Aratni; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Aratni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Aratni in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

The word ‘Aratni’ which primarily means ‘elbow’ is frequently met with from the Ṛg-veda onwards as denoting a measure of length (‘ell’ or ‘cubit’), showing the distance from the elbow to the tip of the hand. The exact length is nowhere given in the early texts.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Aratni (अरत्नि).—A measurement of length equal to a cubit.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 17. 26; III. 11. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 46. 26; 74. 7.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Aratni refers to a measure of length from the elbow to the tip of the little finger. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)

Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

aratni (अरत्नि).—f S A measure from the elbow to the tip of the little finger, a variety of the cubit.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aratni (अरत्नि).—(m. or f.) [ṛ-katni ratniḥ sa nāsti yatra]

1) The elbow; sometimes the fist itself.

2) A cubit of the middle length, from the elbow to the tip of the little finger, an ell; अरत्निस्तु निष्कनिष्ठेन मुष्टिना (aratnistu niṣkaniṣṭhena muṣṭinā) Ak.; मध्याङ्गुलि- कूर्परयोर्मध्ये प्रामाणिकः करः । बद्धमुष्टिकरो रत्निररत्निः स कनिष्ठिकः (madhyāṅguli- kūrparayormadhye prāmāṇikaḥ karaḥ | baddhamuṣṭikaro ratniraratniḥ sa kaniṣṭhikaḥ) || Halāy.; A measure 24 Aṅgulas (fingers); एकविंशति- यूपास्ते एकविंशत्यरत्नयः (ekaviṃśati- yūpāste ekaviṃśatyaratnayaḥ) Rām.1.14.25. पञ्चारत्नयो रथपथः (pañcāratnayo rathapathaḥ) Kau. A.2.4. सममरत्नियुगेऽयुगचक्षुषः (samamaratniyuge'yugacakṣuṣaḥ) Ki.18.6.

3) The arm; अरत्निना चाभिहत्य शिरः कायादपाहरत् (aratninā cābhihatya śiraḥ kāyādapāharat) Mb.3.157.7.

Derivable forms: aratniḥ (अरत्निः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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