Medha, Medhā: 22 definitions
Medha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Medhā (मेधा, “mental vigour, intelligence”):—Name of one of the goddesses to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva (“The truth concerning Durgā’s ritual”). They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.
Her mantra is as follows:
Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
ह्रीं ओं मेधायै नमः
hrīṃ oṃ medhāyai namaḥ
Medhā (मेधा, “intellect”):—One of the names attributed to Devī, as chanted by the Vedas in their hymns, who were at the time incarnated in their personified forms. See the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa chapter 5.51-68, called “the narrative of Hayagrīva”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Medhā (मेधा, “intellectual prowess”):—One of the twenty-four emanations of Lakṣmī accompanying Nārāyaṇa. This particular manifestation couples with his counterpart form called Śrīdhara and together they form the ninth celestial couple. Lakṣmī represents a form of the Goddess (Devī) as the wife of Viṣṇu, while Nārāyaṇa represents the personification of his creative energy, according to the Pāñcarātra literature.
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Medhā (मेधा).—One of the twentyfour daughters born to Dakṣaprajāpati of his wife Prasūti. Of these, thirteen daughters including Medhā were married by Dharmadeva. (Chapter 7, Viṣṇu Purāṇa).Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Medhā (मेधा, “intelligence”) is one of the twenty-four daughters of Dakṣa by Prasūti: one of the three daughters of Svāyambhuvamanu and Śatarūpā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“Dakṣa begot twenty-four daughters. Thirteen daughters Śraddhā etc. were given to Dharma in marriage by Dakṣa. O lordly sage, listen to the names of Dharma’s wives. Their names are [... Medhā (intelligence),...]. Thereupon the entire universe consisting of three worlds, mobile and immobile was filled (with progeny). Thus according to their own actions and at the bidding of Śiva innumerable famous Brahmins were born out of the various living beings”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Medha (मेध).—One of the ten sons of Svāyambhuva Manu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 104; Matsya-purāṇa 9. 5; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 17; 33. 9.
1b) One of the ten sons of Kardama.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 9.
1c) A god of the Sumedhasa group.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 58.
1d) A son of Priyavrata: given to Yoga as he had no inclination for kingship.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 7 and 9.
1e) A pupil of Devadarśa.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 6. 10.
2a) Medhā (मेधा).—A daughter of Dakṣa and a wife of Dharma: Mother of Smṛti [Śruta and Viṣṇu-purāṇa].*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 50-52; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 49, 59; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 25. 34; 55. 43; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 23. 29.
2b) A kalā of Brahmā.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 26. 45; IV. 35. 94.
Medhā (मेधा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.13). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Medhā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
1) Medhā (मेधा) is the Sanskrit name for a deity to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (e.g., to Medhā).
2) Medhā is also the Sanskrit name of one of the seven Nāṭyamātṛ (‘mothers of nāṭya’) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.86-87. They should be offered worship during ceremonies such as ‘consecration of the mattavāraṇī’ and ‘pouring ghee into sacrificial fire’.
Accordingly (85-87), “After saying these words for the happiness of the king, the wise man should utter the Benediction for the success of the dramatic production. [The Benediction]: Let mothers such as Sarasvati, Dhṛti, Medhā, Hrī, Śrī, Lakṣmī, and Smṛti protect you and give you success.”
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Medhā (मेधा) refers to “intellect”, as mentioned in verse 5.37-39 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] [ghee is] recommended for wit, memory, intellect [viz., medhā], digestion, strength, longevity, sperm, eyes, [...]: ghee [viz., ghṛta] (is) possessed of a thousand powers (and), by its (many) ways of application, productive of a thousand effects”.
Note: Dhī (“wit”), smṛti (“memory”), medhā (“intellect”), and—a little later—svara (“voice”) have been specified by suitable attributes: blo rno (“sharp wit”), dran gsal (“bright memory”), yid gźuṅs (“keen intellect”), and skad sñan (“melodious voice”).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)
Medhā (मेधा) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Medhā has 25 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 4, 4, 4, 4, 4 and 5 mātrās.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Medhā (मेधा, “intelligence”):—She is the wife of Agni, one of the most important Vedic gods representing divine illumination.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
medha : (m.) a religious sacrifice. || medhā (f.) wisdom.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Medha, (Vedic medha, in aśva, go°, puruṣa° etc. ) sacrifice only in assa° horse-sacrifice & purisa° human s. (q. v.). e.g. at A. IV, 151; Sn. 303.—Cp. mejjha. (Page 541)
— or —
Medhā, (f.) (Vedic medhā & medhas, perhaps to Gr. maq° in manqάnw (“mathematics”)) wisdom, intelligence, sagacity Nd1 s. v. (m. vuccati paññā); Pug. 25; Dhs. 16, DhsA. 148; PvA. 40 (=paññā).—adj. sumedha wise, clever, intelligent Sn. 177; opp. dum° stupid Pv. I, 82.—khīṇa-medha one whose intelligence has been impaired, stupefied J. VI, 295 (=khīṇa-pañña). (Page 541)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
mēḍha (मेढ).—f A forked stake. Used as a post. Hence a short post generally whether forked or not. Pr. hātīṃ lāgalī cēḍa āṇi dhara māṇḍavācī mēḍha. 2 The polar star.
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mēḍhā (मेढा).—m A stake, esp. as forked. 2 A dense arrangement of stakes, a palisade, a paling. 3 fig. A supporter or backer. 4 A twist or tangle arising in thread or cord, a curl or snarl.
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mēdha (मेध).—m S Sacrifice. In comp. as aśvamēdha, naramēdha.
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mēdhā (मेधा).—f S Sharpness of understanding, acumen, ready apprehension. 2 (Mistaken for śraddhā) Liking to or fondness for.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
mēḍha (मेढ).—f A forked stake. The polar star.
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mēḍhā (मेढा).—m A stake, esp. as forked.
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mēdha (मेध).—m Sacrifice.
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mēdhā (मेधा).—a Sharpness of understanding.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) A sacrifice, as in नरमेध, अश्वमेध, एकविंशतिमेधान्ते (naramedha, aśvamedha, ekaviṃśatimedhānte) Mb.14.29.18. (com. medho yuddhayajñaḥ | 'yajño vai medhaḥ' iti śruteḥ |).
2) A sacrificial animal or victim.
3) An offering, oblation.
4) Ved. The juice of meat, broth.
5) Ved. Sap, pith, essence.
Derivable forms: medhaḥ (मेधः).
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Medhā (मेधा).—[medh-añ] (changed to medhas in Bah. comp. when preceded by su, dus and the negative particle a)
1) Retentive faculty, retentiveness (of memory); धी- र्धारणावती मेधा (dhī- rdhāraṇāvatī medhā) Ak.
2) Intellect, intelligence in general; यत् सप्तान्नानि मेधया तपसाजनयत् पिता (yat saptānnāni medhayā tapasājanayat pitā) Bṛ. Up.1.5.1; Bg. 1.34; आयुष्मन्तं सुतं सूते यशोमेधासमन्वितम् (āyuṣmantaṃ sutaṃ sūte yaśomedhāsamanvitam) Ms.3.263; Y. 3.173.
3) A form of Sarasvathī.
4) A sacrifice.
5) Strength, power (Ved.).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-dhaḥ) Sacrifice, offering oblation. f.
(-dhā) 1. Apprehension, conception, understanding. 2. Retentiveness. E. medh to associate, aff. ap or aṅ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Medha (मेध).— (i. e. mah and perhaps dhā), I. m. (and ved., also n.,
Medha (मेध).—[masculine] juice of meat, broth; sap or essence, [especially] of the sacrificial animal; the victim or sacrifice itself.
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Medhā (मेधा).—[feminine] prize, reward; mental vigour or power, intelligence, wisdom.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Meḍha (मेढ):—m. an elephant-keeper, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes] (cf. meṭha).
2) Medha (मेध):—[from medh] m. the juice of meat, broth, nourishing or strengthening drink, [Ṛg-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]
3) [v.s. ...] marrow ([especially] of the sacrificial victim), sap, pith, essence, [Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa]
4) [v.s. ...] a sacrificial animal, victim, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; ???]
5) [v.s. ...] an animal-sacrifice, offering, oblation, any sacrifice ([especially] ifc.), [ib.; Mahābhārata] etc.
6) [v.s. ...] Name of the reputed author of [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxxiii, 92; Anukramaṇikā]
7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Priya-vrata ([varia lectio] medhas), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
8) Medhā (मेधा):—[from medha > medh] a f. See below
9) Medha (मेध):—[from medh] mfn. [gana] pacādi.
10) Medhā (मेधा):—[from medh] b f. mental vigour or power, intelligence, prudence, wisdom ([plural] products of intelligence, thoughts, opinions), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
11) [v.s. ...] Intelligence personified ([especially] as the wife of Dharma and daughter of Dakṣa), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]
12) [v.s. ...] a form of Dākṣāyaṇī in Kaśmīra, [Catalogue(s)]
13) [v.s. ...] a form of Sarasvatī, [Horace H. Wilson]
14) [v.s. ...] a symbolical Name of the letter dh, [Upaniṣad]
15) [v.s. ...] = dhana, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska ii, 10.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+25): Medhacakra, Medhadai, Medhadhriti, Medhadikshaprakarana, Medhaga, Medhagamapriya, Medhahanta, Medhaja, Medhajanana, Medhajananam, Medhajit, Medhajoshi, Medhakama, Medhakara, Medhaki, Medhakrit, Medhamantra, Medhamata, Medhamriti, Medhangamata.
Ends with (+46): Achidrashvamedha, Ahitagnipitrimedha, Alpamedha, Amedha, Apakrantamedha, Arkashvamedha, Ashavamedha, Ashrvamedha, Ashvamedha, Ashwamedha, Assamedha, Bhurimedha, Bhuyomedha, Brahma-medha, Caturmedha, Chaturmedha, Dashashvamedha, Diptimedha, Dummedha, Durmedha.
Full-text (+176): Medhas, Naramedha, Durmedhavin, Alpamedhas, Mahamedha, Nirmedha, Pitrimedha, Durmedhastva, Turagamedha, Nrimedha, Medhajit, Medhavin, Amedhas, Kudamedhica, Durmedhas, Hayamedha, Caturmedha, Purushamedha, Sarvamedha, Gomedha.
Search found 41 books and stories containing Medha, Medhā, Mēḍha, Meḍha, Mēḍhā, Meḍhā, Mēdha, Mēdhā; (plurals include: Medhas, Medhās, Mēḍhas, Meḍhas, Mēḍhās, Meḍhās, Mēdhas, Mēdhās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa III, adhyāya 8, brāhmaṇa 4 < [Third Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa III, adhyāya 8, brāhmaṇa 2 < [Third Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa XIII, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 4 < [Thirteenth Kāṇḍa]
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 10.34 < [Chapter 10 - Vibhūti-yoga (appreciating the opulences of the Supreme Lord)]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.2.20-21 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna (knowledge)]
Verse 2.2.149 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna (knowledge)]
The Gautami Mahatmya (by G. P. Bhatt)
Brahma Sutras (Nimbarka commentary) (by Roma Bose)