Aranya, aka: Araṇya, Āraṇya, Araṇyā; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Aranya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Aranya in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Araṇya (अरण्य).—A King of the Ikṣvāku dynasty. (See Ikṣvāku dynasty).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Araṇya (अरण्य).—Father of Udaka and Vāruṇī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 104.

2) Āraṇya (आरण्य).—A madhyamādhvaryu; a Prajāpati and father of five deva gaṇas of the Cākṣuṣa epoch.1 Son of Atri.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 33. 15; 36. 68.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 58.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Araṇyā (अरण्या) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.33). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Araṇyā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Araṇya (अरण्य) refers to “forest” according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles [viz., Araṇya] and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

araṇya (अरण्य).—n (S) A wild, waste, desert:--whether with or without trees. 2 An order among Gosavis &c.

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āraṇya (आरण्य) [or आरण्यक, āraṇyaka].—a (S) Relating to the desert, wild.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

araṇya (अरण्य).—n A wild, desert, waste.

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āraṇya (आरण्य).—a Belonging to the desert, wild.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Araṇya (अरण्य).—(sometimes) m.

1) also, [अर्यते गम्यते शेषे वयसि ऋ-अर्तेर्निच्च (aryate gamyate śeṣe vayasi ṛ-arternicca) Uṇ.3.12] A land neither cultivated nor grazed, a wilderness, forest, desert; प्रियानाशे कृत्स्नं किल जगदरण्यं हि भवति (priyānāśe kṛtsnaṃ kila jagadaraṇyaṃ hi bhavati) U.6.3; माता यस्य गृहे नास्ति भार्या चाप्रियवादिनी । अरण्यं तेन गन्तव्यं यथारण्यं तथा गृहम् (mātā yasya gṛhe nāsti bhāryā cāpriyavādinī | araṇyaṃ tena gantavyaṃ yathāraṇyaṃ tathā gṛham) || Chāṇ. 44; तपःश्रद्धे ये ह्युपवसन्त्यरण्ये (tapaḥśraddhe ye hyupavasantyaraṇye) Muṇd.1.2.11. oft. used at first member of comp. in the sense of 'wild', 'grown or produced in forest'; °बीजम् (bījam) wild seed; °कार्पासि, °कुलत्थिका (kārpāsi, °kulatthikā); °कुसुम्भः (kusumbhaḥ) &c; so °मार्जारः, °मूषकः (mārjāraḥ, °mūṣakaḥ).

2) A foreign or distant land; अरण्येषु जर्भुराणा चरन्ति (araṇyeṣu jarbhurāṇā caranti) Rv.1.163.11.

-ṇyaḥ Name of a plant कट्फल (kaṭphala) (Mar. kāyaphaḷa)

Derivable forms: araṇyam (अरण्यम्).

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Āraṇya (आरण्य).—a.

1) (-ṇyā, -ṇyī f.) [अरण्ये भवः ण् (araṇye bhavaḥ ṇ)] Wild, forestborn, relating to a forest (opp. grāmya); °पशुः (paśuḥ) Ms.1.48. (āraṇyapaśu is of 7 kinds:sarīsṛpo ruruścaiva mahiṣo vānarastathā | pṛṣatarkṣau mṛgaścaiva paśurvai saptadhā mataḥ ||)

-ṇyaḥ, -ṇyam 1 A forest.

2) A kind of corn growing without sowing seed.

3) Name of certain signs of the zodiac (see °rāśi below).

4) Cow-dung (-ṇyaḥ only).

5) Name of a Parvan in the Mahābhārata.

6) Name of a Kāṇḍa in the Rāmāyaṇa.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 161 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Dharmaranya
Dharmāraṇya (धर्मारण्य) is the name of a holy wood near Gayaśiras, as mentioned in the Kathāsar...
Aranyavasa
Araṇyavāsa (अरण्यवास).—1) retiring into woods, residence in a forest; °योन्मुखं पितरम् (yonmukh...
Dandakaranya
Daṇḍakāraṇya (दण्डकारण्य).—A forest in the Indo-Gangetic Valley. For the story of how this plac...
Aranyapandita
Araṇyapaṇḍita (अरण्यपण्डित).—[araṇye eva paṇḍitaḥ, na tu nagarādiṣu janasamājeṣu] 'wise in a fo...
Aranya-pashu
Āraṇyapaśu (आरण्यपशु).—a wild beast. Derivable forms: āraṇyapaśuḥ (आरण्यपशुः).Āraṇyapaśu is a S...
Devaranya
Devāraṇya (देवारण्य).—A holy centre. It was here where Ambā, daughter of the Kāśi king did tapa...
Aranyaparvan
Araṇyaparvan (अरण्यपर्वन्).—Name of the first section of the Mb. Araṇyaparvan is a Sanskrit com...
Sa-jala-sthal-aranya
Sa-jala-sthal-āraṇya.—(EI 23), ‘together with the land, waters and jungles [of the gift village...
Aranyagana
Araṇyagāna (अरण्यगान).—Name of one of the four hymn-books of the Sāmaveda (to be chanted in the...
Aranyayana
Araṇyāyana (अरण्यायन) or Araṇyayāna (अरण्ययान).—going into the forest, becoming a hermit; अथ यद...
Mrigayaranya
Mṛgayāraṇya (मृगयारण्य).—a park. Derivable forms: mṛgayāraṇyam (मृगयारण्यम्).Mṛgayāraṇya is a S...
Vrindaranya
Vṛndāraṇya (वृन्दारण्य).—1) Name of a forest near Gokula; वृन्दारण्ये वसतिधुना केवलं दुःखहेतुः ...
Aranyakanda
Araṇyakāṇḍa (अरण्यकाण्ड).—Name of the third book of the Rāmāyaṇa which embodies Rāmā's exploits...
Aranykas
Araṇykas (अरण्य्कस्).—a. 1) dwelling in woods, being in a forest; किंतु °सदोवयं अनभ्यस्त रथचर्य...
Aranyasamashraya
Araṇyasamāśraya (अरण्यसमाश्रय).—1) retiring into woods, residence in a forest; °योन्मुखं पितरम्...

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