Aratni: 13 definitions
Aratni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna
The word ‘Aratni’ which primarily means ‘elbow’ is frequently met with from the Ṛg-veda onwards as denoting a measure of length (‘ell’ or ‘cubit’), showing the distance from the elbow to the tip of the hand. The exact length is nowhere given in the early texts.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Aratni (अरत्नि).—A measurement of length equal to a cubit.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 17. 26; III. 11. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 46. 26; 74. 7.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy
Aratni refers to a measure of length from the elbow to the tip of the little finger. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Aratni (अरत्नि):—Forearm, Anti-brachium. The portion of the arm between elbow and the wrist.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
aratni (अरत्नि).—f S A measure from the elbow to the tip of the little finger, a variety of the cubit.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Aratni (अरत्नि).—(m. or f.) [ṛ-katni ratniḥ sa nāsti yatra]
1) The elbow; sometimes the fist itself.
2) A cubit of the middle length, from the elbow to the tip of the little finger, an ell; अरत्निस्तु निष्कनिष्ठेन मुष्टिना (aratnistu niṣkaniṣṭhena muṣṭinā) Ak.; मध्याङ्गुलि- कूर्परयोर्मध्ये प्रामाणिकः करः । बद्धमुष्टिकरो रत्निररत्निः स कनिष्ठिकः (madhyāṅguli- kūrparayormadhye prāmāṇikaḥ karaḥ | baddhamuṣṭikaro ratniraratniḥ sa kaniṣṭhikaḥ) || Halāy.; A measure 24 Aṅgulas (fingers); एकविंशति- यूपास्ते एकविंशत्यरत्नयः (ekaviṃśati- yūpāste ekaviṃśatyaratnayaḥ) Rām.1.14.25. पञ्चारत्नयो रथपथः (pañcāratnayo rathapathaḥ) Kau. A.2.4. सममरत्नियुगेऽयुगचक्षुषः (samamaratniyuge'yugacakṣuṣaḥ) Ki.18.6.
3) The arm; अरत्निना चाभिहत्य शिरः कायादपाहरत् (aratninā cābhihatya śiraḥ kāyādapāharat) Mb.3.157.7.
Derivable forms: aratniḥ (अरत्निः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-tniḥ) 1. A cubit of the middle length, from the elbow to the tip of the little finger. 2. The elbow. E. ṛ to go, and katni Unadi aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Aratni (अरत्नि).— (vb. ṛ; the aff. contains the verb tan), m. 1. The elbow, [Draupadīpramātha] 9, 5. 2. A cubit of the middle length from the elbow to the tip of the little finger, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 40, 43.
— Cf. [Gothic.] arms; [Latin] armus, arma; [Latin] ulna; [Old High German.] elina.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Aratni (अरत्नि).—[masculine] elbow, cubit; angle, corner.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Aratni (अरत्नि):—[=a-ratni] [from a-rata] 1. a-ratni mfn. ‘disgusted, discontented’ ([Boehtlingk’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch in kuerzerer fassung]), [Ṛg-veda viii, 80, 8.]
2) 2. aratni m. the elbow, [Ṛg-veda v, 2,1] (according to the emendation of [Brāhmaṇa]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]
3) a corner, [Ṛg-veda x, 160, 4]
4) a cubit of the middle length, from the elbow to the tip of the little finger, a fist, [Ṛg-veda viii, 80, 8] (cf. 1. a-ratni), [Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.
5) mfn. ifc. with numbers (e.g. pañcāratnyas, ‘five fists’), [Pāṇini 1-1, 58 [commentator or commentary] and vi, 2, 29 and 30 [Scholiast or Commentator]]
6) f. the elbow, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] (cf. ratni.)
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+4): Ratni, Aratnika, Shadaratni, Saratni, Ashtaratni, Attaratni, Aratnimatra, Vyama, Tryaratni, Vaiyathita, Sudhanva, Rathagaruta, Vidiksthana, Methika, Purusha, Ratani, Varaha, Kunda, Arati, Sruva.
Search found 14 books and stories containing Aratni, A-ratni; (plurals include: Aratnis, ratnis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 8 - Buildings < [Book 3 - Concerning Law]
Chapter 20 - Measurement of Space and Time < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
Chapter 31 - The Superintendent of Elephants < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 11 - Mode of worshipping the phallic form of Śiva and making gifts < [Section 1 - Vidyeśvara-saṃhitā]
Chapter 21 - The duties and rites up to the tenth day after the death of ascetics < [Section 6 - Kailāsa-saṃhitā]
Chapter 5 - The rules governing the mystic diagram of the ascetic < [Section 6 - Kailāsa-saṃhitā]
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 17 - Varṣas of Jambūdvīpa, Kimpuruṣā, Hari and Ilāvṛta < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 11 - Offering rice-cake (piṇḍa) to the Manes (Pitāmahas) < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 71 - Treatment for chronic diarrhea (43): Hiranya-garbha-pottali rasa < [Chapter III - Jvaratisara fever with diarrhoea]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 2: Minerals (uparasa) (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)