Medhatithi, Medhātithi, Medha-atithi: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Medhatithi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Medhatithi in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Medhātithi (मेधातिथि):—Son of Kaṇva (son of Apratiratha). All his sons were dvijāti (brāhmaṇas) and were led by Praskanna. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.20.6-7)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Medhātithi (मेधातिथि).—One of the ten sons of Priyavrata, who was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Svāyambhuva Manu was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. Medhātithi was made the lord of Śākadvīpa, one of the seven islands (dvīpa). He had seven sons: Nābhi, Śāntabhaya, Śiśiramukha, Udama, Nanda, Śivakṣemaka and Dhruva, each ruling over their respective regions.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Medhātithi (मेधातिथि).—Grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu. Svāyambhuva Manu had two sons named Priyavrata and Uttānapāda. Of these Priyavrata married Sarūpā and Barhiṣmatī, daughters of Viśvakarmaprajāpati. Medhātithi was the son born to Priyavrata of Sarūpā. Agnīdhra, and others were the brothers of Medhātithi. Medhātithi became the King of Plakṣadvīpa after the death of Priyavrata. (8th Skandha, Devī Bhāgavata). Medhātithi got seven sons named Śāntahaya, Śiśira, Sukhodaya, Ānanda, Śiva. Kṣemaka and Dhruva. They all became Kings of Plakṣadvīpa. The countries they ruled were named after them as Śāntahayavarṣa, Śiśiravarṣa, Sukhodayavarṣa, Ānandavarṣa, Śivavarṣa, Kṣemakavarṣa and Dhruvavarṣa. There are seven mountains showing the boundaries of these states and they are called Gomeda, Cāndra, Nārada, Dundubhi, Somaka, Sumana and Vaibhrāja. In these beautiful countries and grand mountains live a great many Devas, Gandharvas and virtuous men. (Chapter 4, Aṃśa 2, Viṣṇu Purāṇa). (See full article at Story of Medhātithi from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Medhātithi (मेधातिथि).—A Rajarṣi of the Pūru dynasty. Genealogy. Pūru—Janamejaya Prācīnvān—Manasyu—Vītabhaya—Śuṇḍu—Bahuvidha—Saṃyāti—Rahovādī—Bhadrāśva—Matināra—Pratiratha—Kaṇva—Medhātithi.

2) This Medhātithi got two sons named Duṣyanta and Pravīra. It was this Duṣyanta who married Śakuntalā. (Chapter 278, Agni Purāṇa).

2) Medhātithi was a celebrated sage of Bhārata. The maharṣi referred to in Śūkta 12, Anuvāka 4, Maṇḍala 1 of Ṛgveda is Medhātithi son of Kaṇva. Once Indra coming in the form of a goat drank the soma of Medhātithi and the latter called him 'goat' (Meṣa) and thenceforth Indra got the name Meṣa. (Sūkta 51, Anuvāka 10, Maṇḍala 1, Ṛgveda).

2) We get the following details about Medhātithi from the Mahābhārata.

2) He was a King in the court of Indra.

2) Medhātithi had a son named Kaṇvamuni who was popular on the east coast of Bhārata. (Śloka 23, Chapter 107, Śānti Parva).

2) Medhātithi observed Vānaprastha and attained Svarga. (Śloka 7, Chapter 336, Śānti Parva).

2) Medhātithi was considered to be a sage deserving worship and when he went to see Bhīṣma once Dharmaputra received him with respect and worshipped him. (Śloka 3, Chapter 26, Anuśāsana Parva).

3) Medhātithi (मेधातिथि).—A river. This river is the place of birth of Agni. (Śloka 23, Chapter 222, Vana Parva).

4) Medhātithi (मेधातिथि).—A sage who was the father of Arundhatī, wife of Vasiṣṭha. This Medhātithi who was living in an āśrama on the banks of the river Candrabhāgā performed a Jyotiṣṭoma yajña. (Kālikā Purāṇa).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Medhātithi (मेधातिथि) is the name of a Sage (Muni), as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.6. Accordingly, as Śiva said to Sandhyā:—“[...] that you would cast off your body in the fire has been foretold. I shall tell you the means thereof. You will certainly carry it out. Let that be performed by you at the twelve-year-sacrifice of the sage Medhātithi in the blazing sacrificial fire ere long. In the ridge of this mountain, on the banks of this river Candrabhāgā, Medhātithi is performing a great penance in his hermitage. You go there unobserved by the sages. Thanks to my favour, you will become his fire-born daughter. If you have chosen in your mind a desirable bridegroom as your husband, you shall think of him while you consign your body into the fire”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Medhātithi (मेधातिथि).—A son of Priyavrata, and appointed lord of the Śākadvīpa (Plakṣadvīpa, Viṣṇu-purāṇa). He divided it among his seven sons and retired to a hermitage.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 1. 25 and 33; 20. 25; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 7, 12.

1b) A son of Kaṇva. From him came Praskaṇva and other Brahmanas; ancestor of the Kāṇvāyana dvijas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 20. 7; Matsya-purāṇa 49. 47; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 6-7, 31-2.

1c) One of the ten sons of Svāyambhuva Manu; attained heaven by tapas;1 consecrated for Plakṣadvīpa;2 a Rājaṛṣi.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 104; Matsya-purāṇa 9. 5; 143. 38; Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 17.
  • 2) Ib. 33. 9.
  • 3) Ib. 57. 122.

1d) One of the ten sons of Kardama and king of Plakṣadvīpa.1 His sons, Śāntabhaya, Śiśira, Sukhodaya, Nanda, Śiva, Kṣemaka and Dhruva. These ruled the varṣas of the same names in the epoch of Svāyambhuva Manu; attained heaven by tapas.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 9, 11, 35-7, 40-41.
  • 2) Ib. II. 30. 39.

1e) A god of Sumedhasa group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 58.

1f) (Paulastya) a sage of the Rohita group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 62.

1g) A son of Kaṇṭha; from him Kāṇṭhāyana Brahmanas; married the daughter of Anupama and had a number of sons.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 131.

1h) A son of Ajamīḍha and Keśinī.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 169.

1i) A sage of the IX epoch of Manu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 23.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Medhātithi (मेधातिथि) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Medhatithi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Medhātithi (मेधातिथि).—Name of a learned commentator on Manusmṛti.

Derivable forms: medhātithiḥ (मेधातिथिः).

Medhātithi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms medhā and atithi (अतिथि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Medhātithi (मेधातिथि).—[masculine] [Name] of [several] sages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Medhātithi (मेधातिथि):—[from medha > medh] a m. Name of a Kāṇva (author of [Ṛg-veda 1, 12-23, viii, 1 etc.]), [Ṛg-veda viii, 8, 20]

2) [v.s. ...] of the father of Kaṇva, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of a son of Manu Svāyambhuva, [Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] of one of the 7 sages under Manu Sāvarṇa, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] of a son of Priya-vrata, [Purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] (also with bhaṭṭa) of a lawyer and commentator on the Mānava-dharma-śāstra, [Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti on Manu-smṛti ix, 525] ([Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 303])

7) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] a parrot, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [from medhā > medh] b See under medha.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Medhātithi (मेधातिथि):—[(medha + a)] m.

1) Nomen proprium eines Kāṇva [Ṛgveda 8, 8, 20.] Verfasser von [Ṛgveda 1, 12—23. 8, 1 u.s.w.] Die Legende über denselben [Weber’s Indische Studien 9, 38. fgg.] — [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 4, 29, 6.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 3, 3, 4, 18.] [LĀṬY. 1, 3, 1.] [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 14, 6, 6. 15, 10, 1.] [Ṣaḍviṃśabrāhmaṇa 1, 1.] [Harivaṃśa 1718.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 448. 452.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 20, 7.] Vaters des Kaṇva [Mahābhārata 12,7593.] [Rāmāyaṇa] in [Weber’s Verzeichniss 122,4] ([Oxforder Handschriften 345,a,30]). - [Mahābhārata 2,298. 12,8900. 9525.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1,19,10.] [Oxforder Handschriften 80,a,13. 264,a,5.] eines Sohnes des Manu Svāyaṃbhuva [Harivaṃśa 415.] eines der 7 Weisen unter Manu Sāvarṇa [467.] eines Sohnes des Priyavrata [Viṣṇupurāṇa 162. 197.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.5,1,25. 34. 20,25.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 53,15. 17.] [Oxforder Handschriften 60,b,29.] —

2) Nomen proprium eines Gelehrten [HALL 177.] eines Scholiasten des Manu [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1010.] [Oxforder Handschriften 265,a,1. 270,b,31. 273,a, No. 647. 277,a,12. 279,a,17. 356,a,23.] —

3) Nomen proprium eines Flusses [Mahābhārata 3, 14230.] —

4) Papagei [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 194]; vgl. medhāvin . — Vgl. jyotirmedhātithi in den Nachträgen, medhyātithi und maidhātitha .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Medhātithi (मेधातिथि):—m.

1) Nomen proprium — a) eines Kāṇa (auch Vaters des Kaṇva). — b) eines Sohnes des Manu Svāyaṃbhuva. — c) eines der 7 Weisen unter Manu Sāvarṇa. — d) eine Sohnes des Priyavrata. — e) eines Gelehrten und eines Commentators des Manu [Kullūka] zu [Mānavadharmaśāstra. 9,125.] — f) eines Flusses. —

2) *Papagei.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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