). They came showing off their bodies and using all sorts of charms to try to corrupt the Bodhisattva, but the latter did not let himself become disturbed and did not look at them”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Arati (अरति, “discontent”) refers to one of the  hardships (parīṣaha), or “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana). While practicing penance for a lac of years, Muni Nandana also endured a series of trials hard to endure (eg., arati). Nandana is the name of a king as well as one of Mahāvīra’s previous births.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra Vol-i

Arati (अरति, “displeasure”) refers to a subclass of the interal (abhyantara) division of parigraha (attachment) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment). Amṛtacandra (in his Puruṣārthasiddhyupāya 116), Somadeva, and Āśādhara among the Digambaras and Siddhasena Gaṇin (in his commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra 7.24) among the Śvetāmbaras mention fourteen varieties  of abhyantara-parigraha (for example, arati).

Source: Jaina Yoga

Arati (अरति).—What is meant by ‘dissatisfaction’ (arati)? Promoting dissatisfaction amongst others, destroying pleasures of others, association with the wicked are the activities implied by arati. What is the difference between arati and rati? Arati implies restlessness and rati implies rest.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Arati (अरति, “dissatisfaction”) refers to “dislike for certain objects” and represents one of the nine types of the Akaṣāya (“quasi passions”) classification of of  Cāritramohanīya “conduct deluding (karmas)” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. Cāritramohanīya refers to one of the two main classifications of Mohanīya, or “deluding (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha). What is meant by dislike for certain objects (arati) karmas? The karmas rising of which causes disliking for unpleasant things are called dislike for certain objects karmas.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Ārati.—(EI 1), a lamp; same as ārātrika. Note: ārati is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Ārti.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Arati in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

arati : (f.) non-attachment; aversion. || ārati (f.), abstinence; leaving off.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Arāti, (a + rāti, cp. Sk. arāti) an enemy Dāvs IV, 1. (Page 77)

— or —

Arati, (f.) (a + rati) dislike, discontent, aversion Sn. 270, 436, 642, 938; Dh. 418 (= ukkaṇṭhitattaṃ DhA. IV, 225); Th. 2, 339 (= ukkaṇṭhi ThA. 239); Sdhp. 476. (Page 76)

— or —

Ārati, (f.) (Sk. ārati, ā + ram) leaving off, abstinence Vv 639 (= paṭivirati VvA. 263); in exegetical style occurring in typ. combn. with virati paṭivirati veramaṇī, e.g. at Nd2 462; Dhs. 299. (Page 107)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

arati (अरति).—f S Distaste, dislike, disgust. 2 Discontent or dissatisfaction.

--- OR ---

arati (अरति).—a S That dislikes or is disgusted or dissatisfied.

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aratī (अरती).—See āratī.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

arati (अरति).—f Dislike. Discontent. a That dis- likes, &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arati (अरति).—a.

1) Dissatisfied, discontented.

2) Dull, languid, restless.

-tiḥ f.

1) Absence of pleasure or amusement; अरतिर्जनसंसदि (aratirjanasaṃsadi) Bg.13.1. regarded as arising from the longings of love, स्वाभीष्टवस्त्वलाभेन चेतसो याऽनवस्थितिः । अरतिः सा (svābhīṣṭavastvalābhena cetaso yā'navasthitiḥ | aratiḥ sā) S. D.; one of the ten states of love-lorn persons (anaṅgadaśā); Mb.12.3.48.

2) Pain, distress; भृशमरतिमवाप्य तत्र (bhṛśamaratimavāpya tatra) Ki.1.49.

3) Anxiety, regret, uneasiness, agitation; संधत्ते भृशमरतिं हि सद्वियोगः (saṃdhatte bhṛśamaratiṃ hi sadviyogaḥ) Ki.5.51.

4) Dissatisfaction, discontent.

5) Languor, dullness.

6) A bilious disease.

-tiḥ [ṛ-ati]

1) Anger, passion.

2) Ved. Going, moving quickly.

3) Moving flame.

4) Occupying, attacking.

5) Servant, manager, assistant.

6) A master.

7) An intelligent being.

--- OR ---

Arāti (अराति).—[na rāti dadāti sukhaṃ, rā-ka, na. ta.]

1) An enemy, foe; देशः सोऽयमरातिशोणितजलैर्यस्मिन् ह्रदाः पूरिताः (deśaḥ so'yamarātiśoṇitajalairyasmin hradāḥ pūritāḥ) Ve.3.33; अरातिं बह्वमन्यत (arātiṃ bahvamanyata) R.12.89. (in the Veda) non-offering (of sacrifices), stinginess, hardness, malignity, malevolence, failure or adversity; malignity personified; evil spirit whose aim it was to defeat the good intentions and disturb the happiness of man (used in f.).

2) The number six.

3) The sixth position in (astronomy).

Derivable forms: arātiḥ (अरातिः).

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Ārati (आरति).—f.

1) Cessation, stopping.

2) Waving lights before an image (Mar. āratī).

Derivable forms: āratiḥ (आरतिः).

--- OR ---

Ārāti (आराति).—[ā-rā ktic] An enemy.

Derivable forms: ārātiḥ (आरातिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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